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November 27, 2001 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 27, 2001

NATION/WORLD

Bush asks Congress for cloning ban

WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush appealed
to Congress yesterday to outlaw human cloning after
scientists reported they had created the first cloned
human embryo.
"The use of embryos to clone is wrong," Bush said.
"We should not, as a society, grow life to destroy it,
and that's exactly what is taking place."
Several lawmakers returning from the Thanksgiving
recess also denounced the announcement Sunday that
a Massachusetts company had cloned a six-cell human
embryo. So did the Vatican.
The House, by a vote of 265-162, passed a ban on
cloning in July, after attempts by some lawmakers to
exempt research. The issue was then raised in the Sen-
ate this month but a showdown was avoided after lead-
ers promised extensive hearings next spring.
Bush spokesman Ari Fleischer said the president
was urging the Senate to pass the House legislation "as
a result of this first crossing of the line."

Sen. Sam Brownback, an outspoken abortion oppo-
nent, said he would push fellow senators to pass a
cloning ban before adjourning for the year. A
spokesman for Majority Leader Tom Daschle said the
senator had no plans to bring the issue up before
adjournment.
"We don't know who else in the country is working
on the issue of human cloning. This needs to be
stopped," said Brownback (R-Kan.)
Poll numbers show most Americans oppose cloning
humans. By a 2-to-1 margin, respondents said in an
ABC News/Beliefnet poll in August they thought
cloning a human embryo for medical purposes should
be illegal.
While a majority supported linited federal funding
for medical research done on embryonic stem cells,
that support evaporated when respondents were told
opponents fear cloning a human embryo for research
could lead eventually to the cloning of a human child.

Brownback held out the threat of delaying other bills
until the issue is addressed. He said of the announce-
ment by Advanced Cell Technology, "This trumps the
situation we were in several weeks ago."
Supporters of cloning for research urged the Senate
not to act hastily. They said it is possible to ban human
cloning without limiting research.
"It really is a horrendous thing to stop this research,"
said Rep. Jim Greenwood (R-Pa.), the author of an
unsuccessful House bill that would have permitted
cloning for research. "These people ,are treating this
issue the way they treated Copernicus and Galileo"
Rep. Peter Deutsch of Florida, the Democratic spon-
sor with Greenwood, added, "Research ... is a critical
component for cures."
Doug Hattaway, a spokesman for Daschle (D-
S.D.), said yesterday that the majority leader did
not intend to bring up the cloning measure before
adjournment.

NEWS IN BRIEF
HEADLINES FROM AROUND THE WORLD)
JERUSALEM
Israel pulls out of last West Bank town
Israel pulled its forces out of Jenin, the last of six West Bank towns invaded last
month after the assassination of an Israeli Cabinet minister, the military said today.
The pullout came as two U.S. mediators began a mission to implement a cease-
fire to stop more than a year of Palestinian-Israeli fighting. The United States
repeatedly demanded that Israel withdraw its army from Palestinian areas and keep
it out. In a statement, the military said Israeli forces staged the pullout "according to
instructions and directions from the government" and redeployed in "positions
under Israeli control around the town, from which (Israeli forces) can continue to
protect the security of the citizens of Israel ... and prevent terrorism."
Israeli troops and tanks moved into sections of Jenin and five other towns starting
Oct. 18, the day after militants from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Pales-
tine assassinated Israeli Tourism Minister Rehavam Zeevi at a Jerusalem hotel, ret-
ribution for Israel's killing of PFLP leader Mustafa Zibri, who Israel charged with
directing terror attacks.
Assistant Secretary of State William Burns and retired Marine Corps Gen.
Anthony Zinni are seeking to nudge the two sides toward implementing a cease-fire
and restarting peace talks - calming the Mideast conflict as the United.States and
its allies concentrate on the war against terrorism.
UNITED STATES
Storm dumps up to a foot of snow on Plains
A gusty storm system piled up nearly a foot of snow across the northern Plains
yesterday, shutting down highways and closing schools as it ended an unseason-
able stretch of warm, dry weather.
Wet, blowing snow made highways from Wyoming to Minnesota dangerously
slick and blotted out the landscape.
More than 140 miles of Interstate 80 was closed, from Big Springs, Neb., west
to Cheyenne, Wyo., and various state and local highways were also shut down. In
South Dakota, some truckers pulled off east-west I-90 and other highways to wait
out the weather. One person was killed in an automobile accident on a snowy
highway in northeastern Wyoming.
Snow in Minneapolis delayed flights arriving from across the country. North-
west Airlines, which has its major hub in the city, canceled 72 flights in and out
of Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport as a precaution.
Nearly 10 inches had fallen at Bonesteel, S.D., and Bloomfield, Neb., by late
afternoon. In Sioux Falls, S.D., where 11 inches of snow had fallen by evening,
officials shut down the airport, canceling more than a dozen flights.

Marnes to prevent Taliba:

WASHINGTON (AP) - The mis-
sion of the . U.S. Marines in
Afghanistan is to cut off escape
routes for Taliban and al-Qaida lead-
ers, pinpoint targets for airstrikes and
conduct quick strikes when the
chance arises.
At a Pentagon news conference,
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rums-
feld said yesterday the Marines have
been sent in to "help pressure the Tal-
iban forces in Afghanistan, to prevent
Taliban and al-Qaida terrorists from
moving freely about the country." He
said the Marines would number in the

"hundreds, not thousands."
Others said about 1,000 Marines
would be involved. The.last time that
many had been put on the ground in a
war zone was in the 1991 Gulf War,
although Marines played a role in
Somalia in 1993 as well as in Balkans
peacekeeping operations.
The Pentagon, meanwhile, said five
U.S. military members suffered seri-
ous injuries yesterday when a U.S.
attack plane mistakenly dropped a
bomb on them near Mazar-grSharif in
northern Afghanistan. A Pentagon
statement said the injuries were not

life-threatening and the five were
being evacuated to Landstuhl Medical
Center in Ramstein, Germany. Their
names were not released.
Rumsfeld was reluctant to discuss
the Marines' role in detail, but it
appeared they may not be a tradition-
al ground force that seeks contact
with enemy troops - like the
Marines' Gulf War push into Kuwait
to oust an occupying Iraqi army.
Instead, after establishing their base
in the vicinity of Kandahar, they may
focus mainly on blocking roadways
leading away from the city - rather

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n escape
than assault the city itself in search of
fighters. In this way they could make
it harder for enemy forces to resupply,
regroup or escape across the Pakistani
border.
In an early indication of their role,
Marine Cobra helicopters participated
in an airstrike on an armored column
near their new base. Although the
helicopters did not fire on the vehicles
- Navy F-14 Tomcat jets did - they
were in the area and ready to fire if
needed, said Maj. Brad Lowell, a
spokesman for U.S. Central Com-
mand.
n-Afgha n
talks set
to begin
today.
KOENIGSWINTER, Germany (AP)
- Afghan factions can expect no aid
for rebuilding their war-ravaged coun-
try unless they agree on a broad-based
government, a senior US. official said
yesterday on the eve of U.N.-sponsored
talks.
"Until there is a government that is
broadly representative and recognized
by, us, there's not going to be any
reconstruction assistance," said the
official, who is close to the talks and
spoke to reporters on condition of
anonymity.
When formal talks start today, the
four Afghan delegations gathering at a
stately mansion overlooking the Rhine
River face intense international pres-
sure to reach a consensus on
Afghanistan's political future.
Eighteen nations, including the Unit-
ed States and Britain, are exerting
influence from the corridors, and the
U.N. spokesman for Afghanistan said
yesterday that the four groups must
decide quickly on a security force and
an interim administration. Ahmad
Fawzi's comments came amid fears
that the eventual fall of the last Taliban
stronghold - Kandahar - would
ignite infighting among the northern
alliance.
The delegates will spend the dura-
tion of the talks at Petersberg, perched
on a hilltop above the former German
capital of Bonn, and reached by a sin-
gle road. The secluded location was
chosen not only for security reasons,
but also to remove the delegations from
what Fawzi called "daily pressures," a
move the United Nations hopes will
give them perspective to reach a con-
sensus.
"It's a very simple agenda really'"
Fawzi said. "We're talking about the
possibility to form a transitional
administration for Afghanistan, as soon
as possible because speed is of the
essence in view of the situation on the
ground."
Some of the 32 delegates arrived
early and started informal discussions
Sunday, including those representing
ex-King Mohammad Zaher Shah and a
group of exiles based in Cyprus. Those
conversations continued yesterday.
The United States hopes the promise
of billions in aid will help bring about
a power-sharing accord among the four
groups: the ex-king's supporters, the

Cyprus group, another exile group
based in the Pakistani city of Peshawar
and the northern alliance warlords who
are regaining control of Afghanistan
from the Taliban.
Fawzi said the United Nations was
imposing no conditions on the
Afghans.
"It's their choice. They know what
the international community has to
offer," Fawzi said. "Without peace
there will be no development. Without
nren therew il he no irvestment- "

NEW BEDFORD, Mass.
Teens modeled plot
after Columbine
Two teen-age brothers and. a 15-
year-old friend allegedly planned to
kill "thugs, preps, and faculty" in a
Columbine-style bloodbath at their
high school, according to police
reports released yesterday.
The boys then planned to climb
onto the roof of New Bedford High
School and shoot each other "so it
was a homicide, not suicide,"
according to police interviews with
two students who authorities say
were involved but had not yet been
arrested or charged.
The students allegedly modeled
themselves after the two teen-agers
who carried out the 1999 Columbine
High School massacre in Littleton,
Colo.
They were arrested at their homes
Saturday after a janitor found a letter
outlining their alleged plot, which
also included detonating explosives.
MANILA, Philippines
American hostages
appear on video
A pair of terrified American mission-
aries, held hostage by Muslim extrem-
ists for six months, said in a videotape
aired yesterday that they long to rejoin
their children.
The one-minute tape recorded Sun-
day showed Gracia and Martin Burn-
ham surrounded by Abu Sayyaf
guerrillas with heavy weaponry. It was
the first video shown of the Wichita,

Kan., couple since they were abducted
May 27 while celebrating their 18th
wedding anniversary at a tourist resort.
Both are in their early 40s.
More than 7,000 Filipino soldiers
have been deployed in southern
Basilan island to rescue the Ameri-
cans and wipe out the guerrillas,
who have been linked in the past to
Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida terrorist
network.
"This is a tragedy," Gracia said, try-
ing to suppress sobs as she talked.
NEW YORK
Expanded 'buffer
zones' struck down
A federal appeals court yesterday
struck down a ruling that expanded
protest-free "buffer zones" outside two
Buffalo health clinics and prevented
the use of sound amplifiers during
abortion protests.
The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of
Appeals said Judge Richard Arcara
went too far when he decided in 1999
to expand the 15-foot zones.
"That's wonderful news," said
Christopher Ferrara, a lawyer for the
American Catholic Lawyers Associa-
tion Inc. He said it had become impos-
sible to protest from so far away.
The zones were enlarged in antici-
pation of large abortion protests in
Buffalo. State Attorney General Eliot
Spitzer successfully convinced the
judge that protesters should be kept as
far as 60 feet away from Buffalo GYN
Womenservices and 30 feet away from
Planned Parenthood in Rochester.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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