The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 21, 2002 - 3A
Religious choices abound for students
ways to keep ice
New research by food scientist Dou-
glas Goff of the University of Guelph in
Canada, suggests that ice-modifying pro-
teins extracted from winter wheat may
help ice cream stay smooth and creamy
during long periods in the freezer.
Certain wheat proteins that allow the
plant to survive cold temperatures were
the focus of Goff's study. The key func-
tion of these proteins is to modify the
growth of cell-damaging ice crystals.
Goff and his team of researchers are
aiming to improve ice cream quality by
introducing the wheat protein into the
mixture, and thus lessen the chance of
complete freezing in the sugar-water
component of the frozen dessert.
Goff said the use of these proteins in
ice cream production has made for some
very smooth batches of ice cream. He
will soon propose the new manufactur-
ing process to dairy industry officials.
In addition to a concentrated mixture
of sugar-water, the creamy texture of ice
cream can be attributed to its assem-
blage of fat molecules, air bubbles and
Act of lighting up
* than nicotine fix
In a study completed at Duke Univer-
sity Medical Center, the urge to light a
cigarette can be stronger than the physi-
cal need for a nicotine fix.
Study participants were asked to use
either one of two different denicotinized
cigarettes, often referred to as "de-nics,'
which are cigarettes with extremely low
levels of nicotine that are often used as a
device to wean smokers off of regular
The scientists found that the subjects
smoked the de-nic cigarettes with the
same or greater intensity as their usual
brands. In lieu of nicotine, levels of tar in
the cigarette appear to be dictating usage
patterns. Participants smoked 60 percent
more of the low-tar and low-nicotine
cigarettes than the variety with high-tar
and nearly no nicotine.
Jed Rose, director of the Nicotine
* Research Program, said his finding sug-
gests the amount of smoke a smoker
inhales along with the physical habit of
lighting up can satisfy the craving to
smoke despite the absence of nicotine.
"These results suggest that delivery of
substantial, amounts of smoke yith
selective reductions in nicotine, deters
compensatory smoking behavior."
* Linguist studies
intonation used to
In many languages, questions are
expressed with raised intonation. Judith
Haan at the University of Nijmegen in
Holland supports this fact in a linguistic
study that seeks to prove the hypothesis
that the intonation of questions has a
Hann will ask research participants to
read aloud four types of question sen-
tences. She will categorize their per-
formances into different melodic classes.
American linguist John Ohala, who
developed the hypothesis, said the high-
er frequency in voice also plays a role in
human speech. When a person asks a
question, he can be seen as a dependent
to the listener. This is expressed in the
form of an elevated pitch and could
* explain why this phenomenon is found
in such a wide range of languages.
secrets to queries
The answers are hidden in the folds.
Origami, the ancient Japanese art of
paper folding, is now helping scientists
find the answers to real world problems
in mathematics, engineering and astron-
omy. Examples of origami techniques
applied to scientific research were pre-
sented Feb. 15 at the American Associa-
tion for the Advancement of Science
meeting in a session entitled, "Mathe-
matics and Science of Origami: Visual-
ize the Possibilities."
Exhibiting the usefulness of origami
applications, Jeremy Shafer, an
origamist with the Bay Area Rapid Fold-
ers, shows scientists how to design their
own origami models as an exercise in
* problem solving and scientific method.
- Compiled by Daily StaffReporter
By Annie Gleason
Daily Staff Reporter
The University has always boasted a diverse group of stu-
dents, and the variety is especially evident when observing the
vast number of religious backgrounds represented on campus.
Many agree that the diverse religious options available are espe-
cially conducive to allowing students the opportunity to explore
alternatives to the traditional religions most were raised under.
Virtually every religion has representation in Ann Arbor.
"Ann Arbor is a real melting pot of religions - everything
from New Age to Wicca is present," said Reverend Graham
Baird, the campus minister at First Presbyterian Church. "There
are a lot of alternatives."
Many students see the accepting environment at the Universi-
ty as a chance to explore religious paths different from their
" We've had people who haven't had any religious upbringing
at all ... they come with friends or other students from class,"
said ,Christina Kim, a member of the Harvest student organiza-
Sharada Kumar, president of the Chinmaya Mission in Ann
Arbor, also said that she has seen students without Hindu back-
grounds attending services.
She mentioned that academics play an important role in
encouraging students to explore different options.
"There are a lot of students at Michigan who come (to servic-
es) that are taking religion classes," she said.
Bruce Conforth, director of the Buddhist center in Ann Arbor,
agreed. He said the University acts as a "vehicle to explore
other religions." He also noticed an increase in the number of
students without Buddhist backgrounds attending services.
Rabbi Alter, of the Chabad House, said he believes the stu-
dents have the greatest impact in adding to the diverse nature of
The students' "interests encourage the different types of
options on campus," Alter said.
The University allows students to learn about other religions
through specific classes as well. Although a religious studies
major is not available, several classes offering insight into dif-
ferent religions are.
"I think there is a real desire among students to study religion
at the University," Graham said. "An academic interest in reli-
gion is an in-road to a spiritual interest in religion."
Students have varied reasons for either continuing or conclud-
ing exploration into their faith, but many noted that religious
groups help them find a niche in the large University atmos-
"I came from a very Jewish area," Kinesiology sophomore Jill
Kadish said. "I feel as though I need to belong to a Jewish com-
For whatever reason students choose to pursue certain reli-
gious paths, most agreed that the University is accepting of
"It's definitely very supportive of whatever you want to do.
Ann Arbor as a whole is very tolerant, and the University offers
lots of choices," LSA senior Aaron Pinsley said.
LSA freshman Sydney Zhou agreed, noting that Michigan "is
especially diverse. There are so many different religions repre-
for fun, not studying
By Shabina S. Khatri
Daily Staff Reporter
Students needing a break from studying
now have the opportunity to de-stress in a
Yesterday marked the grand opening of the
University's first Cyber Lounge in the Michi-
gan League Underground.
Designed by students from the School of
Architecture and Urban Planning, the lounge
hosts several gaming stations that are open to
students, faculty and staff.
"The purpose is to provide the students
with a place that offers relief from the stress
of academic life. The Cyber Lounge is a cool
place for people to do that," League Program
Coordinator Benita Murrel said.
As the University's first non-academic
computing site, the Cyber Lounge represents
a significant cooperative effort amongst the
Michigan League, Information Technology
Central Services and University students,
League Director Bob Yecke said.
Bill Niester manager of campus computing
sites said the University maintains more than
1,800 computers in almost 50 computing
sites, all intended for academic use.
But the Cyber Lounge consists of 18 gaming
stations that contain no educational software.
"We want the kids that play games to come
here. And if you want to do academic work,
Angell Hall is not far away," Yecke said.
LSA junior Peter Kim said he uses the
Cyber Lounge to get away from his school-
"I was done with all my papers today and I
needed a place to unwind. The lounge is close
to where I live so it's very convenient," he
Though the lounge is still in its fledgling
stage, LSA sophomore and League employee
DEBBIE MIZ EL/Daily
Art and Design sophomore Toria Marquard uses a computer yesterday at the opening of the new Cyber
Lounge in the basement of the Michigan League.
Sahil Gupta said they already have game
tournaments lined up.
"Since we get a big group of kids every
weekday, we've organized a Quake 3 tourna-
ment for March 13," he said.
Based on the success of this site, the Uni-
versity will consider opening other cyber
lounges in other heavily student-populated
areas such as the Michigan Union and Pier-
Happy to be here
Research questions whether
AP classes prepare students
By Soojung Chang
For the Daily
A recent study issued by the
National Research Council, part of
the National Academies of Science
and Engineering, found high school
math and science Advance Place-
ment courses problematic.
The report, which only looked at
math and science AP courses, found
that they were often poorly taught and
tried to cram in too much material.
SNRE sophomore Melissa Gag-
nier said the AP courses offered in
her high school were of low quality.
"The only thing that helped was
calculus," she said. As for her three
other AP courses, she "didn't think
they were challenging enough."
Many students at the University
took one or more AP courses in high
In his convocation speech for the
class of 2004, Ted Spencer, Univer-
sity director of admissions, said
"3,250 students received high
enough scores on Advanced Place-
ment tests to receive credit at the
The study results raise questions
as to whether AP courses should
continue to be a significant factor in
"Students get credit for taking the
most challenging courses," Univer-
sity spokeswoman Julie Peterson
The University uses a selection
index that takes into account the
strength of a student's curriculum,
Peterson said. AP, International Bac-
calaureate and honors courses are
all "measures that show a higher
level of academic work."
Peterson added the University
"has no specific plans to de-empha-
size AP courses." She said AP
courses offer many benefits to stu-
dents, in that they allow students to
test out of credits and give them a
head start in college.
LSA freshman Ruth Rohrer said
her AP Art History course helped to
prepare her for college level course-
work, as it required a lot of reading
Engineering sophomore Carly
Scahill said that she took AP Calcu-
lus and passed the exam but didn't
feel prepared for the next level.
Despite the fact that she took the
class over again, she still thought
that taking the AP class was a
"It definitely prepared me for col-
lege," she said.
"My high school only offered
two, and I took both of them," LSA
freshman Jason Parish said. "They
were good classes."
In spite of the problem within AP
classes across the nation, the study
reported that the quality of math
and science education in American
high schools has improved overall
as a result of the AP program, and
suggested that the program be
expanded to include more students
from rural and poor urban high
Children traveled from across the state yestarday to listen to the Harlem Boys
Choir perform at Hill Auditorium.
CHICAGO (AP) - Financially ail-
ing Kmart Corp. has reached an agree-
ment with organizers of the Daytona
500 to withdraw as a corporate sponsor
of the race.
Kmart decided to withdraw in order
to save money while it reorganizes under
Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
The two sides told U.S. Bankruptcy
Judge Susan Pierson Sonderby last week
that they were at odds over when Kmart
had notified International Speedway,
organizer of the race, of its plan to with-
Kmart said it had informed the speed-
way no later than Feb. 1, and the speed-
way said the notification came no earlier
than Feb. 4. At stake in the dispute is the
$685,000 annual corporate sponsorship
The earlier the notification, the less
Kmart must pay.
When they arrived in court yester-
day, however, attorneys for both sides
told Sonderby they had agreed on a
Jan. 31 date.
They have 30 days to decide how
much Kmart must pay to get out of the
On another matter, Sonderby said she
could not approve a contract under
which Kmart would hire the firm of
Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein Inc. as
its financial adviser and investment
The firm wants an agreement under
which it would be indemnified by
Kmart if stockholders or others filed suit
against it over the financial advice that it
gave to the retailer.
The U.S. Trustee's office, a branch of
the Justice Department that plays a role
in bankruptcy cases, has objected to
Sonderby said the provision needed to
be more specific. She said it should spell
out how broad such indemnification
should be and what third parties, includ-
ing Wasserstein lawyers, would be cov-
ered under it.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
"Landscapes in the Dark
Valley: Toward an Envi-
ronmental History of
hashi; Sponsored by the
School of Art and
Design, 5:00 p.m., Art
and Architecture Audito-
Sponsored by the Univer-
sity of Michigan Sailing
Club, 7:45 p.m., 120 Den-
SQA E Wall, w7WAIK.