The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 2, 2003 - 3
Five years ago...
In a show of support for the Uni-
versity's race-conscious admissions
policies, hundreds of students -
supported by students from 70 col-
leges and universities in 25 states
- took part in the "national day of
action." The event was the second
of its kind during the semester.
"It's up to us to lead the way -I
we need to provide guidance to the
rest of the country on what it takes
to defend affirmative action," said
LSA freshman Shaba Anrich, a
member of the Coalition to Defend
Affirmative Action and Integration
By Any Means Necessary.
Ten years ago...
Washtenaw County Circuit Judge
Donald Shelton ordered the Univer-
sity to allow the 22nd annual Hash
Bash to take place as usual on the
Diag with an injunction. The Uni-
versity had claimed that the event's
organizer, the National Organiza-
tion for the Reform of Marijuana
Laws, was responsible for paying
the University $9,400 for projected
April 3, 1895
Construction of the Women's
Gymnasium, a building that no
longer exists, began in full force.
The facility was intended to serve
the first female students at the Uni-
April 4, 1936
Bruno Hauptmann - convicted
kidnapper and murderer of Charles
Lindbergh Jr.- was executed by
means of the electric chair
His execution represented the end
of the biggest media stir of the '30s.
Col. Charles Lindbergh - the
baby's father - was the first man to
successfully fly across the Atlantic
Ocean, an act that gained him
instant international fame.
Hauptmann, a carpenter and Ger-
man immigrant, kidnapped Lind-
bergh's son on March 1, 1932, and
the child's remains were soon dis-
The hunt for the culprit raged for
two years, but Hauptmann's connec-
tion to the case was confirmed
when research showed that the
wood used to build the ladder used
on the night of the kidnapping
exactly matched that of Haupt-
April 3, 1962
At age 88, poet Robert Frost
spoke at Hill Auditorium, saying
"there's more poetry outside of
verse than in it, just as there's more
love outside of marriage than in it,
and more religion outside the
church than in it."
"I'm not interested in marriage,
or the church, but I'm technically
committed to rhyme and meter - I
* become institutional at that point."
"There is a lot dreary stuff in free
verse. A lot of poets would be better
off if they if they were clever
enough to do some rhyming," he
April 2, 1967
In response to the arrest of a stu-
dent activist on the previous Friday
in the League lobby, newly-chosen
University President Robben Flem-
ing advocated the rights of commu-
nity members to protest, but added,
"I don't think it is an inalienable
right to picket anywhere in unlimit-
"It's difficult to draw the line on
demonstrations," he added.
"I'm not sure you can have an
exact rule on what one means by
'embarrassment' and 'close physical
proximity' to University guests that
violates the rights of speakers and
listeners," he said.
April 1, 1971
Former Daily editor M. Abraham
Hirschman announced his plans this
day to start a new, more conserva-
tive paper to be called The Campus
"It's about time the Michigan
Machine Daily stopped monopoliz-
ing the campus press," Hirschman
"It's about time the Daily stopped
pushing its Pinko views on the Uni-
He added that his staff would "be
more representative of student body
than is the Daily."
April 7, 1993
University Prof. Francis Collins
was named to head the Human
Budget causes 'U' to reduce staff, positions
By Maria Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
Facing a possible 10 percent cut by the state
to higher education funding, University depart-
ments are looking at their budgets and their
staffs and expecting to remove a total of 200
positions by the next fiscal year, which starts
University President Mary Sue Coleman
announced employee and position cuts in an e-
mail sent last week to the University communi-
ty. "The cut (Gov. Jennifer Granholm) proposes
will amount to a $36 million reduction for the
Ann Arbor campus. In addition, we have another
$50 million of increased costs for 2003-04 that
we need to address," Coleman said in her e-mail.
"We estimate at this time that approximately
200 staff positions will be eliminated as a result
of the budget reduction," she added. "Many of
these reductions in personnel are already occur-
ring through the elimination of vacant positions
and through natural attrition; but in some areas,
layoffs will be necessary as a last resort."
While the cuts will happen university-wide,
several full-time employees working for the
University libraries are already feeling the
Director Bill Gosling announced last week the
reduction of 15 filled, full-time positions and 16
vacant positions. In addition, 15 full-time posi-
tions will be reduced to part-time.
Gosling said many of the libraries' staff
reductions occurred through eliminating admin-
istrative positions. The libraries' Office of Pub-
lic Relations and Communications was
eliminated, as well as some cataloging positions.
"We were looking to protect the scholarly and
academic programs and draw more heavily on
the administrative areas," Gosling said. "That
process identified positions across all job fami-
lies and a range of seniority. They were those
positions that we determined would have the
lesser impact on meeting the libraries' scholar-
The employees affected by the layoffs have
already been notified and released from their
positions. Employees who have worked for
the University for more than 10 years will
receive 90 days pay, while others will receive
30 days pay.
Wanda Monroe, the former head of library
public relations, said she was disappointed by
the decision to eliminate the office, but she
added that she is hoping to gain future employ-
ment through other University departments.
"I understood that their budget situation is
serious. I have known that fog some time," said
Monroe, who worked at the University for 14
years. "It's difficult for all of those who received
a reduction in staff notice. We are attempting to
be optimistic and trying to find work within the
University. People are looking at their budgets
right now, so there isn't a lot out there right now.
I'm hoping that after things settle, there will be
The staff reductions are just part of the cuts
the libraries had to make in order to reduce $2
million from its budget, Gosling said. The
libraries had to make reductions in other areas
as well, including in supplies, facilities and
equipment. In addition, the libraries' hourly
budget has been reduced, meaning that part-time
employees may be affected as well.
"We have worked to protect the range of
library services open to students and faculty,"
Gosling said. "Library patrons may see a slower
response time in some areas, such as in the
shelving of some materials and the cataloging of
The libraries are expected to be one of the
areas most affected by the budget reduction
- in part because they rely more heavily on
state funding than other departments.
But University Provost Paul Courant said the
staff and position reductions will be "spread
across the entire University," though most
departments have not yet announced which
positions will be eliminated.
The position cuts are expected to cover an
estimated $10 million of the $36 million budget
reduction, Courant said.
"This is work that will continue day by day,
person by person, position by position, dollar by
dollar, through this summer," Courant said.
"What we don't want to do is surprise anyone."
es effects of
A 'Bitter Pill' to swallow
New study examin
prenatal heart condition risks
Study shows prenatal diagnoses do
not account for many risk factors that
could affect infants
By Erin Saylor
Daily Staff Reporter
Prenatal diagnoses of fetal heart conditions may not be as
helpful in predicting the survival of newborns as once
hoped, according to a new study at the University Prenatal
Heart Clinic. While in utero diagnoses improve treatment
and allow for family counseling and planning, researchers
say that other risks factor significantly into the infant's sur-
"We had thought that it would be helpful to know ahead
of time if the infant had heart defects, but it doesn't always
pan out that way," said Carlen Gomez, the study's leading
investigator and director of the University Prenatal Heart
The study examined the survival rate of fetuses diagnosed
in utero with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome - a defect
in which the heart's left ventricle is too small to help pump
blood through the body. Seventy-six infants at the Universi-
ty Prenatal Heart Clinic were involved in the study, conduct-
ed between June 1998 and December 2001.
The researchers' findings concluded that only half of the
risk factors could be identified through prenatal diagnoses.
Even with early detection of HLHS, infants with at least one
other risk factor - often undetectable until birth - had a
significantly lower chance of survival.
The study identifies four such risk factors associated with
a decreased survival rate - premature birth or low birth
rate, obstruction of the pulmonary venous return, additional
heart defects and other non-heart related abnormalities.
"Some defects just can't be identified before the birth of
the child," Gomez said. "Premature birth, for example, can-
not be detected in utero and is a significant factor in deter-
mining if the child survives."
While 38 of the fetuses in the study had one or more risk
factors, only 16 of them were identified as being at a high
risk through prenatal detection. More than 50 percent of the
fetuses with one risk factor, and 67 percent with two or
more did not survive.
But researchers showed that 80 percent of the infants who
had HLHS and no other risk factors survived through the
Only 5 to 7 percent of children with congenital heart dis-
ease are diagnosed with HLHS, which is responsible for 25
percent of all cardiac related deaths within the first week
after birth. This was only in cases where a three-phase sur-
gery or a heart transplant was not performed.
The University Prenatal Heart Clinic diagnoses an esti-
mated 50 fetuses with HLHS a year, Gomez said.
Based on their findings Gomez said the most important
thing they can do is to inform families of the significance of
these risk factors.
"When we counsel families with fetuses that have had
prenatal diagnoses, it is important to give them a realistic
picture of what we can and cannot predict," she said.
In the future, Gomez said she hoped for the improvement
of detection for these risk factors, as well as having the abil-
ity to intervene and correct problems in utero.
"There is the potential to intervene," Gomez said, adding
that only the Boston Children Center has performed several
interventions. "I feel that intervention will be much more
common in the future and hope that it will become a real
option very soon."
These findings from the University Congenital Heart
Center's Prenatal Cardiology Clinic will be presented this
week at the 52nd annual Scientific Session of the American
College of Cardiology in Chicago.
Another study presented yesterday at the conference indi-
cates that ridding bars and restaurants of smoke quickly
improves health for everyone. The study showed that the
See HEART, Page 9
Bassist and Ann Arbor resident Rob Banks play together in the
band, the Bitter Pill, at the Wooden Spoon.
MSZ head resigns,
prompts rumors that
group will disband
By Soojung Chang
Daily Staff Reporter
The resignation of the president of
the Michigan Student Zionists, a pro-
Israel student group, left some stu-
dents on campus under the
impression that it had disbanded.
But LSA senior Adi Neuman, now
the MSZ president, said the organi-
zation will continue without former
president Rick Dorfman, despite
Dorfman's recommendation that the
group dissolve. Neuman said he was
surprised that students thought MSZ
"MSZ has done a lot of good work
in the past ... and will continue to do
so. Rick has been a valuable asset
and we look forward to continuing
our pro-Israel activism in the future,"
Dorfman, an LSA junior, founded
MSZ in July 2002 with Neuman.
"MSZ has become a dividing enti-
ty in the Jewish community, and
while there may be a base of students
on campus who agree with its ideolo-
gies, the effects of MSZ are contrary
to its initial goals ... I resign my
position as president of MSZ, and
recommend its abandonment by the
remaining members," Dorfman said
in a letter published yesterday in The
Michigan Daily. He could not be
reached for further comment last
Dorfman said in his letter that his
resignation was prompted by a view-
point in Monday's Daily written by
several pro-Israel student leaders in
response. They were responding to
MSZ's support of the controversial
anti-Semitism and hatred of Jews
promoted by Palestinian leadership,"
The Campus Truth ads have
sparked debate because some say
they portray Palestinians as terror-
LSA senior Yulia Dernovsky and
engineering junior Avi Jacobson, co-
chairs of the American Movement for
Israel, co-authored the viewpoint
"We could not tolerate extreme
ideologies being voiced in our name
and so we condemned the Campus
Truth ads and the Michigan Student
Zionists' support for them in Mon-
day's Daily," Jacobson said.
Dernovsky said she disagreed with
some of MSZ's actions in the past
and thought they would disband after
"It was frustrating that we were
sometimes associated with them
when most of the time we were not
on the same playing field," she said.
LSA sophomore Ben Gerber also
said MSZ falsely represented the
Jewish campus community.
"I applaud Rick Dorfman's resig-
nation and disbandment of his radi-
cal Zionist group MSZ," Gerber said
in a letter to the Daily, before finding
out that the group had not disbanded.
Gerber said groups like MSZ only
encourage hate and propaganda in
the campus debate over the Israeli-
In response to other pro-Israel stu-
dents who believe MSZ misrepre-
sented the Jewish community,
Neuman said, "No group can claim
to represent the pro-Israel communi-