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February 21, 2003 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 21, 2003
U.S., Britain request
U.N. cooperation in
Iraqi disarmament

NATION WORLD

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush
administration and its closest ally,
Britain, are planning to present a new
resolution to the U.N. Security Council
Monday in a bid for support to use
force to disarm Iraq.
Finishing touches were being put on
the resolution yesterday. Adoption is
by no means assured. A majority of
the 15 council members are opposed
to war at least until chief U.N.
weapons inspector Hans Blix reports
on March 1.
Secretary of State Colin Powell said
a headcount was "academic" because
the resolution demanding Iraqi disar-
mament had not been put forward.
Powell, who is due to fly to Japan
today for the start of a five-day Asia
trip, juggled resolution diplomacy with
stressful negotiations with Turkey, a
potential key ally in any war.
Turkey is balking at U.S. terms for
an economic aid package. Powell, who
interceded on Wednesday with Prime
Minister Abdullah Gul, said he had

told the Turkish leader "our position
was firm with respect to the kind of
assistance we could provide."
However, Powell said, "there may be
some other creative things we can do."
As for the expected U.N. resolution,
the Bush administration sees little
value in extending inspections and
much to worry about in Iraq's connec-
tion to al-Qaida and other terror
groups.
One U.S. official said the project-
ed day for presenting the resolution
was Monday but that it could slip a
day or two.
Powell said: "We won't put a reso-
lution down unless we intend to fight
for the resolution, unless we believe
we can make the case that it is
appropriate."
Meanwhile, Iraq allowed another
flight by an American U-2 surveillance
plane yesterday as President Saddam
Hussein's government sought to con-
vince the world that it is cooperating
with the weapons inspectors.

NEWS IN BRIEF
J ERUJSALEM
Hamas members shot by Israeli soldiers
Israeli soldiers shot dead two Palestinians in the West Bank yesterday, while in
the Gaza Strip troops divided the territory into three parts, restricting the move-
ment of more than 1 million Palestinians.
The operations appeared to be part of Israel's stepped-up efforts against the
militant Islamic group Hamas, which killed four soldiers in an attack on a tank
Saturday in Gaza.
Despite the violence, Israelis and Palestinians have been holding increased con-
tacts on the possibility of a cease-fire, though no breakthroughs have been achieved.
In London, William Burns, a State Department official, met Palestinian Cabi-
net ministers on Wednesday to discuss a U.S.-backed peace plan that envisions
the creation of a Palestinian state in about three years.
Burns told the Palestinians that formal discussions on the plan would not
resume until after Israel forms a new government - a process that could take
several more weeks - and would also depend on developments in Iraq, said
Palestinian Cabinet minister Saeb Erekat, one of the participants.
The Palestinians asked the United States to send international monitors in the
meantime to protect their civilians during Israeli military offensives, but Burns
said Washington did not support such an idea.
DURHAM, N.C.
Girl survives second heart transplant
A 17-year-old girl underwent a second heart-lung transplant yesterday, two weeks
after a botched transplant with organs of the wrong blood type left her near death.
The family of Jesica Santillan was elated early yesterday when it learned that
donated organs had been shown to be a good match, said supporters who raised
funds for the girl.
But after the second transplant was completed, Duke University Hospital doc-
tors said it was too early to say how much damage Jesica's body had suffered
while she was on life support.
Duane Davis, surgical director of Duke's lung transplant program, who assisted
in yesterday's operation, said the newly transplanted organs were "performing as
we would expect."
But Jesica "is as critical as a person could be. ... I can't really say anybody
could be any sicker," he said.
Jesica, who has type O-positive blood, was given a heart and lungs from a donor
with type A blood in a transplant Feb. 7 at Duke. Her condition steadily deteriorat-
ed as her body rejected the new organs.

0

At the Communication Council meeting, Secretary of State Colin
Powell said "there may be some creative things we can do" to gain
acceptance of a proposed U.S. resolution.

Venezuelan strike leader arrested for treason

CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - Thousands of
angry government opponents chanting "This is a dic-
tatorship!" rallied in the capital's streets yesterday,
protesting the midnight arrest of a strike leader by
secret police.
But President Hugo Chavez triumphantly pro-
claimed that he authorized the arrest of Carlos Fer-
nandez even though it threatened to re-ignite massive
demonstrations and again paralyze the country.
"One of the coup plotters was arrested last night. It
was about time, and see how the others are running
to hide," Chavez said at the foreign ministry. "I went
to bed with a smile."
Chavez said judges should not "be afraid to issue
arrest warrants against coup-plotters."
Carlos Fernandez, head of Venezuela's largest
business federation, Fedecamaras, was seized by
about eight armed agents around midnight Wednes-
day as he left a restaurant in Caracas' trendy Las
Mercedes district, said his bodyguard, Juan Carlos
Fernandez.
The men fired into the air when patrons tried to
prevent the arrest, the bodyguard said.
Carlos Fernandez faces charges of treason and
instigating violence for leading the two-month strike
that began Dec. 2, seeking to oust Chavez and force
early elections.
The strike ended Feb. 4 in all sectors except the
critical oil industry. Before the strike, Venezuela was

the world's fifth-largest petroleum exporter and a
major U.S. supplier,
Government allies warned that more than 100
opposition leaders, from labor bosses to news media
executives, who supported the strike also could be
arrested.
"More than 100 are on the list to be captured," rul-
ing party lawmaker Luis Velasquez said.
The existence of such a list could not be immedi-
ately confirmed.
Opposition sympathizers at yesterday's rally near
an air force base in eastern Caracas lambasted
Chavez, accusing the leftist leader of trying to estab-
lish a Cuban-style dictatorship in this South Ameri-
can nation of 24 million people.
"This is an escalation of violence by the govern-
ment, which has arrived at the extreme of repres-
sion," said Carlos Feijoo, 88, a retired oil worker.
"He wants to copy Fidel (Castro)."
Fedecamaras Vice President Albis Munoz warned
of another nationwide strike in response to the arrest.
"Definitely there will be actions, and very strong
actions," Munoz said.
The Confederation of Venezuelan Workers also
said a 12- or 24-hour stoppage was possible.
Fernandez's wife, Sonia, spoke briefly with her
husband and said he was in good condition at secret
police headquarters. Fernandez was meeting with his
attorneys, she said.

Chavez supporters gathered near the headquarters
and a downtown plaza to celebrate the arrest.
"It's what had to be done. These opposition
leaders tried to destroy the country, now they
must be punished," said Tomas Ordonez, a 49-
year-old taxi driver.
Carlos Fernandez called the strike with Carlos
Ortega, president of the Venezuelan Workers Confed-
eration - the country's largest labor union. '
Ortega was ordered to surrender on treason and
instigating violence charges, magistrate Maikel Jose
Moreno said, but the tough-talking labor boss said he
would not turn himself in.
"We have nothing to fear," Ortega told Globovi-
sion TV channel via telephone. "The only one who
has a date with justice is the president."
Chavez, who was elected in 1998 and re-elected in
2000, has accused the two opposition leaders of plot-
ting to overthrow his government with the strike and
by orchestrating "an economic coup."
Chavez's allies justified the arrest.
"Each member of the opposition must assume ...
the legal consequences of acts of oil sabotage and the
attempt to topple a legitimate government," ruling
party leader Nicolas Maduro said.
Opposition leaders called for more street protests
and appealed tothe Organization of American States,
the United Nations and The Carter Center, run by
former President Jimmy Carter, for mediation.
~ Gas prices
ise wit
trieat of
war in Iraq
The Associated Press

SEOUL, South Korea
N. Korean jet tries
to enter S. Korea
Rattling nerves along the border, a
North Korean fighter jet violated
South Korean airspace over the Yel-
low Sea yesterday before turning
back as warplanes in the South
scrambled.
The flight, the first such incursion
in 20 years, was the latest in a series
of North Korean provocations
against South Korea.
The incursion, which lasted two
minutes, came only days after North
Korea threatened to abandon the
armistice keeping peace along the
border if the United States imposes
sanctions on the communist regime.
The flight also underlined height-
ened tensions just days ahead of a
visit to South Korea by Secretary of
State Colin Powell to discuss the
standoff over the North's nuclear
program.
South Korea protested the intru-
sion, the first by air since 1983.
SPACE CENTER, Houston
NASA officials still
investigating crash
Just how the foam insulation was
applied to the fuel tanks of NASA's
space shuttles is getting special attention
by the board investigating the Columbia
accident, officials said yesterday.
One leading theory is that the
insulation or the heavier material
beneath may have damaged Colum-
bia during liftoff, enough to trigger

a deadly breach as the spaceship
hurtled toward a Florida landing 2
1/2 weeks ago.
The foam insulation is applied by at a
Lockheed Martin plant in New Orleans.
More of the foam is applied about a
month before liftoff in several small
areas of the tank needing touchup at
NASA's Kennedy Space Center in
Florida.
The investigation board has visited
both sites and is going back for a sec-
ond, harder look at the techniques -
and safeguards - used.
PHILADELPHIA
Americans boyCott
products from France
Mon dieu, how some Americans are
bashing the French these days!
Americans galled by France's reluc-
tance to endorse an invasion of Iraq are
boycotting French wine and french fries
and trading jokes and insults about all
things Gallic.
A Las Vegas radio station Tuesday
used an armored vehicle to crush pho-
tographs of French President Jacques
Chirac, photocopies of the French flag,
a Paris travel guide, bottles of wine and
a loaf of French bread.
In Beaufort, N.C., one restaurant
owner took french fries off his menu
and replaced them with 'freedom fries.'
In West Palm Beach, Fla., bar
owner Ken Wagner dumped his entire
stock of French wine and champagne
into the street, vowing to serve vin-
tages only from nations that support
U.S. policy.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

.EMO

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The middle of winter looks more
like the heart of summer at gas stations
nationwide, as fuel prices surge past $2
a gallon in some places and motorists
grumble about being gouged.
Political instability in Venezuela and
the prospect of war in Iraq are trigger-
ing price hikes that normally don't kick
in until the peak driving season. And
experts warn prices could shoot up
even more as the political situations
and the weather heat up.
The average retail price for a gallon
of regular unleaded, $1.66, has risen 56
cents since the beginning of the year.
But because wholesale gas prices
have increased just 14 cents over the
same period of time, some consumers
suspect oil companies are trying to
cash in on market uncertainties. w
"I think it's just an excuse to raise
prices," said Corina Alba, 22, of Ana-
heim, Calif.
Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.)
called on the Federal Trade Commis-
sion this week to investigate industry
practices.
In a letter to FTC Chairman Timo-
thy Muris, the senator said: 'It appears
as if price gouging is taking place
across the country.'
The American Automobile Associa-
tion supports Schumer's request, but
stopped short of using the word gouging.
"We feel that most of the increase
has been due to fear and speculation,
rather than any change in the supply or
demand for crude oil or gasoline,"
AAA spokesman Jeff Sunstrom said.
Regardless of the reasons, Sunstrom
said today's high prices could be a har-
binger of even costlier fuel by the end
of April.
Tom Kloza, director of Oil Price
Information Service, a Lakewood, N.J.,
publisher of industry data, said the
imports lost after Venezuela's oil work-
ers went on strike in December have
not been adequatelv renlaced and that

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