The Michigan Daily - Thursday, January 9, 2003 - 7A
75 die in Turkish plane crash,
cause yet to be determined
ISTANBUL, Turkey (AP) - A Turkish Air-
lines flight split apart in flames as it crashed
short of a fog-shrouded runway in southeastern
Turkey yesterday. The Transport Ministry said
75 people were killed and five injured.
The plane came down in the military section
of the airport in the overwhelmingly Kurdish
city of Diyarbakir, leaving a pile of twisted
metal and scattered luggage across 800 yards.
Prime Minister Abdullah Gul said the mili-
tary dismissed sabotage as a cause. Heavy fog
has been a problem in the area in recent days
and flights from Diyarbakir were canceled earli-
er this week.
"The reason for the crash is being investigat-
ed," Gul said. "Most probably it was bad weath-
Three small children died in the crash, the
Anatolia news agency reported. A two-year-old
boy who survived the crash and was rushed to a
hospital later died, the Anatolia news agency
Turkish Airlines said there were foreigners
aboard the plane, but had no immediate infor-
mation on their nationalities. At around mid-
night, the 400 soldiers who had been searching
for survivors called off their rescue operation.
A survivor told of falling from the plane
after it split apart on impact and landing in a
pile of hay.
"The plane split in two and was burning.
Then there was an explosion. ... The whole
plane was burning," Aliye Il told Anatolia.
She said the haystack that cushioned her fall
then caught fire, forcing her to run for safety.
Anatolia did not give the woman's age.
A photo of I taken by Anatolia showed 11, a
middle-aged woman, lying in a hospital bed
covered with a thick blanket. A bandage cov-
ered her left eye and an intravenous tube was in
While Transport Minister Binali Yildirim
said there was heavy fog at the time of the
crash at Diyarbakir airport, he said the pre-
cise cause would not be known until the
plane's flight data and cockpit voice
recorders were recovered.
The four-engine British Aerospace RJ 100 jet
hit the ground 40 yards short of the runway. The
Transport Ministry said 75 people died and five
As relatives of passengers crowded the air-
port for news of loved ones, Diyarbakir Gover-
nor Ahmet Cemil Serhadli reported the fire
caused by the crash had been extinguished.
At Istanbul airport, one unidentified man
cried as he told NTV television that he was try-
ing to call a colleague that he had driven to the
airport for the flight, but could not reach him on
his cell phone.
The five injured were taken to Diyarbakir's
central hospital and CNN-Turk television said
they were in shock but had no life threatening
injuries. There were no reports of injuries
among people on the ground.
Hospital morgues in the city were filled
with the charred remains of survivors and
a sports center had to be used to house
some of the dead. Relatives visited the
sports center trying to see if their loved
ones were among the dead.
Last week, several flights to Diyarbakir were
canceled because of bad weather.
In November, a Russian small plane car-
rying 28 people crashed near an airport in
the Turkish Mediterranean resort of
Antalya after it clipped a power line. No
one was killed.
Unidentified women react outside of the Diyarbakir Airport in southeastern Turkey yesterday after
hearing the Turkish Airlines RJ-100 passenger aircraft plane crashed.
Research for biological
weapons defense slowed
Continued from Page IA
Continued from Page IA
WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States
has few vaccines or treatments readily avail-
able to defend against some of Iraq's germ
weapons, the Army's top biological defense
expert said yesterday.
The military's efforts to develop defenses
against biological weapons have been ham-
pered by a lack of money from Congress and
a lack of interest from pharinaceutical com-
panies before the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist
attacks, said Col. Erik Henchal, head of the
Army's biological defense laboratory.
That has left serious holes in the U.S. mili-
tary's defenses against weapons such as the
nerve poison botulinum toxin, plague bacteria
and viruses that cause brain infections, Hen-
"We're trying to fill those holes as best we can,
said Henchal, who directs the Army's Medical
Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, or
USAMRIID, in Fort Detrick, Md.
For example, the Army lab has developed
vaccine-like preventive treatments for the
seven forms of deadly botulinum poison but
hasn't had the money to get them into full-
scale production, he said. Iraq has acknowl-
edged making thousands of gallons of the
"We've been fairly helpless, except to say we
hope someone's paying attention," Henchal told a
group of reporters. "Until 9-11, it was difficult to
get the pharmaceutical industry interested in our
products. We have 20 medical products on.the goal
line, waiting to go."
Without a drug company to produce those
products, the potentially life-saving break-
throughs are languishing in the laboratory,
Henchal said. Although Merck Co. -and other
drug companies offered help after the 2001
terrorist attacks, getting Food and Drug
Administration approval and actually produc-
ing large quantities of the vaccines takes
years, he said.
Military officials assume Iraq has biological
weapons including the smallpox virus - for
which the Pentagon is vaccinating troops - and
Iraq can produce novel germ weapons such as
antibiotic-resistant bacteria, Henchal said.
faced by ordinary Americans, the president proposed a contin-
uation of the administration's failed economic policies: more
tax cuts for the wealthy," House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi
(D-Calif.) said on Tuesday.
Despite these criticisms, Republican officials remain sup-
portive of the president's proposals, asserting the package will
ensure the nation's economic security for years to come. The
Council of Economic Advisors stated that the president's plan
would create more than two million new jobs, and Michigan
Republicans maintain their staunch support for Bush's policies.
"We can help assure greater success tomorrow with the poli-
cies we choose today. Now, these policies must recognize that
our $10-trillion economy is sustained by the labor and enter-
prise of the American people," Bush said in his economic
address to the Economic Club of Chicago.
Continued from Page 1A
When asked about Zeller's departure, Andrews said he
did not know any of the reasons behind it.
"Through (the Residence Hall Association), and
through me working for University Housing, whenever
we needed his support, he was always there for us,"
RHA Vice President for Public Relations Matthew
Hakim said. "He was always ready to help." Hakim said
he did notice that occasionally Zeller would speak ahead
of himself, promising certain things before he knew for
certain if they were feasible.
Engineering sophomore Josh Moll
participated in the exchange last Fall
Term and said he was satisfied with his
experience. He came to the exchange
looking for chemistry and economics
"I come here first but most of the
time I just go to the bookstore" he said.
A group of six University students
run the drive. One of the organizers,
LSA senior Jennifer Foess, said it helps
students find good deals. "Students can
buy used books for cheaper and make
more money selling back," she said,
adding "Students can set their own
prices for the books that they sell."
LSA sophomore Amanda Berger par-
ticipated in the drive for the first time
this semester, although she has taken
part in another exchange sponsored by a
Berger didn't find anything to buy
and all of her used books are still sitting
on the shelf, but she said she wanted to
participate in the exchange because of
the high prices at the bookstores.
"My chemistry books would have
been like $170 used and that's ridicu-
lous," she said. She said she also uses'
the Internet to avoid paying high prices
at bookstores. Berger said she recently
sold a book through Dogears.net, a new
website that allows students to post ads
for their books online and sell them to
other University students.
Students pick up any unsold books at
the end of the drive, as well as payment
from books they sold. Students get back
85 percent of the selling price of their
books while 15 percent is used to pay
for costs such as room rental and adver-
Foess said most of the books sold are
for undergraduate students, and that the
winter drive is usually bigger than the
fall. "This year is about average, but we
had a really good day today,"she said.
Some students said there are some
disadvantages of buying from the
exchange, such as buying the wrong
edition of a book. Berger said she
could not buy her biology textbook at
the exchange because it changed edi-
tions, which forced her to buy a brand
But most students thought the bene-
fits of participating in the exchange out-
weigh the risk of buying the wrong
books. "I think it's cheaper here so
sometimes if you get lucky and find
something you need you can save
money," Moll said.
Continued from Page 1A
complaining, the trend toward more graphically violent and
sexual games is worrying businesses, parents and lawmakers
who fear that children are playing games not suitable for their
Although the question of whether there is a link between
video game violence and aggression remains unresolved, the
Michigan House of Representatives recently passed a bill
making it a misdemeanor to sell or rent "Mature"-rated video
games to those under 17 years old.
If the bill passes the state Senate, any retailer caught selling
those video games to minors could be punished with up to a
$1,000 fine and/or 90 days in jail.
Some researchers welcome the potential law, saying that as
games become more realistic, parental censorship of what
games their children play should become more stringent and
Paul Boxer, a faculty member of the University's Institute
for Social Research, said recent studies have shown that while
video games are not the only link to aggression, the realistic
images present in newer games are more likely to lead to hos-
"There have been experimental studies done on people of
all ages, and there is a short-term effect of violent video game
playing on behavior," Boxer said. "After being exposed to
video game violence, people tend to behave more aggressively
and have more aggressive fantasies ... about what they might
do if they are provoked. They feel hostile."
"Anything that is going to encourage parents to take a closer
look at what their kids are playing is certainly going to be a
very useful thing," he added.
But students and other adults who have been playing video
games since the days of Sonic the Hedgehog said they believe
video games are anything but dangerous.
"They are stress relievers," Johns said. "They give you
something social to do during the week."
Though just how dangerous video games are to students
and youth is a relatively new topic, violence in the games is as
old as the product itself, Williams said, adding the majority of
video games are not violent.
"The number one selling PC game of all time is The Sims,
which is played by people of all ages and cannot be construed
by anyone as violent," he said. "You can find just as violent
and even more socially offensive titles in past games."
For-instance, he added; Atari's Custer's Revenge fea -
tured a U.S. soldier trying to get past a field of arrows.
The final goal was to rape a Native American woman
tied to a post.
"I don't know of anything out on the market today
that is as offensive as that," Williams said. "People have
always been blowing things up in video games, it's just
that now, you can see the shrapnel blowing apart in
the michigan daily
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Continued from Page1A
tion to the National Labor Relations
Board requesting an election to deter-
mine whether UNITE! should contin-
ue to represent the bargaining unit."
"Under the law," Bigler said,
"Members have the right to be repre-
sented by a union of their choice.
They also have the right not to be rep-
resented by a union. I believe in pro-
tecting the rights of Morgan
A member of SOLE, who request-
ed not to be named, said that with
these and other statements in the e-
mail Bigler took none of the worker's
vital concerns into consideration.
The SOLE member said the press-
ing question is not whether enough
workers want to get rid of the union;
rather, it is why the workers' demands
are not being met.
Workers have been without a con-
tract for the past six months. Their
demands include a cap on
insurance costs - which are $35
per week and rising - a raise to
make insurance affordable, sick pay
and an end to what union officials
said are illegal attempts to halt
Morgan Linen took several strong
steps recently to prevent workers
from demanding these rights, accord-
ing to UNITE! business manager
Karen Burnett and Morgan Linen
employee Othella Johnson.
Bigler printed a newspaper adver-
tisement to hire 150 new applicants
should current employees strike, Bur-
nett said. Johnson said in a written
statement that Bigler ripped up sur-
veys she was circulating to workers
regarding a new contract.
Recent events, such as a second
meeting yesterday between University
officials and SOLE members, suggest
that conditions at Morgan Linen will
finally improve, Green said. During
his conversation with Bigler, he said,
the company president offered visita-
tion rights to University faculty and
students should they desire to investi-
gate the situation first-hand.
Green said he plans to propose this
visit at a meeting on labor standards
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