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December 03, 2001 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-12-03

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2A -The Michigan Daily - Monday, December 3, 2001


U.S. doubles aircraftin

The Washington Post
AFGHANISTAN - Combat helicopters from the
26th Marine Expeditionary Unit arrived at this
forward operating base in the Afghan desert yes-
terday, enhancing the ability of U.S. reconnais-
sance patrols to hunt Taliban forces in a war that
one senior Marine officer said "seems to be
reaching a culmination point."
Helicopters arrived throughout the night and
into yesterday at this base - a compound once
owned by a wealthy Arab hunter - seized by
U.S. Marines a week ago. The new aircraft nearly
doubled the number of attack and support heli-
copters operating from the desert airstrip.
Senior officers yesterday acknowledged the
presence on the base of fewer than a dozen liaison

officers from Britain, Germany and Australia, and
said more were on the way. Capt. Stewart Upton,
a spokesman for Marine Task Force 58, which
combines the 15th and the 26th Marine Expedi-
tionary Units with air and naval support, said the
liaison officers are present primarily for coordi-
nation purposes. "It's a very light footprint," he
As the size of the U.S. force here grew, U.S.
warplanes bombed targets around nearby Kanda-
har, the last major Afghan city under Taliban con-
trol. The continuing airstrikes are designed to
weaken Taliban defenses and support opposition
tribal militias as they battle their way toward
Kandahar. A spokesman for one tribal leader.
reported fierce fighting at the city's airport.
With the Taliban and tribal militias struggling
for control of southern Afghanistan and the

Northern Alliance now in control of the north,
Afghan factions and foreign diplomats contin-
ued negotiations near Bonn, Germany, to estab-
lish a governing council to fill the country's
political vacuum. Participants in the United
Nations-sponsored conference said the four fac-
tions had agreed on how the council should be
set up but still differed over who would serve on
The United States and other foreign powers
have been eager to see the negotiations yield a
workable post-Taliban political framework
before the Taliban collapses and the Afghan fac-
tions turn against one another. But with the cap-
ture of Kandahar - the Taliban's birthplace and
headquarters - appearing inevitable, develop-
ments on the political front seemed to be lagging
behind military realities.


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- I


Missile testing delayed by bad weather

U.N.discusses Afghan power; no consensus yet
U.N.-led talks on Afghanistan's future took an important step forward yester-
day with four Afghan factions poring over a U.N. draft detailing terms for the
northern alliance to transfer power in the capital, Kabul.
But tough bargaining over powersharing was only beginning. None of the dele-
gations has yet formally submitted its list of names for an envisioned interim
administration - "the missing link," according to U.N. spokesman Ahmad
Without a consensus on all points, anything agreed in Germany runs the risk of
falling apart on the ground, Fawzi warned.
"We want to produce a document that is worth the paper it's written on, not a
weak agreement that they will not respect when they go home," Fawzi said.
"They have to agree to every word in this agreement and implement it. The inter-
national conmunity will be watching very carefully how they implement the
Once an agreement is reached, U.N. envoy Lakhdar Brahimi was prepared to
travel immediately to Afghanistan to implement any deal, Fawzi said.
The conference outside Bonn gathers delegates from the northern alliance and
representatives from the exiled former king and two other small exile groups.
Re ' gous, political groups could be monitored
Attorney General John Ashcroft warned yesterday that religious or political
groups normally free from government intrusion could be monitored by agents if
they are suspected of engaging in terrorism.
"People who hijack a religion and make out of it an implement of war will not
be free from our interest," he declared as officials took to the Sunday news shows
to debate America's new anti-terrorism police powers.
The Senate's top Democrat said he might support the narrow use of one
of the most controversial tactics - secret military tribunals to try terror-
"Under certain circumstances, very, very restricted circumstances, depending
on how it's handled, I'm willing to look at it," Senate Majority Leader Tom
Daschle of South Dakota said.
"With regard to the situation in Afghanistan in particular, trying a Taliban or
terrorist or ... people involved in terrorist activity, clearly there's at least the possi-
bility that something like that might have merit," Daschle said on NBC's "Meet
the Press."

by bad weather for a second consecu-
tive night yesterday, the Pentagon is
still counting on one more successful
test of its missile defense system
before adding new technical chal-
lenges to the testing program.
Some say the program is too sim-
plistic to reveal much about how well
the system would work in an actual
missile attack on the United States.
The fifth test of a prototype missile
defense system - delayed primarily
by high winds Saturday and yesterday
in California - was rescheduled for

It was not clear what would happen
if the test can not be conducted today.
The plan called for a modified
intercontinental ballistic missile car-
rying a mock warhead to be launched
from Vandenberg Air Force Base,
Calif., and head over the central
Pacific Ocean. Twenty minutes later
an interceptor rocket would roar into
the night sky from Kwajalein Atoll,
hone in on the mock warhead with
the help of a radar in Hawaii, and ram
into the warhead 144 miles into
The device that actually hits the
warhead is known as a "kill vehicle,"

a 120-pound, 55-inch long device that
separates from the rocket booster and
seeks out the target using its on-board
infrared sensor.
Of the first four attempts to inter-
cept a mock warhead in space, two
succeeded and two failed.
After the most recent test, in July,
scored a direct hit, the Pentagon
decided the fifth would repeat the
same scenario rather than add com-
plexities or remove any of the test's
artificial elements.
Air Force Lt. Gen. Ronald Kadish,
head of the Pentagon's Ballistic Mis-
sile Defense Organization, told

reporters last week that a successful
intercept would allow him to increase
the realism of the sixth test, now
scheduled for February.
One new element for the next test
would be additional "countermea-
sures"- such as balloon decoys
meant to confuse the interceptor.
"We will have increased our confi-
dence to move on to more aggressive
and complicated efforts in these
tests," he said.
Kadish acknowledged that the bal-.
loon was not representative of the
kind of decoy that an enemy might
use with an actual ballistic missile.

(oxygen) 4


Can we talk about power?

Bush requests more
surveillance powers
The Bush administration is asking
Congress for a second major expan-
sion of federal surveillance powers
that legal experts say would radically
change laws that have long protected
the rights of Americans.
A Justice Department proposal
would eliminate the chief legal safe-
guard in the Foreign Intelligence Sur-
veillance Act. A CIA proposal seeks
legal authority to gather telephone
and Internet records from domestic
communication companies.
The still-secret proposals would
build upon and expand new intelli-
gence-gathering powers that were
granted to the FBI and the CIA
under the U.S.A. Patriot Act.
Signed into law Oct. 26, that anti-
terrorism bill laid the foundation
for a larger and more powerful
domestic intelligence-gathering
Organ donor familes
could receive payment
As the nation's need for organ trans-
plants continues to outstrip supply, the
American Medical Association yester-
day grappled with a possible solution
once thought taboo: paying dying
would-be donors and their families for
vital organs.
Such financial incentives are illegal,
banned by Congress in 1984, and as a
result people needing organ transplants

must rely strictly on volunteers.
However, only 25 percent of 78,000
organ transplants currently needed will
occur in time to save a life, according
to the United Network for Organ Shar-
ing, the nonprofit agency that the gov-
ernment pays to oversee the nation's
organ donor network.
Fifteen people die each day waiting
for an organ transplant, the agency says.
Most donation decisions must be
made by families of people who die
suddenly and unexpectedly.
KKK member may
stand trial for murder
A hearing could finally resolve
the question of whether a former
Ku Klux Klansman will stand trial
for murder in a 1963 church bomb-
ing that killed four black girls.
Circuit Judge James Garrett is to
hear testimony today and review
reports 'from expertswho observed
Bobby Frank Cherry while he was
confined at a state mental health
facility for about 10 weeks.
Garrett previously ruled Cherry,
72, was mentally incompetent to
stand trial in the bombing of the
Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. He
could either reverse or uphold that
decision based on the experts'
Under an order from Garrett,
results of the lengthy evaluation at
the state-run Taylor Hardin Secure
Medical Facility have not been
made public.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

) x1


Oxygen invites you to attend
Choose To Lead: Powerful Choices
A panel discussion that explores women's
complex relationship with power and how
it affects leadership.

DECEMBER 4, 2001
5:30-7:00 PM
Cocktail reception Immediately following
the discussion
701 Tappan Street (at Hill
Street), Ann Arbor, Michigan
For directions and more information
about the panel, go to

Debbie Stabenow
U.S. Senator
Verna Green
Detroit Black Chamber
of Commerce
Mary Kramer
Assoc. Publisher & Editor,
Crain's Detroit Business
Ingrid Sheldon
Former Mayor,
Ann Arbor
Shirley Stancato
President & CEO,
New Detroit
Cheryl Mills
Senior Vice President,
Oxygen Media and
Former White House
Deputy Counsel
Center for the Education of Women,
The University of Michigan

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