The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 16, 2002 - 7A
Arab nations ask UN for
help in establishing peace
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - In a
shift likely to put more pressure on Sad-
dam Hussein, Saudi Arabia's foreign
minister said yesterday that U.S. forces
may have access to bases in the king-
dom to attack Iraq - provided military
action has United Nations endorsement.
Prince Saud al-Faisal called on the
Baghdad regime to allow U.N. inspec-
tors back into Iraq to ensure it is not
developing nuclear, chemical or bio-
Other Arab nations also pressed Iraq
to comply with U.N. Security Council
resolutions to avert a showdown with
Washington, saying they wanted a
diplomatic solution to avoid a conflict
that could threaten stability in the Mid-
At the same time, Arab states urged
U.N. action to settle the Arab-Israeli
Saudi Arabian leaders previously had
ruled out any use of Saudi bases by U.S.
forces to attack Iraq. But Saud said yes-
terday that if the Security Council
authorized the use of force against Iraq,
Saudi Arabia would go along.
"All signatories to the U.N. Charter,
including Saudi Arabia, are obligated
to abide by the decisions of the Securi-
ty Council, in particular those taken
under Chapter 7 of the Charter," he
said in a statement.
Chapter 7 authorizes the use of
force in the case of threats to interna-
tional peace and security and
requires all member nations to abide
by such resolutions.
"Whatever threat Iraq poses, it is
clear that the will of the international
community is to remove that threat in a
way that does not require the firing of
a single shot or the loss of a single sol-
dier," Saud said.
But once international consensus is
reached, he added, the Iraqis will have to
respond or "suffer the consequences."
In an interview with the London-
based newspaper Al Hayat, Saud urged
Saddam to quickly allow U.N.
weapons inspectors back into Iraq to
avoid a new Security Council resolu-
tion that could open the way for mili-
President Bush demanded last week
that the United Nations force Iraq to
comply with resolutions requiring U.N.
supervision of the destruction of Iraqi
weapons of mass destruction. He
warned that America will act, alone if
necessary, if the Security Council
Jordan, a neighbor of Iraq that faced
an influx of refugees during the 1991
Gulf War and worries about the reper-
cussions of another war, also called on
Iraq to implement Security Council
resolutions, including the return of
U.N. weapons inspectors. Compliance
would spare the region "the dire conse-
quences" of war, Jordanian Foreign
Minister Marwan Muasher told the
U.N. General Assembly yesterday.
Iraq's foreign minister, Naji Sabri,
said late Saturday he hoped the crisis
could be resolved without new action
by the council.
U.N. inspectors who were seeking
out the elements of Iraq's weapons
projects left the country before U.S.
and British airstrikes in 1998 and have
not been allowed to return.
Saddam's regime maintains it has
fulfilled all U.N. obligations and wants
an end to U.N. sanctions imposed after
the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait in 1990.
Although the Iraq crisis has taken
center stage at the current session of
the General Assembly, Arabs sought to
address the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Syria's foreign minister accused the
world of "blind bias" in dealing with
Iraq while ignoring what he said was
Israel's refusal to abide by similar
"Is it reasonable for the world to
request Iraq implement Security Council
resolutions while some assist Israel in
being above international law?" Farouk
al-Sharaa asked in a speech yesterday to-
the General Assembly, clearly referring
to the United States, which Arabs con-
sider Israel's main protector.
An Afghan boy makes his way to class Saturday in Kandahar, Afghanistan's second largest city.
Kahdahar schools, which opened last week, are filled with eager students but lacking basic tools.
GOP:* Gore lacks his own
ideas, no longer 'relevant'
Continued from Page 1A
the LHSP community. According to the proposal written, in
the 1994-1995 academic year, students of color comprised
32 percent of LHSP students. When a similar study was
done last year, only 8.3 percent of LHSP students were from
Marjorie Horton, LSA assistant dean for undergraduate
education, attributes this decrease in diversity to an increase
of choices for minority students in the last five years.
"Three new living learning programs (UROP-in-Resi-
dence, Michigan Community Scholars Program and the
Health Science Scholars Program) have been developed
since 1994, so it is not surprising if some students elect to
join these new programs instead of the older program,' Hor-
She added that LHSP plans to implement more aggres-
sive recruiting techniques in order to create a balanced pro-
"LHSP directors have developed a plan to recruit a more
diverse group of students, and they have consulted with the
Office of Undergraduate Admissions and the LSA director
of student recruitment in developing their plan," Horton
said. "One aim of the new recruiting efforts will be to publi-
cize LHSP better at additional high schools that have more
diverse student bodies."
Pascual and other members of the community said diver-
sity goes beyond race, and includes socio-economic status,
geographic location and different intellectual backgrounds.
Pascual noted LHSP's belief in open discourse.
"There can't be a discussion if everybody agrees with
LSA sophomore Allison Lasky, who is in her second
year of the LHSP program, said there needs to be a
greater effort for getting a more mixed group of LHSP
students, to counter the "huge" lack of diversity. She
noted problems she had in one of her LHSP classes last
year, as one of a minority.
"A lot of the discussions in my class were marred by the
fact that for the three of us not from upper-middle class
homes in Michigan, it was harder for us to get our point
across," Lasky said. "I think there's something to say for a
lack of diversity in a smaller setting because that's really
LSA sophomore Mike Lusardi, a former LHSP student,
said he thought that LHSP was "catering to similar clien-
tele," but he expected that and was not bothered too much.
"I understand that it's geared towards freshmen and get-
ting them used to college life," Lusardi said.
The lack of upperclassmen leadership has been another
complaint raised. Former Resident Fellow Joe Gonzalez
said learning living communities tend to only apply to
first and second year students. He claimed LHSP stu-
dents need more responsibility in the day-to-day activi-
ties of the program.
"They deserve to have a government that has discre-
tionary money to spend on programming," Gonzalez said.
"If there are leadership positions available, I think it would
be more likely to retain students."
Kathleen Schanne, a former LHSP student and Writing
Center worker, said juniors and seniors who want to stay
involved in LHSP do not necessarily need to live in the resi-
dence hall in order to stay active.
"I think that's most valuable just to remain involved in the
program," Schanne said.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Former
Vice President Al Gore is "having a
tough time remaining relevant" to the
Democratic Party and offers only criti-
cism rather than positive plans of his
own, a Republican spokesman said
Gore associates cite polls showing
him in a dominant position for among
Democrats if he decides to seek the
party's presidential nomination in 2004
and dismiss the GOP talk as wishful
"We understand that Al Gore is hav-
ing a tough time remaining relevant
within his party but these are different
times that demand a leader with a
plan," Republican spokesman Kevin
Sheridan said yesterday.
Republicans were responding to a
Gore speech to the Congressional
Black Caucus Foundation late Satur-
day in Washington in which he criti-
cized Bush administration economic
policy and asked what happened to the
federal budget surplus.
"We have an economic policy in my
respectful opinion is simply not work-
ing," Gore said. "It ought to be
scrapped and just start over."
He said the surplus has been lost
in one year, adding "that was fast
"I guess Al Gore thinks he knows
better than Alan Greenspan and
nearly every economist in America
who agree that the president's time-
ly tax relief prevented an even
worse Clinton-Gore downturn," said
"A war and a recession are the rea-
sons the surplus predictions have gone
away, not because Americans are keep-
ing and spending more of their pay-
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incidents, Brown said, adding that Thursday's suspect is
the only one described as being taller than 6-foot-2.
The structure is regularly patrolled by DPS officers, who
go there to file their reports. Brown said DPS increased its
monitoring of the structure after the last incident.
She said she believes parking structures are likely to
attract criminals because they are seeking cars with
unlocked doors or lowered windows.
"The car element often provides an opportunity for the
criminal," Brown said. "Another safety tip is keeping
your cars locked and windows up."
People with information about the crime are asked to
call DPS at 763-1131.
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when school is in session.
"It helps me concentrate on my work when I need to stay
awake. At the same time, it makes me jumpy and sometimes
distracts me more than it helps. It's a no-win situation,"
When people who heavily consume caffeine cut or limit
their daily intake, the body experiences several withdrawal
symptoms similar to quitting smoking. These symptoms
occur because caffeine, like nicotine, is a central nervous
system stimulant, the study found.
But caffeine is not listed as a drug that causes depend-
ency by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Men-
Caffeine is consumed by more than 80 percent of Ameri-
cans, making it the most commonly used drug, and more
than half of Americans consume more than the recommend-
ed amount of 200 milligrams per day, according to the
study. The average cup of coffee contains 100 milligrams of
Most people are unaware that caffeine is present in prod-
ucts other than coffee and soda. Caffeine exists in chocolate,
tea and many over-the-counter pain medications, meaning
that staying within the advised dose of caffeine consumption
may be more challenging than putting down that last cup of
Tim Gronniger, a second-year School of Public Health
student, said coffee is his drug of choice.
"Studying would be hopeless without it," Gronniger said.
The Coffee Beanery on South University Avenue sells at
least 20 gallons of coffee every day and extends their hours
during midterms and finals due to the rapid increase in
sales, said manager Jacob Brabbs.
"We do most of our business in the morning. Caffeine is a
great way to start the day and stay awake for it," Bapps said.
Some students said they turn toward strong doses of caf-
feine in the form of pills. Yaniv Cohen, a junior in the
School of Engineering, uses over-the-counter drugs once in
awhile to help keep him focused at night.
"I'm usually so worn out from my classes that I'll take a
No-Doz so I won't fall asleep while studying. It gives me
just the right kick to help me get through my work," Cohen
said. Cohen added that his sleeping patterns do slightly alter
and often cause fatigue the following day.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration rated caf-
feine as Generally Recognized as Safe in 1958 and reaf-
firmed its statement in 1987. They conclude that
caffeine poses no considerable health risks but may lead
to a mild increase in blood pressure. Doctors do not rec-
ommend those people prone to arrhythmias, or irregular
heart patterns, the use of products where caffeine is
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Sept. 11 and America's war against terrorism with French
"I think it was good to be here because it makes one get a
different view. America might need to take a step back and
take a look at the situation from all sides," LSA junior Laura
Students were given the opportunity to talk about the
events in their language classes, and often their professors
were good sources of insight into the French perspective.
"Our professor told us that now is the time that we as stu-
dents need to separate ourselves from our president," said
Indiana University junior Raina .Polivka. "A lot of people
here are anti-Bush but pro-American."
Not all sentiment is against President Bush, however.
"I think that Monsieur Chirac is very close with Bush.
Bush is somebody who has a lot of determination. Regard-
ing foreign politics, I think he's a very good president. He's
not afraid, and he's someone who has a lot of character,"
said Corinne Cerati, a French professor at the Institute of
French Studies for Foreign Students.
Despite any negative sentiments toward Bush or his for-
eign policy, and regardless of a lack of events to commemo-
rate Sept. 11, American students still felt the world's
"As a general rule, most of the world really feels bad for
us. Maybe they can't really understand, but they still feel for
us," Sterling said.
"Terrorism is not an open war - it can strike anywhere at
any time, and the danger still exists," Cerati said. "The
French people hate terrorism; we have solidarity with the
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important, he said he wants to focus more strongly on crimi-
"It's time to redefine the mission, to also look out for
approve of his crime plan.
"Mike comes ftom a county prosecutor's office," he said.
"He knows what these people need."
Cox said his experience as a prosecutor makes him far
more qualified than his Democratic opponent, state Sen.
Gary Peters of Bloomfield Township.
"Whije I was prosecuting child molesters, he was selling
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