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December 04, 2002 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2002-12-04

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 4, 2002

NATION/WORLD

Terror probe extends to A ca NEWS Ii BRIEF
HEADLINES FO AROUND THE WORLD
JERUSALEM (AP) - U.S. authorities and Israel's attack that narrowly missed an Israeli charter plane al-Qaida is attempting to draw Israel directly into the BAGH DAD, Iraq
Mossad spy agency are both investigating last week's taking off a few miles away in Mombasa. U.S. war against the group, analysts said. 1i~.l .
twin attacks in Kenya, and both suspect al-Qaida. "The paradigm has now changed dramatically," The chief of research in Israel's military intelli- InSpCOrS SearCh presidenti palace
Th arl v USat T4Znd T Ihta ~,,to;iAT.t. ...1 l~ r ...1.....a.,..r_ _ ___

ine argeiy separate u.6. anu israei batttes against
terrorism now overlap in the east African nation and
will require a closely coordinated response, analysts
said yesterday.
The United States and Israel have backed each
other's fights against terrorism, though the Bush
administration has drawn a distinction between the
U.S. campaign against al-Qaida and the Israeli con-
flict with the Palestinians. R
In contrast, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon
says it's all part of a single, worldwide effort against
terrorism that has its roots in radical Islam.
The line drawn by the United States blurred yester-
day with the suicide bombing at a hotel in Kenya
filled with Israelis, and the near simultaneous missile

said Martin indyk, the former U.S. ambassador to
Israel. "The terrorists are busy erasing the boundaries
between al-Qaida, Hezbollah and Hamas, as the
attack in (Kenya) demonstrated."
A statement attributed to al-Qaida and posted on
an Islamic Web site claimed responsibility for the
attacks, and U.S. officials said they considered the
claim credible.
"We suspect al-Qaida, or one of the organizations
that operates under the cover of al-Qaida, is responsi-
ble," said Lt. Gen. Moshe Yaalon, the Israeli army
chief of staff.
If an al-Qaida link is confirmed, it would mark the
first time the group has hit an Israeli target, after
years of threats by Osama bin Laden. It also suggests

gence, Brig. Gen. Yossi Kupperwasser, said Israel
knew terror groups were operating in Kenya but did-
n't have specific information pointing to attacks on
Israeli targets.
U.S. investigators are also taking part in the Kenya
inquiry, said a diplomatic source, speaking on condi-
tion of anonymity. Al-Qaida is also blamed for the
deadly 1998 bombings at the U.S. embassies in
Kenya and Tanzania.
If Israel openly launches a hunt for al-Qaida mem-
bers, it could create a backlash in moderate Muslim
nations. They could be discouraged from assisting
the United States in tracking down al-Qaida mem-
bers and might be less inclined to support a possible
U.S. war with Iraq.
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prisoner
challenges
Arafat
JERUSALEM (AP) - One of the
most popular leaders of the Palestinian
uprising issued a prison-cell appeal
yesterday for high-level change in the
Palestinian Authority - the first time
Marwan Barghouti has openly chal-
lenged Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
The call came as Arafat's battered
security services made their first
reported arrests of Palestinian militants
in months.
A 95-year-old Palestinian great-
grandmother was killed, meanwhile,
when Israeli troops fired on a taxi on a
road closed by the military, becoming
the oldest known victim in more than
two years of fighting.
Barghouti is one of the Palestinians'
most popular leaders, having managed
to maintain grass-roots appeal and avoid
the stain of corruption that has tainted
many of Arafat's supporters. His call for
new leadership seemed to reflect Arafat's
falling popularity among his people, as
prominent Palestinians begin to speak
out openly against the Palestinian
leader's handling of the two-year conflict
with Israel. -
Barghouti did not mention Arafat by
name in his written response to ques-
tions from The Associated Press, pre-
sented to Barghouti in prison by his
lawyer, Khader Shkirat.
"It is time for many of the Palestin-
ian leaders and officials to leave their
positions after failing in their roles
and responsibilities in this decisive
battle," Barghouti said, referring to the
Palestinian uprising. "This should be
done in a democratic and legal way as
soon as possible."
Israeli Defense Minister Shaul
Mofaz also called on the Palestinians
to clean house.
"Above all, the current leadership
must be cleared off the stage of histo-
ry," he told a conference on national
security near Tel Aviv.
Though some leaders have criti-
cized the armed attacks on Israelis
as harmful to the Palestinian cause,
Barghouti backed violent elements
of the uprising. However, until the
fighting broke out in September
2000, he was a staunch advocate of
peace talks with Israel.
Barghouti was arrested during
Israel's military offensive in the West
Bank in April and is on trial for attacks
that killed 26 Israelis. His imprison-
ment has heightened his popularity
among Palestinians, with surveys plac-
ing him second only to Arafat.
Israel and the United States have for
months been calling for a change in the
Palestinian leadership. Arafat set elec-
tions for Jan. 20, but officials say it's
unlikely they will be held on schedule
because Israel is occupying most of the
Palestinian population centers. In any
case, Arafat appears to have no serious
challengers.
Arafat also has been under pressure
to crack down on militants, but Pales-
tinian officials say Israel's occupation
in the West Bank and its strikes against
their security services have made that
close to impossible.
In the first sign of a possible change,
the militant Democratic Front for the
Liberation of Palestine said seven of its
members were arrested by Palestinian
intelligence services in Gaza.
Among them was Isam Abu Daka, a
top leader in Khan Younis who also is
wanted by Israel. Israeli forces demol-
ished his house March 6 and arrested
seven of his brothers.

The Democratic Front for the Libera-
tion of Palestine called on the Palestinian
Authority to release the seven, saying
the arrests would harm Palestinian unity.
In the West Bank, Fatima Mohammed
Hassan, 95, was killed returning home
from a shopping trip when the minibus
- . _ 1 . _ _- _ - . . . 1 1 _ -

International weapons hunters went straight to the heart of Saddam Hussein's
regime yesterday, searching the rooms of an opulent presidential palace in a show
of U.N. power, just when Washington was openly questioning their ability to do
the job.
A senior Iraqi official, meanwhile, said Baghdad will reaffirm in a crucial
upcoming U.N. declaration that it has no weapons of mass destruction despite
U.S. and British claims to the contrary.
Melissa Fleming of the U.N. nuclear control agency in Vienna, Austria,
said the Iraqis were expected to submit their report to the U.N. office in
Baghdad on Saturday - one day before the deadline mandated by the
Security Council.
The unannounced visit to the Al-Sajoud palace was the biggest test yet of the
arms monitors' authority under a new U.N. resolution, which led to resumption of
inspections here last week after a four-year break.
Seven minutes after the inspectors rolled up to the palace entrance, the tower-
ing front gates swung open, allowing them access to the palm-lined compound.
Inside, they found a sprawl of ostentation and luxury, but there was no word they
found anything else.
CARACAS, Venezuela
National Guard ends protest with tear gas
The national guard broke up an opposition protest with tear gas and rubber bul-
lets and chased away dissident Venezuelan generals yesterday during an escalating
strike to oust President Hugo Chavez.
In his first public comment since the strike began Monday, Chavez called the
action "a desperate effort" to oust him by an opposition bent on "destabilization
and violence."
"This strike, like all the others, has a hidden agenda: another coup attempt,"
Chavez told reporters. He vowed that "they won't achieve their sinister goals of
destabilizing the country."
Chavez accused opposition thugs of harassing storekeepers to close their shops
and provoking clashes with security forces. He vowed that the strike won't "para-
lyze" Venezuela's key oil industry, and he said he wasn't considering calling a
state of emergency, as strikers claim.
Venezuela's energy ministry said late yesterday that all oil refineries were pro-
' ducing at 100 percent capacity and that shipments were normal. Venezuela is the
world's fifth-largest oil producer and a top U.S. supplier.

CAIRO, Eypt
Sociologist gets retrail
in Egypt's high court
Egypt's highest appeals court ordered
a retrial for an Egyptian-American soci-
ologist yesterday, overturning his con-
viction for tarnishing the nation's image
with his writings on democracy and
human rights.
Saad Eddin Ibrahim was released
immediately after the ruling and drove
out of Cairo's Tora prison.
Onlookers in the small courtroom
clapped and exchanged kisses when the
ruling was read. Ibrahim's wife raised
both arms in a gesture of relief and said
"I can't believe it," several times.
"It's a wonderful day for me, for my
husband, for Egyptians and justice in
this country," Barbara Ibrahim said. She
predicted her husband would be acquit-
ted at the retrial.
Human rights groups had condemned
Ibrahim's conviction and seven-year
sentence last year as politically motivat-
ed, and the case strained ties between
Egypt and the United States.
MOsCOW
Hearing for hostage
victims commences
A Moscow court began hearings yes-
terday on complaints from former
hostages and victims' families seeking
compensation from the city government
for the October hostage crisis.
Lawyer Igor Trunov filed three suits
Monday, in addition to five suits filed
last week. Seven of the plaintiffs are

demanding $1 million each in compen-
sation, while one is seeking $500,000.
The Tverskoi district court in central
Moscow opened hearings yesterday.
Trunov says the cases are based on
Russia's new anti-terrorism law, which
he says stipulates that the Russian
region where a terrorist attack occurs
should pay moral and material damages
to the victims. The Oct. 23-26 siege of
a Moscow theater by Chechen rebels
ended with scores dead after Russian
special forces stormed the building,
killing the 41 hostage-takers.
WASHINGTON
Airport officials seize
15,982 knives, brick
Some passengers still haven't gotten
the word about what they can and can't
take on planes. Seized at airports dur-
ing the Thanksgiving crush: 15,982
pocket knives, 98 boxcutters, six guns
and a brick. Still, transportation offi-
cials said the airport chaos predicted by
many never occurred. Passengers wait-
ed less than 10 minutes on average at
security checkpoints during the first
holiday travel season since an all-feder-
al work force took over screening.
Michael Wascom, spokesman for a
group representing the major airlines,
said operations were generally
smooth even with bad weather in
some places. "Passengers moved effi-
ciently through the airports, and cus-
tomer service standards were upheld,"
said Wascom, spokesman for the Air
Transport Association.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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