The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 6, 2001-- 3A
Shapiro visits Mott Hospital
tests made less
Diagnosing breast cancer may
become less invasive than mammo-
grams, family history and genetic code,
according to researchers at the Univer-
sity of California-San Francisco.
A new non-invasive technique using
a modified breast pump to obtain fluid
samples will allow doctors to predict
whether or not a person is at risk for the
disease and can be performed in a doc-
Previous studies done at the universi-
ty showed that women with abnormal
cells in fluid from the breasts were
more likely to develop breast cancer
later in life.
The researchers' current work
expanded on this knowledge, tracking
the health of the same group of sub-
In their new studies, researchers
found that not all women emitted breast
fluid and were 30 percent less likely to
develop breast cancer than those
women who emitted fluid containing
any type of cells.
Women with irregular cells in their
breast fluid had twice the risk of devel-
oping cancer, compared to the women
who didn't emit fluid. These women also
had a 60 percent greater chance of devel-
oping breast cancer then the women
whose fluid contained normal cells.
One in eight women in the U. S. is at
risk for developing breast cancer, the
most common malignancy in women.
Smokers more at
risk for erectile
Non-smoking men are less likely to
suffer from erectile dysfunction than
smoking men, according to Northwest-
ern University researchers.
An estimated 30 million American
men suffer from some form of erectile
dysfunction, which can lead to impo-
tency, and results in problems with
achieving and holding an erection.
Along with smoking, researchers
found that coronary artery disease and
atherosclerosis also increase a male's
likelihood of developing some sort of
Researchers found smoking ampli-
fies the already known negative effects
of a number of heart diseases on impo-
tence in men because of damage to the
vascular system in the genitals.
The damage occurs because of the
effects of smoking on blood coagula-
tion, which promotes the blood vessels
to constrict and block blood flow to the
heart. Drugs to treat this condition also
increase impotence in men.
Researchers found that nitric oxide
also plays a large role in cardiovascular
health and erectile dysfunction.
for diabetics in
The future may bring higher
costs for diabetics living in Latin
America because of a lack in
patient care and education, and
demographic changes, according to
researchers at the Pan American
The study examined the quality
of medical care given to diabetics
in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colom-
bia, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Through this examination,
researchers found that the care
lacked frequent assessment of indi-
cators of disease control, education
in self-treatment and adequate drug
treatment of other risk factors, like
high blood pressure.
This lack of care only worsens
the complications of diabetes,
which typically lead to illness,
higher medical expenses and possi-
By the year 2025, researcher's pre-
dict that 39.3 million people in Latin
America and the Caribbean will suffer
from diabetes, which is double the
amount of people afflicted with the dis-
ease in 2000, according to a recent
Researchers said that an aging popu-
lation, a decrease in physical activity
among citizens and an increase in obe-
sity all contribute to the increase in dia-
- Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
By Daniel Kim
Daily Staff Reporter
Tackling a sensitive issue, former University
President Harold Shapiro cautioned yesterday
of the "complex and complicated" issues of
medical ethics involving human experimenta-
It is both "a part of the great humanitarian
effort to take us to a better part" and a "special
privilege which carries with it a special ethical
responsibility," he said.
Shapiro pointed out in his lecture, titled
"Ethical Considerations in Research on
Human Subjects - Time for Change
Again," that today's "clinical research has
become a vast enterprise." For example,
informed consent has become too legalistic.
Shapiro told the audience at C.S. Mott Chil-
dren's Hospital last night that medical
researchers are too concerned with completing
the process as quickly as possible.
"It's a continuous process, not a hurdle that
one needs to get over," Shapiro said.
Shapiro also argued for better education,
training and certification programs for
researchers involving human subjects, a system
of compensation for the participants and a
greater public accountability of all local Institu-
tional Review Boards, which conduct indepen-
dent ethics reviews for research projects
involving human subjects.
"We need to treat (human subjects) as heroes
and demonstrate how much we revere and
respect them," Shapiro said.
He addressed "an excruciatingly important
topic for doctors and public in large," said
Howard Markel, director of the Historical Cen-
ter for the Health Sciences.
"There are a lot of problems going on in this
field, for example, (the death of a human sub-
ject) at Johns Hopkins University" in June
2001, said Philip Margolis, chairman of the
department of psychiatry, which sponsored the
Raymond W. Waggoner Lectureship on Ethics
and Values in Medicine.
"This is a very hot ... cutting-edge topic'
Shapiro served as president of the University
from 1980 to 1988. While in Ann Arbor, he also
served as the chairman of the executive board of
the University Hospitals. In 1996, he was
appointed by former President Clinton as the
chairman of the National Bioethics Advisory
Commission. Currently, he is an economics pro-
fessor at Princeton University, where he served
as president until last summer.
Former University President Harold Shapiro addresses a
crowd at Mott Children's Hospital last night.
WISE director appointed to Blue Ribbon panel
By Daniel Kim
Daily Staff Reporter
Cinda-Sue Davis, the director of the Uni-
vefsity's Women in Science and Engineering
Program, will be given the chance to expand
her sphere of influence in helping women in
the fields of science and high technology as a
recently named representative to the Blue
Ribbon Committee in San Diego, Calif.
Since attending the committee's first panel, titled
"Best Practices in Higher Education: Increasing the
Participation of Under-Represented Groups in Sci-
ence, Engineering, and Technology," in early
November, Davis said she hopes "there will be
some policies coming from Washington, D.C., to
address the education of under represented groups
in science and technology."
"There is a concern nationally because more
women and minorities will soon make up the
majority of workforces which traditionally have
not been filled with them," Davis said. In fields
such as information technology, the number of
women has dropped significantly within the last
10 years, she added.
In the past, Davis said such panels have been a
great opportunity for the University to hear direct-
ly from the nation's leading corporations about
what they would like to see more from in Univer-
sity graduates who are entering their fields.
"There is always an advantage to working
with the corporate world and it's always easier
to approach these issues in a collaborative
manner," Davis said.
"It's exciting to be able to share some of
the best practices, models and researches (of
the University) with others ... likewise to
learn what others are doing," Davis said.
One of the strategies discussed at the panel
to increase the number of women in science
and engineering was living-learning programs
such as the WISE Residence Program, which
offers first and second-year female students
majoring in science and engineering to live in
Mosher-Jordan Residence Hall, where they
receive both academic and social support.
"There is always an advantage to working with the
- Cinda-Sue Davis
Women In Science and Engineering director
Davis said that programs such as WISE Resi-
dence Program have helped the University to
have one of the highest percentage of female
engineering students in the nation. In 1999-
2000, 27 percent of engineering students at the
University were female, much higher than the
national average of 19 percent.
Julie Ricks, an Engineering senior and mem-
ber of the WISE Residence Program, said the
program "helps to maintain the high retention
rate in keeping women in science and engineer-
Ricks joined the program because she was
"pretty intimidated by the 36,000 student popula-
tion and wanted to be in a smaller community
with students with similar academic interests."
Other successful practices of the University
in keeping a high number of women students
in science and engineering are the Marian
Sarah Parker Scholars Program, which offers
a series of workshops about graduate schools,
and the Future Science: Future Engineering
program, which allows female middle-school
students to come to the University for a week
to engage in projects involving engineering,
physics, chemistry or the human genome.
By sharing the University's successes with other
members of the Blue Ribbon Committee, Davis
said she is "hopeful that we will be able to make
real progress and gain a national initiative."
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338 S. State
By Kara Wenzel
Daily Staff Reporter
A memorial service was held Tues-
day at the Michigan Union for Kine-
siology Prof. Bernard Patrick "Pat"
Maloy. Maloy, 54, died last Wednes-
day at home after a yearlong struggle
with esophageal cancer.
Maloy taught sports law, manage-
ment and commu-
in the Division off
Kinesiology for y
"He would have
to go to Cava Java
to grade papers
s o m e t i m e s
knock on his door Maloy
for advice," Kinesiology Prof. Pat
Van Volkinburg said. "He was that
"He was an incredible teacher,"
said Van Volkinburg. "He won our
Michigan teaching excellence award
with a unanimous decision by our
panel of students."
Maloy also participated in the Uni-
versity's mentorship program as a
"He resigned his post as professor
only after the cancer had spread to his
lungs and the oxygen that he needed
to survive conflicted with his lectur-
ing abilities. On his final day, he was
still attempting to grade our midterms
because he felt sincerely bad they had
not been passed back yet," said Kine-
siology senior Rick Mestdagh, one of
Maloy began his career with a law
practice in North Judson, Ind., but he
returned to graduate school several
years later to study sports administra-
tion. Upon graduation, he took a cor-
porate management job with MDS
Qantel, a computer company special-
izing in dealings with teams in the
National Football League, National
Basketball Association and several
In 1986, Maloy was offered a
teaching position at the University of
"Pat thought Michigan was the
only university in the country with
the highest academic standards inter-
sected with the highest athletic stan-
dards," said Nora Maloy, Pat Maloy's
wife of 31 years, who holds a doc-
torate from the School of Public
Health. "He told me, 'When Michi-
gan calls, there's no way to turn it
During his tenure at Michigan,
Maloy was a member of the Kinesiol-
ogy Executive Committee, the Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Affairs, the University Residency
Appeals Committee, the Advisory
Committee to the University Safety
and Security Committee, the Seminar
on Teaching Committee and the Uni-
versity Experiential Education Com-
"He was the happiest person at this
university for 15 years," his wife said.
"He loved his job and he loved his
The family and Division of Kine-
siology have created a memorial
scholarship fund, the Bernard Patrick
Maloy Award for Writing Excel-
"Pat really prized getting his stu-
dents to think critically and articulate
their thoughts in their writing," said
Kinesiology Prof. Bruce Watkins.
"This award will be given annually to
a student who best exemplifies clarity
and critical thinking about an issue in
sports and public policy."
"There is a tendency among those
of us in the University community to
feel as if we've been cheated by Pat's
passing last week," Watkins said dur-
ing Tuesday's memorial service for
Maloy in the Michigan Union. "But
in reality we weren't cheated at all;
rather we were lucky and blessed to
be his students, his colleagues, his
The Division of Kinesiology is
accepting donations for an award
fund in memory of Maloy. Checks
should be made out to "UM-Pat
Maloy Award," and mailed to the
Maloy Award, Division of Kinesiol-
ogy, The University of Michigan,
401 Washtenaw, Ann Arbor, MI,
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