March 28, 2003
©2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 120
One-hundred-twelve years ofeditorialfreedom
I MINNIpill 1=0 INIMMEMEMENIN i I
'Ihe Associated Press
American-led forces bombed Iraqi targets and battled
troops across Saddam Hussein's slowly shrinking domain
yesterday, battering the regime's communications and com-
mand facilities in Baghdad.
U.S. officials began sending reinforcements to the region
and reported 25 Marines wounded after a friendly fire incident
around An Nasiriyah.
The Iraqi regime breathed defiance even as coalition troops
encircled its capital city. "The enemy must come inside Bagh-
dad, and that will be its grave," Defense Minister Sultan
Mashem Ahmed declared.
Troops may lay siege to capital
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld suggested that U.S.
forces might lay siege to the capital and hope Iraqis rise up
against the government.
Eight days after the launching of Operation Iraqi Free-
dom, President Bush met with British Prime Minister Tony
Blair and declined to set a timetable for the war. It will last
"however long it takes" to win, he said, thumping the
lectern for emphasis.
Both men said the United Nations could help rebuild post-
war Iraq, but sidestepped tricky questions of who would create
and run a new government once Saddam is toppled.
A U.S. B-2 bomber dropped two 4,700-pound, satellite-
guided "bunker busting" bombs on a major communications
tower on the east bank of the Tigris River in downtown Bagh-
dad, US. military officials said. They said the strike was meant
to hamper communications between Saddam's regime and
Iraq's military. Air assaults zeroed in on one of Saddam's presi-
dential compounds in the heart of the capital.
"Coalition air forces and Tomahawk missiles took out a
communications and command and control facilities in the
capital city during the night," said Lt. Cmdr. Charles Owens, a
spokesman reading from a bulletin at the command center in
Camp As Sayliyah.
In the war zone, sandstorms abated and the Americans and
British reported flying 1,500 missions during the day as they
exploited their unchecked air superiority. British forces report-
ed destroying 14 Iraqi tanks near Basra - their largest such
take since World War II.
Warplanes bombed positions in northern Iraq near Kurdish-
held areas and hit Republican Guard forces menacing Ameri-
can ground forces 50 miles south of Baghdad. Thunderous
explosions rocked the capital after nightfall in one of the
strongest blasts in days, filling the sky with flames and thick
smoke after one of Saddam's presidential palaces was hit.
Combat aircraft dropped bombs "just about as fast as we
See IRAQ, Page 3
By Emily Kraack
Daily Staff Reporter
The Bush administration has called
the war in Iraq one link in the war on
terror. But will the newest attack on
"terrorism" actually diminish the
threat? Professors and students
acknowledge that there are no easy
answers to this question, but expressed
varying reasons for concerns over
increased American vulnerability.
Political science Prof, Mark Tessler
specializes in Middle Eastern political
research. He said the war in Iraq has
created a hostile world environment
toward the United States. "What we're
doing in Iraq is making a lot of people
very angry with us," he said.
Tessler, director of the Center for
Political Studies, said sources of fric-
tion surrounding the war include
America's one-sided approach to the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict, support for
dictatorial regimes and apparent lack
of concern for civilians after the last
Gulf War and after the bombing of
But Tessler said most people outside
of the United States can distinguish
between government policy and Amer-
ican society. "Most people have a very
low regard for our foreign policy and
our administration," he said. "They dis-
tinguish very readily between our gov-
ernment and our society and our
Retired philosophy Prof. Frithjof
Bergmann, who experienced first-
hand growing anti-American sentiment
while in South Africa as he worked to
eradicate poverty, said many people
there feel the war is only the beginning
of the violence.
"Everybody in South Africa repeat-
ed relentlessly that what we're now
experiencing is the first phase of what
is becoming the first really truly global
See SAFETY, Page 3
ARTISTIC EXPRESSION OR VANDALISM?
on the rIse hi A2
By Marla Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
Graffiti is no stranger to Ann Arbor.
It seems that graffiti is everywhere - all over campus and the
rest of the city. Graffiti has always decorated building walls,
underpasses, the Diag, bathroom stalls, bus stops and stop signs.
But the graffiti seen around campus isn't just graffiti anymore.
From the "Stop War" stop signs to the spray painted "No war 4
oil" message tattooed above Huron Street just past Main Street,
the graffiti around Ann Arbor seems to be a popular method of
promoting a message.
"I've noticed a lot of graffiti around Ann Arbor, and I think it's
just one of the markers of the city. It wouldn't have the same feel
without it' Ann Arbor resident Andrew Johnson said while
standing in front of a bus stop with a "make art not war" mes-
sage. "I think this is a pretty harmless way for a person to express
their opinions on something, so long as it isn't on anyone's per-
Some areas near campus have more spray paint than others.
The area between State Street and Fifth Avenue sports messages
asking passerbys to do everything from "please please revolt" to
"use brains, take action." Stenciled gasmasks are popular signs of
the times, as are peace signs.
Recently, two males were seen writing the words "Paying
Tuition = War".on the sidewalk and the flagpole near the Natural
Science Building with black spray paint.
Although Department of Public Safety officers were not able
See GRAFFITI, PR 2
PHUIU LLUSHAIIUN BY ELISE BHMAN, PHOlOS BY ASHLEY HARPERI/Uily
Wartime graffiti, which has been on the rise since the beginning of the war, is displayed throughout Ann Arbor, including alleyways between
State and 5th and beneath the Broadway Bridge.
Hih Sch0l students:U
lawsuits critical to educaion
By Maria Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
High school students across the coun-
try will be keeping their ears to the
ground and paying a little more attention
to the US. Supreme Court next week, as
it hears a case whose outcome could
affect their educational futures.
While many University students have
been following the debates surrounding
Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v.
Bollinger since "diversity" became the
buzzword on campus during the first
few days of their college careers, many
high schools have also recognized the
significance of the cases.
"We had this argument about affir-
mative action in my debate class last
semester ... about half the class was
for affirmative action, and half the
class wasn't," said Dan McGraw, a sen-
ior from Grosse Pointe North High
School, located near Detroit.
"I do see that now that it's at the
Supreme Court and President Bush
has submitted his opinion, it could
cause a big divide in the country,"
McGraw added. "It's a big issue, and
there is no right answer to it. I will
always accept other people's views.
I'm not going to tell someone who is
See STUDENTS, Page 7
New web site offers
students help with
David Horowitz, editor of FrontPage magazine, speaks in the Michigan League
Ballroom yesterday about his opposition to affirmative action.
By Sara Eber
Daily Staff Reporter
It's that time again. Time to spend
hours bonding with W6lverine Access,
browsing the courseguide and meeting
with academic advisors in hopes of
discovering that perfect schedule for
But Business School senior John
Hostetler is familiar with this anxiety
and has introduced a new free tool to
help University students find the per-
fect schedule - www.mischedule.com.
Users choose the term, and the web-
site links to Wolverine Access' data-
bases to provide students with course
availabilities. The site allows users to
select up to eight courses, submit time
preferences - late riser, no Fridays,
four-day weekend - and section pref-
erences. It then compiles all of the
information and produces up to 10
possible schedule combinations.
"This really saves students time,"
Hostetler said. "I remember going
through Wolverine Access and trying
to find classes that would fit - it was
a pain. This allows you to take the
classes you want to take at the exact
time you want to take them, to make
the best possible schedule."
"I think it's a really good idea
because it makes doing your schedule
much more efficient," LSA freshman
Shauna Minning said. "I've spent
hours trying to find a schedule that
works for me, and this will save me a
lot of time," she said.
The website was created two years
ago by Hostetler's brother, Dan, a Uni-
versity alum, as part of an independent
Dan Hostetler, now a computer pro-
grammer at Comshare, an Ann Arbor
company, said he included more stu-
dent-friendly features for
mischedule.com in response to his own
experience scheduling with Wolverine
"When Wolverine Access came out,
I really didn't like it. I thought they
could have made it a lot better, and
then I realized it actually can be made
better," he said.
Dan's website received a positive
response when it first piloted in spring
2001, and served around 3,000 people,
"People e-mailed me saying they
couldn't find a working schedule on
their own, and would not have found
one without the site's help," he said.
See WEBSITE, Page 3
University President Mary Sue Coleman stands for applause in Crisler Arena yesterday at
her formal inauguration. Attendees included several alumni and University officials, and
former President Lee Bollinger, right, who now heads Columbia University.
future at ceremony
By Jeremy Berkowitz
Daily Staff Reporter
By Andrew McCormack
Daily Staff Reporter
Tensions mounted in the Michigan
League Ballroom last night when con-
servative author David Horowitz
made another appearance at the Uni-
versity in order to, as he was intro-
duced, "combat the predominant
ethos" of liberalism here.
"There is no more benighted and
harassed minority on campus than con-
servatives'" Horowitz said. "On the Uni-
versity of Michigan campus,
Republicans are as rare as unicorns."
He went on to say that most, if not all
of the University's professors are
Democrats, and that this impairs stu-
dents' learning environment. Michigan
Review Editor in Chief James Justin
Wilson said he shares this sentiment.
"I don't know a single professor here
who is happily Republican. I've been
here for four years, and believe me, I've
been looking," Wilson said. "The politi-
cal spectrum at this University goes
from moderate to socialist or Marxist or
Horowitz "put in his two cents"
regarding the University's race-con-
scious admissions policies, which he
See HOROWITZ, Page 7
At a time when lawsuits challenge the
University's admissions policies and
state legislators threaten its budget, Uni-
versity President Mary Sue Coleman
used her inauguration address yesterday
to address the future by learning from
the past. Coleman, who has been Uni-
versity president since Aug. 1, was for-
mally inaugurated on a stage surrounded
by former University Presidents Lee
Bollinger and James Duderstadt, as well
as past and present regents.
Coleman centered her speech on the
sankofa - a bird from Ghana that
moves forward with its head turned
backward. Coleman recalled the proverb
associated with the symbolism of the
bird, saying, "Look to your roots, in
order to reclaim your future."
"The glory of the University of
Michigan resides in its ability to re-
invent itself continually, to cherish its
roots while inventing the future," Cole-
man said. Coleman spoke about Thomas
Jefferson's plans to make the University
of Virginia a great institution, and his
struggle to obtain a suitable appropria-
tion from the state legislature. Jefferson
repeatedly wrote to state legislators sug-
gesting money be shifted from primary
schools to higher education.
"Some tensions have not changed in
200 years," Coleman joked. "Because
the state benefits from having an educat-
See COLEMAN, Page 7