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February 10, 2003 - Image 2

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, February 10, 2003

NATION/WORLD

Inspectors see

'change of heart'

NEWS IN BRIEF'l

__ __a

After talks with Iraqi officials,
U.N. inspectors ask for more time
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) - The U.N. chief weapons
inspectors emerged from key talks with Iraq officials
yesterday, saying they saw signs of a "change of
heart" from Baghdad over disarmament demands
and that further U.N. inspections were preferable to a
quick U.S.-led military strike.
In two days of meetings with Hans Blix and
Mohamed ElBaradei, Iraq officials handed over doc-
uments on anthrax, VX nerve gas and missile devel-
opment. But Blix said there was still no immediate
agreement on a key demand, using American U-2
surveillance planes to help inspections.
"We are not at all at the end of the road," Blix told
The Associated Press. "But nevertheless I'm bound
to note, to register, nuances and this I think was a
new nuance."
The weekend session, ahead of Blix and ElBa-
radei's report this week to the U.N. Security Coun-
cil, could help decide the next steps taken by the
council in the months-long standoff that has left the
Middle East suspended between war and peace.

There was no immediate U.S. response to the
inspectors' comments. But with tens of thousands of
American troops in the Persian Gulf preparing for
war, President Bush reiterated Wednesday that it was
time for action against Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.
Saddam "wants the world to think that hide-and-seek
is a game that we should play. And it's over," Bush told
congressional Republicans at a policy conference. "It's
a moment of truth for the United Nations. The United
Nations gets to decide shortly whether or not it is going
to be relevant in terms of keeping the peace, whether or
not its words mean anything."
However, the United States was faced renewed
opposition in Europe to an Iraq war. Germany's
defense minister said yesterday that Germany
and France would present a proposal to the Secu-
rity Council next week to send U.N. soldiers to
disarm Iraq - a plan U.S. officials denounced as
ineffective.
And Russian President Vladimir Putin, whose coun-
try holds veto powers on the council, reiterated his
strong opposition to military action against Baghdad.
"We are convinced that efforts for a peaceful reso-
lution of the situation regarding Iraq should be per-

*. *. .}.w 4;r
"It's a moment of truth for SPACE CENTER, Houston
the United Nations. NASA looks to ice, shuttle parts for clues

- President Bush

sistently continued," Putin told journalists after talks
with Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder in Berlin.
Putin also rejected U.S. goals of a "regime
change" in, Iraq. "The task of reckoning with
Saddam Hussein does not stand before us," Putin
said in an interview with France-3 television,
part of which was aired on Russian television
yesterday. "There is nothing in the U.N. Charter
that would allow the U.N. Security Council to
make a decision to change the political regime of
one country or another - whether we like that
regime or not."
Blix and ElBaradei, who make their next report to
the U.N. Security Council on Friday, had gone into
their weekend talks in Baghdad to press for greater
cooperation on a range of issues.

Investigators are trying to identify an object spotted near Columbia shortly after
it reached orbit as they try to determine what caused the shuttle to break apart.
Retired Adm. Harold Gehman Jr., who is leading an independent board investi-
gating the disaster, told reporters yesterday that the tracking data from the U.S.
Space Command Center in Nebraska could potentially be water that is routinely
dumped from the shuttle, which then turned to ice.
"It could well have been an on-orbit piece associated with the shuttle which
was supposed to have been there," Gehman said. He stressed that the report still
needs to be analyzed.
Meanwhile, investigators continued to study a 2-foot section of Columbia's
wing and a 300-pound object that appears to be a door panel from one of the
shuttle's wheel wells found in Texas.
The wing includes the carbon-covered edge designed to protect Columbia's
insulating tiles during re-entry and could provide hard evidence of what went
wrong, NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe said Saturday.
Gehman would not comment yesterday on whether the wing piece was from
the shuttle's left side, which could prove significant because Columbia's troubles
began in the left wing.
JERUSAL.EM
Sharon offers limited truce to Palestinians
Israel has offered the Palestinians a gradual cease-fire, a senior government
official.said yesterday, while suggesting that efforts to remove Yasser Arafat as
Palestinian leader will intensify after the U.S.-Iraq conflict is resolved.
Also yesterday, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon was awarded the task of forming a
coalition, a formality that starts the clock ticking.
Sharon has six weeks to form a government and - if the moderate Labor
Party doesn't budge on its refusal to join with Sharon's Likud - the re-elect-
ed prime minister may have to rely on extreme right-wing and religious par-
ties for a majority. Such a coalition would make concessions to the
Palestinians nearly impossible.
Sharon offered the limited truce in secret talks last week with senior Palestinian
negotiator Ahmed Qureia. There was speculation that the meeting - the prime
minister's first with a Palestinian negotiator in about a year - was aimed at per-
suading Labor to join his coalition.
Labor has said it would not enter a Sharon-led government unless he agreed to
withdraw from the Gaza Strip immediately and resume peace talks.

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ABA to challenge
detention policy

SEATTLE (AP) - If its members
can settle their differences, the nation's
largest lawyers' group is prepared to
condemn part of the government's
strategy in the fight against terrorism:
its refusal to grant legal rights to peo-
ple arrested in the United States and
held as enemy combatants.
The American Bar Association, at its
winter meeting, also will consider this
week whether to press for more open-
ness about government surveillance in
the United States.
For months, the organization has
worked on a resolution critical of the
Bush administration's policy for
enemy combatants, and a vote is
planned. But last-minute dissension
has arisen among ABA members over
when lawyers should be provided to
combatants held in the United States
to help them argue in court that their
detentions are illegal.
The government will not release the
names of those held as combatants, and
only a couple of examples of detentions
in America are known widely. The most
high profile is Jose Padilla, accused of
plotting to detonate a "dirty" bomb,
which would use a conventional explo-
sive to spread radioactive-material.
Enemy combatants, a type of wartime

Dean Robert J. Dolan
University of Michigan Business School invites you to attend a
Dean's Speaker Series
featuring

prisoner, are held without charge or trial
and are not allowed to see lawyers.
Miami lawyer Neal Sonnett said it is
un-American to deny legal rights to
Americans or anyone else in the coun-
try when they are apprehended.
"The war against terrorism should
not be fought at the expense of the
very rights we are fighting to protect,"
Sonnett said.
Supporting the government's policy
is David Rivkin Jr., a lawyer from
Washington, D.C., who said the admin-
istration has foiled crimes with informa-
tion obtained from combatants. Giving
them lawyers would ruin interrogations
and threaten the public, Rivkin said.
Sonnett and Rivkin were debating
the issue late yesterday at an event
jointly sponsored by the ABA and
the more conservative Federalist
Society.
The ABA's policy-making board will
decide at the Seattle conference
whether to take a stand on the treat-
ment of combatants, including stan-
dards for their detentions.
Critics of the proposal contend the
ABA should clarify that lawyers
should be provided to combatants,
with restrictions applied so that
national security is not compromised.
MARCH -
Continued from Page 1A
spoke on how difficult life is under the
threat of war for members of her frmily
still living in Iraq. She added that life in
the United States is becoming more dif-
ficult for Iraqi-Americans. Her brother
Bilal said, "My father remembers World
War IIand what happened to the Japan-
ese. I don't like being afraid to live in my
country."
Local civil rights activist Joseph
Dulin, principal at the Roberto Clemente
Student Development Center, also
spoke. He described peace as an overar-
ching goal of humanity, both domesti-
cally and in foreign affairs. "Peace is
truly a brotherhood of mankind," he said.
"Peace is a struggle for human dignity."
The protest was part of a national
movement against war with Iraq.
Protests will continue this Saturday in
East Lansing and across the nation.
FUNDING
Continued from Page 1A
we can ill afford to lose any federal
money at this point."
MDOT Communications Director
Stephanie Litaker said that while the
money received from the federal govern-
ment will not seriously affect the state's
budget, the lack of funds would have an
impact on improving highway safety.
"In terms of the bigger picture, $10
million is not a whole lot of money, but
in terms of safety improvements it can
go a long way," Litaker said. "Knowing
that improving safety for families and
for motorists is one of Governor
Granholm's top priorities, we're in need
of money for safety. And given the
budget right now, we can't afford to turn
away any money."
The passing of the law may have
little effect on how law enforcement
agencies act with regard to drunk
driving. Currently, driving with a
BAC of .07 is illegal in Michigan,
but the legal definition of intoxica-
tion stands at .10. Officials from the
Michigan State Police said the law
will most likely not affect how the
police department operates.
But according to Mothers Against
Drunk Driving, the measure could be
significant in reducing the number of
intoxicated drivers and in saving lives.
States that have already instituted a .08
BAC law have reduced highway fatali-
ties by 4 to 15 percent on average,
mATT Min u rnn va-n.:v Tlirrfr

WASH INGTON
N. Korea nuclear
concerns develop
The official Bush administration view
of North Korea's nuclear breakout is that,
while troubling, it does not amount to a
crisis. Yet that is exactly the word that
comes to mind when Defense Secretary
Donald Rumsfeld talks about its dangers.
To Rumsfeld, it's not simply a matter
of North Korea becoming a nuclear
weapons state. The CIA estimates that
the communist-ruled country has had
one or two nuclear weapons for a decade.
In his view the bigger danger is that,
by cranking up a nuclear weapons pro-
duction complex that had been idled
under U.N. seal since 1994, a cash-
starved North Korea could produce
enough nuclear materials to sell to ter-
rorist states or terror networks who
might make America a target.
"It's pretty plear that if they restart
the reprocessing plant, they could have
nuclear materials sufficient to make an
additional six or eight weapons," Rums-
feld said.
MUNICH, Germany
Face, Germany:
disarm Iraq with force
France and Germany intend to pres-
ent a proposal to the U.N. Security
Council next week to send U.N. soldiers
to disarm Iraq, the German defense
minister said yesterday.
The plan, according to a German
newsmagazine, involves reconnais-
sance missions, the deployment of
thousands of U.N. peacekeepers and

tripling the number of U.N. weapons
inspectors.
In Paris, the French government
yesterday denied the existence of a
"secret plan" with Germany, saying
France had previously proposed
increasing the number of arms
inspectors. That denial - plus
Defense Minister Peter Struck's
inability to offer concrete details of
the reported plan - created an
appearance of disarray in the Fran-
co-German alliance against Wash-
ington's hard-line stance on Iraq.
CAMP VIRGINIA, Kuwait
British, U.S. 6iltar
dispatched to Kuwait
The key launch pad for a future war
on Iraq bustles with tens-of thousands
of U.S. and British soldiers. Military
convoys clog highways, and the entire
northern half of Kuwait is sealed off as
a military operations zone.
"Every day this thing grows by
leaps and bounds," Lt. Col. Jeffrey
Helmick said.
"We're bursting at the seams," said
Helmick, commander of the U.S.
Army's 6th Transportation Battalion,
which helps truck tons of supplies from
ports of entry to desert camps near the
Iraqi border.
Officials will say little about the total
number of U.S. troops being dispatched
to Kuwait before a possible war. Wash-
ington says war is likely to begin soon
because Iraq has failed to rid Iraq of all
biological, chemical and nuclear
weapons - weapons Iraq denies it has.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

*1

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