March 1, 2003
©2003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Vol. CXIII, No. 111
One-hundred-twelve years of editorialfreedom
west at 7
War imminent despite int'l dissent
LAJES, Azores Islands (AP) - On the brink
of war, President Bush and summit partners
from Britain and Spain gave the United Nations
a deadline of today to endorse the use of force to
compel Iraq's immediate disarmament.
"Tomorrow is a moment of truth for the
world," said Bush, commander in chief of
250,000 troops ringing Iraq and ready to act
with or without U.N. approval. He spoke yester-
day after an Atlantic island summit with British
Prime Minister Tony Blair and Spanish Prime
Minister Jose Maria Aznar.
Though the leaders pledged to seek compro-
mise with U.N. foes through the night and all
day today, they offered little hope of a diplomat-
ic breakthrough. Even if a compromise plan
somehow secured approval of a U.S.-Britain-
Spain resolution at the U.N., it would delay mili-
tary action only a week or so, officials said.
Bush suggested the resolution might not even
be put to a vote.
"If Saddam refuses even now to cooperate
fully with the United Nations, he brings on
himself the serious consequences," the lead-
ers said in a joint statement. They went on to
list their plans for Iraq after hostilities,
including repairing damage that might be
caused by Saddam Hussein and preserving oil
and other natural assets.
The leaders gathered with more than 250,000
troops, a naval armada and an estimated 1,000
combat aircraft positioned in the Persian Gulf
area, an American-led force ready to strike if and
when the president gives the word.
"The Iraqi regime will disarm itself or the
Iraqi regime will be disarmed by force,"
The summit, held at a U.S. military base on
this dot in the eastern Atlantic, amounted to less
than two hours of talks. No more was needed,
U.S. officials said, because the conclusion was
Even as they flew to a meeting billed as a last-
ditch bid at diplomacy, Bush and his advisers
worked on a major war address that he could
deliver as early as tonight. The speech would
give Saddam a final ultimatum to disarm or face
war, probably within days, senior officials said.
At a post-summit news conference, Bush
urged other nations to support "the immediate
and unconditional disarmament" of Iraq.
France, Germany and Russia have opposed
an additional United Nations resolution to set
an ultimatum for the Iraqi leader to disarm -
and the French have threatened to veto it.
Efforts to win the votes of uncommitted
nations at the U.N. Security Council have fal-
tered in recent days.
Blair, speaking with reporters on his plane en
route to London, said British diplomats would
work through the night to try to persuade France
to lift its veto threat of a war resolution.
At the United Nations, diplomats said it
was unclear exactly what the United States,
Britain and Spain wanted from the Security
Council today. France, unmoved by the sum-
mit, planned to push ahead with its proposal,
a 30-day timetable for Iraq to meet disarma-
ment tasks that would be set by chief U.N.
weapons inspector Hans Blix. The plan
doesn't include an ultimatum.
Blair, under the most domestic pressure to get
U.N. backing, accused the resolution's opponents
of weakening the alliance against Saddam.
See SUMMIT, Page 2A
leave Iraq as
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) - Iraqi
leader Saddam Hussein warned yester-
day that if Iraq is attacked, it will take
the war anywhere in the world "wher-
ever there is sky, land or water." Presi-
dent Bush gave the United Nations
one more day to find a diplomatic
solution to the standoff.
Amid fears that war is imminent,
U.N. weapons inspectors flew most of
their helicopters out of Iraq; Germany
advised its citizens to leave the coun-
try immediately and said it would
shut down its embassy in Baghdad.
Residents of the Iraqi capital lined
up for gasoline and snapped up
canned food and bottled water. People
mobbed pharmacies to buy antibi-
otics and tranquilizers. Workers sand-
bagged fighting positions outside
See SADDAM, Page 2A
Global candlelight vigil
prompts reflection in A
By Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporter
More than 1,500 lit candles conveyed
the solemn mood of the anti-war crowd
that aligned themselves along Main
Street last night.
Walking through the crowd, Ann
Arbor Area for Peace Committee staffer
Phillis Engelbert said the community
gathered to show the mixture of trepi-
dation, disappointment and anger it
feels knowing the United States is
going to war with Iraq when the rest of
the world does not agree.
"And if we go to war tomorrow, the
voices of the anti-war community will be
calling for a quick end and limitations on
the type of weapons used," Engelbert
said. "Peace doesn't just come from an
absence of war but it's about creating a
society that builds community without
the distraction of war."
Similar vigils were held worldwide
after Archbishop Desmond Tutu and
other religious leaders spent the week
urging communities to host candlelight
vigils Sunday night. Detroit witnessed
its own vigil with a crowd of about
2,000 gathered at a church as religious
leaders called a war with Iraq "an
affront to God and a crime against
Last night, Ann Arbor resident Don
Pelz, who participated in the human
peace sign demonstration earlier this
month, stood quietly, holding'a candle.
"It's impressive to see the candles
out, Pelz said. "It shows the heart-felt
desire for peace in a form of nonvio-
lent, peaceful expression - Like a
Some Ann Arbor residents said they
felt it was their last chance to express
anti-war sentiment after President Bush
said yesterday that the United States
will be ready to act with or without the
United Nations' approval. Today, the
U.N. will be voting on whether to
endorse the use of force in Iraq for dis-
"Everyone is just standing-here
knowing the inevitable situation,
regardless of what happens tomorrow at
the U.N.," said Ann Arbor resident Jill
See VIGIL, Page 7A
Deirdre Clein protests the war during a candlelight vigil on Main Street last night. Ann Arbor was one of many locations
around the world participating in the global anti-war vigil.
BAMN rallies during O'Connor speech
Best in show
By TonMslav Ladka
Daily Staff Reporter
Affirmative action supporters said they hoped to
show U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Con-
nor a preview of the march on Washington planned for
April 1 by rallying Friday at Ohio State University,
while the judge spoke at OSU's Moritz College of Law.
But O'Connor may not have seen the rally while
addressing the impact of law on society, said LSA jun-
ior Kate Stenvig, organizer for the Coalition to Defend
Affirmative Action and Integration and Fight for
Racial Equality By Any Means Necessary.
Many legal experts believe O'Connor will be
the deciding vote in two lawsuits challenging the
University's use of race as an admissions factor in
its Law School and College of Literature, Science
and the Arts. The court will hear oral arguments
for both cases April 1.
Stenvig said about 200 to 250 people marched
through OSU's campus and auditorium "to show San-
dra Day O'Connor that there is a national civil rights
movement, and that people across the country are
demanding of her to be accountable to us and rule in
favor of affirmative action."
The rally is part of a larger display of public support
for the University of Michigan's admissions policies,
BAMN member Ben Lynch said. BAMN is planning a
national march on Washington when the court hears
the cases, and Lynch called the OSU rally a "precur-
sor" to the march.
Stenvig said most of the rally participants from the
University and OSU said they would march on the
Lynch said he hopes O'Connor sees the rally and
See BAMN, Page 7A
Dance Marathon raises more
than $197,000 to aid children
By Alison Go
Although it seems unlikely that stepping onto a
crowded dance floor could help children, partici-
pants of this year's Dance Marathon are all about
beating the odds. Forty-five hundred dancers,
"moralers" and volunteers gathered at the Indoor
Track and Field Building to raise $197,396.71 over
Through a partnership with the Children's Mira-
cle Network, the money goes to the C.S. Mott
Children's Hospital in Ann Arbor and William
Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak to fund pediatric
rehabilitation programs. Through these programs,
Dance Marathon members are involved with the
families throughout the year, aiding in the social,
emotional and physical development of children.
"Dance Marathon is the culmination of a year's
worth of hard work and dedication," LSA sopho-
more Nina Catalfio said. "Here, you get to see all
your efforts channeled through these kids. Once
you're involved, you can't give it up."
Dance Marathon participants raised $31,000
more in donations than last year.
"In every aspect, we've gotten bigger and better.
Everything has been growing and evolving," said
Michael Mayer, a Business School senior and
executive director of Dance Marathon. "It's good
to see the spirit has lived through the test of time,"
Running from Saturday through Sunday, stu-
dents are required to stay on their feet for 30 hours.
Starting at 8:30 a.m., live music and disc jockeys
kept dancers moving while games, crafts and
appearances by guest speakers like Michigan foot-
ball coach Lloyd Carr and the families involved in
the program kept dancers occupied.
"Listening to the families talk is so inspiring. It
continually reminds me why I'm here," LSA fresh-
man Mary-Lynn Tepatti said. "When I got here, I
was apprehensive, but after I saw how amazing the
whole project is, adrenaline took over."
Daryl Peguese, father of Evan and Miles
Peguese, twins who were born thirteen weeks
premature and were diagnosed with cerebral
palsy, is one parent who has benefited from the
philanthropy of the program. "I'm very proud to
be involved. I now have an appreciation for all
these kids. It's like a big family," Peguese said.
Dance Marathon is supported by local busi-
ness sponsors who donate the overhead and
supplies needed for the event, while other
See MARATHON, Page 7A
Neal Foster adjusts a petal during the Ann Arbor Orchid Festival
at the Matthei Botanical Gardens Saturday.
By Margaret Engoren
Daily Staff Reporter
Kevin and David Kielmola watch others dance during Dance
Marathon at the Indoor Track Building Saturday.
"I have been back to the places
where I was supposed to die. I went
back with my children and again
with my oldest grandchild. I went
back with my family - as a sur-
vivor," said Irene Butter, a retired
University public health professor.
Butter was one of three Holocaust
survivors who shared their stories
Friday night as part of University Hil-
lel's 24th Annual Conference on the
Holocaust. This year's conference,
titled "Representations of the Holo-
caust: A look back through a different
lens,' emphasizes the media's role in
shaping both individual's and the
world's perception of the Holocaust.
Butter was born in Berlin to an upper-
class Jewish family. Her father fought
with his country during World War I,
earning a medal of honor. "We consid-
ered ourselves German first and Jewish
second," Butter said.
In 1937, her family left Germany for
Holland, where her father had found
work. Leaving behind both sets of
grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins,
her family was safe for three years, until
the Nazis took the Netherlands.
Queer Visibility Week promotes LGBT awareness
were imposed on
Jews, but they were
nothing compared to
what would come.
- Irene Butter
By Elizabeth Anderson
Daily Staff Reporter
Are you a friend of Dorothy?
Members and supporters of the
LGBT community would resound
with a resounding yes. Regardless
i of your answer, the Lesbian, Gay,
Bisexual and Transgender Commis-
sion welcomes all University com-
munity members to the annual
Queer Visibility Week, a celebra-
tion of the LGBT community on
campus, as well as LGBT allies.
This year's events include numer-
ous educational and social activi-
ties, like tonight's lecture, subtitled
"Making Athletics Safe for Lesbian
and Gay Athletes and Coaches" and
Thursday night's open-skate event
at Yost Ice Arena.
Although Queer Visibility Week
serves many purposes, LGBT Com-
mission Co-chair Jeff Souva said
the main goal of the events is to
raise awareness of the large gay and
transgender population on campus.
"Our purpose is to be visible, to
end the invisibility of the communi-
ty and to gain allies," said Souva,
an LSA sophomore. "We want to
raise awareness of LGBT people on
Souva said the LGBT community
faces continuous social and critical
problems. "Our issues include mar-
riage, adoption and the University's
non-discrimination policy, which
doesn't include protection for gen-
See VISIBILITY, Page 7A
"Severe restrictions were imposed on
Jews, but they were nothing compared
to what would come," Butter said. "The
Nazis blocked off parts of the city and
no one could leave. They went door to
door, asking for papers. Jewish families
had 10 minutes to pack and then they
had to leave. My mother made us wear
many layers of clothing, knowing we
would only have what we could wear
and carry. I remember it was so hot.
They pushed 40 to 60 people in cattle
cars and took them to Camp Westerbork,
a transit camp. ...Every Saturday, a train
would come back from Auschwitz and
sit there for days. Then they would read
the names of those who had to go; if
someone's name was called, you never
See HOLOCAUST, Page 3A