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January 24, 2003 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 24, 2003

NATION WORLD

Koreas agree to end standoff

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) - South and
North Korea agreed early yesterday to peacefully
resolve the international standoff over North
Korea's nuclear programs, according to a joint
declaration released after Cabinet-level talks.
But South Korea acknowledged it had not been
able to draw any compromises from the North
over its nuclear programs during the two days of
talks in Seoul.
In the joint declaration, the two sides said they
had "sufficiently exchanged" positions on the
nuclear issue and "agreed to actively cooperate
to resolve this issue peacefully."
Meanwhile, a top American diplomat visited
Tokyo to strengthen international support for
putting the issue before the U.N. Security Coun-
cil. The push comes as top officials in Washing-
ton say they detect a softening in North Korea's
stance.
This week's Cabinet-level meetings in Seoul
were the first in months between the two Koreas,
and South Korea promised to make them a forum
for insisting North Korea scrap nuclear programs
that could make weapons.
The two sides agreed to hold the next round of
talks April 7-10 in Pyongyang and another round
of inter-Korean economic talks Feb. 11-14 in
Seoul. Both sides also pledged to work toward
reconciliation on the Korean peninsula, which
has been divided since 1945.
In a separate statement, the South Korean
negotiators said they had been unable to win any

compromises from the North. The South had
been pressing the North to state specific steps
for settling the international standoff peacefully.
"Although we have not been able to draw out a
more progressive position on North Korea's
nuclear issue, we have sufficiently delivered our
and the international community's concern on
the nuclear issue," the negotiators said.
The South Korean side also said it would work
with Japan and the United States to resolve the
issue peacefully and encourage North Korea to
abide by its international obligations.
The ongoing Cabinet-level meetings have been
seen as a chance for South Korea to broker a
solution. But North Korea has repeatedly said it
will only deal directly with the United States.
At a dinner break late yesterday, South Korean
delegation head Jeong Se-hyun urged the North
to make a clear statement on the nuclear
impasse.
"We must completely remove the security con-
cerns which have been formed on the Korean
Peninsula recently," Jeong said.
North Korean delegation leader Kim Ryong
Song agreed it was vital to "prevent the danger
of war on the Korean Peninsula and preserve the
safety of the nation."
Separately, negotiators from both countries met
yesterday in the North Korean capital to discuss
completing railroad and road links. The projects
began as part of a reconciliation process stemming
from a North-South summit in June 2000.

"We must completely
remove the security
concerns which have been
formed on the Korean
Peninsula recently,"
- Jeong Se-hyun
South Korean chief negotiator
Tensions escalated in October when the United
States said North Korea admitted having a secret
nuclear program in violation of a 1994 agree-
ment.
The United States and its allies suspended oil
shipments to the North, and Pyongyang respond-
ed by expelling U.N. inspectors and preparing to
restart a 5-megawatt nuclear reactor to generate
badly needed electricity.
North Korea is believed to already have pro-
duced two nuclear weapons and experts say its
complex at Yongbyon could produce several
more within months.
Although the North says it has no such inten-
tion, it has quit a global nuclear nonproliferation
treaty.
The North wants the United States to sign a
nonaggression pact.

NEWS IN BRIEF"
WASHINGTON
Senate OKs $390B in federal spending
The Senate approved a massive $390 billion measure yesterday financing most
federal agencies, blessing the long-delayed last chunk of this year's budget that
stalled last fall in an election-season standoff with President Bush over spending.
The bill's 69-29 passage ended the first prolonged battle this year in the new
Senate. The winners were the chamber's majority Republicans, who battled -
and sometimes used budget sleight of hand - to keep the price tag within limits
Bush demanded.
Passage set the stage for what could be prolonged negotiations with the House
before a final measure can be sent to Bush for his signature.
White House budget chief Mitchell Daniels, a frequent sparring partner with
Congress in disputes over spending, lauded the Senate for moving closer to fin-
ishing this year's budget in what he said was a fiscally prudent way.
"They have successfully joined with the president in saving taxpayers billions
in unnecessary spending," Daniels said in a written statement.
Bush and Republicans said the bill reflects diminished resources caused by
revived deficits and the need to focus on fighting terrorism and restoring the
economy. But Democrats said the wide-ranging bill shortchanges everything from
hiring food inspectors to helping low-income school districts.
BOGOTA, Colombia
Rebels kidnap reporter and photographer
Rebels said they kidnapped an American photographer and a British
reporter on assignment for the Los Angeles Times, the first foreign journal-
ists to be abducted in recent memory in the country's long war.
Scott Dalton, a native of Conroe, Texas; and Ruth Morris, a British national, have
been "retained" by the National Liberation Army, or ELN, the guerrilla group said in
a statement yesterday on a clandestine rebel radio station.
The kidnappings come just days after three other journalists were report-
ed missing and believed kidnapped by a Colombian paramilitary group in
Panama just north of the Colombian border.
Dalton and Morris had been intercepted Tuesday at a rebel roadblock in Arauca
state, one of the most violent regions of Colombia. They were led away from their taxi
with hoods on their heads, but had been told they were being taken for an encounter
with a rebel commander, their driver, Madiel Ariza, told The Associated Press.
Ariza said he was told by the rebels he should leave the rebel encampment the
next day, and that the ELN would turn over the journalists to the Red Cross within
a day or two. But the ELN statement said the journalists were being held.

Powell: Nations will join U.S. attack

The Bush Administration
seeks to minimize disputes
with allies opposing war
WASHINGTON (AP) - Secre-
tary of State Colin Powell, declar-
ing Iraq's failure to disarm is "a
challenge that must be met," said
yesterday many nations would fight
alongside American forces if the
United States went to war without
U.N. Security Council approval.
"I don't think we will have to
worry about going it alone," Powell
said as France and Germany stiff-
ened their resistance to using force
to disarm Iraq. "I am sure it will be
a strong coalition."
British Foreign Secretary Jack
Straw, who met with Powell at the
State Department and then joined
him at a news conference, said
"there are still ways that this can be
resolved peacefully."
Straw said all 15 members of the
council who unanimously approved
a resolution in November authoriz-
ing weapons searches "knew what

they were saying" when they
warned of serious consequences if
Iraq did not get rid of its weapons.
A growing dispute between the
United States and some of its allies
could hamper efforts to reach a
consensus next week when the
monitors report on 60 days of
searches and the Security Council
considers its next moves.
The White House sought to mini-
mize the dispute. Presidential
spokesman Ari Fleischer said "the
president is confident that Europe
will heed the call." Fleischer
acknowledged, however, that "it's
entirely possible that France won't
be on the line."
Eager to demonstrate it does not
stand alone, Fleischer said Bush
thanked Australia, which announced it
was dispatching air, land and naval
forces to the Gulf region.
Bush also spoke to Russian Presi-
dent Vladimir Putin about coopera-
tion on Iraq, Fleischer said, without
providing any details. The Kremlin
said Putin told Bush "the main cri-
terion" in assessing the situation

should be the weapons inspectors'
findings.
Deputy Defense Secretary Paul
Wolfowitz argued that disarming
Saddam "a crucial part of winning
the war on terror."
The decision on war or peace
rests entirely with Saddam, Wol-
fowitz told the Council on Foreign
Relations in New York. "So far, he
has not made the fundamental deci-
sion to disarm and, unless he does,
the threat posed by his weapons
programs will remain with us and,
indeed, it will grow."
As the dispute heated up, leaders
reacted angrily yesterday to
Defense Secretary Donald H.
Rumsfeld's dismissal of France and
Germany as the "old Europe," say-
ing the comments underscore
America's arrogance.
Finance Minister Francis Mer
said he was "profoundly vexed" by
the remarks. '
"I wanted to remind everyone
that this 'old Europe' has resilience,
and is capable of bouncing back,"
Mer told LCI television. "And it

will show it, in time."
Rumsfeld, joining the trans-
Atlantic debate over inspections,
said Germany and France were "a
problem," but that the vast majority
of other countries in Europe backed
the United States.
Yesterday, Powell seemed anxious
to cool down the rhetoric, although
he acknowledged "there are differ-
ent ideas right now about how to
proceed."
He said the administration anxious-
ly awaited the report of inspectors to
the council and but again indicated
the United States might not wait for
council approval to attack Iraq.
"Each member of the Security
Council, including the United
States, reserves the right to act in a
way that's consistent with its inter-
national obligations as well as its
own national interests," Powell said.
"To say never mind now, or walk
away from this problem or allow it to
be strung out, I think, would be a
defeat for the international comuni-
ty an a serious defeat for the United
Nations, he said.
Suspect 1n
Kuwaiti
shootings
confesses
KUWAIT CITY (AP) - A Kuwaiti
suspect who reportedly shared the beliefs
of Osama bin Laden confessed yesterday
to shooting two U.S. defense workers,
the government said. Police searched for
two more suspects.
Also yesterday, Kuwaitis and Ameri-
cans here remembered the man slain in
Tuesday's attack and offered sympathy
for the second man, who was wounded.
The Kuwaiti suspect was arrested in
Saudi Arabia and deported, a statement
said. The Interior Ministry identified him
as Sami al-Mutairi, a 25-year-old civil
servant, and said the weapon had been
recovered at his workplace.
Al-Mutairi became a suspect "in the
first hours after the crime was commit-
ted," the ministry statement said without
elaboration. Saudi border guards arrested
him early Wednesday.
"He confessed that he committed the
crime of assassinating the American citi-
zen and injuring another on Tuesday," the
statement said.
"After he was extradited to Kuwaiti
authorities, he was interrogated and he
confessed he adopts the thought of al-
Qaida organization," the statement said.
A Kuwaiti security officer said al-
Mutairi "had partners, maybe two."
In Tuesday's attack, a gunman hiding
behind a hedge ambushed a sport utility
vehicle carrying the civilian contractors
working for the U.S. military. The attack
took place at a stoplight about three
miles from the U.S. military's Camp
Doha, which is 10 miles west of Kuwait
City.
The shooting was the first assault on
U.S. civilians in Kuwait and the third on
Americans since October in the oil-rich
emirate, where pro-American sentiment
is usually strong. The United States led
the coalition that forced Iraq to abandon
its 1990-91 occupation of Kuwait. Thou-
sands of U.S. troops are assembling here
ahead of a possible new war on neigh-
boring Iraq.
The wounded man, David Caraway,

JERUSALEM.
Wife of Palestinian
assassin detained
Israeli forces detained the wife of a
jailed Palestinian radical as she was
trying to travel to a conference in
Brazil to talk about her husband's
imprisonment for his alleged role in
the assassination of an Israeli Cabi-
net minister, relatives said yesterday.
Israeli government officials refused
to comment. A Palestinian human
rights group and relatives of Ablah
Saadat, 47, said she was arrested as
she tried to cross from the West Bank
to Jordan. From there she planned to
fly to Brazil to attend the six-day
World Social Forum, which began
yesterday, according tothe human
rights group Palestine Monitor.
Her husband, Ahmed Saadat, is the
leader of the Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine, a radical
PLO faction whose gunmen assassi-
nated ultra-nationalist Cabinet Minis-
ter Rehavam Zeevi, 75, at a
Jerusalem hotel on Oct. 17, 2001.
CARACAS, Venezuela
Venezuelans march
in support of Chavez
Hundreds of thousands of
Venezuelans marched through Cara-
cas yesterday to pledge their loyalty
to President Hugo Chavez and
protest a 53-day-old strike intended
to unseat him.
An explosion near a subway station
a block from the march killed one

person and injured 14, Fire Chief
Rodolfo Briceno said. The cause of
the blast wasn't immediately known.
Buses from across the country,
swathed with red banners and red,
yellow and blue Venezuelan flags,
poured into the capital for the show
of support for Chavez. Briceno esti-
mated the number of demonstrators
at more than 300,000.
"Ooh! Ah! Chavez isn't leaving!"
demonstrators chanted as they
snaked onto a highway, headed for a
downtown rally.
LONDON
Researchers study
single-parent families
Children growing updu ,si aglea
parent families are twice as likely as
their counterparts to develop serious
psychiatric illnesses and addictions
later in life, according to an impor-
tant new study.
Researchers have for years debat-
ed whether children from broken
homes bounce back or whether they
are more likely than kids whose par-
ents stay together to develop serious
emotional problems.
Experts say the .latest study, pub-
lished this week in The Lancet medical
journal, is important mainly because of
its unprecedented scale and follow-up
- it tracked about 1 million children
for a decade, into their mid-20s.
The question of why and how
those children end up with such
problems remains unanswered.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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