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©2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 126
One-hundred-twelve years ofeditorialfreedom
he day and
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U.S. begins 2nd wave of raids into Baghdad
Kurdish soldiers hit by U.S.
friendly fire, report 18 deaths
and 45 injuries
The Associated Press
American forces rolled through the streets of
Baghdad in armored vehicles yesterday, as mis-
siles screamed through the skies and the crack-
le of heavy machine gun fire grew more
intense. In the second day of incursions into the
capital, U.S. troops were conducting "what we
By Lydia K. Leung
Daily Staff Reporter
would call armored raids right now," Gen. Peter
Pace, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
said in an interview yesterday with CNN. Chip-
ping away at the vestiges of Saddam Hussein's
power, U.S. forces encircled Baghdad yesterday
and began flying into the capital's airport.
British forces in the south made their deepest
push into Iraq's second largest city.
Earlier, a hulking U.S. C-130 transport plane
landed at the Baghdad international airport,
carrying unknown cargo but weighted with
symbolism and tactical importance. The arrival
presaged a major resupply effort by air for U.S.
troops, dependent until now on a tenuous line
stretching 350 miles to Kuwait.
U.S. officials declared Baghdad cut off from
the rest of Iraq.
"We do control the highways in and out of
the city and do have the capability to interdict,
to stop, to attack Iraqi military forces that
might try to either escape or to engage our
forces," said Gen. Peter Pace, vice chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Marines closing in on Baghdad from the
south were told to take off their protective suits
yesterday for the first time in 20 days, a sign of
easing fears of possible use of chemical or bio-
Intense fighting took a growing toll on com-
batants and civilians. Injured Russian diplo-
mats and a convoy of America's Kurdish
comrades in arms were among unintended vic-
tims caught in crossfire and friendly fire yester-
day. Kurds said 18 of their own died in the
mistaken U.S. air strike.
Assorted prizes fell into allied hands, some
after hard fighting, but U.S. forces had yet to
confront Baghdad's last-ditch defenders on a
"They are extremely weakened, but that does
not mean they're finished," Pace said of the
Southeast of Baghdad, Marines seized one of
Saddam's palaces, poked through remnants of a
Republican Guard headquarters and searched a
suspected terrorist training camp, finding the
shell of a passenger jet believed to be used for
U.S. forces consolidated positions around
Baghdad and declared they controlled all high-
ways in and out - a day after raiding the capi-
See IRAQ, Page 2A
to leave countries
affected by SARS
With the war in Iraq in its third week
and coalition troops encircling Baghdad,
it is still questionable when the war will
end. But discussions on the prospects for
post-war Iraq have already begun and are
igniting fierce debates all over the globe.
The dispute started when one of the
first contracts for rebuilding Iraq was
awarded to Halliburton Co. - a compa-
ny that Vice President Dick Cheney
once headed - and the U.S. Agency for
International Development announced
that only American firms could bid for
the current open contracts.
In response, the United Nations and
other countries strongly expressed their
disagreement with the arrangement.
"The argument they have given for
that is that these contracts are for some
additional work that would prevent a lot
of the normal bureaucratic delays if they
limit these big contracts to American
firms," political science Prof Kenneth
Lieberthal said. "There is some logic to
that, but politically it looks terrible."
Countries are divided over the ques-
tion of who should take up the major
role in the rebuilding process. At a
NATO meeting in Brussels Thursday,
Secretary of State Colin Powell said the
coalition countries should be the domi-
nant force in rebuilding Iraq after the
war. But on the other side, France, Ger-
many and Russia jointly said the U.N.
should command the reconstruction
after a meeting in Paris on Friday.
"It is really uncertain. No one knows
the answer now," political science Prof.
Mark Tessler said. "I think most people
think it should be the international com-
munity, like the United Nations,*to take
See POSTWAR, Page 7A
By Soojung Chang
Daily Staff Reporter
LSA junior Joey Fung had planned
to go to Beijing this summer to do
research for her honors senior thesis
But following an advisory to the Uni-
versity community warning against trav-
el to areas affected by Sudden Acute
Respiratory Syndrome outbreaks, Fung
decided to cancel her plans.
Provost Paul Courant and Interim
Executive Vice President for Medical
Affairs Lazar Greenfield sent the e-mail
Friday advising students and faculty cur-
rently abroad in affected countries to
"Faculty, staff, and students travel-
ing independently in China, Hong
Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and Viet-
nam are urged to leave these countries
promptly, and those planning inde-
pendent travel to these high-risk areas
are urged to defer their plans,"
Courant and Greenfield said.
In addition, the advisory noted that
the University is canceling or postpon-
ing study abroad and other group activi-
ties to those regions.
Fung said she was undecided before
about whether or not to go to Beijing.
She had been planning to work at a uni-
versity there with a researcher who col-
laborates with one of her professors.
"The professor I'm working with
here contacted me and said it's proba-
bly not a good idea to go to Beijing
now," she said.
Fung said many students she knows
have also changed their summer plans.
"I know people who planned to go
back to Hong Kong just to find a job or
spend summer vacation there who just
plan to stay here instead," she said.
Students have also become con-
cerned about travel to Toronto, the
only area outside of Asia that has
experienced a significant outbreak.
The University has advised students
to defer travel to the area.
Rosalyn Williams, a Business School
junior at Ryerson University in Toronto,
said her school has also advised students
not to travel. "I haven't really been wor-
ried about (SARS) but there's a lot of
people going around with masks on
their faces," she added.
Ryerson has also banned nursing stu-
dents from meeting together because of
a student in the program who had treat-
See SARS, Page 2A
-Soldiers with the 3-59 Task Force honor fallen comrade Sgt. First Class Wilbert Davis, 40, of Tampa, Fla., during a memorial
service held on the tarmac of Bighdad International Airport. Davis died during operations to secure the airport.
Conyers rallies anti-war crowd
By Dan Trudeau
Daily Staff Reporter
DETROIT - Several hundred
dissatisfied protesters marched
through downtown Saturday to voice
their dissent against the war on Iraq
and the Bush administration's
The crowd, though considerably
smaller than the 5,000 people organ-
izers expected, was vocally defiant
- waving signs, shouting chants,
and in some cases, dressing up as
"cheerleaders for peace" as they
made their way from Tiger Stadium
to Hart Plaza on the city's riverfront.
U.S. Rep. John Conyers (D-
Detroit) and his staff organized the
four-hour event, in which the con-
gressman was one of several speak-
ers at the culminating rally in Hart
Plaza. Conyers has been staunchly
anti-war and anti-Bush over the past
months and was harsh in his criti-
cism of the administration as he
addressed the crowd.
"The war is not only unnecessary,
it is immoral," Conyers said. "We
need to indicate to our leaders,
alleged and actual, that the majority
of people in this country is still
See RALLY, Page 7A
Annual Pow Wow
Earth through art
By Min Kyung Yoon
Daily Staff Reporter
Attracting thousands of people over the weekend, the
31st Ann Arbor Pow Wow, "Dance for Mother Earth," saw
one the of largest gatherings of Native Americans in the
United States. Held at the Crisler Arena over the course of
three days, the Pow Wow annually features many dancers,
singers and artists.
"At the Pow Wow, we hope to create a greater awareness
of Native people," said LSA junior Nickole Fox, secretary
of the Native American Student Association. "Adding to
the diversity of the campus is also a goal. Native students
are so few here on campus, it helps to have a big event like
this so that we can be more visible both in the eyes of the
University and in the eyes of other students"
First organized in 1971 by the local Native American
community, the event has grown in popularity and size
throughout the years. The modern Pow Wow is based on
the basic values to Native Americans throughout North
See POW WOW, Page 3A
A DPS officer asks Jointmann about his smoking cranium near
the Diag during Hash Bash on Saturday.
Inside: Hash Bashers brave the cold to rally for marijuana legalization. Page 3A
'U' won't renew its
plans to set
By Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
The Ann Arbor Pow Wow brought thousands of people to Crisler Arena over the weekend to celebrate
Native American traditions.
March unemployment rate remains stagnant
In an attempt to pressure Morgan
Services Inc. to change the way it
treats its workers, the University will
not renew its long-term contracts
with Morgan, according to a letter it
sent to out to the company Friday.
Morgan - a company that allegedly
manages its workers unfairly - pro-
vides laundry services for several
The letter states that the University
will not approve any long-term con-
tract renewals until a taskforce makes
recommendations for a new purchas-
ing policy that fits with the mission
and values of the University. The task-
force will be formed by the end of the
term, University spokeswoman Julie
Once guidelines have been estab-
lished, the University will decide
whether Morgan complies with them
its contracts, according to the letter,
sent out by interim Chief Financial
Officer Timothy Slottow.
Members of Students Organizing
for Labor and Economic Equality -
who have been meeting with Universi-
ty officials since October in hopes of
ending the contract with Morgan -
said they consider the letter a victory.
But they added that the University
only refused to approve long-term
"Because the University may extend
short-term contracts as necessary, this
letter will only have a temporary
impact on the labor dispute. We are
uncomfortable with the University's
ability to call any contract short-term,"
SOLE member Jenny Lee said.
But Coleman stated in a letter to
SOLE members that terminating the
contract is "the wrong course of action
at this time (for several reasons).
These include the lack of institutional
guidelines that address purchasing
By Lydia K. Leung
The US. Labor Department announced Friday that
108,000 jobs were cut from the nation's payroll last
month, but the U.S. unemployment rate stood
unchanged at 5.8 percent as many frustrated former job
seekers are no longer looking for work.
The data indicates that the job market has its
bleakest outlook since World War II, as March was
Although the economy still managed to grow by a
bit last year, the labor market has produced no great
news in recent months. The fresh report is adding wor-
ries to the slow-growing economy and experts have
started to question whether the growth will continue.
Business School Prof. Nejat Seyhun said the Federal
Reserve might consider cutting interest rates again in
May to stimulate investment and spending if the situa-
tion has not improved by then.
ployment rate is rising," Seyhun said. "That means
they're getting more outputs with less inputs. But it
certainly is not good news to people who are looking
Seyhun said although the economy is more efficient
than before, job creation is crucial to economic growth
as income fuels consumer spending.
Job cuts took ,lace in various sectors, which include
retail, service industries and government sectors. Econ-
omists are not expecting a rebound to take place soon