The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, March 26, 2003 - 3
Five years ago...
After naming him interim coach
of the men's basketball team in
October 1997, Athletic Director
Tom Goss announced that Brian
Ellerbe's status would become per-
manent. Ellerbe succeeded Steve
Fisher, who was fired after a NCAA
investigation showed his players had
taken money and gifts. Goss had
recently conducted a nationwide
search for a new coach including
interviews with Oklahoma coach
Kevin Sampson and Seton Hall
coach Tommy Amaker.
Ten years ago...
The College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts held a forum for
students to discuss the possibility of
adding a quantitative reasoning
requirement for all incoming stu-
dents in the Fall 1994 semester. Pro-
fessors raised concerns of how the
college would teach quantitative
reasoning. Students voiced com-
plaints of having another require-
ment to worry about as well as
adding a burden to students who did
not like math.
March 26, 1982
Representatives of student groups
met with Michigan Union Director
Frank Cianciola to discuss the high
costs of the Union's catering serv-
ice, which groups were forced to
use for events due to health regula-
tions. Cianciola said the Union was
planning several cost-cutting meas-
ures, including a 6 percent decrease
in catering workers' salaries.
March 24, 1988
Presidential hopeful Jesse Jack-
son spoke at Crisler Arena two days
before the Michigan Democratic
presidential primary. Jackson criti-
cized President Ronald Reagan's
administration, including a recent
presidential veto of a civil rights
bill, and Vice President George
Bush's support of the veto. Jackson
also talked about raising the mini-
mum wage and welfare issues. He
would go on to win the Michigan
March 26, 1974
University secretaries formed the
Concerned Clericals for Action
union. Their main complaints were
low wages and lack of job security.
Susan Brownmiller, author of
"Against Our Will spoke at Hill
Auditorium about sexual injustice.
She said she believed rape is an
effort by men to keep women in a
state of fear.
March 27, 1967
The University Board of Regents
officially named Robben Fleming
as the next University president.
Fleming, then chancellor of the
University of Wisconsin at Madi-
son, succeeded Harlan Hatcher, who
was retiring after 16 years. Fleming
would serve as president until his
retirement in 1979.
March 25, 1952
The Literary Gazette, a Russian
magazine, labeled a Michigan Daily
editorial as a "slanderous attack"
against the Soviet Union. The
author of the editorial, Rich
Thomas, took the reprimand as a
March 23, 1953
A Michigan Daily survey of 30
campus organizations showed a
membership trend away from stu-
dent government positions and
toward drama and music clubs.
March 25, 1960
Sentences were given to four Uni-
versity students for "attempting to
procure an act of gross indecency"
between males. The students were
among 28 men arrested in a two-
month period that year by special
officers patrolling University and
March 27, 1947
A committee formed by Universi-
ty Athletic Director Fritz Crisler
made recommendations to require
three years of physical education
for all students, with one credit
given for each semester. The new
rules would go into effect for the
freshman class of 1946. Professors
who completed the study said the
University had the lowest physical
education requirements of any col-
lege in the country.
March 27, 1920
Study challenges benefits of campus diversity
By Tomislav Ladika
Daily Staff Reporter
Diversity does not lead to conclusive educational
benefits and may actually hinder the academic
experience of college students, according to a study
published in the spring 2003 edition of "The Public
"The conclusion is that we don't find that diver-
sity improves the quality of education," said Smith
College emeritus Prof. Stanley Rothman, one of
three professors who conducted the study. "The
evidence for the advantages of diversity is weak ...
the case is not proven."
George Mason University public policy Prof.
Seymour Lipset and University of Toronto political
science Prof. Neil Nevitte collaborated on the
study, which surveyed more than 4,000 students,
faculty and administrators at 140 colleges and uni-
versities across the nation.
The study hypothesized that students at more
diverse campuses are more content with their edu-
cation and overall college experience, but the
results indicate that diversity leads to a decrease in
student satisfaction, the three professors said in the
"As the proportion of black students rose, student
satisfaction with their university experience
dropped, as did their assessments of the quality of
their education and the work ethic of their peers,"
the article states. "In addition, the higher the enroll-
ment diversity, the more likely students were to say
that they personally experienced discrimination."
Rothman said the correlations are not very
strong, but he said they prove the results of past
studies that attempted to link diversity to education-
al benefits are not conclusive. The question of
whether diversity benefits the entire student body is
still open to debate, he said.
The results of the study were not included in
legal briefs filed with the U.S. Supreme Court by
the Center for Individual Rights, the law firm rep-
resenting the plaintiffs in two lawsuits challenging
the Unversity's use of race as an admissions factor.
But CIR spokesman Curt Levey said the justices
are aware of the study and can still take the results
into account when they hear oral arguments for
both cases April 1.
"This just points out how tenuous it is to base the
constitutionality of race-based admissions on,
someone's sociological study," Levey said. "You
can't allow a set of statistics to overcome the consti-
tutional prohibition against racial discrimination."
Education Prof. Stephen Raudenbush said the
study results are not relevant to the cases. While the
results claim students are more dissatisfied at
schools with higher proportions of blacks, many of
these schools have never used race as an admis-
sions factor, he said.
Many of the schools with higher proportions of
black students are poorer and offer lower-quality
educational programs than the schools that use race
as an admissions factor, he said.
If the justices decide the study is relevant, its
results will challenge a study conducted by Univer-
sity emeritus Prof. Patricia Gurin, which is cited in
University legal briefs. Gurin claims that her study
links diversity to specific educational benefits.
The three professors' study asked students, fac-
ulty and administrators questions not directly
related to diversity, such as their overall satisfac-
tion with their school environment and education-
Rothman said the surveys did not ask about
respondents' interactions with minorities and gen-
eral feelings about diversity because respondents
are more inclined to respond positively to such
"People will say yes because they want to sound
liberal," he said. "Those questions don't necessarily
get at the truth."
The surveys controlled for a variety of factors
including student-faculty ratio, socio-economic sta-
tus and individual demographic traits.
Galardi, new representatives
inaugurated at MSA meeting
By Andrew Kaplan
Daily Staff Reporter
As the 2002-2003 Michigan Stu-
dent Assembly representatives and
officers ended their tenure with
farewell addresses, flowers and ban-
ter, a newly-elected group was
inducted in their place.
In a bustling MSA chambers last
night, the assembly held its tradition-
al "In and Out Meeting." MSA Presi-
dent Sarah Boot inaugurated
President-elect Angela Galardi and
Vice President-elect Monique Perry
into their executive officer positions
for the upcoming fall and winter
terms. Joining Galardi and Perry on
the assembly are 25 representatives
from the Students First Party, the
University Party and the Defend
Affirmative Action Party.
While veterans of the assembly wel-
comed the new representatives, they
admonished them to shelve their party
allegiances and personal agendas in
order to best represent students.
"There is no space in MSA for
personal vengeance," LSA Rep.
Darth Newman said. "We can't allow
self-aggrandizing notions to distort
and twist our actions in this room."
"A leader never furthers their own
agenda before thinking about other
students," former LSA Rep. Sarra
After the old representatives filed
out and their replacements sat down
for their inaugural meeting, the
assembly proceeded with its normal
business of approving minutes and
hearing constituent speakers.
But one representative's remarks
recalled the mudslinging of the cam-
paign. Asking each of his fellow Uni-
versity Party representatives to stand
before the assembly, LSA Rep. Paul
Scott used speaking time to deny accu-
sations of racism generated against the
U Party during the campaign.
"(The rumors) are not true, they're
not true about any of us," he said.
"Give them (the U Party representa-
tives) a shot on this assembly."
Citing her desire to unite the
assembly, Galardi said representa-
tives must look past their ideologies
in order to fulfill their roles on MSA.
"The number one way to get that
all done is to leave your baggage at
the door," she said.
Incoming representatives felt simi-
larly, adding they were eager to begin
"I personally knew some of the
people running and reintroduced
myself to them," newly-elected LSA
Rep. Rachel Fisher said. "There's no
reason why we can't meet people
from the other parties. Some of us
have the same campaign promises, so
there is no reason not to work togeth-
Fisher added that her objectives
for the upcoming term include
expanding Entree Plus to more cam-
pus-area restaurants and improving
University parking and safety.
Michigan football coach Lloyd Carr speaks to University students yesterday in
the Michigan Union Ballroom about his years in college.
Lloyd Carr presents
success stories to
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By Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
Such spirit filled the Michigan
Union Ballroom as Michigan foot-
ball coach Lloyd Carr spoke about
passion, toughness and being a
leader that students felt compelled
to sing "Hail to the Victors" before
leaving. But Carr focused on suc-
cess after college last night, rather
than just success on the football
Touching on childhood, college
and professional life experiences,
Carr stressed how important it is
for students to find jobs they are
passionate about after earning their
"If you have a passion, then
you're lucky," Carr said, "But if
you don't yet, then find it and
enjoy the struggle. You should be
going to work every day knowing
you are doing something you love."
When recruiting football players,
Carr said, he looks for those who
show love for the game. But he
added that with more success must
come more humility, referring to
"the success disease," a term used
"It can happen to my players -
if you start to believe you are bet-
ter than you are, thenyour love for
the fight changes," Carr said.
Carr - who has been head
coach since 1995 and played foot-
ball at Northern Michigan Univer-
sity - addressed the need for
leaders to be tough when met with
adversaries, different from the
physical toughness he asks from
"Like a quarterback who
receives heat and criticism, I tell
him that's just the nature of the
position, that's what leaders have
to deal with," Carr said.
One student asked Carr if he
thought his team was only success-
ful if they win the national champi-
onship. Carr shook his head and as
he did with all other questions, he
related his answer to a life experi-
ence - referring to a friend who
decided to quit coaching because
he only cared about winning.
"In my judgment, I think that
kind of mindset - when winning
is the only thing that matters - is
only warranted on the professional
(sports) level," Carr said, "But as a
college football coach, I value the
discipline and determination that
players need at this level.
Co-sponsored by the Michigan
Union Arts and Programs and the
Mortar Board, a senior honor soci-
ety, the talk was the last of a series
of lectures titled, "Professors
Reaching out for Students."
RC senior Brett Spitnale, an
organizer of the event, said he
thought Carr handled students'
"Carr's talk on leadership was
inspiring, and I think students left
taking a lot with them, like motiva-
tion," Spitnale said.
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2003 Summer Sessions
Continued from Page 1
around $350 billion, citing the high
cost of the war.
Business School Prof. Joel Slem-
rod said tax cuts in wartime are
unusual and unheard of in the past
Although Bush and other Repub-
licans said tax cuts will move the
economy out of the doldrums,
Slemrod said he sees little short-
term impact on the economy.
"I don't expect (the tax cuts) to
-1..n r~ tr n nn> s
sumers will use that money to pay
off debts or build up their savings
because sacrifices will have to be
made in the long run.
"Increasing spending on the mili-
tary and having tax cuts mean that
sometime in the future there will be
higher taxes or cuts in some govern-
ment programs," Slemrod said.
Business School Prof. Richard
Sloan echoed Slemrod's view and
said the tax cuts would probably
keep people from spending.
"The government borrows money
and the only way to pay it back in
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