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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 20, 2002

NATION/WORLD

Witness cross-
examined in
war crimes trial

NEWS UNBRIEF
Eight Palestinians die in gun battles

0

THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) -
Slobodan Milosevic cross-examined
the first witness in his war crimes trial
yesterday, seeking to discredit a Koso-
vo Albanian politician who accused the
Yugoslav government of imposing a
system of apartheid in Kosovo.
At times sarcastic and patronizing,
Milosevic read from a stack of hand-
written notes as he vigorously ques-
tioned the former head of the
Communist Party in Kosovo, Mahmut
Bakalli.
The two engaged in a fierce political
wrangle that lasted for nearly four
hours. They tussled at length as Milose-
vic pointed out contradictions in the
witnesses' testimony over alleged atroc-
ities in Kosovo, a province of Serbia.
Trial spectators commended Milose-
vic, saying his efforts appeared serious
and legally relevant. The former
Yugoslav president studied law, but
yesterday's cross-examination was the
first time he performed as a trial
lawyer. He has refused to appoint a
defense attorney, calling his trial ille-
gitimate.
Unlike his lengthy, often rambling
opening statement, Milosevic
remained focused, though aggressive.
"What we have seen this morning
was a very, very forceful, vigorous
cross-examination," said Richard
Dicker, head of the international jus-
tice program at the New York-based
Human Rights Watch.
After a week of opening statements
from the defense and the prosecution,
Bakalli's testimony and cross-examina-

tion initiated the evidentiary stage of the
trial, which could last up to two years.
Milosevic, 60, is accused of war
crimes and crimes against humanity in
Kosovo and Croatia, and of genocide
in Bosnia during the 1991-99 Balkan
wars. He could be sentenced to life
imprisonment if convicted on any one
of 66 counts.
In his 10-hour opening statement,
he scorned charges that he was
responsible for thousands of murders
and nearly a million deportations, and
accused Western countries of inflam-
ing ethnic tensions to hasten the disin-
tegration of Yugoslavia and assert
their domination.
Bakalli told the court Monday the
Yugoslav leadership under Milosevic
had planned to wipe out 700 Muslim
settlements in Kosovo as part of a
"scorched earth policy," but that the
Serb security forces were unhappy
with the plan.
Milosevic confronted Bakalli on his
testimony in which he said Milosevic
had known of the killing of more than
40 members of the Jashari family in
early 1998. Under tribunal precedent,
the defendant may be convicted of war
crimes committed by subordinates if
he was aware of the crimes and
declined to prevent them or punish the
perpetrators.
Describing one of his meetings with
Milosevic in 1998, Bakalli said: "I told
him: 'You are killing women and chil-
dren,"' referring to the police action
against the Jasharis in the village of
Prekaz.

AP PHOTO
An unidentified undertaker's employee carries the body of a victim of a shooting in
Eching near Munich, Germany, yesterday.
4 dead in school,
factor s hooting

Eight Palestinians, including a 14-year-old girl and three other civilians, were
killed yesterday in gun battles and Israeli reprisals for a string of deadly attacks
by Palestinian militants. Israeli warplanes and helicopters pounded Palestinian
targets in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
With nine Israelis killed over six days, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon is
under growing pressure to take more decisive action. Among the dead were a 14-
year-old girl and a 15-year-old boy killed by a Palestinian suicide bomber in a
pizza parlor on Saturday.
Later yesterday, an Israeli bus driver pushed a suicide bomber off his vehicle
and the man blew himself up, police said. An army spokesman said the attacker
died but there were no other injuries near the Jewish settlement of Mehola in the
northern West Bank.
In one strike yesterday, Israeli helicopter gunships fired three missiles at the
office of the Islamic militant group Hamas in the crowded Jebalya refugee camp,
killing two Palestinians and critically wounding four, including a 10-year-old girl,
doctors said.
In all, 25 Palestinians were wounded in the fighting, including five children.
WASHINGTON
Pentagon's next target: Global public opinion
The Pentagon is working on a plan to influence public opinion in both hostile
and friendly nations to help the war against terrorism - a still-developing effort
that critics say could spreasd false information at home and abroad.
The Office of Strategic Influence, set up after the Sept. 11 attacks, has come up
with proposals including the placing of news items - false if need be - with for-
eign news organizations, a defense official said yesterday on condition of
anonymity.
The office is considering having an outside organization distribute the information
so it would not be apparent it came from the Defense Department, the official said.
The Bush administration worries it is losing public support overseas, especially
among Muslims who believe the United States is hostile toward Islam.
"This is a battle for minds;' Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz said yes-
terday in a speech to defense contractors. "Our victory on the ground in
Afghanistan has already changed substantially how this conflict is perceived, even
in the Muslim world."

FREISING, Germany (AP) - A
young German in army camouflage
gunned down his former boss and a
foreman at the factory from which he
was fired then went to his old high
school where he set off homemade
pipe bombs and shot wildly yesterday,
killing the principal.
Most of the school's 400 students
escaped after someone sounded a fire
alarm. Police rescued 28 students and
two teachers who had holed up inside
the school in panic, as helicopters
whirred overhead.
The assailant, believed to be about
20 years old, ended the rampage by
killing himself, making the death toll
in the rampage four, police said.
Several other people were wounded,
including a teacher who was hospital-
ized with a gunshot wound to the
cheek. No students were hurt, police
said.
Unsure if the man was still inside,
police sharpshooters ringed the school
in Freising, about 25 miles north of
Munich, and anxious parents gathered
outside or in gymnasiums.
Police commandos who combed the
school discovered the suspected

assailant's body several hours later. He
had killed himself, Bavarian police
spokesman Armin Ganserer said.
"We heard two explosions and then
there was a fire alarm. We went out,
but we thought it was a false alarm,"
said Mike, an 11th-grader who gave
only his first name. "We found out
only gradually what had happened."
Workplace and school shootings are
rare in Germany, even though crime
has risen in recent years.
The rampage began when the
assailant walked into a small factory
that makes home furnishings in the
town of Eching at about 8 a.m. and
shot his former boss and a foreman,
ages~38 and 40, with a "heavy-caliber
gun," police spokesman Hans-Peter
Kammerer said. One man died on the
spot, the other shortly afterward.
The company had fired the young
man in the last few weeks, police said,
though the reasons were unclear.
After killing his co-workers, police
said the gunman went to the school
about 12 miles away in Freising -
apparently by commuter train -
where he opened fire and seriously
wounded the principal, who later died.

OSCR Open House!
The Office of Student Conflict
Resolution is hosting an Open
House at its new location. Come
and dialogue with OSCR staff
about the ctate ment of RtudAeint

SEOUL, South Korea
Bush faces protests
in South Korea
President Bush said today a united
Korea would bring freedom, prosperity
and peace to a communist-dominated
people mired in "stagnation and starva-
tion," emphasizing a tone of unity rather
than confrontation. The president's
branding of North Korea as part of "an
axis of evil" has reverberated throughout
the region, and with his visit Bush sought
to assure South Korea and other allies he
is not rushing toward military action.
"No nation should be a prison for its
own people," the president said in
remarks prepared for delivery at the
Dorasan Train Station, which is a few
hundred yards from the desolate demili-
tarized zone that separates the free South
from the North.
"My vision is clear. I see a peninsula
that is one day united in commerce and
cooperation instead of divided by barbed
wire and fear," Bush said.
WASHINGTON
Lay shifts blame for
Enron's collapse
Former Enron chairman Kenneth
Lay told company investigators that
his successor, Jeffrey Skilling, knew
the details of many of the partner-
ship transactions that sent the ener-
gy-trading company toward
bankruptcy.
In 17 pages of notes released yester-
day, Lay was quoted as saying that

Skilling presented board members with
the idea for one of the key partnerships.
In another instance, Lay said, Skilling
would have been responsible for track-
ing the financial performance of one of
the deals.
"Lay did not know who came up
with the idea of LJM (a partnership)
because Skilling and (former chief
financial officer Andrew) Fastow pre-
sented the idea together," stated the
investigators' notes from a Jan. 16
interview.
WASHINGTON
Imported products
may contain bacteria
Dangerous bacteria are going to be a
problem in America's food for a long
time as disease agents arrive in imported
products and microbes already here
develop in new forms, scientists say.
In a report for the Institute of Food
Technologists, the scientists also say the
increasing use of manure as fertilizer
poses the risk of spreading harmful bac-
teria to food, either by contaminating irri-
gation water or contacting the crops.
Manure, which harbors bacteria such
as E. coli and salmonella, substitutes for
chemical fertilizer on both organic and
conventional crops. In some foreign
countries, chicken manure is fed to farm-
raised shrimp. The report, which is being
released today, also warns against the
overuse of antibiotics in livestock, saying
there is "growing body of evidence" that
farm use of antibiotics is causing bacteria
to become resistant to drugs.
- Compiledfrom Daily wire reports.

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