The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 7, 2003 - 7
Residents questrn pwpose, necessity ofadded door locks
Continued from Page 1
monitored and will only be used for investigative and
deterrent purposes only. Videotapes will be kept for a
period of time and then recycled and taped over, he said.
They may not be on Candid Camera, but some stu-
dents said they are still uncomfortable with their resi-
dence hall's new technology, fearing the new cameras
could infringe on their privacy and wondering what
the University's next step will be if crime in the resi-
Others said they don't feel the cameras are neces-
sary at all, adding they felt safe in the residence halls
before the equipment was installed.
"It seems unnecessary to me. I don't feel any threat
at all living here, from the inside or outside," RC
sophomore and East Quad resident Sarah Bostwick
said. "I don't see how the camera would be that effec-
tive in catching somebody."
"What would I do in the doorway that is bad?"
added LSA sophomore Shirley Ma, also an East Quad
Despite the concerns, other students still defended
the University's decision to add the cameras.
"It hasn't really affected me either way, but I've heard
other people express discontent with them. They think
it's an invasion of privacy, but overall, I think it's for the
best," said Engineering sophomore Cameron Hosner, an
East Quad resident. "If you are doing something wrong,
I guess you should be worried."
Hosner said he believes the University needed to step in
after several incidents that occurred last year began threat-
ening the safety of students living on campus.
Among those incidents was an armed home inva-
sion and assault where two men, one with a gun,
entered a female student's room. The men covered the
student's mouth and pulled out a roll of duct tape
before the student was able to scream and cause the
men to flee.
"If the University didn't do anything about it, I
think they would be held responsible for further inci-
dents like this happening," Hosner added.
Security cameras aren't the only additions students
in East Quad must adapt to this semester. New auto-
matic door locks will be added to student rooms
Students will need keys and an entry card - as
well as a numerical code - to enter their rooms.
After the locks are installed on student's doors, the
doors will automatically lock upon closing.
The locks are already present on residence hall
bathroom doors, but students will still only need their
normal keys to enter. Levy said it's unknown when
room entry cards will be required as well.
While students said they believe the locks will
prove to be successful crime stoppers, many
expressed their disdain for the additional worries the
locks will bring, such as lockouts.
"That's probably going to take some getting used
to. It's just something we'll have to deal with," Hos-
Some students said it should not be the University's
responsibility to make students lock their doors.
"If I want to shut it, I'll shut it. If I want to leave it
open, I'll leave it open and take responsibility for
what happens," Bostwick said, adding that she hopes
the University will revise its lockout and lost key
Currently, students are given three free lockouts, in
which a spare key is given to them for a short period
of time while they retrieve their keys. After the third
lockout, students have to pay $5.
Students said they believed the fee should be
waived, since lockouts will become much more fre-
"Why does it cost me five dollars? It does not
inconvenience them in the least," Bostwick said.
A task force is currently debating the University's cur-
rent M-Card and key replacement policies to determine
whether they will still be appropriate, Levy said.
He added that the University is working to combat
students' concerns, including religious obligations
that require students not to use any electronic equip-
ment on certain holidays.
All student rooms in East Quad are scheduled to
have the new locks by next month, Levy said. The
locks will eventually be in place in every residence
Continued from Page 1
used books online, though."
Since October, customers have been
able to check store inventory stock for
all Borders products at Borders.com.
Mark Winn, inventory merchandizing
supervisor for the Borders store on
East Liberty Street, said he has
noticed online purchases and reserves
pick up since the change and predicts
a continued rise. "Lots of people
assume we always have the books they
need," Winn said.
"Borders as a rule does not stock text-
books, but encourages students to go
online' where 90 percent of the books
in their inventory can be found, he said.
Borders can also search for and order
out of print books.
In addition to bookstore websites
and Cordx.com, the recently launched
MSA online book exchange called
DogEars offers a helpful resource for
students wishing to save, the site states.
It also allows students to review pro-
fessors and evaluate classes at the end
of the semester.
Both DogEars and Cordx.com offer
their services to other universities and
colleges, and Baudinet said he wants to
expand his site's range. He added he
hopes to find sponsors in Ann Arbor
who wish to advertise on the site in
order to keep it running for free.
Continued from Page 1
Okafo's view is shared by LSA
senior Stephanie Vachirasudlekha,
who is a soprano singer, business
manager and publicity manager of
the campus a cappella group,
Amazin' Blue. The busy schedule
has left her with only five to 10
hours of studying per week, but she
said the satisfaction of singing and
making great friends has made up
for the sacrifices.
"For me, college is not just what I
get from my classes, but also from
my extra-curricular activities,"
To promote longer study hours
and improved study habits among
students, Constance Cook, director
of the University's Center for
Research on Learning and Teaching,
said professors could use "surprise
quizzes" and "extra credit points" to
give their students more incentive to
learn on their own.
"The best motivation is to provide
interesting and thoughtful assign-
ments on the subject matter being
taught," she said.
Ultimately, no one but the stu-
dents will be hurt by insufficient
study time because "if students work
less, they are short-changing them-
selves and are not learning as much
as they could learn," Cook said.
She added that with the University's
high tuition costs,-"it makes sense fw-
students to take full advantage of the
learning available to them."
The survey was conduct by the Uni-
versity of Indiana and was based on
responses from 135,000 freshman and
seniors from 613 universities.
hall, but it has not been determined
receive them next.
which one will
MLYS UWOU/ Daily
LSA senior Christie Coy of the East Quad front desk demonstrates the new door lock
that will be installed for all residents rooms.
Continued from Page 1
that gap," state Rep. Gene DeRossett (R-
Freedom Twp.) said. "When you look at edu-
cation in general ... the grades have proven
that students are doing better."
Rustem said higher scores on Michigan
Educational Assessment Program tests in
poor districts have also provided proof of
Proposal A's success.
Schools have also been more successful at
preparing students for the job world since the
passing of the proposal, Birkholz said.
Engler also encouraged the creation of
charter schools and used money the state won
from lawsuits with tobacco companies to set
up the Michigan Merit Award, a $2,500
scholarship to a Michigan college for any
student who tests proficient on the MEAP
In addition to education, Engler spent a lot
of time creating programs to diversify Michi-
gan's economy and bring more jobs to the.
state. DeRossett said before Engler took
office, Michigan's economy depended on the
auto industry and companies producing com-
The former governor set aside a billion dollars
of funding for the creation of a life sciences cor-
ridor across the state, and his NextEnergy pro-
posal created a commercial zone for alternative
energy companies specializing in products such
as hydrogen fuel cells.
"The next 500,000 jobs in the state will be
created by technology," DeRossett said.
The former governor also attempted to
attract businesses to the state, especially the
Upper Peninsula, by lowering their operating
costs, Sen. Michelle McManus (R-Lake Lee-
"This governor in the last 10 years made it
more enticing to come here," McManus said.
Although such reforms led to a record low
for state unemployment - 3.4 percent in
2000 - critics claim that Engler's economic
legacy will be tarnished because he turned a
large budget surplus into a deficit.
"The proof to me is in the $1.8 billion
deficit," Rep. Andy Meisner (D-Ferndale)
said. "The end result has been a fiscal disas-
ter and a situation where middle- and low-
income families have been short-shifted."
Engler supporters answer that the current
national economic recession has left many
states-facing-budget deficits;,some larger
than Michigan's. "We're all going to have to
make some tough decisions, but you can't
blame the governor for that," Birkholz said.
But Sen. Liz Brater (D-Ann Arbor) said
Engler's annual tax cuts are primarily to
blame for the state's budget problems. During
his tenure the former governor signed 32 tax
cuts, including the elimination of the state
inheritance and capital gains taxes, and annu-
al reductions on taxes to businesses and
"About 30 percent of the deficit can be attrib-
uted to cyclical factors, but about 70 percent of
the problem is a structural deficit, which means
we've reduced revenues below the level needed
to provide services," Brater said.
Rustem said both the recession and Engler's
fiscal policies are responsible for the budget
deficit. If the economy had not run into problems
after Sept. 11, or if the government had not
adopted all of the tax cuts, the budget would be
in much better shape, he said.
Engler's environmental policies have also
been the subject of heated debate between his
supporters and critics. Engler passed the
Clean Michigan Initiative, which was meant
to set aside funds to fix state parks, improve
water quality and clean contaminated sites.,
DeRossett said the act "put everyone at ease
that the governor and legislature and people
of Michigan are concerned about the-water
Yet Dan Farough, political director of Michi-
gan's Sierra Club chapter, said many of the ini-
tiative's funds have not been released, and
instead of funding the cleanup of polluted sites,
Engler lowered their contamination standards.
Brater said under Engler, legislation was
passed requiring sites to be cleaned only to
the point where contaminants present caused
cancer in one out of every 100,000 people
instead of the previous level of one in every
Rustem said because of his focus on educa-
tional and economic policies, Engler did not
pass many environmental laws and state stan-
dards remained largely unchanged.
McManus said while Engler was one of the
first governors to speak against the diversion
of the Great Lakes' water while serving as
chairman of the National Governors Associa-
tion in 2001, but Farough said he did not pur-
sue the issue aggressively though he opposed
it only when facing pressure from voters.
Engler also closed several mental health
facilities throughout the state. Rustem said
the hospitals were closed because Engler, as
well as many legislators and constituents,
believed patients should be treated by their
families instead of being institutionalized.
Many of these patients are now homeless
or incarcerated, Meisner said.
The primary reason is that "the money and
resources didn't follow people from the hos-
pitals to the community," Brater said.
Rustem said the question of whether
Engler allocated sufficient funds to treating
such mental patients could be debated.
Wall Street rallies in expectation of
President Bush's stimulus package
NEW YORK (AP) - Investors' anticipa-
tion of a tax cut reignited the New Year's rally
on Wall Street yesterday, sending stocks bar-
reling higher and lifting the Dow Jones indus-
trials more than 170 points.
Wall Street expected President Bush, who's
announcing an economic stimulus package
today, to propose a cut in taxes on dividends
to encourage more investment and give con-
sumers more cash to spend.
"That is certain to be a big boost to the stock
market;' said Peter Cardillo, president and chief
strategist of Global Partner Securities, Inc.
The Dow closed up 171.88, or 2 percent, at
8,773.57. The Dow claimed its second triple-
digit win in three sessions, having surged
265.89 Thursday on an unexpected jump in
the manufacturing sector.
The first three days of 2003 have given the
Dow its second best ever start to a new year
with a gain of 5.2 percent, according to Mar-
kethistory.com, a financial research Web site.
The Dow had its best three-day New Year's
rally in 1938 when it climbed 7 percent.
The broader market also rallied yesterday.
The Nasdaq composite index rose 34.24, or 2.5
percent, to 1,421.32. The Standard & Poor's 500
index advanced 20.42, or 2.3 percent, to 929.01.
Investors are hopeful Bush will propose a
series of tax cuts that will pull the economy out
of its doldrums and will help the market break
its three-year losing streak. Bush is expected to
propose reducing taxes paid by individuals as
well as eliminating the taxation of investor divi-
"The investor will be able to capture all of that
dividend and put more money in his
- Peter Cardillo
President and Chief Strategist of Global Partner Securities, Inc.
Continued from Page 2.
the Navy's giant floating hospital ship USNS
Comfort left for the Indian Ocean island of Diego
Garcia. The 1,000-bed ship has 12 operating
rooms and is equipped to handle troops injured in
biological and chemical attacks.
While most families said their goodbyes Sun-
day, a few braved snow flurries to catch a final
glimpse of their loved ones from the pier. Jeanette
Ward, 35, couldn't pass up another chance to see
husband Morgan Ward, a clinical engineer who
came down from the ship to greet her.
"He told me I look pretty and that he loves
me," said Jeanette Ward, whose husband also
shipped off for nine months during the Gulf War.
Chrystina Starr, 31, brought her two children,
ages 2 and 4, to say goodbye to her husband, First
Engineer Stephen Starr.
"This is hard," she said, fighting back tears as
she clutched 2-year-old Connor. "We don't know
how long he'll be gone."
The Comfort last deployed for war during Desert
Storm in 1990 and 1991. It also sailed to New York
after the collapse of the World Trade Center towers.
In San Diego, 4,000 Marines and sailors set
sail on a six-month voyage that will put them
within striking distance of Iraq. Family members
wiped away tears and waved to loved ones stand-
ing behind the rails of the USS Tarawa some 20
stories above the pier.
The ship, which should reach the gulf some-
time next month, is carrying the 15th Marine
Expeditionary Unit, which saw action in
Afghanistan a year ago. Three members of the
unit received Purple Hearts after they were
wounded in a land mine explosion.
"We're prepared to do whatever needs to be
done," said Col. Thomas Waldhauser, command-
ing officer of the 15th MEU. "That's why we
joined the service."
Being ready doesn't make leaving home any
"It's hard every time," Cpl. Rafael Avalos, 27,
said as he cradled his 2-year-old brother, who was
sipping milk. "It never gets easier."
The Tarawa, bristling with six Harrier attack
jets and a squadron of helicopters, is second in
size only to an aircraft carrier. In the gulf, it will
join the USS Constellation, a carrier that earlier
left San Diego with 8,000 sailors and Marines in
a seven-ship battle group.
Juan Daniel Garcia, a 20-year-old Navy avia-
tion support technician, said he was grateful for
the chance to see his 2-week-old son, Jahir,
before he left.
"It was two weeks, but it mattered," he said.
Jim Carver made the trip from Pennsylvania to
see off his 21-year-old son, Joshua, a corporal
with Force Recon, the Marine equivalent of Navy
SEALs or Army Green Berets.
dends. The entire plan would amount to $600
billion in tax savings over 10 years.
"The investor will be able to capture all of
that dividend and put more money in his
pocketbook. It will be beneficial to the stock
market as well as the economy," Cardillo said.
Conservative politicians and Wall Street
have long criticized the so-called double taxa-
tion of dividends - first with corporations
paying corporate income taxes on the earn-
ings it pays in dividends and then by investors
paying taxes on the dividends they receive.
Stocks that pay dividends, particularly big-
name blue chips, were among yesterday's
winners. IBM rose $1.94 to $83.59 and
Exxon Mobil advanced 88 cents to $36.38.
Chip equipment makers contributed to the
tech sector's gains following an upgrade by
Deutsche Securities. Novellus soared $2.37 to
$33.57 and Applied Materials climbed 88
cents to $15.41.
Other issues managed to rise despite nega-
tive news, an indication of how energized
investors were feeling. Biogen advanced 45
cents to $41.85 following a downgrade from
Salomon Smith Barney.
Analysts also credited Wall Street's advance
to an upbeat outlook for fourth-quarter earn-
ings, which companies begin releasing in
earnest in two weeks.
"There has been a shortage of reductions in
fourth-quarter (profit) expectations so far and
a lot of people had anticipated a lot more,"
said Ned Riley, chief investment strategist at
State Street Global Advisors.
The gains also followed an economic report
from the Institute of Supply Management.
The group reported that its index of non-man-
ufacturing business activity stood at 54.7 in
December, down from 57.4 in November and
below analysts' expectations for a reading of
55. Still, a number above 50 indicates expan-
sion in business.
Advancing issues outnumbered decliners
by more than 3 to 1 on the New York Stock
Exchange. Consolidated trading volume was
moderate at 1.80 billion shares, up from 1.41
billion on Friday.
U.S. officials intervene at
Pakistani border skinniish
Chavez affirms strength of oil market
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - President
Hugo Chavez's government said yesterday it
was steadily reviving the world's fifth-largest
oil exporting industry a month into a strike
led by Venezuela's opposition.
Oil Minister Rafael Ramirez said produc-
tion was about 800,000 barrels a day and
would reach more than 1 million barrels a day
by the end of the week. Venezuela normally
About 35,000 workers at the state owned
oil monopoly Petroleos de Venezuela S.A.
joined a general strike called Dec. 2 to
demand that Chavez hold a nonbinding refer-
endum on his rule Feb. 2.
But Chavez has refused and invited his
opponents to call a binding referendum as
allowed by Venezuela's constitution in August,
or halfway into Chavez's six-year term.
sident and costly Caracas-based bureaucracy.
He also said the government planned to cut
some 6,000 jobs in Caracas, a center of anti-
Chavez resistance, and the western oil town of
Rodriguez said he would personally man-
age PDVSA while managers Felix Rodriguez
and Luis Marin report to him and handle sep-
arate PDVSA operations in eastern and west-
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) - The govern-
ment dispatched defense officials to Pakistan's
border with Afghanistan and told the U.S. military
not to enter its territory without permission, the
Pakistani defense minister said yesterday, a week
after a borderland skirmish that involved Ameri-
At the same time, though, Rao Sikandar Iqbal
pledged continuing cooperation with American
forces in fighting terrorism and the effort to
apprehend fleeing al-Qaida and Taliban fugitives
in eastern Afghanistan.
Iqbal said his defense officials met representa-
tives of the U.S. military Sunday at the remote
region of Angore Adda in the rugged borderland
of Pakistan's North West Frontier Province.
"The U.S. troops have been clearly told that
ern Afghanistan's Paktika province, just a few
hundred yards from Pakistan's border. The shoot-
ing prompted U.S. forces to call in an airstrike on
a building where the guard was believed hiding.
The U.S. military said the building it hit was
inside Afghanistan. Islamabad says one bomb
landed on its side of the border; it is still investi-
gating the matter.
The situation grew more tense when Pakistan
dispatched extra troops to the border after the
United States said it reserved the right to cross
into Pakistan in hot pursuit of enemy fighters
fleeing from Afghanistan.
In the border meeting Sunday, both sides were
conciliatory and agreed to improve an intelli-
gence-sharing system they hope will make their
joint operations "more effective and successful,"