2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 26, 2002
Bush signs homeland security bill NEWS IN BRIEF
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush signed
legislation yesterday creating a new Department of
Homeland Security devoted to preventing domes-
tic terror attacks. He promised it "will focus the
full resources of the American government on the
safety of the American people.".
The president picked Tom Ridge as the depart-
ment's first secretary.
Bush's signature launched the most sweeping
federal reorganization since the Defense Depart-
ment's birth in 1947, a process that his spokesman
said could take up to two years to complete.
"Today we are taking historic action to defend the
United States and protect our citizens against the dan-
gers of a new era," Bush said. "With my signature, this
act of Congress will create a new Department of
Homeland Security, ensuring our efforts to protect this
country are comprehensive and united."
Bush said he will nominate Navy Secretary Gor-
don England to be Ridge's deputy, and Asa
Hutchinson, the head of the Drug Enforcement
Administration, to be undersecretary of border and
"With a vast nation to defend, we can neither
predict nor prevent every conceivable attack in a
free and open society," Bush said in an East Room
event. "No department of government can com-
pletely guarantee our safety against ruthless killers
who move and plot in shadows, yet our govern-
ment will take every possible measure to safe-
guard ... our people."
Bush also reported progress in the war on terror.
Democrats have questioned whether progress is being
made, with Osama bin Laden apparently alive.
"Many terrorists are now being interrogated.
Many terrorists have been killed. We've liberated a
country," Bush said. "This act takes the next criti-
cal steps in defending our country against the con-
tinuing threat of terrorism. The threat of mass
murder on our own soil will be met with a united,
The bill became snarled in partisan disputes on
Capitol Hill, with Democrats refusing to grant the
president the broad powers he sought to hire, fire
and move workers in the new department.
Bush would not yield, and made the disagreement a
political issue, railing against Democrats as he cam-
paigned for Republican candidates through the fall.
Democrats reversed course after their Election Day loss
of Senate control was attributed partly to the homeland
security fight.Bush invited union leaders to the signing
ceremony and told them, "We look forward to working
with you to make sure your people are treated fairly in
this new department."
demand more evidence
Ultraight leader resigns as Austrian gov.
Joerg Haider, whose praise of Hitler and anti-foreigner rhetoric helped fuel the
meteoric rise of his party into government two years ago, said he was calling it
quits yesterday in the wake of the party's disastrous showing in general elections.
But after a late night meeting with Haider, a Freedom Party leader said he was
sure the provincial governor would be persuaded'to stay on.
Haider's flashes of pro-Nazi sentiment and flamboyant exposes of corruption in
other parties brought his Freedom Party from obscurity in the mid 1980s to
unprecedented strength - it joined the present government coalition after coming
in second in 1999 elections. But the same confrontational streak that attracted
voters to Haider proved his party's undoing in Sunday's general election.
Weakened by months of infighting provoked by Haider, the party lost nearly
two-thirds of its previous voter support to capture only 10 percent of the vote.
Only hardcore Haider fans remained loyal. Disaffected swing voters powered the
conservative People's Party - the Freedom Party's government coalition partners -
to more than 42 percent, its best showing since the mid-1960s. The Social Democrats
also gained, receiving just under 37 percent of the vote.
Announcing his resignation yesterday as governor of Carinthia province - the
main political post he now holds - Haider said his party's poor showing reflect-
ed "mistrust in me and my policies."
Fate of Palestinian refugees remains unclear
Israeli and Palestinian moderates are close to a draft peace treaty, both sides said
yesterday, but at least one potential deal-breaker remains unresolved: the fate of
Palestinian refugees. Even if completed, the 40-page document would have largely
symbolic value since those negotiating it are not in positions of real power. However,
it could serve as a guideline in future formal negotiations.
In the West Bank, Israeli troops shot and killed an 8-year-old boy yesterday as
Palestinian youths pelted tanks with rocks and bottles, defying an Israeli curfew
order. Seven Palestinians were wounded. The emerging Israeli-Palestinian document
is a result of behind-the-scenes meetings during much of the 26 months of violence.
The key figure on the Israeli side is former Justice Minister Yossi Beilin, one of the
architects of interim peace accords and a member of the moderate Labor Party.
Beilin, who did not represent Labor in the talks, told Israel TV yesterday that difficult
issues were for the first time being discussed in detail.
On the Palestinian side, the team was led by Information Minister Yasser Abed
Rabbo, who said he was initially only representing himself, but on Sunday was given
a more formal role by the Palestinian Authority.
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - Chief U.N.
weapons inspector Hans Blix said yesterday he
warned Iraq that it must provide convincing evi-
dence if it maintains - as it did last week - that it
has no illegal weapons programs.
Iraqi officials said they intend to cooperate fully
with U.N. inspectors who will resume work tomor-
row after nearly four years, Blix told the U.N. Secu-
But on the critical issue of access, Iraqi officials
remarked during talks last week in Baghdad "that
the entry into a presidential site or a ministry was
not exactly the same thing as entry into a factory,"
Blix said, according to his briefing notes.
The resolution allows inspectors to go any-
where at anytime, including presidential sites,
and Blix said he stressed this point to the
Iraqis and told them his teams would exercise
this right. "We said we would inspect all sites
on an equal basis," he told a news conference
Blix said he would have 100 inspectors on the
ground by Christmas and that logistics were
being rapidly strengthened. He also wants to
open a field office in the northern city of Mosul
"Thanks to assistance from the government of
New Zealand we already have communications
people and medics in place and before the end of
the week, we may have the first of eight helicopters
Blix told the council that the Iraqis had
expressed "some uncertainty," about how it
should prepare a declaration of all nuclear,
chemical and biological programs.
Iraq is mandated to provide the council and
inspectors with the declaration by Dec. 8.
Some of the Iraqi concerns appeared to be tech-
nical, including how detailed the submissions
should be on Iraq's petrochemical industry.
"Clearly, the most important thing was that what-
ever there existed by way of weapons programs and
proscribed items should be fully declared," Blix
said he told the Iraqis.
"I added that four years had passed since the last
inspections and that many governments believed
that weapons of mass destruction programs
remained in Iraq. The council had wanted to offer
Iraq a last opportunity," he said.
"If the Iraqi side were to state - as it still did at
our meeting - that there were no such programs, it
would need to provide convincing documentary or
other evidence," he told the council.
Blix said he urged Iraq to make a complete
declaration and "to look into stores and
stocks" to ensure that everything is reported
on Dec. 8.
Under the resolution a false statement or omis-
sion in the declaration, coupled with an Iraqi failure
to cooperate with inspectors, would constitute a
new "material breach" which would be reported to
the council for possible action.
A team of United Nations chemical weapons
inspectors undergo a training excerise at a chemical
equipment factory in Hainesport, N.J.
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State tax increases
amount to $8.3 billion
Coup leader elected
president of Ecuador
A populist former army colonel who
led a coup in 2000 and has pledged to
fight corruption was elected as
Ecuador's sixth president in six years,
despite concerns that some of his radi-
cal supporters would scare investors.
Lucio Gutierrez, 45, won 54.3 per-
cent support in Sunday's runoff vote,
topping the 45.7 gained by billionaire
Alvaro Noboa, who counts among his
friends several members of the
Kennedy clan and Hollywood actors
such as Charlton Heston.
Gutierrez's run for the presidency
worried some Ecuadoreans because
of his support from a small Marxist
party, radical Indian groups and left-
But since he won the first round of
elections on Oct. 20, setting up Sun-
day's runoff vote, Gutierrez has toned
down his rhetoric and shifted toward
the center, describing himself as
Oil cleanu continues
off Spi coastline
Storms abated along the northwest
coast of Spain, enabling ships yesterday
to vacuum some of the oil that spilled
from the tanker Prestige before it sank.
One anti-pollution ship, the French
vessel Ailette, had already sucked more
than 90,000 gallons from the sea since
it began work Sunday, a government
statement said. The oil was deposited at
a refinery in the northwestern port of A
The Ailette and two other ships were
focusing on the main slick more than
60 miles off northwest Spain. Four
more anti-pollution ships from Bel-
gium, Britain, Germany and the
Netherlands are set to join the cleanup
effort later this week.
Gale-force winds and rains have
whipped through the region for the past
two weeks, but the storms gradually
diminished over the weekend.
Top al- Qda official
identified after klln
An Islamic militant killed by Alger-
ian security fortes in a raidniore than
two months ago has been identified
as a man Washington considers to be
a top al-Qaida operative in Africa,
Algeria's official news agency report-
Emad Abdelwahid Ahmed Alwan,
sometimes known as Abu
Mohammed, was shot and killed in a
Sept. 12 raid in the eastern Batna
region, about 270 miles east of the
capital, Algiers, the official APS
news agency reported.
Ahmed Alwan, a 37-year-old native
of Yemen, was identified after a two-
month investigation by government
experts, the report said. He was a leader
of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida terrorist
network for northern and western
Africa, it said.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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WASHINGTON (AP) - State
budgets are in their worst shape
since World War II, prompting leg-
islatures to institute the largest tax
increases in a decade, the National
Governors Association said yester-
Soaring health care costs and a
sputtering economy that hurt tax
collections were blamed for the
State lawmakers responded with
$8.3 billion in tax hikes for the fis-
cal year that began for most states
on July 1.
That was the largest dollar
increase since 1992, when $15 bil-
lion in tax hikes were enacted, the
The report found that 23 of 49
states raised taxes; Florida did not
participate in the survey.
Cigarettes and other tobacco
Continued from Page 1
process are different for upper-level
and lower-level language courses,
but all students will be able to avoid
Under the previous system, if a
class filled up and a student
dropped out, the vacancy was not
available to students on the waitlist.
Now, if a seat opens up in a section,
students can scurry to grab it on
"(LSA) is committed to maximiz-
ing access for all students to the
course offerings that they most
want," said Math Prof. Philip Han-
lon, associate dean of planning and
finance for LSA. "This becomes a
particular challenge in large multi-
section classes that are enrolled
predominantly by first-year stu-
But the frustration accompanying
registration is also felt by older stu-
dents, Rackham student Ardy
products saw the biggest tax hikes,
$2.9 billion, followed by sales
taxes, $1.4 billion; corporate
income taxes, $1.2 billion; and per-
sonal income taxes, $1 billion,
according to the report.
Alcohol and gasoline were among
other items that saw tax increases.
More than a dozen states also raised
various fees, including those for
emergency services, driver's licens-
es and filing of court records.
"It's a pretty dire outlook for
states," said Raymond Scheppach,
executive director for the gover-
nors' group. "Unfortunately, even
when the economy comes back, it
will help, but I think states are
going to continue in a .very, very
difficult situation for at least the
next two or three years until, in par-
ticular, we get some major reforms
in the Medicaid program."
Muawin said after being waitlisted
for one of his fall classes
"When you're waitlisted, you tend
to pull out of the class because you
don't know whether you're going to
get in or not," Rackham student
Ardy Muawin said. "I was like
number 37 or something. I wish
that the school offered more class-
The Department of Romance
Languages is not the first to adopt
this registration scheme.
A Department of Mathematics
official said the language faculty
modeled their new system partly
after his department's process for
"As far as spots, that problem is not
unique to the Romance Language
Department," Associate University
Registrar Kortney Briske said. In fact,
registration for romance language
classes used to operate without wait-
lists, but "frequently the class avail-
ability is based primarily on revenue,"
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1 s / _ rV1 irm o 1 -Tm11aar1
cvIIWIMIML a iwrr wn acnvraracy &UltUF 111 LIlial
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Continued from Page 1
is less but I don't see how it is over-
consumption. I don't think it is a
big thing to protest and I would not
like to see a protest like it on cam-
in big groups as an outing and most
people are doing Christmas shop-
ping for other people so I don't see
Some support the ideas Buy
Nothing Day embodies because
they want to see a change in the
way the holiday season is treated.
STAFF: Marc Allen, Soojung Chang, Chuck Goddeeris, Melanie Kebler, Timothy Najmolhoda
DISPLAY SALES Anne Sause, Manag