2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 28, 2002
Karzai addresses U.S. audience
WASHINGTON (AP) - Afghanistan leader
Hamid Karzai appealed to thousands of young
Afghan-Americans yesterday to return to their
homeland and apply their skills to rebuilding the
"Without your cooperation, we're not going to
make it," Karzai told an enthusiastic audience that
jammed into a basketball arena at Georgetown Uni-
"You are the future of our country," Karzai said,
speaking alternatively in two of Afghanistan's main
"Study hard, work hard, make money and bring it
to Afghanistan," he added, drawing laughter from the
Karzai spoke for 45 minutes and then answered
questions for an additional 30 minutes, delivering a
message that was uniformly upbeat about
He alluded to a conference of donor nations last
week in Tokyo which pledged $4.5 billion to
Afghanistan over five years.
"Our responsibility is starting," he said. "We have
to say to these people (the donors) that we are going
to deliver also."
Karzai, whose remarks were translated into Eng-
lish by associates, made no reference-to the United
States or the U.S. role in making his rise to power a
month ago possible.
Afghan officials said he was expected to touch on
that and other issues today when he calls on Bush at
the White House to seek a continuing U.S. commit-
ment to help restore the peace in his country.
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NEWS IN BRIEF
Palestinian woman sets off bomb
A Palestinian woman launched a bomb attack yesterday on a busy Jerusalem
street, killing herself and an 81-year-old Israeli man and wounding at least a
dozen people. She was believed to be the first female suicide bomber since fight-
ing began 16 months ago.
Israeli police were hesitant to call her a suicide bomber, saying it wasn't clear
if the woman intended to kill herself or if the bomb exploded prematurely as she
walked along Jaffa Street, the main commercial strip in west Jerusalem.
In. Lebanon, the Al-Manar television station run by the militant Hezbollah
movement said the bomber was Shinaz Amuri, a female student at Al-Najah
University in the West Bank town of Nablus.
Israel accused Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat of "encouraging terrorism"
and said it was prepared to respond to the bombing _ the third major attack in an
Israeli city in a week. The blast next to a shoe shop blew out shop windows, set a
store on fire and left victims sprawled on the pavement amid shards of glass,
pieces of fruit, shoes and storefront mannequins.
"It sounded like half the street exploded," said Hama Gidon, a clothing store
worker who was slightly injured. "All the mannequins went flying and I did too.
People were falling, glass was flying everywhere."
GUANTANAMO BAY NAVAL BASE, Cuba
Rumsfeld: Afghan prisoners are not.POWs
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld yesterday ruled out any possibility of
granting prisoner of war status to the suspected terrorists held in a makeshift
prison on this U.S. Naval Base.
"They are not POWs. They will not be determined to be POWs," Rumsfeld
told reporters accompanying him on his first visit to the detention facility.
The Bush administration considers the captured fighters to be "unlawful com-
batants" and "detainees" because their method of terror violates internationally
accepted laws and specifically targets civilians.
The distinction is significant because under the Geneva Convention, written
after World War II, a POW has certain legal rights that would govern the U.S.
military's interrogations of the detainees and would require that they be released
when the hostilities in Afghanistan are over.
If there is any ambiguity about whether a captive should be considered a pris-
oner of war, the Geneva Convention says a special three-person military tribunal
should be convened to decide.
Rumsfeld said that is irrelevant at Guantanamo Bay.
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has never been better
silence on Enron
Vice President Dick Cheney yester-
day defended President Bush's right to
refuse to identify the executives the
White House met with in formulating
the administration's energy policy.
Amid the Enron scandal, Congress'
investigative arm will soon decide
whether to sue to force the White House
to turn over documents on the meetings
last year with representatives of energy
companies. They included the now-col-
lapsed Enron Corp., a Houston-based
company with deep ties to Bush.
Cheney acknowledged that the dis-
pute "probably will get resolved in
court." Last week, White House
spokesman Ari Fleischer had left open
the possibility of a compromise.
"The ball is in the White House's
court," Comptroller General David
Walker, who heads the General
Accounting Office, said in a telephone
Bush will pledge
funds to fight AIDS
President Bush will include a $200
million contribution to the Global Fund
to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malar-
ia in his new budget proposal, the
administration announced yesterday.
The money would be available in the
budget year beginning Oct. 1.
The -United States donated $200 mil-
lion in the current budget year.
"This fund will have worldwide
impact on the world's most devastat-
ing health threats," said Health and
Human Services Secretary Tommy
Thompson. "We must continue our
fight against these diseases, which are
devastating the world's children and
The U.N.-endorsed fund has accumu-
lated $1.6 billion.
Bush's pledge will consist of $100
million frm HHS and another $100
million from the U.S. Agency for Inter-
Russian officers die
in helicopter crash
A Russian military helicopter
exploded in flight and crashed in
Chechnya yesterday, killing 14 peo-
ple, including five high-ranking Russ-
There were conflicting reports
about the cause of the crash, with
some officials blaming it on a sur-
face-to-air missile fired by separatists
and others saying it appeared to have
been an accident.
The Mi-8 helicopter of the Russ-
ian Interior Ministry went down
shortly before it was to land in the
village of Shelkovskaya, northwest
of the capital, Grozny, said Yuri
Kolodkin, a duty officer at the
regional Emergency Situations Min-
Everyone on board was killed,
including two Interior Ministry gen-
erals and three colonels, Kolodkin
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
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SPORTS Jon Schwartz, Managing Editor
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