The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 26, 2001 - 7A
Taliban fighters come to the front lanes to surrender
Continued from Page 1A
yesterday toward the town of Chardara, to the
west, with alliance troops in pursuit, alliance act-
ing foreign minister, Abdullah, said by satellite
telephone from the north of Afghanistan.
While some chose to make a run for it, thou-
sands of others surrendered by the thousands as
northern alliance troops moved in. Under a pact
negotiated earlier between the alliance and the
Taliban, Afghan Taliban fighters were guaran-
teed safe passage out of the city but the foreign-
ers were to be arrested pending investigation into
possible ties to bin Laden.
Outside the city of Mazar-e-Sharif, 100 miles
to the west, hundreds of foreigners who had been
captured earlier in the Kunduz area staged a vio-
lent uprising at their prison fortress, triggering a
fierce daylong battle with northern alliance
guards. U.S. aircraft helped quash the insurrec-
Hundreds of foreign Taliban prisoners were
killed, U.S. and alliance officials said.
A U.S. special forces soldier inside the Qalai
Janghi fortress was taped by a German television
crew saying an American may have died.
But Pentagon officials in Washington later said
all U.S. troops were accounted for and none had
died. A U.S. government official, speaking on
condition of anonymity, said later in Washington
that a CIA operative was wounded in the upris-
Dave Culler, a spokesman for the U.S. Central
Command, which oversees the war in
Afghanistan, suggested that the uprising was in
effect a suicide mission. At least one foreign
fighter had killed himself Saturday while surren-
dering, witnesses said -- giving himself up, then
setting off a hand grenade when an alliance offi-
The fighters had smuggled weapons under
their tunics into the Qalai Janghi fortress and
tried to fight their way out, Pentagon spokesman
Lt. Col. Dan Stoneking said. The Pentagon esti-
mated that fighters numbered 300; the northern
alliance had said previously there were 700 pris-
oners in the facility.
Yahsaw, a spokesman for northern alliance
commander Mohammed Mohaqik, said the pris-
oners broke down doors, seized weapons and
ammunition, and fought a pitched battle with
guards that lasted some seven hours.
An Associated Press reporter entering the city
yesterday evening heard explosions coming from
the direction of the fortress. Stoneking, the Pen-
tagon spokesman, confirmed that U.S. airstrikes
had helped Gen. Rashid Dostun's forces regain
control of the prison. Dostum brought in about
500 troops to quash the unrest, he said.
International organizations had voiced worry
over the prospect of atrocities involving captured
fighters. Earlier this month, the United Nations
reported the apparent reprisal killings of at least
100 captured Taliban fighters in Mazar-e-Sharif.
Pakistan had appealed without success for
some guarantee of protection for any of its
nationals captured when Kunduz fell.
The United States had strongly opposed any
deal that would have allowed the foreigners to
leave Afghanistan. As a surrender accord for
Kunduz was being brokered last week, Defense
Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said he hoped the
foreign fighters would be killed or captured, not
allowed to go free.
The head of the northern alliance, former pres-
ident Burhanuddin Rabbani, said earlier yesterday
there would be no slaughter of foreign troops.
"We will discuss their fate as far as international
law is concerned. ... They should have no con-
cern for their safety,"he told journalists in Kabul.
The capture of Kunduz was reported hours
after alliance troops gained a small foothold
inside the besieged city, then overran a town on
its eastern flank.
Near the town of Khanabad, about 10 miles
east of Kunduz, alliance troops spread across
ridgetops held by the Taliban a day earlier and
fanned out across fields to check mud buildings
for enemy fighters. Later, the alliance announced
the fall of the city itself.
In other developments:
In Herat, northern alliance commander
Mohammed Zaer Azimi said Taliban leaders
were discussing the possibility of Karidahar's
surrender, but offered no details. He also said
alliance forces were preparing for a major attack
on Helmand, another Taliban stronghold in the
south. But it is unclear whether the alliance has
enough men and heavy weapons to press an
offensive in the south.
Representatives of three key Afghan groups
left for Germany yesterday to attend a U.N.-
sponsored meeting aimed at forming a broad-
based government in war-torn Afghanistan. One
delegate, Syed Hamid Gailani, expressed doubts
the conference would succeed because the fac-
tions are not sending their top leaders.
An Islamic militant leader from Uzbekistan
who was a key ally of Osama bin Laden was
killed in northern Afghanistan, an anti-Taliban
general said yesterday. Juma Namangani, 32, was
fatally injured during fighting for the northern
city of Mazar-e-Sharif, where the Taliban were
routed on Nov. 9, according to Gen. Daoud Khan.
Continued from Page 1A
"Chief among the reasons for the 60
percent four year U of M graduation
rate: the quality of the undergraduate
students admitted to the university, the
high motivation to succeed among our
student body and the hugely pre-profes-
sional interest among some of our stu-
dents and the . quality of the
undergraduate education experience,"
said Esrold Nurse, assistant dean of
LSA academic affairs.
Other schools in Michigan and the
Big Ten aren't faring so well.
Michigan State has the second-high-
est four-year graduation rate in the state,
at 31 percent. At Eastern Michigan Uni-
versity, fewer than 10 percent of fresh-
men graduate within four years, and
only 35 percent graduate within six
years. Western Michigan University and
Central Michigan University have grad-
uation rates of 18 percent and 16 per-
Across the Big Ten, the University of
Minnesota and The Ohio State Univer-
sity are neck-and-neck for last place; the
graduation rates of the schools are 17
and 19 percent, respectively. Purdue
University (28 percent), University of
Wisconsin (39 percent), Indiana Univer-
sity (40 percent), Pennsylvania State
University (43 percent) and University
of Illinois (52 percent) are somewhere
in the middle.
With its $25,000 tuition, private
"Things are not quite as clear-cut when they
were, say, 30 years ago, when you could
count on a prescribed set of courses."
- Lester Monts
University of Michigan senior vice provost of academic affairs
Northwestern University tops the other
10 public schools, graduating 83 per-
cent of its freshman class within four
Lester Monts, the University of
Michigan's senior vice provost of acade-
mic affairs, said there are many driving
forces helping students graduate early
- as well as many others that lead them
to stick around.
"I think the force is students' parents,
who are paying these tuition bills and
supporting their kids through college,"
Monts said. "That's certainly the case
with me. I want my own to get out as
soon as they can."
Nationally, universities and colleges
with higher tuition rates also have high-
er graduation rates. About two-thirds of
students at private institutions graduate
within four years.
The 15 highest graduation rates
belong to private institutions with annu-
al tuition of at least $23,000.
The lone exception in Michigan is
Cleary College, a private school in
Howell with less than 900 students that
boasts'a 94 percent graduation rate. A
commuter college where 80 percent of
the students are at least 25 years old,
Cleary costs little more than S10,000 a
year to attend.
In some cases, high tuition rates can
also prolong an undergraduate career.
"Economic factors can play a role in
the length of the undergraduate career,"
-said Bob Owen, the University of
Michigan's assistant dean of academic
affairs. "Some students carry less than a
full load each semester because they
need to work part-time to cover their
Michigan also gives full-time students
a flat tuition rate, meaning students who
take 18 credits pay the same amount of
money as those taking 12 credits.
The University of Texas at Austin is
planning to offer students a flat tuition
rate in fall 2002 in an attempt to boost
its graduation rate of 32 percent.
Many students come to the University
of Michigan with Advanced Placement
credits from high school. Newly created
academic minors, an alternative to dou-
ble-majoring, can also shorten the
length of time needed to graduate.
"When I was working on the devel-
opment of academic minors in LSA, I
learned that many students took double
majors because they were concerned
about their job prospects in some
fields," Owen said. "I am hopeful that
the existence of minors will reduce that
Academic minors require significant-
ly fewer credits than majors.
Students who do double major are
almost forced to study for an extra year.
Changing majors in the middle of an
undergraduate career,- not unusual at
any university - also means spending
more time in Ann Arbor.
In addition, extra-curricular activities,
study-abroad programs and undergradu-
ate research opportunities can also deter
students from graduating early.
"Students may become heavily
involved in these activities to the point
where it prolongs their undergraduate
careers," Owen said. "However, these
same experiences may also enhance
their chances of getting good jobs or
getting into good graduate programs."
Monts said greater freedom and
more choices might cause some stu-
dents problems, but added that the Uni-
versity is not concerned about an influx
of fifth-year seniors.
"Things are not quite as clear-cut
when they were, say, 30 years ago, when
you could count on a prescribed set of
courses," he said. "With the kinds of
opportunities that students have here at
Michigan, it's almost impossible for a
student to exhaust all of the opportuni-
ties in any area of study."
Continued from Page1A
as hard as we could and are pleased
that we could compete with much
more well equipped and experienced
Team adviser Kris Kors said that a
professional team from the Nether-
lands named Alpha Centuri was at
one time three hours ahead of the
University team during the race,
which extended from the northern
city of Darwin to Adelaide in the
south of the country.
To lessen this gap, University
team members woke up at the break
of dawn on the last day of the race
to charge up the car's battery and
catch as many solar rays as possible.
"The solar array, team got up
when the sun came over the horizon,
and then the team planned to sprint
towards the finish line," Kors, said.
They averaged 65 to 70 mph, he
"I couldn't be prouder,"' Kors
added of the team, which rebuilt its
car earlier this year after an accident
during test drives only days before
last summer's national competition.
"They lost control of the car and
went into a ditch. The car was
destroyed," Kors said.
Refurbishments to the car includ-
ed the replacement of the cable
steering system and damaged solar
cells. The team also worked to
improve the reliability of the electri-
cal signals, and the weight of the car
was reduced by 60 pounds.
Test runs for this race were care-
fully planned and accounted for the
flat terrain and intense sunlight.
"When they went to Australia,
they drove the race backwards to
map out the trail," Kors said. "It
gave them an idea of strategies."
Continued from Page 1A
ng in Mary Markley Residence Hall who asked to
remain anonymous, replied sarcastically when asked
about what he learned after being written-up, receiv-
ing a minor in possession of alcohol citation from the
police and speaking with the hall director.
"I learned I hate living in the dorms," the student
"Most residents I know drank again after being
written-up," Guffey said, adding that he thought talk-
ing with students was more effective than simply
writing them up.
"Residents consider it more of a hindrance than an
actual educational tool," said Winslow, referring to
some negative reactions
students have had toward
Another RA, who asked to remain anonymous,
remarked on the ineffectiveness of "Alcohol 101"
after seeing so many students decide not to change
"That's what you expect when you give someone a
CD to watch," he said.
Some resident advisors also expressed concern
about the duality within their positions. More specifi-
cally, they said they find it hard to be both the person
of authority and also the person in whom residents,
can confide and trust.
"I hate my RA. When I got in trouble (the RA)
didn't knock on my door first, he just called security,
said the freshman from Markley.
"I really don't think RAs should be put in the posi-
tion to enforce serious rules," Guffey said, adding that
RAs do need to enforce rules, but shouldn't intercede
with serious violations.
"You have to write-up somebody one minute, then
expect them to come to you another minute," he said.
"You want them to come to you when it's important."
Guffey stressed the importance of not alienating
residents because communicating with them is the
one way to avoid a major tragedy.
While Guffey acknowledges the prevalence of
alcohol within the residence halls, he also adds that
the problem is under control.
"If our primary responsibility as a community is to
keep people safe, we're doing an excellent job," he
Continued from Page IA
nation said that planes are still the
most convenient means of traveling.
Northeastern University student
Myra Rodriguez said she had flown
three days after the Sept. 11 terrorist
attacks and found traveling by plane
to be "not much of a hassle."
"Tight security wasn't that big of
a deal. They asked me for my iden-
tification an extra time ... and there
are always going to be lines at air-
ports," said Jeeho Lee, a student at
More travelers were expected to
drive to their holiday destination,
while a decline in air travel was pre-
dicted because of the weak econo-
my and fear of flying since the
airborne attacks. Overall, the num-
ber of Americans expected to travel
over the weekend was expected to
be down 6 percent since last year.
Aviation consultant Michael Boyd
of The Boyd Group in Colorado had
predicted a 25 percent drop in air
travel for the holiday weekend.
"This will be a bellwether of what
consumers think," he said, adding
numbers should be known by
Wednesday. "If it's down less than
20 percent, what we have is a
rebounding economy for air travel."
Though the airports were expect-
ed to experience their busiest day
since Sept. 11, the numbers are still
not back to normal, said Depart-
ment of Aviation spokeswoman
"A lot of people under the cir-
cumstances are choosing to travel
one holiday over another," she said
of Thanksgiving and Christmas.
Amtrak reported in increase in
train travel, but did not provide fig-
ures. The company added 75,000
seats, more than last year's Thanks-
giving holiday period, when
567,000 people rode on the passen-
ger rail service during a 7-day peri-
Greyhound Bus Lines hoped that
based on advance purchases, it
would post an increase over the
800,000 riders it carried in a 6-day
holiday period last year.
- The Associated Press contributed
to this report.
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Continued from Page 1A
Both games are on Jan. 1.
"We came into this game know-
ing what we had to do and what was
at stake," Michigan senior co-cap-
tain Shawn Thompson said. "We
didn't get it done."
The first-half deficit meant the
Wolverines needed to play mistake-
free football in the second half, but
they couldn't capitalize on their
Michigan opened the second half
with a touchdown and drove the
ball all the way to the Buckeyes'
10-yard line late in the third quar-
ter, when Michigan quarterback
John Navarre spotted Marquise
Walker on a slant in the endzone.
The ball bounced off Walker's
"Blame that on me," Walker said.
Hayden Epstein missed a 27-yard
field goal on the next play.
Much as it did all day, the defense
responded, forcing the Buckeyes to
punt the ball back four plays later.
Following a blocked punt, Michi-
gan scored again, but failed the
two-point conversion attempt, leav-
ing it down 10 points, 23-13.
The Wolverines got the ball back
with 7:27 to go and the fans still did
not give up hope. But Navarre over-
threw Walker on a fly and the Buck-
eyes' Mike Doss returned the ball to
Michigan's 9-yard line, setting up
Ohio State's final three points of the
Even after the field goal, the
Wolverines still had a chance.
Michigan responded this time by
driving the ball all the way to the
Buckeyes' 7-yard line. Faced with
third-and-3, Navarre threw two
incomplete passes on the next two
plays, turning the ball back over to
left, cutting the deficit to six, but
Michigan would not get any closer.
"Our goal was to win the Big Ten
championship," Carr said. "We had
other goals. I'm disappointed,
because we were in position to win
the Big Ten championship and we
didn't play our best game."
It was the Buckeyes' best game.
While they were not overly impres-
sive, they knew coming into the
game that they would need to take
advantage of the every opportunity,
which they did.
This was especially true because
they played without their starting
quarterback Steve Bellisari, who
was demoted to 4th-string because
after being charged with drunken
driving Nov. 15.
Without its quarterback, the
Buckeyes took advantage of all six
When coach Jim Tressell Was
announced as the new Ohio State
coach, he promised that his fans
would be proud of the program
when it played Michigan.
After the game, he downplayed
his statement, claiming he did not
guarantee a victory. "We didn't
promise a win," he said after the
game. "We promised you'd be proud
of us. We did the things we needed
to win. It just happened to be
"The impact on our seniors is
amazing. Even if they go on to win
Super Bowls, it will never feel like
this to them."
The loss left Michigan feeling
like an opportunity slipped by.
"Obviously, we're extremely dis-
appointed with the outcome and the
way we played in the first half,"
Carr said. "We have no excuses.
Give Ohio State credit. They did
what they had to do. We had
turnovers in the first half and didn't
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