2A - The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 26, 2001
Scientists clone human
BOSTON (AP) - A research com- patible cells
pany reported yesterday it had cloned transplantat
the first human embryo, a development Lanza an
it said was aimed at producing geneti- tive Micha
cally matched replacement cells for interest in
patients with a wide range of diseases. embryos in
But the news from Advanced Cell birth to a ci
Technology of Worcester, Mass., drew it clear thatt
swift protests from religious and politi- ble of that.
cal leaders who saw it as a step toward But the
cloning human beings. National Ri
Several states, including California, ed little tir
have banned human cloning, and Con- announcem
gress is considering such a ban. But ating huma
company officials insisted their work is pose of killi
the first step in providing hope for peo- cells," saidt
ple with spinal injuries, heart disease tor Douglas
and other ailments. acts quickly
"These are exciting preliminary will be open
results," said Dr. Robert P. Lanza, one of And a c
the researchers at Advanced Cell Tech- used to sit
nology. "This work sets the stage for Advanced
human therapeutic cloning as a poten- premature
tially limitless source of immune-com- encourage
Bln aden si
MAZAR-E-SHARIF, Afghanistan (AP) - Hun-
dreds of Osama bin Laden's foreign legion were killed
after staging an uprising with smuggled arms in a
northern alliance prison yesterday, officials said. U.S.
airstrikes helped quash the daylong insurrection
A U.S. special forces soldier inside the fortress was
taped by,a German television crew saying an Ameri-
can may have been killed, but the Pentagon said later
that all U.S. forces in Afghanistan had been accounted
for and that none had died.
The U.S. Central Command, which oversees the war
in Afghanistan, declined to say whether U.S. forces
were inside the Qalai Janghi fortress when the fighting
The fighters, about 300 Chechens, Pakistanis and
Arabs who surrendered Saturday from the besieged
city of Kunduz, had smuggled weapons under their
s for tissue engineering and
.d the company's top execu-
ael West said they had no
transplanting such early
to a woman's womb to give
honed human being, nor was
their embryo would be capa-
ght to Life Committee wast-
me yesterday attacking the
ent. "This corporation is cre-
n embryos for the sole pur-
ng them and harvesting their
the group's legislative direc-
Johnson. "Unless Congress
y, this corporation and others
ning human embryo farms."
ritic of the company who
on ACT's ethics board said
Cell's announcement was
and would serve only to
such harsh reaction" against
Glenn McGee, a University of Penn-
sylvania bioethicist who resigned from
Advanced Cell Technology's ethics
advisory board, called the announce-
ment "nothing but hype." He said the
company's report lacks any significant
details, including what cells company
scientists actually grew from the cloned
embryo. "They are doing science by
press release," he said.
A second company quickly claimed
yesterday that it had also cloned human
embryos, but in unpublished research.
The company, Clonaid, said it hopes to
eventually create fully-developed
"I'm very pleased that I'm not alone,"
company Director Brigitte Boisselier
said in a phone interview. "We're doing
embryos every day."
The company keeps its laboratory
location secret, citing security concerns.
Boisselier said that the embryos wvere
created by injecting eggs with a variety
of other cells, but she refused to give
In findings published Sunday by the
online journal, e-biomed: The Journal
of Regenerative Medicine, and also
described online in Scientific American,
the ACT scientists said they had grown
a six-cell human embryo.
They said they created the early
embryo by injecting a very small cell
with its genetic material into a woman's
donated egg. In such cloning, the inject-
ed DNA often comes from a skin cell,
but the researchers this time used a
cumulus cell, which nurtures a develop-
This technique could produce
replacement cells only for a woman of
childbearing age, since the injected
DNA comes from a woman's reproduc-
tive system. However, the scientists have
been experimenting with injecting adult
skin cells into the eggs as well.
NEWS IN BRIEF >z
Black boxes found in Swissair crash
Workers combing through a muddy wood found the flight recorders from a
Swiss airliner that crashed near Zurich, killing 24 people, officials said yester-
day. Nine people survived, two in critical condition.
The four-engine Crossair Jumbolino Avro RJ-100 crashed a few miles short of
the runway Saturday night after a flight from Berlin with 28 passengers - most
of them foreigners - and five crew aboard.
Authorities said the bodies of all 24 victims were recovered by yesterday
evening. The survivors included two crew members, but the pilot and co-pilot
were among the dead, they said.
A Zurich police statement said the passengers and crew included 10 Swiss, 13
Germans - including one who also had U.S. citizenship - three Israelis, two
people from the Netherlands and one each from Austria, Canada, Ghana, Spain
and Sweden. They did not release the names.
Before all 24 deaths were, confirmed, Israeli officials said three promi-
nent Israelis were among those missing and feared dead. They were
Yaakov Matzner, dean of the Hebrew University school of medicine;
another leading doctor, Amiram Eldor, and Avishai Berkman, a Tel Aviv
Leahy letter powerful enough to kill 100,000
Sen. Patrick Leahy says there was enough anthrax in the letter sent to his office
to kill more than 100,000 people. The letter to the Vermont Democrat was dis-
covered Nov. 16 in a batch of unopened mail sent to Capitol Hill and quarantined
since the discovery of an anthrax-contaminated letter to Senate Majority Leader
Tom Daschle (D- S. D.) on Oct. 15.
"We still haven't got the letter open," Leahy said yesterday on NBC's "Meet
the Press." "It is so powerful that they're having difficulty figuring out how best
to open it and preserve the evidence."
An FBI microbiologist said last week that there were billions of spores inside
the letter, which was taped around the edges. "You could feel the powder inside,"
the microbiologist told reporters.
Daschle, speaking a day after a memorial service for a 94-year-old Connecticut
woman who died from inhalation anthrax, said Americans should be careful open-
ing the mail.
"I would be very skeptical about opening envelopes that aren't recognizable, that
look suspicious," Daschle said on "Fox News Sunday."
apporerskiled in prson
tunics into the fortress and tried to fight their way out, identified himself only as David, can be heard saying
Pentagon spokesman Lt. Col. Dan Stoneking said. The on Germany's ARD television network.
alliance said most of the prisoners were killed. "I don't know how many Americans there were. I
The uprising began about 11 a.m., witnesses said. think one was killed, but I'm not sure," the U.S. soldier
Alliance spokesman Zaher Wahadat said the prisoners said in the footage. "There were two of us at least, me
seized other weapons from their guards and captured and some other guy."
an ammunition depot, using its contents to fight the The soldiers appeared to have planned the battle,
troops sent in to put down the revolt. Central Command spokesman Lt. Cmdr. Dave Culler
Yahsaw, a spokesman for northern alliance com- said, describing it as an apparent "suicide mission."
mander Mohammed Mohaqik, said the prisoners broke For-several hours the firefight continued between the
down the doors and tried to escape. hundreds of prisoners and what ARD said were only
As outnumbered guards perched on the compound's 100 guards.
walls fired wildly down at the prisoners, a U.S. special "There was general pandemonium," said Simon
forces soldier could be seen in footage by a Germany Brooks, head of Red Cross operations for northern
television crew using a telephone to call in airstrikes Afghanistan, who was at the prison to check on the
and reinforcements. detainees' condition and escaped by climbing onto the
"There's hundreds dead here at least," the man, who roof with northern alliance commanders.
-a- ~ Ir
mew trmmilor I
'opict an Speakers
U-M School of
Public Health If
Hts., Ann Arbor
Noreen M. Clark, Dean, School of Public Health
Sioben Harlow, Associate Director, International Institute
Richard Lem pert, Director, Life Sciences, Values and
Suzanne White, Medical Director, Children's
Hospital of Michigan Regional Poison Control Center
The Public Health Toolbox
Matthew Boulton, State Epidemiologist,
Michigan Department of Community Health
Hank Baier, Associate Vice President, Facilities and Operations
Gilbert S. Omenn, Executive Vice President for Medical Affairs
A spike in Mideast violence yester-
day dampened prospects for a new U.S.
mediation effort, as a Palestinian teen-
ager died in a clash with Israeli soldiers
and Israeli helicopters blasted buildings
in Gaza after a mortar shell killed an
The violence came a day before
Assistant Secretary of State William
Burns and new envoy Anthony Zinni, a
retired Marine Corps general, were to
begin their peace mission here. The
Americans hope to quash Israeli-Pales-
tinian fighting before it undermines the
U.S.-led coalition against international
The mediators arriving tomorrow
were to meet with Israeli Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon and Foreign Minister Shi-
mon Peres. Palestinian leader Yasser
Arafat was on a trip to Arab countries
and was-not, expected back until:
Holida shop ping
down fom last year
Lured by big discounts and fears that
must-have holiday items will be in short
supply, consumers crowded malls and
shopping centers over the Thanksgiving
weekend, snapping up video games,
DVDs and anything to do with Harry
But the weekend's receipts won't be
the bonanza some merchants hoped for.
Early-bird specials and other bargains
from big chains like Wal-Mart Stores
Inc. attracted consumers who were
already frugal before the Sept. 11 terror-
ist attacks prompted them to further cur-.
tail their spending. The come-ons
worked, giving the value-priced retailers
But other merchants, particularly
department stores and specialty stores
that have been languishing for months,
barely met their modest expectations for
the weekend, the start of the holiday
U.S to form anti-drug
policy in Afghanistan 0
Lfori plniG ad
" a n o ja n - g ,
agspg i A
U.S. officials are exploring ways to
prevent a surge in opium cultivation in
Afghanistan, once the world's leading
producer, now that the Taliban's control
is crumbling. The challenge is persuad-
ing the factions likely to govern to fight
opium production and trafficking, when
these groups in the past.have shown lit-
tle inclination to do that.
U.S. counternarcotics officials want to
make drug-fighting a condition for
receiving international humanitarian
aid. They expect some of the assistance
will include programs to encourage
Afghan farmers to give up opium, the
raw material for heroin, in favor of
wheat and other legal crops.
Representatives of U.S. anti-drug
agencies have met to begin developing a
counterdrug plan. With efforts under
way to form a new multiethnic govern-
ment in Afghanistan, the opium issue is
attracting the attention of leading Bush
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.
Sponsored by the
University of Michigan.
School of Public Health;
Life Sciences, Values and
Society Program; and the
Univrsiy of Mihr
University of Michigan
Life Sciences, Values
and Society Program
H _g I
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