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January 22, 2003 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 22, 2003

NATION WORLD

Bush pushes allies for war support

WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush yester-
day scolded world leaders who are demanding
more time to search Iraq for illegal arms, and a top
U.S. diplomat warned that war is fast approaching
as America's only option.
"This business about more time - how much
time do we need to see clearly that he's not disarm-
ing?" Bush said, acknowledging frustration with
both Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and reluctant
U.S. allies like France and Germany.
"Surely our friends have learned lessons from the
past. Surely, we have learned how this man
deceives and delays," Bush said. "This looks like a
rerun of a bad movie, and I'm not interested in
watching it."
The chiding was part of an administration-wide
effort to counter rising opposition to war that could
jeopardize Bush's fragile anti-Saddam coalition.
With tens of thousands of US. troops massed near
Iraq, the president is expected to decide in a matter
of weeks whether to end diplomatic efforts and
wage war.
"Our other options are just about exhausted at
this point," said Deputy Secretary of State Richard
Armitage in a Washington speech cleared by the
White House. "This regime has very little time
left to undo the legacy of 12 years. There is no
sign, there is not one sign that the regime has any
intent to comply fully" with the United Nations.
France complicated Bush's task by telling the
United Nations Security Council there is no reason

yet for military action, hinting it may veto any reso-
lution authorizing an attack. Other nations -
including Russia, Germany, China and Chile -
have backed the French contention that U.N.
inspections are starting to work and Iraq can be dis-
armed peacefully.
"I think the sense of the council is that the major-
ity is against military action," Russia's deputy U.N.
ambassador, Gennady Gatilov, told The Associated
Press.
Britain, America's closest ally, is the only major
military power committed to joining the United
States. Other countries with smaller armies, such as
Australia, Canada and Bulgaria, could play sup-
porting roles in a "coalition of the willing" that
Bush has pledged to lead if the United Nations
won't join him.
Turning up the heat on allies, White House
spokesman Ari Fleischer warned anew that the
United Nations' very relevancy is dependent on its
ability to disarm Iraq.
The Bush administration says Iraq is hiding
weapons of mass destruction beneath the desert and
in mobile facilities. Though no proof has been
made public, Armitage said the 16 empty chemical
warheads discovered recently in Iraq are the tip of
the iceberg.
"Where are the other 29,984? Because that's how
many empty chemical warheads the U.N. Special
Commission estimated he had, and he's never
accounted for," Armitage said.

KUWAIT CITY
American civilians in Kuwait shot
A gunman ambushed two Americans driving near a U.S. military base yester-
day in Kuwait, killing one and wounding another in what U.S. officials branded a
terror attack.
The shooting was the first assault on U.S. civilians in Kuwait and the third on
Americans since October in the oil-rich emirate, where pro-American sentiment
is usually strong and where thousands of US. troops are assembling for a possible
war on Iraq.
The victims - civilian contractors working for the U.S. military - were trav-
eling in a four-wheel-drive Toyota when they came under a hail of bullets.
The U.S. Embassy identified the man killed as Michael Rene Pouliot, 46, of
San Diego, an employee of a software development company, Tapestry Solutions.
Tapestry identified the injured man as another employee, David Caraway, a
senior software engineer.
He was in stable condition in a Kuwait hospital after surgery to remove bullets,
including two from his chest. He also had arm and thigh wounds, a hospital offi-
cial said.
No group claimed responsibility for the attack. US. and Kuwaiti officials said
they believed a single gunman fired a Kalashnikov assault rifle at the vehicle. The
attacker then fled. '
WASHINGTON
Labs falsifying test results, Justice Dept. says
Private laboratories are increasingly being caught falsifying test results
for water supplies, petroleum products, underground tanks and soil, ham-
pering the government's ability to ensure Americans are protected by envi-
ronmental laws, investigators say.
The fraud has caused millions of people to fill their cars with substan-
dard gasoline that may have violated clean air standards, or to drink water
not properly tested for safety, the officials told The Associated Press.
In addition, officials making decisions at hazardous waste cleanup sites
have relied on companies that fraudulently tested air, water and soil sam-
ples.
"In recent years, what has come to our attention is that outside (non-gov-
ernment) labs are oftentimes in bed with the people who hired them, and
conspired to commit environmental crime," said David Uhlmann, chief of
the Justice Department's environmental crimes section.
The EPA's watchdog against fraud, Inspector General Nikki Tinsley, has
called the rise of lab fraud a disturbing trend.

Iraqis pass a giant poster of President Saddam
Hussein holding a rifle in Baghdad's Alawi district.
The Bush administration is turning up the heat on
allies to support a war in Iraq.

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Hispanics now
largest minority
group in nation

WASHINGTON (AP) - Hispanics
have surged past blacks and now consti-
tute the largest minority group in the
United States, a status Latino leaders are
sure to use to push for political and eco-
nomic advances.
The Census Bureau released esti-
mates yesterday showing the Hispanic
population rose 4.7 percent between
April 2000 and July 2001, from 35.3
million to 37 million. During the same
period, the non-Hispanic black popula-
tion rose about 2 percent, from 35.5 mil-
lion to 36.1 million.
"This is the first time that Hispanic
number surpassed the black number,"
Census Bureau analyst Roberto Ramirez
said yesterday.
The data are part of the bureau's first
statistics on race and ethnicity since
results from the 2000 census were
released nearly two years ago.
"This undoubtedly is a benchmark
with powerful symbolic value," said
Roberto Suro, director of the Pew His-
panic Center, a research group. "But it
doesn't automatically translate into any
tangible benefits for Latinos."
Due to high birth and immigration
rates, the Hispanic population more
than doubled during the 1990s, the
2000 census found. Many new

arrivals were drawn by the booming
U.S. economy and settled in areas in
the South and Midwest that previous-
ly attracted few Latinos.
Democrats and Republicans, aware of
the surge, have placed increased empha-
sis on attracting Hispanic voters.
Last year, the two top Democratic
candidates for governor of Texas
debated in Spanish. Also last year, the
Republican National Committee
began sending representatives to citi-
zenship ceremonies to register His-
panic immigrants.
Cecilia Munoz, vice president at the
National Council of La Raza, a Hispanic
advocacy group, said politicians must do
more than ask for support.
"The question is what they intend to
do with that' she said. "Are they just
going to offer platitudes in Spanish, or
offer real public policy suggestions?"
Whites remain the largest single pop-
ulation group, numbering 199.3 million
in July 2001, or nearly 70 percent of all
U.S. residents, according to the Census
Bureau.
Hispanics comprise 13 percent of the
U.S. population, which grew to 284.8
million in July 2001. That's up from 35.3
million, or 12.5 percent of the country's
281.4 million residents in April2000.

MEXICO CITY
Civilians deployed
to aid war effort
A powerful earthquake shook Mexico-
City and the country's Pacific coast late
yesterday, sending panicked residents
spilling into capital streets and knocking
out power to large swaths of the city.
The national seismological service
said the 7.6-magnitude quake struck at
8:07 p.m. on the coast of Colima, a small
state which includes the port city of
Manzanillo, about 300 miles west of
Mexico City. The US. Geological Survey
calculated the strength of the quake at
magnitude 7.3.
"There are general reports of damage
from the states of Colima, Michoacan
and Jalisco," Survey spokesman Butch
Kinerney said. "Because of the size of
the earthquake and its shallow depth,
USGA is expecting substantial damage."
Mexico's national Qiyil 4efense chigf
Carmen Segura told local news media
that there were no early reports of dam-
age from Colima or the neighboring state
of Jalisco.
NEW YORK
War concerns blamed
for market plummet
Wall Street looked askance at earnings
reports yesterday, with investors bidding
stocks sharply lower despite healthy prof-
its at such companies as 3M and Ford.
The Dow Jones industrials slid more than
143 points, giving the blue chips a drop
of nearly 400 points over four straight
losing sessions.

Analysts said a spate of disappointing
corporate outlooks last week along with
ongoing fears of war with Iraq made
investors skeptical of better-than-expect-
ed earnings.
"The reference that the economy
might not have had a demonstrable turn
yet is really setting people off," said Ned
Riley, chief investment strategist at State
Street Global Advisors.
Concerns about war increased after
news that a gunman in Kuwait opened
fire on a vehicle carrying American civil-
ians, killing one and wounding another.
CARACAs, Venezuela
Peace plan proposed
by Jimmy Carter
-Nobel Peace Prize -laureate-Jimmy
Carter proposed a plan yesterday to
lead Venezuela to elections and end a
51-day-old strike against President
Hugo Chavez, which has dramatically
cut production in the No. 5 oil-export-
ing country.
Carter's ideas were the first con-
crete proposals to emerge from more
than two months of talks between
the government and Venezuela's
opposition, which called the strike
to demand early elections or
Chavez's resignation.
Both Chavez and opposition lead-
ers reapted cautiously, saying they
merited study. Carter said the first
plan would amend Venezuela's con-
stitution to shorten presidential and
legislative terms of office and stage
early general elections.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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62 Palestinian shops
demolished in raid

mmuma

Israeli court relaxes
ban on using Palestinians
as "human shields"
NABLUS, West Bank (AP) -
Israeli forces staged the biggest
demolition in the West Bank in
years yesterday, destroying 62 shops
in a Palestinian village.
Also yesterday, Israel's Supreme
Court relaxed a ban on soldiers
using Palestinians as "human
shields" or ordering Palestinians to
knock on doors of Islamic mili-
tants' houses. Human rights advo-
cates denounced the decision.
In the village of Nazlat Issa, next
to the West Bank border with Israel,
seven bulldozers guarded by 300
soldiers destroyed shops and market
stalls.
Dozens of protesters threw stones
at troops, who fired tear gas and
rubber-coated steel pellets. Other
demonstrators chanted "Down with
the occupation."
Israel says the shops were built
illegally. The mayor of the village
accused Israel of waging war on the
Palestinian economy.
The 170-shop market in Nazlat Issa
drew many Israeli customers before the
outbreak of fighting in September 2000.
The market is a main source of income
for the village's 2,500 residents, said the
mayor, Ziad Salem, adding that Israeli
officials informed shop owners the mar-
ket would be bulldozed.
Israeli troops have demolished hun-
dreds of Palestinian homes, many in the
Gaza Strip, in the past 28 months of
fighting.
In Gaza alone, more than 5,700 Pales-
tinians have been made homeless,
according to Palestinian officials. Many

tant deterrent..
In August, human rights groups
had praised a Supreme Court
injunction against Israeli soldiers
using Palestinians as protection in
raids on suspected Islamic mili-
tants.
The court yesterday amended the
ruling to say soldiers could use
Palestinians if the Palestinians
agree.
There have been numerous Pales-
tinian complaints about Israeli prac-
tices that endanger them, and while
the military denies using Palestini-
ans as human shields, journalists
have documented the practice.
Marwan Dalal, a lawyer for the
human rights group Adalah, which
argued for continuing the ban, con-
demned the decision.
"International law prohibits the use of
civilians by an occupying power," he
said, "and no Palestinian would want to
help an occupying power." He also said
the judgment of Israeli commanders was
not to be trusted.
Meanwhile, two Palestinian photogra-
phers were beaten up yesterday by
Israeli border police in the West Bank
city of Nablus when they tried to photo-
graph an Israeli jeep with two Palestin-
ian teens clinging to the hood.
One of the photographers, Nasser Ish-
tayeh of The Associated Press, who was
not seriously hurt, said it appeared the
youths were being used as human
shields against rock-throwing youths.
The AP complained to the military
about the beating. The military said it
would check.
In other developments, Israeli
police discovered a car carrying a
large amount of explosives in the
Israeli Arab city of Um el-Fahm,
near the line with the West Bank.

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