The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 27, 2001 - 7
Bush cautions Hussein
It .9 I
she could be
S Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - President Bush sai
day that Iraq and other nations that
weapons of mass destruction "will
accountable," his strongest warning yet
President Saddam Hussein could be the ni
in the war against terrorism.
Although Bush stopped short of threate
itary action, he said Hussein will learn tl
quences if he continues to block United
weapons inspectors. "Hussein ... nee,
inspectors back in his country to show us
not developing weapons of mass desti
Bush told reporters at the White House.
More broadly, Bush suggested the ad
tion may target nations such as Iraq or Noi
that could provide chemical, biological an,
weapons to al-Qaida or other terrorist groL
of the war on terror is to deny terrorists x
Bush said. White House press secretary f
cher, peppered later with questions abo,
remarks, said that the president was not si
broadening of the war against terrorism a
ing a new ultimatum to Iraq.
"It's a reaffirmation, a restatement of loi
ing American policy," Fleischer said.
But several analysts said Bush's comme
Continued from Page 1
file as terrorists involved in the Sept.
"My biggest fear stems from the fact
the list is made up entirely of Arab ma
ages 18 to 25," Mossa-Basha said. "Terr
ism comes in all shapes and sizes and r
only fear is that this might turn into a ca
of racial profiling."
University Department of Public Saf
spokeswoman Diane Brown said DPS h
not received word that students or facu
are involved in this investigation. While t
list of people who are being questioned
secret, Brown said the FBI has been close
watching these people over an extend
period of time.
"We still have not been officially conta
Continued from Page 1
Later, she tried again and was able
to register for some of her classes but
then was sent an e-mail telling her
that one of her choices was available
only to Residential College students
and a program error had allowed her
to enroll in the class.
"They said, 'Sorry, we made a mis-
take.' It's a little upsetting, especially
since I was already registered for that
class. I'm very angry," she said.
The next step for students who
could not register, Briske said, is to
dry again. If the slowdown continues,
signal an effort to justify eventual military action
against Iraq if Hussein does not permit the return
of the U.N. weapons inspectors. In that sense, the
comments might be analogous to Bush's ultimatum
in September, when he warned the Taliban to sur-
render Osama bin Laden or "share ... (his) fate."
"He is putting Hussein on notice and he has sig-
naled where the policy is heading very directly,"
said Gary J. Schmitt, executive director of the Pro-
ject for a New American Century, a Washington
think tank. Sen. Joseph I. Lieberman (D-Conn.),
who has urged Bush to press for Hussein's over-
throw, welcomed the president's comments as
"exactly the right policy direction to go in to pro-
tect the US. from another major terrorist attack."
Bush's sharp words followed a recent escalation
by other administration officials in the rhetoric
aimed at Iraq. Last week, a senior State Depart-
ment official accused Iraq, North Korea and three
other nations of pursuing biological weapons pro-
grams. A day earlier, White House National Secu-
rity Adviser Condoleezza Rice publicly declared,
"The world would clearly be better (oft) ... if Sad-
dam Hussein were not in power in Iraq."
One senior official said yesterday the administra-
tion remained focused on Afghanistan and was not
planning any immediate military action against
Continued from Page 1
airstrikes and attacks by alliance forces.
One CIA operative was missing in
the uprising, according to a U.S. official
speaking on condition of anonymity.
American special forces troops called
in an airstrike but a U.S. JDAM smart
bomb went astray, exploding near the
Americans. Five U.S. soldiers suffered
serious wounds and were evacuated to
nearby Uzbekistan, Gen. Richard
Myers, chairman of the U.S. Joint
Chiefs of Staff, said in Washington.
Their identities were not released.
Alliance officers said about 40 of
their troops had died in the uprising
along with hundreds of resisters.
Alliance commanders said the holdouts,
trapped in a tower, were running out of
ammunition and wouldn't last long.
"Those who are left over will be
dead," said Alim Razim, an aide to
alliance Gen. Rashid Dostum. "None of
them can escape."
Since the fall of Mazar-e-Sharif on
Nov. 9, Taliban control has collapsed in
Kabul and most of the country.
The Taliban's days in Kandahar
appeared numbered with the arrival
Sunday night of U.S. Marines, who
seized an airstrip west of the city with-
out resistance and established a forward
base for operations against bin Laden
and what was left of the Taliban leader-
The Marines' commander, Gen.
James Mattis, said more than 1,000
troops would be on the ground within
48 hours in striking distance of Kanda-
har, the last city under Taliban control.
In other developments:
Britain took several thousand
troops off 48-hour alert, citing an
improving situation on the ground in
Afghanistan. Defense Secretary Geoff
Hoon also confirmed that four British
soldiers had been injured in operations
with U.S. forces in Afghanistan. He said
one of the soldiers had been wounded
more seriously than the others, but
declined to comment further. He said all
were being treated in Britain.
A Vatican delegation met with for-
mer Afghan king Mohammad Zaher
Shah on the eve of talks to determine
the war-ravaged country's political
future. Afghan faction representatives
are to meet near Bonn today in hopes of
forming a transitional administration
and a security force to police
Afghanistan now that the Taliban has all
Helped by U.S. and northern
alliance troops, 12 Russian transport
planes arrived in Kabul carrying aid
crews, President Vladimir Putih said.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said
experts arrived to defuse land mines on
the road leading to a planned Russian
Recessions past and present
The United States entered an economic recession in March,
according to the National Bureau of Economic Research, a
committee of academic economists. The six-member panel made
its determination by identifying a peak in business activity, which
marks the end of a period of economic expansion and the beginning
of a recession. Here is a look at recessions since,1945.
Peak - bottom Length of recession (in months)
February 1945- October 1945 00@OO* 8
November 1948 - October 1949 OO*OO *** 11
July 1953 - May 1954
August 1957 -April 1958
April 1960 - February 1961
December 1969 - November 1970 41100@ O**0 0 11
November 1973- March 1975 9OO99@@9#990l4 16
January 1980-July 1980 0000006
July 1981 - November 1982
July 1990 - March 1991
March 2001 ...
SOURCE: National Bureau of Economic Research
"Terrorism comes in all shapes and sizes and
my only fear is that this might turn into a case
of racial profiling."
- Kenan Mossa-Basha
come to this country on a temporary basis.
We just want to make sure they are who say
they are, so we do some (intelligence) gath-
Ann Arbor Police Chief Daniel Oates
said he has not been contacted by the FBI
but that he intends to cooperate with any
requests. He is working to hold a meeting
between FBI and immigration officials and
leaders of Ann Arbor's Muslim community
to confront any fears residents may have
regarding the interviews.
"The best thing would be to get their
approval of this," Oates said.
Interviews will be carried out on a volun-
tary basis and residents will have the oppor-
tunity to have attorneys present during the
interview, Oates said, based on several
informal conversations with the FBI bureau
ed by any government agency," Brown said.
ety "The federal agencies are not any particular
has obligation to contact us before questioning
ilty students, but as far as I know, they have not
he yet asked us for any student records."
is Brown said if the FBI does contact her
ely office, the University will only address con-
ed cerns with students living in the residence
halls unless the FBI asks for specific student
the registrar's office may have to "Wel
make temporary changes in the sys- backpa
tem. has con
"If we continue to have problems new pr
well into tomorrow, we are consider- that al
ing having lock-in registration," he schedul
said yesterday. Ther
In lock-in registration, students faculty1
would have to be physically present at resourc
an appointment when a member of "Tha
the University staff would enroll them but ever
in their classes. TheI
"We would have to work out some registra
details if we end up doing that," introdu
Briske said, adding that other, smaller system:
changes are being implemented in the Regi
FBI Special Agent Maria Llompart in
Detroit said the investigation was initiated
by the U.S. Attorney's office and the FBI is
in charge of executing the interviews.
The interviews are designed to follow the
status of United States immigrants and
make sure they are here for a specific and
valid purpose, Llompart said.
She said the interviews are designed for
"people who are from another country, and
Continued from Page 1
Experts and consumers are predicting the current recession
to be short and mild.
According to a study conducted by the University's Institute
of Social Research, consumer confidence is slowly on the rise,
with many predicting the recession will end by the middle of
"The outlook for the national economy has not changed,"
said ISR Director Richard Curtin. "The vast majority of con-
sumers thought the economy was in recession these past few
months, and the majority of consumers expect the economy to
remain in recession throughout mid-2002."
Curtin said consumers expect their income gains during the
next year to be minimal but also expect a near-zero inflation
rate. "As a consequence, their financial prospects are not near
as grim as one might expect," he said.
The University's Research Seminar in Quantitative Eco-
nomics, directed by economics Prof. Saul Hymans, is also
predicting a quick recovery due to the government's monetary
and fiscal policies.
Monetary policy, determined by the Federal Reserve Sys-
tem, influences the economy by raising and lowering interest
rates. Since Sept. 11, the Fed has expanded its monetary poli-
cy in order to lower borrowing costs and raise the availability
of bank loans.
The RSQE predicts the Economic Growth and Tax Recon-
ciliation Act of 2001, the $45 billion in emergency spending
approved by Congress following the terrorist attacks and the
additional $60 billion to $75 billion in federal spending for fis-
cal 2002 requested by President George W. Bush will all help
stimulate the nation's economy, saving Americans $1.3 trillion
dollars in taxes during the next 10 years.
The RSQE expects the economy to slump further during
the remainder of this year and to slowly grow in the second
quarter of next year.
"Thus, we're expecting the recession to last two, maybe
three quarters and the economy to be pulling out of the reces-
sion well before mid-year 2002," the RSQE reported.
Although the recession announcement comes at the begin-
ning of the holiday shopping season, lowered consumer confi-
dence has not visibly hurt holiday sales.
"Our stores did tremendous volume. We had a better day on
Thanksgiving then the day after, actually" said Steve VanWag-
oner, a spokesman for Meijer Inc., who said sales at most of
the company's 152 stores during the Thanksgiving weekend
rush were higher than last year.
"I think we're all a little bit more excited than we thought
we would be by the response of shoppers" he added. 'Things
have been picking up a little bit.... President Bush asked peo-
ple to go out and shop, and that's what they are doing."
're not going to let students
ek unless their appointment
me," he said, referring to the
e-registration backpack option
lows registrants to create a
e before official enrollment.
registrar's office is also asking
to cut down on using system
t's not going to solve anything,
ry little bit helps," Briske said.
University moved to online
tion last fall, six years after
ucing the touch-tone CRISP
stration has not occurred in
Continued from Page 1
"If we had to pick one bowl in one geographic area that
we are very strong outside of southern California it would
probably be central Florida," Athletic Director Bill Martin
Michigan missed out on the big BCS payday of $10
million, but the Citrus Bowl will still give Michigan
upwards of $4 million to play in the bowl. The money
made through bowl games is shared by each of the Big
Ten's 11 teams.
Fans that would like to purchase tickets can contact the
Michigan ticket office at (734) 764-0247 or can purchase
tickets online at http://www.mgoblue.corn. Tickets are $60
each and are on sale now.
Continued from Page 1
"I know a lot of people who get back from big tests and get
all messed up;' said LSA freshman Scott Caesar, emphasizing
the enhanced freedom freshmen feel upon leaving home for
the first time.
"The social environment of college and the high stress of
academics promote an atmosphere of heavy drinking" said
LSA senior G.J. Zann.
Marsha Benz, a health education coordinator with Universi-
ty Health Service, agrees that the stress of school can affect
alcohol consumption but also considers student expectations
of a new social environment as an influential factor. "There
are a lot of expectations people come with, and oftentimes
expectations make people act a different way," she said.
Regardless of expectations, some students believe there are
subtle pressures within college life regarding alcohol.
"I think many people, whether they'll admit it or not, want
to fit in and be a part of something," Biersack said. "Rather
than making a decision to start drinking excessively, they can
get caught up in a cycle."
According to the Student Life Survey, three general reasons
students give for drinking are to enhance social relationships,
to relieve negative feelings and to just get drunk.
While an intangible connection between alcohol and col-
lege continues and high binge drinking rates remain constant,
educators struggle to find elements within college campuses
that may promote excessive drinking. Benz targets friends as
most influential in a student's experiences with alcohol.
"Friends have a major impact on what their friends are
drinking," she said.
Other Big Ten universities have looked at bar specials as a
possible cause of binge drinking, and have thus tried to limit
these promotions. Such specials as $1 pitchers and two-for-
one drinks can be seen as creating an environment conducive
the michigan daily
to heavy drinking.
"What the data is showing on other campuses is that when
the availability to alcohol is hindered by increasing the price,
then drinking rates go down," said Patrice Flax, an alcohol ini-
tiatives coordinator with UHS.
But University administrators are hesitant to implement
policies here as they keep in mind possible unintended conse-
quences of such policies.
Carol Boyd, director of the Substance Abuse Research Cen-
ter, expressed concern that if special drink prices are restricted
on campus, students may drive to neighboring cities for better
prices, thus increasing the dangers of drinking and driving.
"Before we institute any policy or even make recommenda-
tions to local businesses on our campus, we must evaluate the
goal of the proposed change and how that change will get
manifested," she said.
Some administrators believe certain campus communities
endorse heavy drinking.
"Certainly the Greek culture promotes drinking and also
certain aspects of the athletic culture," Boyd said.
But some students disagree. "The Greek system does not
promote drinking. The people who are going to drink do so,
and those that aren't going to, do not," said Engineering senior
Matthew Liston, a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.
While there is disagreement about what aspects of the col-
lege atmosphere may cause binge drinking, many students
anticipate that alcohol will play a different role in their lives
"It won't be an every weekend thing like it is now. It's part
of growing up and being responsible," Zann said.
Brieh Guevara, a University alum, said although he has
more money to spend on his social life, the atmosphere is dif-
"Overall, it is less conducive to heavy drinking since prices
are higher, work starts early, and the notions of responsibility
and accountability are more real than in school," he said.
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