The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 15, 2003 - 7
Continued from Page 1.
imported goods, the restructuring of office building ventilation
with superior air filters and the use of substance detectors that,
like dogs, could "smell" hazardous materials. He said that
since attacks would likely occur on multiple complex systems,
the government would be unwise to focus only on one possible
Branscomb said the detonation of a nuclear weapon would
prove the most destructive terrorist act, and that terrorists
could smuggle the devices into the country with relative ease
- but added that terrorists could only obtain such weapons
"If you believe that you should only focus on weapons of
mass destruction, you focused on the most dangerous
weapons, but the most difficult for terrorists to get their hands
on," he said.
Many students who attended Branscomb's lecture said they
were impressed with the innovative means by which he pro-
posed to address terrorism.
"It's great to hear an intellectual opinion on the
threat of terrorism," Rackham student Erica Williams
said, adding that Branscomb's plans were refreshing
after listening to the usual speculations about terror
Continued from Page 1
increased in recent years, but program officers refuse to attrib-
ute the growth to the possibility of war.
"We like to think that we offer a quality product and that
more students are choosing the military as a career option. But
if you ask 10 different people why that is, you'll probably get
10 different reasons," Bartley said.
Hopkins said interest in the Navy training program has also
increased in the last three years, but that limited scholarship
Scott Randall, a student in the School of Public Health,
said one of his professors recommended the lecture to him
because Branscomb would discuss the possible terrorist
tampering on water systems, a main concern in his toxicol-
ogy studies. But after listening to Branscomb's extensive
range of topics, he said he found the lecture "interesting,
broader than I thought."
Branscomb said that although the government must invest
in extensive research and productive means to defend its citi-
zens, he believed its recent actions have provided little addi-
"I'm worried that the government is needlessly amplifying
the threat" through their inaction, he said. "We are not signifi-
cantly safer than we were 15 years ago."
The Office of the Vice President for Research spon-
sored the event in conjunction with the Office of the
Provost and the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy.
Lee Katterman, the assistant to Vice President for
Research Fawwaz Ulaby, said the office invited
Branscomb to speak because of his extensive research
in how science and technology can help stop terrorism.
"He's been looking quite extensively into the kinds of
things science and technology communities, like our
University, can do to confront terrorism," he said.
funding has prevented a significant growth.
"Our enrollment has been slowly climbing, but it's
based more on a finite number of scholarships that we
can give each year. There's been no dramatic change,"
Former cadet Andrew Berg said his experience in the ROTC
was excellent, but that the political realities of the time could
not be ignored.
"I joined after Sept. 11 and people were excited. You knew
that there might be action which maybe led to a sense of antic-
ipation," Berg said.
Continued from Page 1
Chavez loyalists steal riot
gear as strike continues
it for so long and they don't realize how big it is ... it's not
real to them ... many students just have no relation to it so
they don't care," LSA sophomore Arriel Rogers said.
Biology Prof. Robert Bender, who teaches a class about
AIDS, said enrollment has increased from 120 seats five
years ago, to 546 seats this semester.
But despite the overwhelming demand for his class, he
also said he was skeptical of growing interest in the AIDS
crisis and subsequent research.
"My concern is that there is a decline in interest. When I
started teaching this course, it was near the end of the time
Continued from Page 1
shared Brater's sentiments, noting that by failing to address
land use issues, the state would augment its economic con-
Kolb has proposed legislation in the state House regard-
ing the need for clearer guidelines on land use and was
adamant in his support of the Smart Growth Commission.
"I think that when you don't have general land use pro-
grams you add to the costs of the state. When we have urban
areas that already have the infrastructure necessary for
development, it doesn't make sense to build that infrastruc-
ture where it doesn't already exist," Kolb said.
The expected appointments of Milliken, a Republican,
and Kelley, a Democrat, are also garnering support for
"They're two very prominent leaders who have demon-
strated their love of Michigan and its resources. It's a bipar-
tisan approach which is important in the current political
environment," Brater said.
Many state businesses are also optimistic about potential
changes in land use policy and their effect on the economy,
as industries such as agriculture, tourism and forestry would
Continued from Page 1
view of timetables."
But nearly four months after demanding the that Securi-
ty Council threaten Iraq with force - and threatening to
act alone if need be - Bush was not ready to attack.
He is continuing, however, to build up U.S. firepower in
the Gulf region. The Navy's 3rd Fleet in California
announced yesterday that seven amphibious warships have
received orders to depart their home port at San Diego on
Friday. They will be carrying about 7,000 Marines from
Camp Pendleton, Calif., and about 3,000 San Diego-based
sailors. A similar-sized amphibious task force departed
last weekend from ports in Virginia. Together they will
give U.S. commanders in the Gulf region a variety of
The chief U.N. weapons inspector, Hans Blix, meanwhile,
is describing the Jan. 27 report as an interim update.
It would mark "the beginning of the inspection and moni-
toring process and not the end of it," Blix said Monday.
Yesterday, the Swedish diplomat told The Associated Press
the inspectors needed months to finish their searches.
So far, the inspectors have not produced substantial evi-
dence to support U.S. allegations Saddam has hidden
caches of weapons of mass destruction and a missile pro-
But Blix, who will go to Baghdad on Sunday with
Mohamed ElBaradei, the director-general of the Interna-
tional Atomic Energy Agency, said "there are a great many
open questions as to their possession of weapons of mass
destruction" and "we needto. havemoreevidence supplied
when people realized AIDS to be a pandemic. Most students
now see AIDS as endemic-like heart attacks or diabetes," he
"It's a result of complacency ... it's not that they are disin-
terested but there's not a lot of global awareness," he added.
In addition to the advancements being made in the inter-
national arena of policy analysis and program development,
recent medical discoveries at the University are currently
Pharmacy Profs. John Drach and Leroy Townsend are
working in the fields of medical advancements toward a
cure for the HIV virus.
"The compounds we've discovered are still in scientific
and pre-clinical investigation ... currently efficacy studies in
mice are beginning." Drach said.
"Land use legislation could
potentially help businesses"
- Doug Roberts Jr.
MCOC director of environmental and regulatory affairs
all benefit from limited rural development.
Officials from the Michigan Chamber of Commerce said
that Michigan business is not likely to suffer as a result of
land use restrictions.
"I think land use legislation could potentially help busi-
nesses,' said MCOC director of environmental and regulato-
ry affairs Doug Roberts Jr. "Improving the quality of life
here would attract new workers. It could be a win-win situa-
tion for everybody," MCOC
The MLUI and other environmental advocates are prais-
ing the measure as a dramatic victory for the citizens of
"This is one of the most important issues for significantly
improving Michigan's economic status and quality of life,"
Schneider said. "The Smart Growth Commission is vital.
This is a sea change for the state of Michigan."
Saddam's future continued to stir speculation around
the world, with reports intensifying that he might be
offered haven outside Iraq.
The State Department basically blessed that idea.
"It would be a good idea if he took the opportunity to
leave," spokesman Richard Boucher said. "It would save
all of us a lot of trouble if he could be replaced by a
regime that was willing to treat its people decently and
not threaten its neighbors with weapons of mass destruc-
"At the same time," Boucher said, "I don't think we're
counting on it. We're not engaged in any deep or serious
discussions on the subject at this point since he's indicated
no particular willingness to do that."
Summing up, the spokesman said: "So it would be a
good idea if he did, but I think we have to be prepared to
resolve this in other ways."
While Bush has reserved the option of not waiting for
the Security Council to authorize use of force, most U.S.
allies including Britain want to defer any attack until the
Council considers Iraq's behavior again.
And then there are some allies, such as Germany, which
have ruled out the use of force in any event.
Boucher said the United States has provided the inspec-
tors only with intelligence material on Iraq that "they are
able to use."
As the inspectors "get interested in other things" and
step up their pace the Bush administration would be will-
ing to make more data available, the spokesman said.
Even as a decision on going' o war remained on hold,
the Pentagon increased the array of naval power in the
Persian Gulf area.
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - Soldiers loyal to President
Hugo Chavez seized riot gear - including submachine guns
and shotguns - from Caracas' police department yesterday in
what the opposition mayor called a deliberate effort to under-
Federal interference in the capital's police department is one
reason Venezuela's opposition has staged a strike - now in its
44th day - demanding early elections. Yesterday's raids
stoked already heated tensions in this polarized nation.
Greater Caracas Mayor Alfredo Pena said the weapons
seizure stripped police of their ability to control street protests
that have erupted almost daily since the strike began Dec. 2.
Five people have died in strike-related demonstrations.
Strike leader Manuel Cova said opponents would "strength-
en the struggle to topple" Chavez in response to the raids.
"This demonstrates the antidemocratic and authoritarian
way in which this government acts," said Cova, leader of the
Venezuelan Workers Confederation, the country's largest labor
Vice President Jose Vicente Rangel said the seizure was part
of an effort to make police answer for alleged abuses against
The government accuses police of killing two Chavez sup-
porters during a melee two weeks ago that involved Chavez
followers, opponents and security forces.
"The metropolitan police cannot be above the law, above the
executive, above citizens," Rangel told foreign reporters. "We
are trying to make them aWwer to the law. That's why we
seized their equipment and weapons."
Troops searched several police stations at dawn, confiscat-
ing submachine guns and 12-gauge shotguns used to fire rub-
ber bullets and tear gas, said Cmdr. Freddy Torres, the
department's legal consultant. Officers were allowed to keep
their standard-issue .38-caliber pistols. It was not clear how
long the seizure would last.
Chavez ordered troops to take control of the force in
November, but the Supreme Court ordered it restored to Pena
Chavez is trying to break a strike that has paralyzed
Venezuela's crucial oil industry and cost the government an
estimated $4 billion. He has warned he might send troops to
seize food production plants that are participating in the strike.
Called to press Chavez into accepting a nonbinding ref-
erendum on his rule, the strike has depleted many Caracas
supermarkets of basics like milk, flour and bottled water.
People spend hours in lines at service stations and at
banks open only three hours a day. Many medicines are no
longer are available in pharmacies.
Rangel said the strike was weak outside of Caracas -
one reason the government has been able to survive. "Is
there a country on Earth that can withstand a strike for 44
days? I don't think so," the vice president said.
With hopes of helping resolve the dispute, former Presi-
dent Jimmy Carter plans to visit Caracas on Jan. 20 to
observe the crisis, the Atlanta-based Carter Center
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