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September 23, 2003 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-09-23

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 23, 2003 - 5

Continued from Page 1
of expenditures, or the amount spent
on research. Federal and state spon-
sors, trade and professional organiza-
tions and the University fund these
research projects. Fiscal reports are
based on the money spent from these
In total expenditures, money spent
from federal funds in support of life
science, defense and energy research
greatly outweighed money spent sup-
porting research from other sponsors
- federal, state and otherwise.
The Medical School received the
majority of federal funds for this fis-
cal year, totaling about $55 million.
The Institute for Social Research, the
Transportation Research Institute and
the School of Education received the
largest awards.
Internal medicine Prof. James
Baker, who received one of the largest
awards last year, is conducting
research for the Medical School on
cancer. His grant, given by the
National Cancer Institute - part of
the NIH - is a $6.8 million renewal
of a $4.4 million grant issued in 1999.
"Dr. Baker's team is building den-
drimers, synthetic polymers or man-
made molecules. They are built in a
biochemical process and designed to
do all these interesting things related
to cancer. Baker puts a cancer-cell
killing agent inside these molecules,
uses a laser to open up the molecule
and then the molecule kills the cancer
Continued from Page 1
merce. The U.S. Census Bureau lists
Michigan as having the sixth highest
number of manufacturing firms of
any state in 2001.
"Historically, (manufacturing) has
had a greater multiplier effect on our
economy as a whole than any other
sector," Kerry said.
To create more jobs and encourage
businesses to employ more workers,
Kerry said his plan calls for a combina-
tion of tax incentives for manufacturers
who choose to cement their operations
on American soil. He also cited the
need to eliminate taxes on investment
returns in order to encourage entrepre-
neurship among small businesses.
"I will restore funds to give mid-
sized and small manufacturers the
help they need to succeed," he said.
"The manufacturing jobs of today
require 21st century skills."
In addition to training workers for
new economy jobs, Kerry said he sup-
ports giving tax relief to businesses
investing in new technologies.
"So that businesses can plan and
our economy can grow, I will make
the research and development tax
credit permanent," he said. "The man-
ufacturing jobs of the future depend
on discovery - and we need to do
more to create them."
While Kerry said he supports Presi-
dent Bush's tax cuts to middle-class
Continued from Page 1.
designed to be read in just 10 to 15 min-
utes - the amount of time it takes stu-
dents riding the bus to get from North
Campus to Central Campus.
One of the oldest commuter-oriented
tabloids is the Chicago-based "RedEye,"
which costs 25 cents. According to the
publication's website, its mission is to
"deliver a distinctive and credible daily
news report - in a concise, commuter
friendly format - that informs, enter-
tains, interests, provokes and is relevant
to Chicago's young city dwellers."
The publication's lead stories for yes-

terday's date included a review of the
Wilco tour, a sports story on the playoffs
and a cover of the Emmy awards.
In addition, its ad campaign features
slogans targeting twenty-something
adults on the go: the paper is described
as being "Comprehensive. In a Know-
Just-Enough-to-be-Dangerous Kind of
Way," "Consise. In a Three-Syllables-
Shy-of-Haiku Kind of Way" and "Bold.
In a Sorry-About-the-Awkward-
Back Kind of Way"
Headlining yesterday's Washington-
based Express - which is published
online in tabloid format - were the sto-
ries "Bin Laden took lead in 9/11 plot"
and "A racy new pitch for sex drugs."
"Distributing a free quick-read paper
is a great way to serve Washington's
Metro-riding community," said Express
publisher Christopher Ma in a written
statement issued the day the tabloid start-
ed, Aug. 4. "We expect Express to be
popular among public transit commuters
and young people who are otherwise
infrequent newspaper readers."
According to the Media Management
Center and the Readership Institute -
affiliates of the Medill School of Journal-
ism at Northwestern University -
tabloids such as RedEye, Express and
amNewYork are exactly what the news-
paper industry needs to attract twenty-
somethings, the GenerationY audience.
"It is not (members of Generation Y)
dislike newspapers," Media Manage-
' . v~.t ' r.o Ain :/r - Tlrn: Rd irh

cell," said Sally Pobojewski, senior
science writer for the Medical School.
Bill Herman, interim director of the
Michigan Diabetes Research and
Training Center, received a five-year,
$9.2 million grant from the NIH for
his interdisciplinary study.
"It really spans the spectrum from
basic molecular and cellular biology
research to clinical, epidemiologic
and health services research. The
investigators mostly come from the
Medical School, but also from the
schools of Pharmacy, Social Work,
Public Health and Nursing," Her-
man said.
According to OVPR, research
expenditures in areas funded by the
U.S. Department of Education, the
Environmental Protection Agency and
the Department of Justice declined
slightly last year. But this decline,
totaling about $2 million, is paltry
when compared to the total expendi-
tures, Katterman said.
Katterman added that the
increase in research funding and
expenditures comes from both the
quality of our research and an
increase in the government's appro-
priation to its agencies.
"It's a combination. Congress has
given the National Institutes of Health
a lot more money to spend this year.
Our faculty has also been very suc-
cessful in winning the grants that
have been proposed. The University's
funding is growing faster than overall
spending of the federal government,"
Katterman said.
U.S. Sen. John Kerry
N Promises to cut the nationaI deficit
in half in his first term.
U Has pledged to regain all 3 million
jobs tost under the Bush Administra
Inespeioecy manufcuring.
t Supported using fors against oa
but criticizws Bush's foreign poficy,
raIng for more aa 1 mitiona efot In
rebuiting and keeping the peace f
families fiscal measures usually
backed by Republicans - he added
that under the current administration
"we have the weakest economic
growth ... in more than 50 years."
In addition to recovering manufac-
turing jobs, Kerry said he plans to
regain all 3.1 million jobs lost under
Bush within the first 500 days of his
"For nearly a thousand days,
George Bush stood by as 20 percent
of this state's manufacturing jobs dis-
appeared in just three years," he said.
Kerry also said Bush precipitated
drops in manufacturing by coddling
nations like China and Japan who
abuse trade laws and "(manipulate)
their currency" to sustain its value.
"Instead of raising his voice,
George Bush has been sitting on his
hands," he said. "I believe trade is
essential to our economic future --
but free trade doesn't mean a free ride

Over the last three fiscal years, the
University has proportionately spent
less on research than the federal gov-
ernment. The percentage of funding
from the University has consistently
declined over the past three years, a
total of 1.5 percent, while federal
funding has increased 2 percent. In
this fiscal year, University funding
increased 9.3 percent, while federal
spending increased 15.9 percent.
In the future, the University hopes
to focus on obtaining funds support-
ing Great Lakes research, nanotech-
nology and nano-science.
"We've been responding to a num-
ber of solicitations from the NSF for
nanotechnology research. Half the
department is working in an area
related to nanotechnology. In fiscal
year 2003, we won some awards perti-
nent to nanotechnology, such as one
for research on DNA-protein interac-
tions," said James MacBain, research
relations director for the College of
Fawwaz Ulaby, vice president for
research, praised the University's fac-
ulty and students for the increased
quality of research performed over the
past few years.
"Every university in the country is
trying to compete for the same avail-
able research dollars provided by the
federal government. The reason we
have been so successful is because of
the creativity of our faculty, the out-
standing support provided by our
staff, and the imagination and perse-
verance of our students," Ulaby said.
for those that break the rules. ... As
president,I'll take on countries that
are manipulating their currency to
undermine American exports."
Finally, Kerry cited a health care
plan that would mitigate the burgeon-
ing costs of health care for employers
and workers. His policy includes
more government health care dis-
counts, malpractice reforms and cuts
in administrative costs.
Although he officially announced his
candidacy Sept. 3, Kerry has ranked
consistently behind key Democratic
opponent Howard Dean in voter polls
since August. And a Newsweek poll
released yesterday shows retired Gen.
Wesley Clark - former supreme allied
commander of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization - gathering the support of
14 percent of Democrat supporters, with
Dean and U.S. Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-
Conn.) drawing 12 percent and Kerry
taking 10 percent of supporters polled.
Kerry has also come up short in
campaign fundraising, according to
aides. While Dean is expected to have
raised more than $20 million by Sept.
30, Kerry's aides project their funds at
$16 million.
But Kerry's supporters said they are
somewhat skeptical of national polls
and added that Kerry has the knowl-
edge and appeal to trump even his
most affluent opponents.
"Senator Kerry will have what we
need ... to win the nomination," said
Robert Gibbs, Kerry's press secretary.

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