The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 17, 2002 - 7A
N. Korea reveals nuclear program
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a star- call on
tlng revelation, North Korea has told its coma
the United States it has a secret eration
nuclear weapons program in violation nuclear
of an 1994 agreement with the United able ma
States, the White House said last U.S.I
Spokesman Sean McCormack said Korea t
North Korea was in "material breach" longer
of the agreement under which it agreem
promised not to develop nuclear Thec
weapons. cates P
The commitment had raised hopes disarm
for a nuclear-free Korean peninsula, force,c
but that hope is dashed for the time after Bu
being, and relations with the United of an ",
States are back to square one. and Iraq
The two countries had just resumed It se
high-level security talks less than two NorthI
weeks ago for the first time in two country
years. It was during those discussions Iraq isr
that North Korea informed the United Iraq alr
States of its nuclear activities. a broad
McCormack said the United States way, th
is consulting with it allies, South could le
Korea and Japan, and with members tended.
of Congress on next steps. Until
"We seek a peaceful resolution of concern
this situation," McCormack said. its sale
"Everyone in the region has a stake in Iran an
this issue and no peaceful nation want Korea's
to see a nuclear-armed North Korea." the mix.
"The United States and our allies The t
Continued from Page 1A
A few of Tamara's family members were pres-
ent at the lecture, including her uncle, Bruce
Williams, and his fiancee, Carolyn Peterman,
who herself was a victim of domestic abuse in a
"You don't understand abuse. You will never
understand it unless you've been through it. There
are all types of abuse and no matter what kind it
is, you've got to do something about it. Do it for
yourself," Peterman said.
North Korea to comply with
mitments under the non-prolif
treaty and to eliminate its
weapons program in a verifi-
officials, who spoke on the
on of anonymity, said North
old U.S. officials that it is no
bound by the anti-nuclear
dramatic disclosure compli-
resident Bush's campaign to
Iraq under threat of military
coming almost nine months
ush said North Korea was part
axis of evil" along with Iran
ems unlikely, however, that
Korea will become a target
for the United States much as
nowadays. With war plans for
eady on the drawing board and
er war on terrorism still under
hreats against North Korea
ave the United States overex-
now, the United States' main
with North Korea has been
of ballistic missiles to Syria,
d other countries. Now North
nuclear program is added to
United States has been suspi-
cious about North Korea's nuclear
intentions for some time despite the
A CIA report in January said that
during the second half of last year,
North Korea "continued its attempts
to procure technology worldwide that
could have applications in its nuclear
"We assess that North Korea has
produced enough plutonium for at
least one, and possibly two, nuclear
Assistant Secretary of State James
Kelly visited North Korea on Oct. 3-5
and demanded that the communist
state address global concerns about its
nuclear and other weapons programs.
In response, the Pyongyang govern-
ment accused Bush's special envoy of
making "threatening remarks." The
United States refused all comment on
Under the 1994 agreement, North
Korea promised to give up its nuclear
weapons program and to allow
inspections to verify that it did not
have the material needed to construct
But it has yet to allow the inspec-
tions, drawing criticism from the
The agreement also called for the
construction of two light water
nuclear reactors to replace the pluto-
nium-producing reactors Pyongyang
had been using. The reactors were
being financed mostly by South
Korea and Japan. Construction of the
reactors began just two months ago.
An administration source said Kelly
also raised with North Korea evidence
that Pyongyang may have a urani-
mum-enrichment program. The pro-
gram, which the United States
believes would only be used to devel-
op a nuclear bomb, began under the
Clinton administration, according to
Surprisingly, North Korea con-
firmed the allegation.
The Bush administration has not
decided how to respond. "We're going
to keep talking," an official said.
After months of tension with South
Korea, the North resumed high-level
talks in August that restarted stalled
reconciliation efforts on the Korean
peninsula - divided by the most
heavily armed border in the world.
The Koreas were divided after
World War II and remained that way
at the end of the inconclusive Korean
War from 1950-53. About 37,000 U.S.
troops are stationed in South Korea as
a deterrent against the North.
Continued from Page 1A
"It will kill some normal breast tis-
sue as well, but mainly it will kill the
cancer," Sabel said.
Unlike standard treatments such as
mastectomy or lumpectomy where
part of or the entire breast is removed,
cryosurgery leaves minimal defect in
the breast. Because the procedure
leaves the membranes of the dead can-
cer cells intact, the body can reabsorb
the tissue to avoid any visible disfig-
urement in the breast.
Currently, a research trial is in
progress with women who are in the
early stages of breast cancer. The pri-
mary goal of the trial is to see
whether cryosurgery can stimulate the
body's immune system to destroy the
remaining or subsequent cancer cells.
Ideally, after recognizing the tumor
proteins, the immune system will
learn to fight off the cancer and pre-
vent it from spreading to other parts
of the body.
"I'm hoping that by freezing the
tumor, the immune system will learn
to recognize cancer and go out and
destroy cancer in other parts of the
body, the same way it looks for bacte-
ria or viruses with certain proteins,"
After undergoing cryosurgery, trial
participants are tested three weeks
later to determine if the cancer has
been destroyed and if the immune sys-
tem has been stimulated.
"If it stimulates the immune system,
then it might be better than surgery."
Sabel added that cryosurgery
involves less pain than conventional
breast cancer treatments.
"It can cause very few side effects.
Of the patients we've treated, none of
them have needed pain medication
Breast cancer is the second leading
cause of cancer death among women.
This year alone, approximately
200,000 women were diagnosed, and
a predicted 40,000 women will die
Bruce Williams talked about his relationship
with Peterman and their children and said it was
important that this cycle not be passed on to the
children of the community.
"I just don't want my daughter growing up
seeing her mom and dad fight," Bruce
The lecture was sponsored by University Hous-
ing, The School of Social Work, The Sexual
Assault Prevention and Awareness Center and the
Interdisciplinary Research Program on Violence
Across the Lifespan.
Continued from Page 1A
Dearborn, director of the Arab Community Center for Eco-
nomic and Social Services; GOP state Rep. Andrew Richner
of Grosse Point Park, and Greg Stephens, a Democrat from
Saline and a business manager and financial secretary of the
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 252.
Third party contenders include Green Party candidates
Susan Fawcett and Matt Petering, Libertarian candidate
William Hall, Natural Law Party candidate David Arndt,
Reform Party candidate Nick Waun and U.S. Taxpayers
Party candidate Rick Gualdoni.
Continued from Page 1A
members at the University disagree
with the idea behind making fake
"I wish people would take pride in
what they actually accomplish instead
of what it looks like they accomplish,"
said English Prof. Jackie Livesay.
LSA sophomore Areej El-Jawahri
agreed with Livesay. "It undermines the
whole structure of society because peo-
ple would be getting jobs that they
aren't able to perform," she said.
In contrast, the homepage for
degrees-r-us.com explains to viewers
that these degrees are intended for
those who already have skill and prac-
tice in a particular area. "Three years
experience in a field qualifies you for
a degree," it reads.
Clicking on the legal information
page of this company's website, howev-
er, arouses additional concern. It states
that the university which it endorses is
"a legally organized educational corpo-
ration, which is not fully operational at
the present time ... It has no campus,
neither faculty nor student body. It
exists on paper and on the web ..."
Under the headline "Formerly Only
For the Rich and Famous," this compa-
ny justifies its cause by saying that in
this democratic time, the privileges that
were once awarded to the wealthy are
now available to "you" without consid-
eration of current economic status.
Kerin Borland, senior associate direc-
tor of the University's Career Planning
and Placement, said there is not much
reason for concern over this issue. "In a
lot of ways it is clearly a fake," she said.
"If a student was asked for supple-
mentary information, it would be for an
official or an unofficial transcript," Bor-
land said. Also, in the recruitment
process, applicants are usually inter-
viewed and asked for resume materials
prior to graduation.
Borland added that any individual
using fake diplomas would be "put-
ting themselves in jeopardy" not only
in the short term, but also in the long
term, influencing their future as a pro-
Ann Arbor lawyer Aaron Larson
shares Borland's perspective on this
issue. "I do realize that it is a concern
for companies with large numbers of
applicants who may not recognize (the
But it's less of an issue for smaller
companies and "when you are working
with the law"
"My general opinion on this is the
same as with so many other types of
fraud through the Internet, such as
homework services for small amounts
of money and other services to help
people commit fraud," said Larson.
"My opinion is quite low"
"A bought diploma means nothing,"
Livesay added. "It says something very
sad that people care a lot more about
appearance than reality."
Continued from Page 1A
are just old and poorly designed and
need to repaired and replaced," said
state Sen. Kenneth Sikkema (R-
Grandville), chair of the Senate Nat-
ural Resources and Environmental
Affairs Committee. "That's what Pro-
posal 2 will do over time."
If the proposal passes, the state will
sell $100 million in bonds each year
for 10 years. With the proceeds from
the sale, the Department of Treasury
will authorize low-interest loans to
the michigan c
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counties and municipalities to
improve their sewage systems.
According to the non-partisan Senate
Fiscal Agency, it will cost each tax-
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Some, however, are not sure the
state should get involved in the issue.
"There are communities that have
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science, environment and technology
policy for the Midland-based Mack-
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of governments," such as providing
for recreational centers.
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inconvenience than an environmental
threat, like when they cause beach
closings," Katz said. If the loans are
so necessary, she said, the state should
not be borrowing money but rather
spending money out of its coffers.
Additionally, of the funds, 10 per-
cent would go to the Strategic Water
Quality Initiatives Fund for septic
Supporters argue that by fixing the
sewer systems, Michigan will water
will be made more clean, thus fueling
economic development along rivers
and lakes and protecting the health of
Dan Farough, political director of
the Sierra Club's Michigan branch,
said, "Communities need to reclaim
these rivers that are being made in
many cases undesirable because of
combined sewer overflows. We'
think the cost of inaction is far
more than the cost of some preven-
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