The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 30, 2001- 7
Ground troops strive to root out Taliban, al-Qaida
Taliban military reportedly e-Sharif,
"fractured" with little abilit same div
ac r Kabul, th
to coordinate or communicate groups ar
WASHINGTON (AP) - The American In neig
commander of the war in Afghanistan is 1,000 m
assembling a mix of ground forces and air been sta
power to fit the most difficult and dangerous announce
phase of the military campaign: rooting out said his
Taliban and al-Qaida terrorist leaders from action an
caves, tunnels and other fortified hide-outs. were relea
No decision has been made to commit U.S. Penta&
ground troops to the mission, but Gen. Franks i
Tommy Franks has made clear he will move attack pla
forces closer to the key targets in case opposi- airfields
tion forces cannot finish the job. repaired <
About 1,000 Marines are now established at A seni
a remote airfield in southern Afghanistan, and the gove
nearly 100 regular Army troops from the 10th Franks co
Mountain Division have moved into northern craft at an
areas. lic, which
In addition to about two dozen 10th Moun- Tajikistan
tain soldiers posted at an airfield near Mazar- Franks
Continued from Page 1
"Ramadan as a holiday is the same this year as it was last,
but there is definitely more media attention now," said
Wasseem Abaza, an LSA junior. "Hopefully events like
tonight's dinner will help to teach people about Muslims and
help them to understand us."
"I came to meet with everyone and to bring some of my
non-Muslim friends," said Razi Haque, an Engineering sopho-
more. "I think the point of tonight was two-fold: to unite Mus-
lims during the holy month and to teach our non-Muslim
friends about our religion and our culture."
Kristine Abouzahr, an Ann Arbor resident, who has been
visiting local schools to teach students about Islam and
Ramadan, said this year's Ramadan has been slightly more
stressful than last year's holiday.
"American Muslims have had a high profile in the media
lately," Abouzahr said. "As a result of this added attention,
Ramadan has been a bit more stressful. I feel like more people
are watching what we do."
Eamann Alazem, whose husband led the evening prayer,
said she hopes people who participate in campus Ramadan
activities will gain a greater appreciation of Islam.
there are as many as 75 from the
vision at Bagram airport north of
e Afghan capital, officials said. Both
re acting as a "rapid reaction force"
ghboring Uzbekistan, where about
embers of the 10th Mountain have
tioned for weeks, U.S. officials
d that a soldier died yesterday. They
death was not the result of enemy
d was being investigated. No details
ased, including the soldier's name.
gon officials said yesterday that
s considering sending additional
anes to the region, while at least two
in northern Afghanistan are being
for possible U.S. use.
or defense official said yesterday that
rnment of Kyrgyzstan has given
onditional approval to base U.S. air-
air base in that former Soviet repub-
lies to the north of Afghanistan and
must provide details, such as the
numbers and kinds of aircraft, and the expect-
ed length of their deployment, before Kyrgyzs-
tan will give final approval. The official said
Franks has not decided those details and has
yet to make a formal request.
Most of the U.S. planes attacking targets in
Afghanistan are flying from aircraft carriers in
the Arabian Sea or from land bases in the Per-
sian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. Some Air
Force special operations helicopters are based
in Uzbekistan. Small numbers of U.S. forces
are in Pakistan.
With only small pockets of Taliban resis-
tance remaining in northern Afghanistan, the
focus is on Kandahar, the southern city that
gave birth to the Taliban militia movement.
Franks wants to tighten the squeeze on Kanda-
har with selective U.S. bombing and growing
pressure from anti-Taliban forces. The chief
leadership target there is Mullah Mohammed
Omar, the Taliban supreme leader.
U.S. special operations forces are working
with opposition commanders in the south in
an effort to improve the coordination of their
attacks, which so far have made little progress
against the Taliban in Kandahar, officials said
Rear Adm. John Stuffiebeem said the Tal-
iban military is now "fractured," with little
capability to coordinate or communicate.
While some are fleeing or laying down their
arms, others are digging in for a long fight, he
The southern opposition groups are in
active negotiations with the Taliban for con-
trol of the city, he said.
If Kandahar falls, as appears likely, Franks
will have further limited the territory on which
his No. 1 prey - alleged terrorist mastermind
Osama bin Laden -- can hide. Franks will
have more options for intensifying the search
in the cave complexes near Jalalabad, in east-
ern Afghanistan, where some believe bin
Laden is holed up.
At this point Franks is hoping that $25 mil-
lion in reward money offered by the U.S. gov-
ernment for information leading to the
capture of bin Laden and his top lieutenants
:nable Afghan opposition forces to finish
.-Qaida. If not, U.S. ground forces might
to go after them.
anks, commander of U.S. Central Com-
L told The New York Times in an inter-
published yesterday that he was ruling
o option to achieve the goal established
resident Bush - to get bin Laden and
iate the al-Qaida network. That might
re sending Army forces to set up an
ating base like the one the Marines
ished about 70 miles southwest of Kan-
, he said.
other option is to move the Marines
their current base to one closer to Kan-
r, one official said.
>anwhile, U.S. strike aircraft and
>ers continued to hit cave and tunnel
>lexes in the vicinity of Jalalabad, as
as Taliban and al-Qaida targets near
lahar. Other planes are dropping leaflets
>roadcasting radio messages encourag-
3fghans to help in the hunt, Stufflebeem
afraid that they won't let me back
into the U.S.," Khateeb said. "I feel
sad that the government couldn't
find a better solution. I don't know
what they could do better, but the
idea itself is increasing hatred
The event was sponsored by the
ACLU and the ADC.
"I think this sparked the interest of many non-Muslims. We
hold these events in part to gather and break the fast, but also
to teach others about our faith and customs," said Alazem, an
education senior at Eastern Michigan University.
Cameron Holden, an LSA senior, was brought to the dinner
-called an iftar -by one of her Muslim friends.
"I came because my friend invited me and because I am
interested in learning more about Ramadan," Holden said.
Rawan Yaqub is an LSA freshman from Saudi Arabia.
"Ramadan is a little different for me this year because I am
not with my family," said Yaqub. "So I came tonight to be
with other Muslims during Ramadan.
"Last year, in Saudi Arabia, my family and I would wake up
at 5 a.m. for the daily suhoor, an early morning meal. I have
noticed Muslims do not do that here. Another difference I
have noticed is that during the month of Ramadan in Saudi
Arabia, stores stay open later. They don't do that here."
Traditionally, Muslims fast from sunrise to sundown
throughout the month, which continues for two more weeks.
The Ramadan Dinner was sponsored by the Muslim Stu-
dents' Association, Islamic Education Society, Arab Students'
Association, Egyptian Students' Association, Pakistani Stu-
dents' Association, Arab-American Anti-Discrimination
Committee and the Persian Students' Association.
Continued from Page 1
geting of Middle Eastern men.
"It's a form of ethnic profiling. It's
been deemed by the Supreme Court
unconstitutional to target people by
their race, gender or ethnicity. When
we are all going through the same dif-
ficult times, it is a terrible thing that
national security purposes have taken
precedence at the expense of civil lib-
erties," Saba said.
LSA freshman Mohammad Kha-
teeb, a student from Jordan, said
that although he did not receive a
letter he is still concerned.
"As an international student, I'm
Continued from Page 1
ering the factors of gender, age and race, the results
showed that American adults generally maintained a
The study showed that roughly 51 percent of adult
men in the average ranges of body mass index --
weighing 175 pounds at a height of 5'10" - in 1986
weighed the same amount in 1999. Twenty-seven per-
cent had gained a significant amount of weight, while
21 percent lost a significant amount.
The results for women were similar. Fifty-five per-
cent of women in the average BMI - weighing 150
pounds at a height of 5'5"- stayed within their origi-
nal weight group.
Twenty-eight percent of women surveyed gained
weight, while 17 percent lost weight. Overall, women
were more likely to lose weight during the course of
the study than men.
"For the majority of adults I know, this study seems
to be wrong. Most adults become discouraged to stay
thin as they grow older when their metabolisms slow
down," Masciasz said.
"Our analysis confirms anecdotal accounts that there
is substantial weight mobility x the yo-yo diet effect x
over the adult life course," Stafford said.
Differences in healthy BMIs among races were also
included in the report. For blacks, it is more dangerous
to be underweight than it is for whites. ISR has not yet
looked into the causes of this and Stafford said that
more biomedical and socio-behavioral research is still
Researchers also found that the U.S. population is
slowly becoming more overweight.
"It's no surprise that our country is experiencing a
weight drift. The culture in America fosters the tenden-
cy to be obese. People's lives are getting more fast-
paced and hectic," said Kate Grogh, an LSA freshman.
The other focus of the report was the relation
between the body weight of children with their parents,
but more importantly, with their grandmothers.
"We haven't looked at any reasons for the connec-
tions between BMIs of children and their grandmoth-
ers. There must be a link, but we looked at
grandmothers arbitrarily. We didn't do any research on
grandfathers," said Katherine McGonagle, a senior
ROTC defining moment for their generation.
"It's something I think about every
Continued from Page 1 day. It tells us we are not invincible.
ROTC cadets will be called up before Our freedom is their weapon. Yes, we
graduation, but Chang said his family are free, but there are people who are
is still nervous. willing to exploit those freedoms," Jor-
"They're worried because they think dan said.
it might be a long conflict. My ambi- "I think we've been living in a shel-
tions to be a ranger (a special forces tered age where we were not affected.
unit of the Army) don't help. The I think this opens up our eyes, espe-
rangers are one of the primary forces cially college students. It's no longer
in Afghanistan," Chang said. just on TV People have been affected
Many cadets agreed Sept. 11 was a personally, they've felt anger and sad-
the michigan daily
ness," Chang said.
Chang and Jordan said they have
not noticed a big change in attitudes
of other students, but do say more
people are curious about ROTC, as
well as being open with patriotic sen-
"Mostly there is just more discus-
sion about September 11. However,
when I went to pick up my date's
corsage for a recent dance, the clerk
said, 'Thank you for protecting our
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