2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 14, 2003
Bush pressures U.N. to take on Iraq
NEWS IN BRIEF
13 U A VI TAT77C TTTlIIA / A "t-NITATTri T TT7_ TTTiITIT T 'It
WASHINGTON (AP) - On the eve of a show-
down over Iraq, President Bush said yesterday the
United Nations must help him confront Saddam Hus-
sein or "fade into history as an ineffective, irrelevant,
As Bush issued his call for unity, the administra-
tion said Americans should be prepared for "a fairly
long-term commitment" in Iraq if the United States
goes to war.
Secretary of State Colin Powell told the House
Budget Committee he had no estimate of the cost of
war with Iraq. But he did say he thought Iraq should
be able to adjust quickly afterward - in contrast to
the slow pace of recovery in Afghanistan.
"I would hope that it would be a short conflict and
that it would be directed at the leadership, not the
society," he said. Iraq has an effective bureaucracy,
rich oil resources and a developed middle class, the
secretary of state said.
The flurry of events laid the groundwork for today,
when U.N. weapons inspectors are to report to the
Security Council on whether Iraq is complying with
orders to disarm. Bush is expected to quickly follow
up with a request for a U.N. resolution authorizing
However, the top U.N. nuclear weapons inspector
said yesterday that inspections should continue.
"We're still in midcourse, but we are moving for-
ward, and I see no reason for us to bring the inspec-
tion process to a halt," Mohamed ElBaradei said in an
interview with The Associated Press as he drafted his
report on a flight from Vienna, Austria, to New York.
U.N. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity,
said Hans Blix, who heads the hunt for Baghdad's
biological and chemical weapons, would address a
French proposal to triple the number of inspectors.
During a visit to Mayport Naval Station in Florida,
Bush told cheering sailors, "I'm optimistic that free
nations will show backbone and courage in the face
of true threats to peace and freedom."
"I believe when it's all said and done, free
nations will not allow the United Nations to fade
into history as an ineffective, irrelevant, debating
society," he said.
On Capitol Hill, Democratic lawmakers questioned
whether Bush's focus on Iraq could hurt the broader
war against terrorists, particularly Osama bin Laden's
network suspected in the Sept. 11 attacks.
"The clear and present danger that we face in our
country is from terrorism and from al-Qaida," said
House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi of California
as lawmakers heard testimony from Powell, Defense
Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and Gen. Richard
Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) - A
U.S. government plane carrying four
Americans and a Colombian crashed
yesterday in southern Colombia, and
officials feared the survivors were
captured by leftist rebels. Two bod-
ies were spotted at the site, Colom-
bian officials said.
Investigators with the state prose-
cutor's office saw the two bodies
amid the wreckage of the plane, said
the government office, which is
responsible in Colombia for investi-
gating deaths. U.S. Emba.ssy offi-
cials said they had no comment on
U.S. officials scrambled rescue
teams to the sweltering plains of the
region after the crash, but at least
one report said rebels had captured
the survivors and announced, "We
have them! We have them!" in an
intercepted radio transmission.
There was no statement from the
Revolutionary Armed Forces of
Colombia, or FARC, Colombia's
main leftist rebel group. A Colom-
bian military official reported the
transmission and said FARC rebels
had apparently found the plane.
Earlier, the Colombian Armed
Forces' high command had said res-
cuers had found only the burned
plane and no people. It was impossi-
ble to immediately reconcile the
report with the statement from the
state prosecutor's office.
Continued from Page 1.
"I've met with the presidents of the
universities to discuss this issue.
They've got to do the job in terms of
leveraging their relationships with
businesses in the community,"
Granholm said. "(The universities)
have got to be an economic develop-
ment arm within the community."
University of Michigan officials
said they were long aware of the
impending cuts and are prepared to
meet the challenge.
"When we were passing our budget
last July, we were aware that the state
was facing these kinds of problems,"
University spokeswoman Julie Peter-
son said. "It's very unfortunate, but
we're prepared to adjust."
Peterson added that while the budget
situation at the University is serious,
there will be no mid-term tuition
increases, which has been the case at
Among the higher education pro-
grams most affected by the budget cuts
is the Life Sciences Corridor - a part-
nership between state universities to
promote the life sciences - which will
lose $12.5 million this year.
"The state is really on a path towards
growth in the life sciences sector. Ear-
lier they had been prepared to cut the
Life Sciences Corridor by $25 million.
They did the best they could to shelter
these funds," Peterson said.
The forum was the first of several
meetings Granholm plans to hold
between now and the announcement of
her budget proposal in March. The
governor also asked those in atten-
dance for feedback about how the
depletion of state funding should be
handled and how communities can
form creative solutions to deal with the
"When you are in a crisis it forces
you to look at things in a different way.
You cannot act according to the way
that you've acted in the past,"
Community leaders in attendance
were generally in support of
C~rnnrn 'c nrnnneni bhnt Adffnreo
Shuttle crash linked to breach in craft skin
I ne space snutue uoumnia almost certainty sutterea a aevastatmg breach o
its skin, allowing superheated air inside the left wing and possibly the wheel com-
partment during its fiery descent, investigators said yesterday.
In its first significant determination, the accident investigation board
announced that heat damage from a missing tile would not be sufficient to cause
the unusual temperature increases detected inside Columbia minutes before it dis-
integrated. Sensors noticed an unusual heat buildup of about 30 degrees inside
the wheel well before the accident.
Instead, the board determined those increases were caused by the presence
inside Columbia of plasma, or superheated air with temperatures of roughly
2,000 degrees. It said investigators were studying where a breach might have
occurred to allow plasma to seep inside the wheel compartment or elsewhere
in Columbia's left wing.
The board did not specify whether such a breach could be the result of a
structural tear in Columbia's aluminum frame or a hole from debris striking
the spacecraft. The board also did not indicate when the breach occurred
during the shuttle's 16-day mission.
Officials have previously focused on an unusually large chunk of foam that
broke off Columbia's external fuel tank on liftoff.
LA PAZ, Bolivia
Police quell riots that leave 22 dead in 2 days
Striking police officers returned to work yesterday after two days of vio-
lent street protests that left 22 people dead and a trail of burned and looted
buildings throughout the capital of South America's poorest nation.
People lined the streets of La Paz to cheer police officers as they began
to restore order after demonstrators set fire to government buildings and
looted stores in a wave of violence that began as a protest against a new
income tax that the government suspended to calm the unrest.
Over the two days, 22 people were killed, including at least nine police
officers, and 102 were injured, according to Eduardo Chavez, director of La
Paz's General Hospital, where most of the casualties were treated.
Earlier yesterday, sirens wailed and bands of looters ran through chaotic
central La Paz, where tanks and 400 heavily armed soldiers were deployed
near the presidential palace, which was besieged by protesters a day earlier.
Several thousand protesters marched through downtown, shouting slogans against
President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada. "Resign or die, those are your options," they
chanted. The march, organized by labor groups, ended without violence.
U.S. declines talks
with North Korea
North Korea wants talks with the
United States alone to discuss that coun-
try's nuclear weapons program and has
snubbed efforts to include China, Russia
and South Korea, Secretary of State
Colin Powell told Congress yesterday.
One-on-one talks are unacceptable,
because many nations are in danger if
the largely closed, communist nation
continues to pursue nuclear weapons,
"We have to have a regional settle-
ment," Powell said. "It can't be just be
the U.S. and the DPRK (Democratic
Republic of Korea)."
North Korea's response to the sug-
gestion of regional talks - delivered
through diplomatic channels and in
low-level contacts with the Bush
administration - was "no, no, no,"
"We have to find a way to broaden
the dialogue," Powell told the House
Facing terror, U.S.
steps up security
Police carrying semiautomatic rifles
patrolled the grounds of the Capitol yes-
terday, and the government warned key
industries and utilities to beware of
employees who might have been planted
by al-Qaida or other terrorist groups.
The security measures were the latest to
emerge since the nation went on high alert
for possible terrorist attacks last week.
The orange level is the second-highest in a
five-point, color-coded scale that would
be topped only by a red alert that meant an
attack was imminent or under way.
There are no plans to raise the threat
level, Justice Department officials said.
U.S. counterterrorism officials said
they are continuing to gather intelli-
gence but have no specific information
as to targets or methods for a terrorist
Authorities have said they are worried
about attacks timed to coincide with the
hajj, a Muslim holy period that ended yes-
terday, or the beginning of a war with Iraq.
Vatican archives may.
For years the Vatican has struggled to
defend its wartime pope, Pius XII, against
claims he was anti-Semitic and didn't do
enough to save Jews from the Holocaust.
Now the Vatican is taking the.extraor-
dinary step of opening part of its secret
archives ahead of schedule, in a bid to
silence attacks against a man it is consid-
ering for sainthood. Starting tomorrow,
millions of Vatican documents from the
years leading up to World War II will be
available to scholars.
The Vatican's chief archivist says he
doesn't expect any "shocking revela-
tions" to emerge from the documents -
and it will no doubt be months if not
years before any findings are published.
But Roman Catholic and Jewish scholars
say the papers may answer some ques-
tions about the policies that shaped Pius'
papacy and what the Vatican knew about
anti-Semitism in Europe before the war
and responsive to the needs of scholars.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
Spring Brefik Broke.
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