2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 28, 2001
KOENIGSWINTER, Germany (AP)
- Talks among four Afghan factions
on how to share power once the Taliban
are defeated got off to an optimistic start
yesterday, with a U.S. official saying all
sides favor giving Afghanistan's former
king a role as a unifying figure,
The U.j. government's Central Asia
envoy, James E Dobbins, said the sides
indicated in informal discussions that
former King Mohammad Zaher Shah
should have a leading role, likely sym-
bolic, in an emerging Afghan adminis-
tration. He cautioned that discussions
were only beginning.
"I think the one element which was
common to every group I met with, all
four of them, was a common vision of
how the king would fit into this," Dob-
bins said. "Everybody sees the ex-king
as a rallying point and hopes that he will
be ready and able to play that role as
they elaborate a new structure."
None of the factions favor a return of
the monarchy, and northern alliance
leader Burhanuddin Rabbani, who has
played down the importance of any
meeting outside Afghanistan, strongly
opposes the king as head of state.
Still, Dobbins said the northern
alliance has indicated it would accept
the king in a symbolic role, and that
they have direct contacts with Rome,
where the king, now 87, has been living
in exile since 1973.
With billions in aid and regional sta-
bility at stake, the factions are under
intense pressure from the United States
and Afghanistan's neighbors, all exert-
ing influence from the corridors, to
reach a consensus on an interim admin-
istration and security force within five
In the first measurable progress, the
four factions representing the northern
alliance, exiles backing the former king
and two smaller exile groups agreed
their goal was to establish an interim
administration that would lead to a
national council of tribal leaders, or
loya jirga, U.N. spokesman Ahmand
Fawzi said. The loya jirga could con-
vene by the Afghan New Year in
The national council would then
approve a transitional administration
that would govern for up to two years,
leading way to a second loya jirga,
which would approve a constitution that
will guarantee rights for all Afghans,
women included, with the goal of elec-
tions, Fawzi said.
The groups held bilateral talks yester-
day afternoon, but postponed a planned
full session with U.N. envoy Lakhdar
Brahimi last night so they could contin-
ue individual consultations, Fawzi said.
Dobbins said the agreement on the
NEWS IN BRIEF
"All four leaders spoke of this meeting as
the beginning of a new era for
Afghanistan, one that promises dignity and
peace to its people,"
- Ahmand Fawzi
United Nations spokesman
agenda "is not insignificant" and that
prospect for a consensus on forming an
interim administration were good. Offi-
cials, speaking on condition of
anonymity, said agreenent on a security
force would be much more difficult.
The delegations received a strong
endorsement from the Pashtun ethnic
group, the largest in Afghanistan, with a
phone call broadcast throughout the
conference room from Pashtun leader
Hamdi Karzai in Afghanistan, Fawzi
said. While the Pashtuns have no dele-
gation of their own at the talks, each
faction includes Pashtun delegates.
Fawzi read excerpts from the call:
"We have been made extremely poor
and vulnerable, but we are a strong peo-
ple who would like to assert our will
and a sense of self-determination so that
we really can live in an environment of
brotherhood acid mutual respect.",
"This meeting is the path toward sal-
Underlying the unifying mood
among the 25 Afghan delegates gath-
ered around a large conference table at
the Petersberg hotel, Fawzi said the four
delegation leaders used the same words
to describe "their thirst for peace."
"All four leaders spoke of this meet-
ing as the beginning of a new era for
Afghanistan, one that promises dignity
and peace to its people," Fawzi said.
While the international community
supports their efforts, German Foreign
Minister Joschka Fischer told them
plainly that it was up to them to bring an
end to the Afghan people's suffering.
"The responsibility is yours. No one
can relieve you of it and no one wants
to;' Fischer said in remarks opening the
talks. "The international community is
prepared to make this great effort."
Taliban members' assets ordered frozen
The United Nations yesterday ordered a global freeze on assets held by every
member of the former Taliban government in Afghanistan, vastly expanding the list
of individuals and organizations whose holdings are blocked after the Sept. lter-
The new list names 152 Taliban officials, beginning with Taliban founder Mullah
Mohammad Omar, and ending with senior officials in government ministries from
the education department to zoning.
It also includes accounts of Afghan-related businesses, including one held at a
Citibank in New Delhi, India.
The list, which incorporates many of the names made public by the Bush adniin-
istration as part of its anti-terrorism campaign, was adopted by the Security Council
committee enforcing binding U.N. resolutions requiring all nations to comply with
the freeze order.
The Bush administration has been trying to get countries to respond to the lists it
has made public so far.
A Saudi charity appears on the new Security Council list as well as the entire al-
Barakaat financial network, a Somali-based money transferring network with oper-
ations in north America that President Bush has said was used by al-Qaida.
University of Texas done fighting Hopwood
After years of appeals, the University of Texas said yesterday that it is finished
fighting its landmark court battle over affirmative action.
The decision effectively ends the case named for Cheryl Hopwood and three
other whites who sued the university's law school in 1992, saying they were denied
admission because of a policy that gave preferential treatment to less-qualified His-
panic and black applicants.
The lawsuit wound up before the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which in
1996 rejected the university's contention that it should be allowed to consider race in
The so-called Hopwood ruling didn't block the school from using race as a factor
in admissions, but prompted public colleges and universities in Texas to drop affir-
mative action policies.
The ruling was allowed to stand in 1996 by the U.S. Supreme Court, which
refused to hear another challenge by the university in June.
The school could have appealed the 5th Circuit's decision ordering it to pay legal
fees, but university President Larry Faulkner said that wouldn't happen.
Alliance claims prison revolt quelled
MAZAR-E-SHARIF, Afghanistan (AP) -
Dozens of shattered bodies lay in the dusty court-
yard of a mud-walled Afghan fortress prison yes-
terday after a three-day uprising by Taliban
The northern alliance claimed to have put down
the revolt with the help of American airstrikes and
special forces, but U.S. military officials said 30 to
40 men still were holding out in the sprawling
Qalai Janghi complex.
"It is not yet fully under control," Gen. Tommy
Franks, who heads the war effort in Afghanistan,
told reporters in Florida.
Northern alliance troops turned back journalists
trying to enter the complex outside the northern
city of Mazar-e-Sharif last night, making it impos-
sible to confirm whether fighting had ended.
But representatives of the international Red
Cross said late last night that they were working to
arrange for burials today - an indication the battle
"The situation is completely under control. All
of them were killed," said Alim Razim, political
adviser to Gen. Rashid Dostum, the northern
alliance commander responsible for Qalai Janghi.
The postscript from three days of fighting was
grisly; the remains of soldiers from both sides lay
around the prison, where non-Afghans who fought
alongside the Taliban had been locked up since
One television report showed some 60 bodies,
believed to be Taliban, scattered across a court-
yard. In another spot, a body believed to be that of
a Pakistani Talib lay in a ditch, and villagers said
he had been strangled with a rope. One man,
laughing, picked up the body by its robe and
kicked it in the head. Another villager posed over
the dead man, holding a knife.
The hundreds of captives at Qalai Janghi -
which means "Fortress of War" - held out for
days, despite heavy U.S. airstrikes and thousands
of northern alliance fighters from around the
region coming to reinforce local troops. U.S. spe-
cial forces and other troops believed to be British
also participated in the battle and coordinated
By last night, Razim said his troops had seized
the last mortar the prisoners had been using.
The fighting began Sunday when hundreds of
Pakistanis, Chechens, Arabs and other non-
Afghans fighting alongside the Taliban were
brought to the fortress as part of the weekend sur-
render of Kunduz, the Islamic militia's last strong-
hold in the north. Once inside, the men stormed
the armory and rose up against their alliance cap-
.:k> >o rf
Five U.S. soldiers were seriously wounded in the
battle Monday when a U.S. bomb went astray,
exploding near the Americans. They arrived yes-
terday at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center near
Frankfurt, Germany, spokeswoman Marie Shaw
said. She declined to give details of their condi-
Five were evacuated, Gen. Richard Myers, chair-
man of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, said in Wash-
ington. Their identities were not released.
U.S. officials were also trying to learn what hap-
pened to a CIA operative who was feared killed in
the uprising. It wasn't clear whether he had been
captured, killed or injured, Defense Secretary Don-
ald H. Rumsfeld said Monday in Washington.
Early yesterday, the aerial bombardment on the
fortress sent up showers of sparks visible from
Mazar-e-Sharif, nine miles away, and appeared to
trigger further explosions of ammunition inside the
compound. As dawn broke, a loud explosion rat-
tled windows in the city.
Even after the heavy strikes, some prisoners held
out throughout much of the day, lobbing mortar
shells that landed inside and outside the fortress'
turreted walls, kicking up clouds of dust. Clouds of
black smoke rose from inside the fortress and tank
fire could also be heard mixed in with bursts of
AFULA, Israel (AP) - Two Pales-
tinians sprayed a bus station and open-
air market with gunfire yesterday,
killing two Israelis and wounding 14
others before being shot to death. Two
U.S. envoys witnessed the immediate
aftermath of the attack from the air,
flying over Afula in a helicopter tour
narrated by Israel's prime minister.
Later, a Palestinian attacker in Gaza
fired at a car and killed an Israeli
woman, the military said. Three other
Israelis, including a baby, were wound-
ed. Israeli soldiers shot and killed the
gunman, Palestinan security and
Israeli military sources said.
An Israeli army spokesman said the
attacker fired at the convoy and threw
grenades. In a faxed message to The
Associated Press, the militant Hamas
organization took responsibility.
One of the American mediators,
retired Marine Corps Gen. Anthony
Zinni, said the bloodshed underscored
the need for a truce after 14 months of
fighting. "A cease-fire is what we need
to get to something more comprehen-
sive and lasting," he said.
Two Palestinian groups - Islamic
Jihad and the Al Aqsa Brigades linked
to Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's
Fatah movement - claimed responsi-
bility for what they said was a joint
attack to avenge the targeted killings
The Palestinian Cabinet issued a
statement condemning the two attacks
"and all operations targeting Israeli
The gunmen were from the Jenin
refugee camp in the West Bank, about
10 miles south of Afula. They slipped
into Israel, reportedly in a stolen car
with Israeli plates, despite a strict
security closure of the West Bank and
of Jenin in particular. Only a few hours
earlier Isreli trops hd withdrawn
by Muslim rebels
Muslim rebels released dozens of
hostages today in exchange for safe
passage through Philippine military
forces that have besieged them for
more than 24 hours.
They had released 21 hostages earli-
er. Then, after enduring a series of
assaults by war planes, helicopter gun-
ships and infantry, and wading through
all-night negotiations, about 250 heav-
ily armed rebels loyal to renegade
Muslim region Gov. Nur Misuari
began boarding trucks that were to
take them to safety.
They left behind the hostages, esti-
mated earlier at 40 to 60 people, and
government negotiators took custody
of them at around 1:30 p.m. today.
Government negotiator Abraham
Iribani said the rebels would be
allowed to leave the southern city of
Zamboanga and go to neighboring
Zamboanga del Sur province.
for massacre plot
A 17-year-old girl who authorities
say agreed to take part in a Columbine-
style massacre at her school but spilled
the secret by warning her favorite
teacher that the woman was in danger
was charged yesterday with conspiracy
to commit murder.
Amy Lee Bowman, who pleaded
innocent, is the fourth teen-ager
charged in what authorities say was a
plan to smuggle guns under black
trenchcoats into the school and
emerge from a bathroom shooting to
Three other students - brothers
Eric McKeehan, 17, and Michael
McKeehan, 15; and Steven Jones, 15
- were charged earlier in the plot to
kill "thugs, preps and faculty" at New
Bedford High School. They pleaded
innocent Monday to conspiracy to
commit murder, possession of ammu-
nition and other charges.
biologist still mising
Harvard molecular biologist Don
Wiley was last seen leaving a banquet
in Memphis just before midnight on
Nov. 15. His rental car was found a
few hours later, abandoned on a Mis-
sissippi River bridge with the keys in
the ignition and the tank full of gas.
His family does not believe he com-
mitted suicide and police say there is
no evidence that the 57-year-old mar-
ried father of four with no known
financial or domestic problems was
kidnapped or killed.
But the disappearance in this time of
war and anthrax attacks has attracted
the attention of the FBI. Wiley is an
expert on how the human immune sys-
tem fights off infections and had
recently investigated such dangerous
viruses as AIDS, Ebola, herpes and
Investigators are reviewing all possi-
bilities to what might have happened.
- Compiledfrom Daily wire reports.
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