April 3, 2003
02003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 124
One-hundred-twelve years of editorialfreedom
and rain by N
nightfall with 5
winds up to LOW: 44
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By Lydia K. Leung
Daily Staff Reporter
Wall Street rallied yesterday as news
from the front lines seemed to confirm
smooth progress of war in Iraq, with
coalition troops pushing ever closer to
Baghdad. Since the war began, stock
markets have surged while oil prices
have fallen. But it is unclear if these
signs imply a blooming economy
ahead right after the war.
Experts have different views on the
prospects for the post-war economy
and said the war's length is one factor
that could determine consumer and
"That really depends on whether
right after the war is a week from now
or three months from now or six
months from now, or God forbid, Viet-
nam from now. It makes a very big dif-
ference,"said Saul Hymans, director of
the University's Research Seminar in
Hymans laid out an economic sce-
nario assuming that the war will last
two to four months, but he said the
story could change drastically in a
longer war. During the first month, the
economy would be loaded with uncer-
tainty when people's expectation of the
war varies from day to day.
The current international situation's
uncertainty "clouds the way and affects
the way businesses and consumers are
looking at the world in front of them'
Hymans said. "Long-term decisions
are being delayed."
But in the second month, Hymans
said, when people see the United States
dominate the war, the economy will
start to pick up.
"The stock market will improve,
consumer confidence will improve,
business expectations will improve,"
Hymans said. "The economy being
held down in an unnatural way by all
sorts of uncertainties will then resume
its natural course, which is economic
Business School Prof. Richard Sloan
is not as optimistic as Hymans.
See ECONOMY, Page 3A
U.S. troops meet
Destruction of Black Hawk
helicopter kills seven soldiers,
The Associated Press
with a s
In a day of advances and losses, U.S. forces The m
fought their way to within sight of Baghdad's sky- Lynch, a
line yesterday, but Iraqis shot down an American daring n
helicopter and warplane. At least seven soldiers for medi
were killed, the Pentagon said. But the
U.S. officials claimed the destruction of a pair word tha
of menacing Republican Guard divisions and said found 1
other Guard units were moved to the south in an some ofI
apparent effort to shore up Iraqi defenses. Frank TI
Bombs shook the capital as Army and Marine Increa
armored columns took separate, converging paths were eag
toward the city from the south. "The dagger is smileda
clearly pointed" at the heart of Saddam Hussein's Nasiriyah
regime, said Brig. Gen. Vincent Brooks. There
The rapid advances brought thousands of the 2-w
troops within the so-called red zone - an imagi- sniperss
nary line on the map near the capital where Iraqi labor in
use of weapons of mass destruction is most Class Ky
feared. Troops in some lead Army units donned named h
chemical protection suits, and Marine helicopter "It wa
pilots were ordered to be prepared to do so. he said.
An Army Black Hawk helicopter was downed But th
AP PHOTO by small-arms fire near Karbala, site of fierce Comman
A child remains in the operating theater of the Hllah, Iraq hospital after surgery following allied attacks. The U.S. fighting between the Army's 3rd Infantry Divi- was inv
military is investigating whether cluster bombs killed at least 11 civilians in Hillah, 60 miles south of Baghdad. sion and Iraqi troops, including Republican
Experts: Months to wait before decision
By Marta Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
What can be said has been said and what can be
argued has been argued. The future of race-con-
scious admissions policies has officially been
turned over to the nine U.S. Supreme Court jus-
tices, who will meet tomorrow to discuss the cases
and take an initial vote on where they tentatively
"Frankly, there is not a lot to do, other than
wait," Center for Individual Rights spokesman
Curt Levey said. "We think we made strong
arguments yesterday. Other than that, it's out of
For the last 25 years, colleges have strived to
work by the principles set forth in a 1978 U.S.
Supreme Court decision. The court, in Regents
of the University of California v. Bakke, allowed
universities to use race as one of many factors in
Although lower courts in some circuits have
overturned Bakke, the opinion still stands over
most of the nation. Whether it will continue to
hold will not be known until the current justices
release their opinions on Grutter v. Bollinger and
Gratz v Bollinger.
While legal experts are divided on the predicted
outcome of the lawsuits against the University, they
all agree that those awaiting the decision should
mark their calendars for the last day of the court's
Although that date has not been set, the court
normally adjourns itself for the year at the end of
June or the beginning of July.
"My sense is that we won't get a decision until
the very last day of the term. That's typically the
way it works - the most controversial cases are
the ones the court takes the longest on, and this
is a late argument as it is," Georgetown Universi-
ty law Prof. David Cole said, adding that it is
unlikely the court will wait until it reconvenes in
October to release its decision.
"It's always possible, (but) they haven't done
See FUTURE, Page 3A
orces. Seven soldiers were killed and four
unded and rescued, officials said.
hot down a one-seat Navy F/A-18 Hornet
urface-to-air missile yesterday, military
said. There was no immediate word on
of the pilot. It was the first American
et shot down during the war.
ilitary campaign unfolded as Pfc. Jessica
a 19-year-old prisoner of war freed in a
ighttime rescue, was flown to Germany
ie joy over her freedom was tempered by
t the special forces who rescued her also
1 bodies. "We have reason to believe
them were Americans," said Navy Capt.
singly, there were signs that Iraqi civilians
er for the arrival of invading forces. Some
and waved as Marines rolled through
h in tanks and other military vehicles.
were moments of humanity, as well, in
eek-old war. In Nasiriyah, American
summoned help for an Iraqi woman in
a pickup truck. Navy Hospitalman 1st
yle Morris delivered a healthy baby and
as a pretty cool way to start the day,"
tere was bad news, too. The U.S. Central
nd, which is overseeing the war, said it
estigating reports that warplanes had
See WAR, Page 2A
By Andrew Kaplan
Daily Staff Reporter
WASHINGTON - Columbia Uni-
versity President Lee Bollinger has
not spent much time at work during
the past two weeks, dividing his time
between the University of Michigan
- where he was president from 1997
to 2001 - and Washington.
After the U.S. Supreme Court
heard oral arguments Tuesday con-
cerning the University's use of race
in admissions, Bollinger prepared to
conclude his tour by giving his
opinion about the admissions and
the court proceedings.
Speaking before Columbia gradu-
ates and several members of the
press, Bollinger said he feels confi-
dent the court will favor the Univer-
sity's admissions policies.
"I'm very optimistic;" he said. "I
believe at the end of the day that what-
ever one believes about particular pro-
grams ... the fundamental idea of
considering race in a modest way -
just as we consider geographic and
economic factors - that will allow
(diversity) to continue"
Citing the importance of having a
racially and ethnically diverse student
body in all institutes of higher educa-
tion, Bollinger said the University's
policies are integral to providing stu-
See BOLLINGER, Page 7A
Controversial ads continue
espite students' criticism
Jumping for joy
By Cannen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
After a temporary suspension, cam-
pustruth.org advertisements - which
some students say are offensive - are
running again in The Michigan Daily.
Yesterday, an advertisement compared
the effect of a Palestinian suicide attack
on Israeli victims with the effect on the
attacker's family - monetary rewards
and "celebrity status." At the bottom of
the ad was campustruth.org's slogan:
"There are two sides to every story, but
only one truth."
After they attracted controversy, the
ads were suspended until the Daily's
business staff could decide whether to
print them. They voted last week to stop
running several of the ads and to
approve them on a case-by-case basis.
Daily Business Manager Jeffrey Val-
uck said there was enough reason after
reviewing complaints to run only select-
ed ads. "We looked at the content of
each individual ad, and voted on each ad
on whether to run the ads or not,"Valuck
said. "That's our policy with all other
But LSA senior Bashar Al-Madani
says all campustruth.org advertisements
are offensive. "Just because yester-
day's ad had no pictures, the text is
still offensive," Al-Madani said. "I
was under the impression these ads
were finally going away. It's just sad
to see these ads on our own campus."
Cafe Ambrosia owner Ed Renollet
said he will pull his cafe's advertise-
ments until the campustruth.org ads are
withheld. "Campus newspapers should
be promoting peace - these ads do not.
If someone wants to place an ad they
reserve the right, but still these ads are
damaging because they support hate,"
The campustruth.org advertisements,
sponsored by the One Truth Foundation,
have been running in college newspa-
pers across the country since last fall.
Michael Steinberg, legal director for
the American Civil Liberties Union of
Michigan, said the newspaper has a right
See ADS, Page 3A
Team 11, consisting of the sisters of Alpha Chi Omega and the
brothers of Theta Chi and Phi Sigma Kappa, strut their stuff at
Greek Week's Sing and Variety at the Michigan Theater last night.
Res. hall rooms outfitted
with electronic door locks
Former advisor affirms
By Michael Gurovltsch
Daily Staff Reporter
By Elizabeth Anderson
Daily Staff Reporter
Electronic locks on residence hall rooms, which
since December have inconvenienced some resi-
dents of East Quad Residence Hall and given oth-
ers a feeling of greater safety, are spreading across
The new locks, now being installed in Alice
Lloyd Residence Hall, automatically lock closed
doors in an attempt to counter thefts and break-ins.
Hotel-like key cards and individualized codes pro-
vide entry to residence hall rooms and bathrooms.
"Students are receiving a second card, which
only works in their room doors," said Alan Levy,
director of University Housing public affairs. East
Quad is serving as a test of the locks' implementa-
tion and usefulness, he said.
Art freshman Geoff Silverstein said he thinks
the new locks are excessive but useful. "I think it's
a slight inconvenience. It seems kind of ridiculous
have been problems."
Levy said student safety was the most important
factor in the development of the locks.
"The University made a commitment to do this
after a series of home invasions took place (in the
residence halls)," he said. "We want as much deter-
rence as possible." Larcenies and peeping tom inci-
dents in the residence halls were unusually
common during Fall 2001 and Winter 2002.
In addition to the locks, video cameras in East
Quad and South Quad residence halls have also
been installed to help prevent crime.
The video cameras "are used as a deterrent and
investigative tool," said Ian Steinman, director of
University Housing security and associate director
of the Department of Public Safety.
DPS spokeswoman Diane Brown said another
crime deterrence measure taken is the 24-hour con-
trolled access of the residence hall entrances.
Since last winter, all residence hall entrances,
including front entrances and loading docks, are
A former official in the State
Department spoke yesterday about his
experiences dealing with the Israeli-
Palestinian peace process and how the
conflict may be solved by equally
weighing the interests of both sides.
Aaron Miller, who served as a Mid-
dle Eastern policy advisor during five
presidential administrations, highlight-
ed the need for the rekindling of fruit-
"There is out there somewhere what
I describe as an equitable solution,"
Miller said to a group of students in an
Angell Hall auditorium. "Negotiations
that last are based on a balance of
interests, not on a balance of power."
Miller said lasting peace negotia-
tions in the past - such as the Egypt-
was a balance of interests as opposed
to a perfect solution.
"The only rational solution ... is
two states - what I call separation
through negotiation," Miller said,
adding that "real reciprocity" must
"The road to that solution will not
be quick and will not be easy," he
Miller also addressed problems
facing the peace process. "We have
a light but no tunnel. Everybody
knows what the endgame is ... the
tunnel lies bloody in the streets of
Ramallah, Haifa, and Jerusalem,"
He pointed to a crisis prevalent
among the leadership and constituen-
cies of both sides. "The only time any-
thing good has happened, it has been a
consequence of top-down change."