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February 04, 2003 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 2003-02-04

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, February 4, 2003 - 3

Dramaturist to speak
on Rushdie's play
Simon Reade, adapter and drama-
turist of "Midnight's Children" by
Salman Rushdie, will be speaking
on his adaption in Lorch Hall Audi-
torium tomorrow at 7 p.m.
Reade worked with Rushdie and
director Tim Supple for 18 months
to transform the novel to a script for
the stage production.
Coping strategies
of battered women
lecture to be held
Social Work Prof. Mieko Yoshi-
hama will hold a seminar titled "Do
'Active' Coping Strategies Promote
Well-Being?" Yoshihama will exam-
ine coping strategies and psycho-
logical distress by battered
immigrant women.
Sponsored by the Center for
Research on Ethnicity, Culture and
Health, the seminar will be held in
the School of Public Health tomor-
row at noon.
discussed in
* roundtable event
A roundtable discussion to pro-
vide support, information and
resources pertinent to planning and
teaching a service-learning course
will be held at the Academic Ser-
vice Learning, in the Edward Gins-
berg Center for Community Service
and Learning tomorrow at 4 p.m.
The discussion is sponsored by
" the Center for Research on Learn-
ing and Teaching.
Bring an instrument
to Jam at the
Pierpont Commons
Leonardo's at Pierpont Commons
will be hosting an evening of jazz
combos and jazz jam sessions
tomorrow at 7 p.m. Sponsored by
the Pierpont Commons Arts and
Programs, jazz combos with jazz
standards, bebop and improv will be
performed. Bringing your own
instrument is welcomed.
Debate on potential
Iraq war to be held
To foster a constructive dialogue
between opposing sides of a possible
war in Iraq, student groups, The Arab-
American Anti-Discrimination Com-
mittee and Students Against Terror,
have organized a debate on the issues
surrounding a potential war in Iraq in
Angell Hall Auditorium tomorrow at
8:30 p.m.
Exhibit presents
possibilities of
Mars research
The Exhibit Museum of Natural
History is hosting a presentation
titled, "What makes Mars explo-
ration a challenge? What kind of
research can be done there?" tomor-
row at 7:30 p.m.
The presentation will be given by
the Michigan Mars Rover Team
from the College of Engineering.
Tribute to Harold
Cruse part of black

history month
To celebrate Black History
Month, The Center for Afroameri-
can and African Studies is sponsor-
ing a tribute for Harold Cruse,
former director of CAAS and
author of "The Crisis of the Negro
Intellectual" Thursday in Haven
Hall at 4 p.m.
Cruse is a major critic and artist
of the Black Arts Movement and
helped change American attitudes
both toward the function and mean-
ing of literature and the place of
ethnic literature in English depart-
Annual symposia
will discuss Nobel
laureates' work
The Center for the Study of Com-
plex Systems is holding the 7th
Annual Nobel Symposia, in 340
West Hall Thursday at 4 p.m.
Speakers will discuss the work,
impact and personalities of the 2002
Nobel laureates in physics, chem-
istry, medicine, literature, peace and
'A Streetcar Named
Desire' performing in
-AJ 1 _ 1.._ n*. ..

Tel Aviv prof discusses fate of Israel

By Jonathan Hop
and Carmen Johnson
Daily Staff Reporters
The survival of Israel and the avoidance of war
was the focus of a lecture last night given by Tel
Aviv University Prof. Meir Litvak.
"The debate is not whether peace should be
reached in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict," Litvak
said. "The debate is what the price of peace is and
the way to achieve peace."
Litvak said the psychology of a small country
like Israel is a mindset Americans might have dif-
ficulty understanding.
"Israelis feel that they cannot afford to lose
a war," said Litvak. "Because their first
defeat would be their last defeat." Litvak
added Israel would only have one chance to
survive a war with such a small population.
Explaining Israel's choices in achieving
peace, Litvak said the choices are not appeal-
ing to him. Israel could continue the present
situation and wait for a miracle, but the cost
of bloodshed would be high as war would
destroy the economy and undermine the glob-
al status of Israel, he said.
Reaching an interim settlement, imposing a
foreign solution or building a wall to separate
Palestinians and Israelis are other methods
that Litvak proposed for peace.

When asked about the impact war in Iraq
would have on the peace process in Israel, Lit-
vak said a short war with and the quick
removal of Saddam Hussein could greatly
improve the peace process.
If a war with Iraq is long with many casual-
ties, Litvak said the repercussions of Arab
opinion of the United States and Israel would
shift negatively.
Litvak also gave his assessment of the Arab
world and their attitude towards the peace
"I believe that although many Arab leaders
dislike Israel, they dislike war even more,"
Litvak said. "The Middle Eastern poverty
makes people realize that the socioeconomic
trend will prevail if no peaceful solution can
be found."
Litvak, a senior research fellow at the
Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and
African Studies in Tel Aviv, earned his doc-
torate in modern Shi'i history and Palestinian
politics at Harvard University.
"This type of lecture can be controversial, but
in the nature of controversy in an academic set-
ting, (it) is more positive and fruitful than the
nature of controversy for the sake of debate,
Benjamin Berger, the event organizer said.
The Jewish Lawyers Association and Hillel
sponsored the lecture.

Tel Aviv University Prof. Meir Litvak explains the possibilities Israel could face in the future. The lecture
was sponsored by the Jewish Lawyers Association and Hillel.

Leg muscle cell transplants assist failing hearts

-By Erin Saylor
Daily Staff Reporter

How can you fix a broken heart? Researchers at
the University Cardiovascular Center may have
found a solution. Using cell transplants and high-
tech devices, researchers are testing ways to help
mend hearts damaged by disease or scarred by
heart attacks.
Constantly pumping blood, the heart has little
time to heal and more potential for further damage.
Clinical trials have begun to test a new technology
that takes muscle cells from the thigh and injects
them into a damaged heart to stimulate growth of
Continued from Page 1 Continu
they should do it for all, LSA fresh- culture
man Stephanie Pershin said. "It will sary for
definitely have a lasting effect on our "Presid
nation's security, but is it ethical? I somewh
don't know. ... Terrorism can occur of those
within any ethnicity." Dude
Others, however, are not disturbed attentio
by INS's information-gathering and turned a
accept its necessity in the wake of the from ap
Sept. 11 attacks. ButS
"I had to have my fingerprints Monts s
taken when I arrived here," said Engi- ated by
neering senior Harsh Kanda, who is exist an
originally from India, but now a U.S. tives to]
citizen. "Prior to 9-11, I would have ,.."We
thought it was discriminatory, but arena a
after 9-11, you do what you have to." program
ous pro
LEO dents a
Continued from Page 1 John
ment, graduate students make a thou- for the
sand dollars more money to teach the Initiativ
same class I teach. Why? Because they what pr
have a union" addedt
"We are easily their cheapest labor. changed
The University really depends on that, resource
she added. "I su
Curtiss added that job security is a grams t
nationwide issue for non-tenure track been a
faculty members, who are often hired on Matloc
a semester-by-semester basis. 10 year
"They get hired year by year, differen
semester by semester, and so they program
don't know whether they will have a
job. That's the worst," he said. "This is
a career for people."
Though talk of forming the union has
been circulating for four years, the first
official steps to turning the idea into a
reality took place in December, when
members of the Lecturers Employees
Organization filed a representation peti-
tion with the Michigan Employment
Relations Commission.
Union organizers and University offi-
cials met with MERC last month to dis-
cuss the membership of the bargaining
unit. Another meeting between Universi-
ty officials and union organizers is
scheduled for tomorrow.
"It really is at the early stages. We've
met with the union once and we are
going to meet with them again very
shortly to talk to them about the bargain-
ing unit," Assistant Provost Jeffrey
Frumkel said, adding that the University
will cooperate with union organizers
regardless of whether or not it believes a
union is necessary.
"It's not a matter of supporting or
not supporting. There is a process
under the law and the University will
follow it," he said.
The first question facing union organ-
izers and the University is who should
be allowed to be a part of the union.
Union organizers said they believe the
University's definition of who obtains
which title - adjunct professor, lecturer
or visiting professor - is vague and per-
sons falling under any of those titles
should be represented by the union.
"The title of adjunct professor means
different things in different departments
on different campuses," Herold said.
"There are a lot of visiting professors

healthy tissue.
Francis Pagani, head of the Heart Transplant Pro-
gram at the University Cardiovascular Center, said
the focus of the transplantation is to heal the dam-
aged areas of the heart, rather than replacing the
entire heart. While the study is still in its early phas-
es, researchers have been pleased with results.
"In the future we hope that people can use cells
from their own bodies to rejuvenate their hearts,
eliminating possible allergic reactions," said pro-
gram coordinator Susan Wright. "We're pleased
that in the studies so far, the cells have taken hold
of the tissue and were growing."
With 4,000 people in Michigan alone on the

waiting list for heart transplants, scientists are eager
to find a way to sustain patients during the waiting
time, which can be anywhere from 128 days to a
few years.
"This therapy could be applicable to a large
number of patients because the number of people
in the United States who suffer from heart failure as
a result of many heart attacks is large," Pagani said.
"So if this therapy does pan out and prove benefi-
cial, then theoretically there will be a huge number
of patients who could potentially benefit"
While they continue to research cell transplanta-
tion technology, doctors at the University hospital
are using a device called HeartMate to keep dam-

aged hearts from failing as patients wait for a trans-
plant. This type of heart implant, called a left-ven-
tricular assist device, helps to keep the heart
pumping. Each lasts for about a year and a half.
The University hospital has implanted more than
100 HeartMates, more than all but two hospitals in
the United States.
Of the 7.6 million Americans today who have
suffered from a heart attack, 22 percent of men and
46 percent of women are at risk of experiencing
heart failure within six years of the attack, accord-
ing to the American Heart Association. Michigan
has the sixth-highest mortality rate from coronary
disease in the United States.
Metcalf, a 133-pound member of
the wrestling team, is expected to
be a key player on the team.
ide the The athletic department declined to
comment on the incident.
)spital, Metcalf's family could not be
vish to reached for comment.
how it -Daily Sports Writer Eric Chan
contributed to this report.

ed from Page 1
to embrace diversity as neces-
excellence," Duderstadt said.
ent Bollinger chose to go in
at a different direction, so many
programs were dismantled."
rstadt also said the national
on of the lawsuits may have
way many high school students
Senior Vice Provost Lester
aid many of the programs cre-
the Michigan Mandate still
d helped to create new initia-
improve minority outreach.
,need. to do more work on this
nd we need to expand those
s" Monts said, noting numer-
grams with high school stu-
nd minorities, such as the
ty Engineering Program office.
Matlock, associate vice provost
)ffice ofAcademic Multicultural
es, said he was confused as to
ograms Duderstadt meant, but
that many of the programs
I over time with new needs and
spect that there have been pro-
hat have ended, but there have
number of new ones too,"
k said. "What was appropriate
s ago may require something
nt now. ... People do revamp

Duderstadt said he would like to
see the University initiate a more
subjective process for admissions
applications. He added that race
might not be as necessary a factor if
the University took on a more sub-
jective process, looking at applica-
tions, essays and recommendations
in depth rather than just assigning
points. Currently, the undergraduate
colleges admit students based on a
150-point selective index based on
factors including high school
grades, SAT and ACT scores, an
essay and race.
"I think if the University were to
make a substantial investment in its
admissions office and stack it and real-
ly devote the time and attention to
evaluate the whole application ... then
I think we might be able to build a very
diverse class," Duderstadt said.
Boasting one of the largest under-
graduate populations in the nation and
receiving 25,000 applications for the
class of 2006, the University does not
currently have time or resources to
fully examine each application. But
spokeswoman Julie Peterson said all
factors of admissions, including out-
reach, the use of race and mentoring
are necessary in order to maintain a
diverse campus.
"You need outreach and recruiting,
financial aid and mentoring," Peter-
son said. "All these things need to be
in play."

Continued from Page 1
or how they ended up outs
residence hall.
When reached at the ho
Metcalf said he did not v
comment on his injury or

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