February 18, 2003
02003 The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan
One-hundred-twelve years ofeditorialfreedom
Sunny in the
Vol. CXIII, No. 97
By Maria Sprow
Daily Staff Reporter
Colleges and universities across the
country are reacting to last week's
announcement by FBI Director Robert
Mueller stating that institutes of higher
education could become targets for
future terrorist attacks.
Colleges and universities - along
with other "soft targets" that hold many
people in a relatively small space,
including shopping malls, supermarkets,
apartment buildings, churches and recre-
ation and entertainment venues - could
be easy targets for attacks because they
are not well-defended, Mueller said.
"Multiple small-scale attacks against
soft targets ... would be easier to execute
and would minimize the need to com-
municate with the central leadership,
lowering the risks of detection, Mueller
told the Select Intelligence Committee
As a result of the statement, many
colleges and universities have issued
responses urging students to keep the
threat in mind while giving other facets
of life priority.
At the University, Department of
Public Safety Director Bill Bess
released a written statement yesterday
urging students to be especially obser-
vant of suspicious activities, while also
stating that there has been no threat
made pertaining to Southeast Michigan.
DPS spokeswoman Diane Brown
said the University is working to adapt
to terrorist threats. She also urged stu-
dents to focus on their daily business.
"Depending on the threat, we have a
variety of security plans, and others are
being developed as needed," Brown said.
"There is no indication that there is any
reason for alarm. University officials are
urging the community to go about their
See ALERT, Page 3
N Coleman stresses national impact of
lawsuit, upholds University policy
By Jeremy Berkowitz
In anticipation of today's deadline for the University and its support-
ers to file briefs in the upcoming two U.S. Supreme Court lawsuits,
University President Mary Sue Coleman addressed the public in two
Coleman had planned to speak at the annual conference of the
American Council on Education and afterwards hold a press confer-
ence with various organizations and people filing
briefs. But due to a blizzard in the Washington
area, Coleman delivered her speech via satellite 'ON I S
from a television studio in Crisler Arena.
The University expects to make oral arguments
in front of the court April 1, regarding the Univer-
sity's use of race in its admissions policies, and
expects more than 60 amicus briefs written by about 300 organizations
to be filed by tonight. But Wayne State University Prof. Robert Sedler
said the amicus briefs will have little influence on the court unless they
present a different viewpoint.
"They're going to get read by the law clerks. If they find integral
points in the briefs ... they will include that in the bench memorandum
that is presented to the Supreme Court," Sedler said.
Coleman staunchly defended the University's policies and reiterated
the importance of diversity in higher education. She also noted the
importance of diversity in the workforce and the responsibilities uni-
versities take in preparing students for interacting in different environ-
ments and cultures once they graduate.
"This case is not about college admissions policies alone," Coleman
said. "It touches every major sector of our country, and the outcome
will influence the direction of America's public policy."
Later, Coleman, University General Counsel Marvin Krislov, Law
School Dean Jeffrey Lehman and eight representatives from organiza-
tions filing briefs participated in a teleconference with members of the
media. Among them were Massachusetts Institute of Technology Presi-
dent Charles Vest, former Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific
Command Adm. Dennis Blair and Law student Marisa Bono.
Coleman and the eight representatives each spoke for a few minutes
to outline their reasons for filing briefs. In addition to expressing a
belief that diversity is a compelling national interest, they explained
how diversity benefits their own line of work.
See BRIEFS, Page 2
University President Mary Sue Coleman speaks from Ann Arbor to members of the American Council on Education in Washington by
Briefs defend law school diversity
By Tomlslav Ladika
Daily Staff Reporter
Law students across the country are
arguing that a U.S. Supreme Court ruling
against the Law School's admissions policy
will adversely affect the racial composition
of America's lawyers.
The students will join about 300 national
organizations and corporations by filing
amicus, or "friend of the court," briefs with
the court today supporting the University in
Grutter v. Bollinger, the lawsuit challenging
the Law School's use of race as a factor in
A brief written by a group of black law
students from Harvard, Yale and Stanford
universities argues if the court overturns
Michigan's admissions policies, race-con-
scious admissions policies of their law
schools would also be targeted.
Travis LeBlanc, a Yale law student, said
the presence of minorities at highly selec-
tive law schools would "dramatically
decrease" if present admissions policies
But since schools like Harvard Law
School serve as gateways for the nation's
top legal positions, more minorities would
be restricted from pursuing elite careers,
"If you look at the Supreme Court, eight
out of nine justices went to Harvard, Yale or
Stanford," he said. "If you cut off minorities
from these three law schools, you effective-
ly impose a glass ceiling on them."
Harvard law student Danielle Gray said
the brief presented empirical evidence ana-
See STUDENTS, Page 3
37T Fuel cell energy proves cleani alternative to oil
By Bron Daniels
Daily Staff Reporter
University researchers from several
fields of engineering are attempting to
curb dependency on foreign oil reserves
and reduce hazardous emissions for
automotive vehicles through the effi-
cient use of fuel cell technology. The
push from Washington to promote safer
cars was a key part of President Bush's
State of the Union address last month.
Fuel cells are electrochemical engines
that create electricity without combus-
tion or adding pollution to the environ-
ment by using hydrogen as fuel. The
process is efficient and environmentally
clean, chemical engineering Prof. Yohan
Schwank is refining methods to
decrease size of the device that produces
hydrogen smaller, in order to increase
efficiency. "There are many methods
being tested but the most well-known
uses electricity to split water molecules
into oxygen and hydrogen, making
hydrogen available for use in stationary
and mobile applications," Schwank said.
Bush's pledge of future investment
in fuel cells has sparked greater
enthusiasm surrounding energy-safe
automotive emissions control. "It was
particularly encouraging that the pres-
ident noted the importance of hydro-
gen to the nation's overall energy mix,
not only as a fuel for vehicles but for
electrical power as well," said Mary
Detloff, spokeswoman for Gov. Jen-
With possible war in the Middle East
looming and global warming increasing,
America's dependence on oil to fuel
national transportation is hastily grow-
ing in importance to the nation, Detloff
added. "It's absolutely vital to promote
energy independence for the United
States by relaxing dependency on for-
eign oil reserves, all while improving the
environment," she said.
The process of producing ,fuel cells
requires a collaborative effort for devel-
opment between many different types of
engineers. Automotive engineering
Prof. Heui Peng is examining different
forms of air when applied within the
fuel cell to test effectiveness in changing
Beliefs or current expectations for the
future in the development of fuel cell
See FUEL CELL, Page 2
T-shirt design contest
encourages 'M' spirit
There's always room for cello
By Margaret Engoren
Daily Staff Reporter
Haaris Ahmad of the Council on American-Islamic Relations speaks as a panelist at
a forum on civil liberties in the Michigan Union Ballroom yesterday.
4 Teats to civil liberties
By Soojung Chang
and Robyn Lukow
Daily Staff Reporters
Concern about the state of civil liber-
ties brought together a broad coalition of
groups yesterday in the Michigan Union
Ballroom to discuss the potential threat
caused by recent anti-terror legislation.
The event, titled "Know Your Rights,"
featured Nabi Hayad from the Arab-
American Anti-Discrimination Commit-
tee, Haaris Ahmad from the Council on
American-Islamic Relations, Noel Saleh
from the American Civil Liberties
Union, Layla Hanna from the Michigan
Department of Civil Rights and Rack-
ham student and Graduate Employees
Union member Alyssa Picard.
GEO President Daniel Shoup said
the event was organized out of concern
for the rights of graduate student
"We've had anecdotal evidence from
a number of different sources that there
have been a couple of (Graduate Student
Instructors) that have been stopped at
the border and not allowed to reenter the
U.S. from Canada," he said.
Shoup said GEO is concerned about
new policies that have been pursued in
the aftermath of Sept. 11, especially
the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001.
"It's something that's a concern to
international GSIs and GSIs in general,
but also the larger community," Shoup
The panel opened with Ahmad, who
outlined the effects of the USA PATRI-
OT Act of 2001, which gave law
enforcement expanded intelligence abili-
ties and surveillance of non-citizens.
"Under this act, immigrants are to
be detained indefinitely for extended
periods of time if they are viewed as a
threat," Ahmad said. "This wasn't the
See FORUM, Page 3
The Maize Rage, the Cameron Cra-
zies, the Fighting Illini or Irish - all stir
images of monotone stadiums or arenas,
vibrating with student enthusiasm.
In hope of creating a similar atmos-
phere of student unity at the Big House
next season, The Michigan Student
Assembly and the University athletic
department have initiated a university-
wide T-shirt design contest for the 2003
football season, the fruits of which will
enable students to express their spirit.
"Our goal is to provide a season
theme T-shirt that will be a unifying
vehicle for the Michigan student body"
said Tom Brooks, director of sports mar-
keting with the University athletic
department. "Through the success of the
'Blue Out' and similar programs at other
athletic venues, we have seen that a T-
shirt can pr-vide spirit and excitement
for our teams."
The success of last season's "Blue
Out" - which sold more than 4,000
shirts in two weeks - encouraged MSA
and the athletic department to start a
new student football tradition.
"We hope to design and to create a
new student T-shirt for each football sea-
son - one that will symbolize the sea-
son's theme, paying tribute to
Michigan's great football tradition,"
Brooks said. "A freshman next year will
"Our main goal is to
create a unified
- Tom Brooks
Michigan athletic department
have four spirit shirts representing his
four years at Michigan."
In addition to maize season T-shirts,
blue "big game" shirts are also planned.
"We encourage students to wear the
maize T-shirts all season," Brooks said.
"But also, in keeping with last season's
'Blue Out' T-shirt for the Michigan State
game, we plan to create blue shirts for
the season's big home game - either
Ohio State or Michigan State"
Design submissions may include no
more than four colors for the front and
back of a maize short-sleeved T-shirt.
Designs may not include commercial
sponsorships or political commentary.
They are instead meant to express the
pride, tradition and history of Michigan
"We are looking for a shirt that shows
creativity and is something that students
will be proud to wear," Brooks said.
"Our main goal is to create a unified
All currently enrolled students are
See CONTEST, Page 3
Prof. Jonathan Shames directs the University Philharmonia in a
performance at the Michigan Theater yesterday.