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March 11, 2003 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-03-11

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 11, 2003

NATION WORLD

U.S. rethinks deadline for disarming

WASHINGTON (AP) - Adopting a two-
pronged strategy to avert a U.N. defeat, the Bush
administration once again portrayed Iraq as in vio-
lation of international demands that it disarm, but
signaled a willingness to revise its troubled resolu-
tion endorsing the use of force.
As new evidence to condemn Saddam Hussein as
a deceptive cheat, Secretary of State Colin Powell
and his spokesman cited the development of drone
airplanes and cluster bombs, both capable of
spreading chemicals. Powell said the world should
be concerned.
Hoping to win the support of U.N. Security
Council fence-sitters, U.S. and British diplomats
consulted with them on extending the March 17
deadline proposed last Friday for Iraq to disclose
and eliminate all its hidden weapons of mass
destruction.
In the process, a vote planned for today was post-
poned at least until later in the week..White House
spokesman Ari Fleischer described consultations on
the March 17 deadline as "fluid."
President Bush and Powell pressed their diploma-
cy to secure at least the minimally required nine
votes for adoption of the resolution. The foreign

minister of Guinea, Francois Fall, said after a lunch-
eon meeting with Powell that Guinea and other
council members were "in intensive consultations in
order to find a compromise."
State Department spokesman Richard Boucher
confirmed that revising the tough resolution in a
bid to gain support was being considered.
"We are obviously listening to other governments
as we talk to them, and we'll see where we come
out on this. At this point I don't want to predict any-
thing either way," Boucher said.
Still, opposition by France and Russia loomed as
huge hurdles for the resolution devised jointly by
the United States, Britain and Spain.
In Paris, French President Jacques Chirac said
France was prepared to veto the resolution, if neces-
sary, and joined Russia in saying the two nations
would vote against a March 17 deadline.
While Tuesday had not been officially set as the
date for a vote on the resolution U.S. officials made
clear it was the intention.
Signaling a change in timing, Fleischer
declined to predict when the resolution would be
taken up. "It certainly could be any day later than
tomorrow," he said.

Powell, meanwhile, voiced concern over the dis-
covery that Iraq has unmanned drone aircraft capa-
ble of dispensing chemical weapons.
Disclosure last week by U.N. weapons inspectors
that Iraq had such aircraft "should be of concern to
everybody," Powell said. "This and other informa-
tion shows Iraq has not changed."
Iraq also has developed a version of a South
African cluster bomb that could disperse chemical
weapons over a target, Boucher said.
Iraq has said that it has destroyed all chemical
warheads.
Bush, meanwhile worked the telephone to stave
off a U.N. Security Council defeat. He spoke by
telephone to eight world leaders, the biggest burst
of telephone calls since October 2001 when he mar-
shaled support for the U.S. military campaign
against the Taliban rulers of Afghanistan.
Bush talked to Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro
Koizumi, Chinese President Jiang Zemin, South
African President Thabo Mbeki, Sultan Qaboos of
Oman, Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar of Spain,
Turkish governing party leader Recep Tayyip Erdo-
gan of Turkey, President Abdoulaye Wade of Sene-
gal and President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria.
.......S
......yn
ams1SS1 e
a....g
........
....,....e
SEOUL . , South Korea (P nan
...... apparent attempt to push the United
"'""' "''""'States into talks, North Korea test-
I.......
". ,. aeast coast fit a pattern of unusual mili-
tary maneuvers in recent weeks that
"."."."..::seemed designed to pressure Washing-
" "" "" taton into dialogue.
0 irdaahrtragemsil"ysera
adThose maneuvers include the March
2 interception of a U.S. reconnaissance
Splane by North Korean fighter jets in
:": " .rinternational airspace off the North's
east coast. The North said the move
: * f{ was defensive. There was no hostile
fire, and the U.S. plane returned to its
base in Japan.
"In the big picture, North Korea s
trying to draw the United States to the
saenegotiating table," said Paik Hak-soon,
a North Korea expert at Sejong Insti-
;"tute, a private research center in Seoul.
I ea"In the short term, North Korea is
atrying to send a message to Washing-
to saying, ' e are determined to
defend our territory' It's because of
suspicion that Nure, Norea is next
after Iraq," Paik said.
North Korea wants a nonaggression
treaty and economic aid from the Unit-
ed States, which is preparing for war
Sagainst Iraq. Washington says the U.N.
Security Council should handle the
North Korean nuclear problem.
In Washington, top Bush administra-
ftion officials said Sunday the time still
isn't ripe for one-on-one talks with
North Korea andwany lasting solution to
the nuclear dispute will need the support
of Russia, China and other nations.
"I think eventually we will be talk-
to North or cea, but we're not
going to simply fall into what I believe
is bad practice of saying the only way
Syou can talk to us is directly, when ith
affects other nations in the region,"
Secretary of State Colin Powell said
on CNN's "Late Edition."
isDemocrats are pressing the Bush
administration to begin direct talks
immediately.
National security adviser Con-
doleezza Rice said on ABC's "This
Week" that the United States isn't
afraid to talk, "but we need to do so in

a way that will bring maximum pres-
sure on North Korea to actually this
time not just freeze its weapons of
mass destruction, but begin to disman-
tle them."
The Pentagon had expected a mis-
sile launch, citing a North Korean
warning to ships to stay out of a
.&A sector off the east coast from Satur-
day to today.
RESOLUTION
Continued from Page :
But with Germany, Syria and now
Pakistan preparing abstentions or "no"
votes, Washington is left trying to can-
vass the support of Chile, Angola and
Guinea.
Meanwhile, in Britain, Prime Minis-
ud' ter Tony Blair struggled to head off a
growing revolt within his own party
unhappy with his Iraq policy. A third of
the Labor Party lawmakers are already
on record opposing Blair's pro-U.S.
stance, and yesterday his international
development secretary, Clare Short,
threatened to quit over the issue.
Noting the pressure at home and at
the United Nations, Blair said he was
open to a compromise.
"What people are asking us to do is

',HEDLIESFRM RUN DJXL RD
WASHINGTON
Iraq conflict depleting National Guard
The buildup for possible war with Iraq has drained National Guard and
reserve troops unevenly across the country, with states like North Dakota,
Nevada and Connecticut being hit much harder than Vermont, Alaska and
Hawaii, an Associated Press analysis shows.
The Persian Gulf mobilizations, coupled with the demands of the war on
terrorism, have left communities with fewer prison guards, firefighters and
police.
"Everybody's affected," said Bruce, Miss., Mayor Jesse Quillen, whose town
of 2,097 had 75 men and women called up last month. "Employers lose work-
ers, children lose a dad or a mom for the length of the deployment and the
impact of it is felt from one end of Calhoun County to the other." Pentagon
officials say the call-ups are based mostly on the needs of commanders in the
field, and on the training, specialties, and readiness of guard and reserve units
back home. Impact on communities is considered but isn't a primary concern.
"We don't measure contributions by numbers alone," said Lt. Col. Dan
Stoneking, a Pentagon spokesman. "All 54 states and territories are support-
ing the war on terrorism. ... Each of those contributions is equally critical
and equally appreciated."
WASHINGTON
Fed may cut rates to jump-start ailing economy
The Federal Reserve may soon be forced to cut interest rates again, driving them
to the lowest level since Dwight Eisenhower was president, amid fears that the shaky
economy is about to fall back into recession.
Concerns about the anemic recovery from the 2001 downturn were heightened
with last week's report that unemployment had risen to 5.8 percent in February, with
a big loss of 308,000 jobs.
"Prior to the unemployment report, we thought the Fed would stay on hold for
some months to come and the next move would be a rate hike, not a rate cut,"
Louis Crandall, chief economist at Wrightson ICAP, a market research firm,
said yesterday. Now, Crandall said, he is forecasting a quarter-point rate cut at the
March 18 Fed meeting.
Worries about an Iraq war continued to batter Wall Street yesterday with the Dow
Jones industrial falling by 171.85 points to close at 7,568.18.
The Fed last cut interest rates on Nov. 6, when it slashed its target for the federal
funds rate, the interest that banks charge each other on overnight loans, to 1.25 per-
cent, the lowest average since 1.17 percent in July 1961.

0
0

VIENNA, Austria
Conference addresses
threat of "dirty bombs"
Scientists, police commanders and
government officials from more than
100 countries are converging on Vienna
for the world's first "dirty bomb" confer-
ence, searching for ways to head off the
threat of simple weapons that spread
radiation and chaos.
Governments are concerned. A recent
US. experts' report concludes that tens
of thousands of the most dangerous radi-
ation sources worldwide may be insuffi-
ciently protected.
A so-called dirty bomb has yet to
be detonated anywhere. The al-Qaida
network is reported to have been
interested in trying such a terror
weapon.
Deputies acknoledge the dirty-
bomb threat was rarely even thought+
of before the Sept. 11 terror attacks.
The worry is not of mass immedi-
ate deaths, as in the 2001 attacks, but
of the spread of radiation that might
make cities uninhabitable for years.
WASHINGTON
Court reviews stance
on Miranda rights
The Supreme Court is revisiting its
landmark 1966 ruling that led to the
familiar refrain, "You have the right to
remain silent." Justices said yesterday
they would consider an appeal by a man
who claims he was duped into talking to
officers.
The case of John Fellers - who was
indicted on drug charges - gives the
high court a chance to clarify when offi-

cers must recite "Miranda rights" to sus-
pects they've come to arrest.
Univeristy of Texas law prof. Susan
Klein said if Fellers wins, "police offi-
cers can no longer intentionally circum-
vent miranda by questioning first, getting
a statement, then saying 'Oh by the way,
now that you've spilled the beans, here's
your rights."' The Bush administration
had urged justices to reject the case.
Fellers was barefoot and sipping a
mug of what appeared to be tea when he
sat on his couch talking to officers who
came to his door in Lincoln, Neb.
WASHINGTON
West Nile expected
to reflux this summer
West Nile virus may well complete
its coast-to-coast spread this summer,
infecting large numbers.
During last year's record-setting
epidemic '- more than 4,O00-peoplet
became ill and 274 died - only a
handful of states escaped human ill-
ness. Even some of those harbored
infected mosquitoes and birds.
Lyle Petersen of the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention said
another large epidemic "would not be
surprising," with West Nile hitting
each of the 48 contiguous states. Not
counting Alaska and Hawaii, only
nine states have escaped human ill-
ness so far.
Although there is no treatment for
West Nile, Pankey said wearing mos-
quito repellent, keeping 'window
screens in good repair and wearing
long sleeves at night are effective
defenses against mosquito bites.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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