The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 14, 2002 - 7A
Smaller terrorist attacks ROBContinuedTfrom
*concern U.S. authorities
The Washington Post
Just four months ago, Osama bin
Laden and his al-Qaida network had the
organization and resources to carry out
the most deadly terrorist attack ever
against the United States, killing more
than 3,000 people in a brazen airline
hijacking plot that took nearly two years
to devise at locations around the globe.
Four months later, sustained bomb-
ing by U.S. forces in Afghanistan has
reduced al-Qaida's training camps to
rubble, the group's leaders are dead or
on the run and hundreds of fighters
linked to al-Qaida and its allied Tal-
iban militia have been rounded up by
U.S. forces. Governments and banks
worldwide are working in concert to
cut off the group's financial resources.
The result is a severely hobbled
organization that no longer has the
capability to plan or launch a'new
operation on the scale of the Sept. 11
attacks in New York and Washington,
senior U.S. officials and leading terror-
ism experts say.
Yet authorities in the United States
andEurope remain deeply worried
about the possibility of more terrorist
attacks of smaller scope.
Even more alarming is the possibili-
ty that bin Laden and his closest asso-
ciates might have pre-approved
another act of terrorism on the magni-
tude of the Sept. 11 hijackings, Bush
administration officials said. At least a
half dozen alleged terrorist plots con-
nected to al-Qaida have been
unmasked since Sept. 11, including
plans to blow up the U.S. embassy in
Paris and to attack U.S. interests in
"We don't know how much they
have in the can," said deputy national
security adviser Stephen Hadley.
"What we worry about is that there are
operations already trained, populated,
planned and funded, and they are sim-
ply waiting for an opportunity."
Only two of al-Qaida's top 10 lead-
ers have been confirmed dead by U.S.
"It's been crippled in Afghanistan
and crippled in Pakistan, but it hasn't
been put out of business by any
stretch," said one senior U.S. law
enforcement official. "They are still
capable of doing a lot of damage."
On Dec. 22, British native Richard
Reid tried to ignite his explosives-
filled sneakers on a jetliner bound
from Paris to Miami. Reid, a petty
criminal and recent convert to militant
Islam, raises the unnerving possibility
that freelance terrorists might be plot-
ting attacks with minimal support or
direction from organized networks,
viding doctors virtual tactile ability is currently in develop-
Despite the minor handicap, it is clear that the robot
brings more gains than losses, Arenas said. For instance,
smaller surgical devices attached to the robot's arms allow
doctors to operate in difficult-to-reach places. The arms can
also rotate a full 360 degrees, a motion which is simply not
possible for the human wrist. The system also removes any
possibility of natural hand tremor by the surgeon, making
the operating procedure smoother and more precise.
In late December, Jennifer Gerber, who donated a kidney
to her sister, opted for the robot-assisted surgery. Gerber,
one of Arenas' patients, was encouraged when Arenas told
her that robotic surgery would involve less pain and have a
"I chose the procedure because, number one, the healing
process was faster, and second, I was told that the process
would be easier on me and, so far, it has been," Gerber said
in a written statement.
Arenas added that he hopes the increased efficiency in kid-
ney removal will increase the number of potential donors.
"We've had several people who have requested this
surgery so far," Arenas said. "We hope to promote organ
donation though this advanced way of removing kidneys.
There are so many people who die still on the transplant list,
and we want to increase donors by offering this new tech-
nology in our community."
In theory, it is now possible for surgeons to perform long-
distance operations on patients who may be in another hos-
pital hundreds of miles away. Provided that a hospital has
the da Vinci equipment installed, the new technology can
offer patients more life-saving opportunities from surgeons
based around the world.
Continued from Page 1A
white elementary school as that of a
"fifth-grade class dummy and a child
who, taunted by classmates and
ignored by teachers, was convinced of
his own stupidity and that being
African-American meant the world
was stacked against him."
To encourage Carson's education,
his mother insisted that each of her
sons read at least two books a week
and write a report on each of them.
Carson discovered several years later
that his mother could not read the
reports because she had only a third-
grade education. But his mother's
encouragement drove him to obtain a
scholarship to Yale University and
then the University of Michigan's
As the director of pediatric neuro-
surgery at the Johns Hopkins Medical
Institute, Carson has enjoyed much
success, twice leading medical teams
that separated conjoined twins con-
nected at the head. Carson has also
received many honors and awards,
including more than 20 honorary doc-
Dr. John Freeman, one of Carson's
colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Hos-
pital Department of Neurology, also
expressed his admiration for Carson's
attempt to help disadvantaged children
through his scholarship fund and many
motivational speeches across the
"He is one of the best neurosur-
geons I know," Freeman said. "He is
one of the best people I know. In addi-
tion to his neurological skills, he
devotes an unbelievable amount of
time to underprivileged children."
Continued from Page 1A
Modafinil as the newest miracle drug. In addition, Chervin
said, "Modafinil does have known side effects, perhaps the
most common being headache when patients first start a
Dr. Naseer Ahmad, an endocrinologist at Beaumont Hos-
pital in Royal Oak, also agrees caution is needed. "This
drug is a stimulant used to treat narcolepsy. It keeps your
brain active. If not used properly, Modafinil could cause
diarrhea, nausea and damage to the liver."
LSA junior Anna Boonin, a biopsychology and cognitive
science major, admits the idea of this magic pill is tempting
but remains skeptical.
"There's a risk when you introduce anything into your
body. It's nice to think, oh I can take this pill and get all my
work done and stay up all night," Boonin said.
"But, then what about when you stop taking it? You
wouldn't be able to function normally in society," she
Until extensive research involving sleep deprivation in
normal individuals is conducted, Chervin does not foresee
Modafinil being sold over the counter.
"This drug will not be made public and readily available
through some other mechanism than a prescription," he said.
Continued from Page 1A
said there is evidence that religion, not specifically mea-
sured in the survey, has grown as a result of the attacks.
"Bible sales have gone up 40 percent since September
11,'' Peterson said.
Two traits that Peterson expected to show similar change,
mercy and bravery, stayed constant. He had expected mercy
to either rise as part of the general trend toward virtue or
drop as a result of a desire for revenge on the terrorists, but
neither occurred. Levels of bravery, a word often used in the
media to describe America in recent months, also stayed the
"We hear so much about being brave, but it didn't trans-
late," he said.
The strengths changed more for men than for women,
which Peterson says is because females had higher levels
before the attacks, leaving less room for improvement.
"Before September 11, women scored higher on the test.
After September 11 ... men scored more like the women,"
LSA freshman Laura Gadzala said there has been a
noticeable change in herself and others since Sept. 11.
"People smile more ... when you're walking by on the
Diag," she said. "I think I've become more sensitive to other
people, paying more attention."
"I do think that after the initial attacks there was a great
outpouring of help," said LSA senior Jenny Hagiwara. "As
things died down though, we've gone back to life as usual."
Because the survey was conducted over the Internet,
Peterson conceded that it was not perfect.
"It's not an ideal study because we have no control over
who signs on," he said.
Peterson hashworked in Pennsylvania for a year and a
half, conducting the study with University of Pennsylvania
psychologist Martin Seligman. He will return to the Uni-
versity of Michigan for fall term.
The survey is online at http://www.positive-
the michigan daily
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Continued from Page 1A
ing over Zawar, the site of a suspected
underground hide-out of al-Qaida and
Taliban members, continued through-
out the day and intensified at night into
what appeared to be the heaviest attack
since last month's strikes on the Tora
Bora cave complex.
Buried beneath the slate gray moun-
tains on the border with Pakistan, the
Zawar camp has been hit by U.S.
bombs over the past 10 days. It was the
base of one of the Taliban's senior
commanders, Jalaluddin Haqqani.
Sur Gul, security chief of Khost, 20
miles to the southeast, said the under-
ground passages continue to shelter
Islamic militants - mostly Pakistanis
belonging to the now-banned Jaish-e-.
Mohammed group, Chechens and
some of bin Laden's Arab warriors.
Locals say Omar and other Taliban fig-
ures may be in the area.
Intelligence reports said al-Qaida
fighters had been using the area to
regroup and move out of Afghanistan,
the Pentagon has said.
Villagers say the bombing has been
relentless and deadly. One of them,
Noorz Ali, said 15 people were killed
and most of the 35 homes destroyed in
his village, less than two miles from
the military camp.
Special forces, sighted several days
ago in the Khost area, remained in the
region yesterday, apparently seeking
Taliban and al-Qaida holdouts but refus-
ing to discuss their mission. Seven sol-
diers, weighed down with weapons and
communications equipment and accom-
panied by heavily armed local guards,
were sighted meeting with Bacha Khan,
the governor of Paktia province.
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