8- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 16, 2003
Continued from Page 1
warn students were very effective.
From several hundred runners a few
years ago, we were down to about
50 in 2001 and less than a dozen, all
clothed in underwear, in 2002. It's
our view that students have gotten
the message and understand the
dangers of running," Peterson said.
"We did not believe the same level
of public education was necessary
"We felt the time had come to let
the Naked Mile end on its own," she
Officers from both the Depart-
ment of Public Safety and the Ann
Arbor Police Department said they
believe the Naked Mile has run its
course. Although both departments
said they will increase enforcement
on campus tonight, they also said
they are not expecting any signifi-
"We feel we are prepared for any
type of contingency that will hap-
pen," DPS Lt. Joe Piersante said.
"We don't have any indication that
there are going to be problems, but
we, are prepared for just about any-
thing that could happen."
AAPD Sgt. Craig Flocken said
that while the AAPD will be increas-
ing enforcement, the number of offi-
cers seen around the South
University Avenue area would not
equal the numbers seen during
"We're not expecting anything to
happen tomorrow night. There is no
mass deployment that is going to
occur," Flocken said. "Obviously,
the run has declined in the last cou-
ple years. ... I don't think they are
planning on as many officers as
before, but there will be officers out
Flocken said students who do dis-
robe may be arrested for disorderly
conduct and indecent exposure,
which is punishable by up to one
year in prison and .a $500 fine.
According to the Michigan Sex
Offender Pubic Registry Act, those
who have been convicted of indecent
exposure three times must register as
a sex offender.
Flocken added that last year, AAPD
chose not to cite any students who ran
in their underwear or covered them-
selves in some other fashion.
Ordinarily, the Naked Mile, which
traditionally occurs on the last day
of classes every winter semester,
would start after dark at the Rock,
go north on Washtenaw Avenue and
west on South University until stu-
dents reach the Cube near the Michi-
According to DPS estimates, last
year's Naked Mile drew approximately
4,000 viewers and a few dozen run-
ners, the vast majority of whom were
partly clothed. Two University students
and an Ann Arbor resident were arrest-
ed for indecent exposure, while DPS
cited 10 others for separate offenses.
Officers from the Washtenaw County
Sheriff's Department and the North-
field Township Police Department
assisted DPS and AAPD.
Although temperatures yesterday
topped 80 degrees, The Weather
Channel is predicting temperatures
tonight will only reach half that. By
9 p.m., forecasts predict it will be
41 degrees, with rain and possible
snow showers throughout the night.
The night's low is predicted at 30
Continued from Page 1
H e also said that Gov. Jennifer
Granholm stopped action regarding
the land swap during her term as
attorney general, "but when she left
office, the new attorney general did
agree to it."
In a written statement following the
land swap approval, Johnson defended
the swap as beneficial to Michigan, as
it will protect further destruction of
South Fox Island.
"Although this swap does not pro-
vide me any additional shoreline or
enhance or change my ability to
develop the 2,200 acres my company
owns on the Island, I have devoted a
great amount of personal time and
resources to this initiative because I
believe it makes sense for Michigan
and the Island," Johnson said in his
lie added that the swap "provide(s)
the State improved access, increased
recreational value, and more than
double the contiguous shoreline and
Johnson also started the Victor
Institute for Responsible Land Devel-
opment and Use through Michigan
State University, designed to promote
ecological sensitivity and environ-
mentally safe development.
Students expressed particular con-
cern about a relationship between
Johnson and alleged campaign contri-
butions to Cox and other Michigan
"(Johnson) made all these different
contributions to the attorney general
and Republican Party, so this law was
basically approved secretly by his
friends who he gave money to," said
Goldstein, whose job included
researching Johnson's background.
Brian Upton, attorney for the
Grand Traverse Band, said the land
swap "violates the Michigan Envi-
ronmental Protection Act," as it
demonstrates a threat to natural
resources by the current owner.
"(Johnson) has a history of running
all-terrain vehicles over dunes. ... In
1995 he cut into a sand dune to
expand his airstrip runway and didn't
have a permit," Upton said.
While the students' project evolved
into a conservation issue that affects
the entire state, it began as a Native
American religious issue. Land is
essential to practicing Native Ameri-
can religion. The students said the
decision is yet another case of the
government violating Native Ameri-
can religious values.
The passage of the land swap has
left the group disappointed, said
Church, but all contend that the
process itself still provided for a valu-
able learning experience.
"It hurts a lot to see (the land swap)
go through because you care a lot about
it, but it was a great experience to get
our foot in the door, working on social
and political issues," Rezmovic said.
Johnson was unavailable for com-
ment at press time.
lu 5hke iroom anoard
Continued from Page 1
University administrators and affir-
mative action supporters fear a decision
overturning Bakke will lead to a drastic
drop in minority enrollment, but a ruling
upholding both policies will probably
lead to many other schools adopting
policies similar to the University's.
Many legal experts anticipate a split
decision, with the court upholding one
of the policies while overturning the
other. Wayne State University law Prof.
Steven Winter said Justices Sandra Day
O'Connor and Anthony Kennedy, the
possible swing votes, may favor the Law
School policy because it more closely
follows the requirements of the Bakke
"Kennedy seemed to suggest that he
might accept an individualized consider-
ation of race ... as opposed to the pure
number system," Winter said. "The
point system seems more like a quota."
Curt Levey, spokesman for the Center
for Individual Rights - the law firm
representing the plaintiffs in the cases -
said he would consider a split decision a
partial victory because it would only
eliminate one way to use race-conscious
Peterson said if one of the policies is
overturned, University lawyers will
closely examine the court's decision and
decide how to change the policy before
the fall admissions cycle begins.
A decision in favor of both policies
would likely end the debate over the
constitutionality of using race in admis-
sions. Winter said such a decision is
unlikely, but would give schools across
the country the choice of modeling their
admissions policies after the Law
School or LSA policy.
"There will be a certain amount of
copycatting," Michigan State University
law Prof Frank Ravitch said.
Public universities in Texas and Cali-.
fornia, which had their race-conscious
admissions policies overturned by feder-
al appelate courts, could also opt to tai-
lor their policies after the University's,
In its legal briefs, CIR argued that
the court should not only overturn the
University's policies, but instead ban
the use of race in admissions in gener-
al. Such a ruling would instantly
become one of the most significant
higher education decisions in the
court's history, Levey said.
All public schools would be forced to
discontinue the use of racial plus factors,
but many private schools would be
required to reform their policies as well,
Due to the wide-ranging conse-
quences of such a ruling, Winter predict-
ed the court will announce a more
moderate ruling. He said although the
court has independent jurisdiction, briefs
filed by retired military officers and
other supporters of the University's poli-
cies will affect their decision.
But Ravitch said the current justices
have been active in undoing past prece-
dents in many other cases.
The court could also overturn both
policies but still permit the use of race-
conscious admissions. The court prob-
ably will not elaborate on how to use
race in this circumstance, making it
difficult for schools to determine how
to legally implement race as a factor,
"If it strikes down both, it's not
very clear what the court could say,"
he said. "If you say. what the Law
School is doing is unacceptable,
there's not much left."
But Ravitch said the court may decide
to redefine Bakke, and O'Connor or
Kennedy may write an opinion includ-
ing a more detailed explanation of how
to use race. An example would be to
require the LSA policy to reduce the
number of points it grants to minorities
from 20 out of 150 to five, I* said.
Continued from Page 1
"I don't want to make any commit-
ment until I know exactly what the
issues are," Richner said. "I'm hoping to
hear the reasoning behind the proposal."
Although no new residence hall has
been built at the University since 1968,
renovations include a major security
increase this year due to a wave of
home invasions and robberies last win-
ter. Doors now remain locked 24 hours
a day and the installation of archival
video cameras and automatic door locks
began last fall.
"They've upgraded fire. They've
upgraded windows. They've been
incrementally improving them," May-
If approved, the cost of living in tradi-
tional residence hall singles, doubles
and triples rises to $7,988, $6,704 and
The cost of living in a double this
year was $6,366. Although several top
universities rank above the University of
Michigan in housing costs, the Univer-
sity's costs were the highest of the Big
But Levy noted that the University
has had the lowest percentage increases
of the Big Ten schools during the last
five years. He added that the University
is always looking for new cost-cutting
initiatives to keep rates down.
"We have saved millions of dollars,"
Levy said, referring to schemes under-
taken in the last 20 years to conserve
heat and electricity.
Other issues to be discussed at the
Regents meeting include an approval of
the schematic design of a new computer
science building on North Campus. If
approved, construction is scheduled to
begin in the fall and completed by Win-
"They will provide not only for facul-
ty, but for students, both graduate and
undergraduate ... and will help us to be
well-positioned for the future," Engi-
neering Dean Stephen Director said in
October, referring to the building as
well as other North Campus projects
University spokeswoman Julie Peter-
son said she is not aware of any other
important issues to be discussed, but
added that budgetary issues might come
up. The regents are set to vote on next
year's budget in July and University
officials have given repeated warnings
during the last few months of budget
cuts and tuition increases.
Continued from Page 1
"It's funny how one day you can pub-
licly talk badly about a country all
across the world and then talk about how
they can be our buddy as long as they
don't let the Iraqis sleep over," Hawasli
said. "I'm lost. One second we point the
finger and say that's the bad guy, then a
minute later, all of a sudden we want
them to be part of a peace process? Who
are we to label the world good or evil?"
Instead of extending the "war on ter-
ror" to new countries, Muslim Students
Association President Kenan Mossa-
Basha said, the United States should be
"focusing on nation-building, infrastruc-
ture and institutions necessary for nor-
malcy and freedom based on pluralism
by the Iraqi people."
"There has to be a rebuilding of Iraq
before pursuing any other initiatives,"
added Mossa-Basha, a Business school
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