The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November , 2001 - 7A
Continued from Page 1A
Courant, an economics and public policy professor, said
he and his staff will use the next two months to regroup
their office before he begins his duties as interim provost.
"Mercifully, we have almost two months and we will
have to figure out how to best configure that," Courant said.
"Clearly I can't (be interim provost) and do what I do now, and
the University still needs a budget."
Courant said he is unsure whether he will put his name into
consideration for the permanent provost position.
"It's far too soon to say," he said. "It will be a hard and
interesting job and I'm looking forward to the adventure and
... to serving this university well."
White said he looked for a candidate who displayed both
professional and academic excellence to fill the interim
"The provost has to have very strong academic values and
high academic standards," White said.
Tedesco said she believes her time will be best spent aiding
the regents in their presidential search.
"Some of the most important work the regents do is select a
president and they need the full support of the executive offi-
cer that serves as a liaison between the regents and the Univer-
sity," Tedesco said.
White also created a new position designed to aid the inter-
im president yesterday.
White named Senior Vice Provost for Academic Affairs
Lester Monts to the position of senior counselor to the interim
president for the arts, diversity, and undergraduate affairs.
White said he chose Monts "in order to ensure continuity in
these three cultural areas: arts, diversity and undergraduate
Monts served on the President's Commission on the Under-
graduate Experience for the past year, reviewing and writing
recommendations to improve student life at the University.
"I think the numerous years I spent working on undergradu-
ate issues both here and at the University of California, and
the interaction I had with deans, faculty members and students
on the undergraduate commission have provided me with a
kind of insight that will be useful to the president," Monts
He said his goal is to broaden art and cultural awareness
among students, while maintaining a strong commitment to
diversity on campus.
"I am not certain that we involve undergraduates to the
extent that we should," Monts said.
White said these changes made to the administration are
meant to stabilize the presidential search and the University
community. "The theme of my interim presidency is continu-
ity," he said.
Continued from Page 1A
In addition, the AAUP said adminis-
trators may be more likely to be influ-
enced by alumni and donors than
If the AAUP's predictions are correct,
the University may be heading down the
same road as Harvard University, which
has recently been under scrutiny for its
alleged grade inflation policies.
"This is Harvard's dirty little secret,"
The Boston Globe wrote Oct. 7.
"Since the Vietnam-era, rampant grade
inflation has made its top prized stu-
dents - graduating with honors -
At the University of Michigan,
grade inflation is becoming a real
issue, although it has not become as
controversial of an issue as at Harvard,
"There is no question that the issue of
. grade inflation is a very real one and an
issue for the faculty members," he said.
The First-Year seminars are the most
prone to grade inflation, Brown said,
because of their close atmosphere and
high level of interaction with professors.
"With freshman seminars, instruc-
tors get to know students well, work
intimately with them and (students)
expect to get a very high grade and
they are often very disappointed when
they get a low grade," he said.
"It exasperates a problem for faculty
to be generous with their grading."
But communication studies Prof..
Anthony Collings, who has taught a
first-year seminar for several years,
said his students have been pleased
with their grades and his grading prin-
ciples have not been compromised.
Next Tuesday's AAUP meeting,
which is open to the public, begins at
noon in the Henderson Room of the
the michigan c
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John Lott, author of "More Guns,
Less Crime," and a research scholar at
the American Enterprise Institute in
Washington, began the debate with an
anti-gun control pitch.
"We all care about the same bottom
line. Do guns save lives or cost lives?
It's impossible not to hear about guns,
but a lot of things we know about guns
aren't true," Lott said:
Lott said issues such as an imbalance
in media coverage and the propagation
of common misconceptions like the risk
of having a gun in the home contribute
to the stigma attached to carrying a con-
"It's not as newsworthy when people
defend themselves then when a child is
shot at home," he said.
The various studies that find the prob-
ability of killing an attacker is much less
than killing a family member are all
conducted by the same authors, Lott
said, and only measure the one out of
1,000 instances in which the attacker
was actually killed by a gunshot. They
do not take into account the instances in
which guns wounded the attacker or
scared him away.
Lott also argued that gun control laws
are very expensive, costing 50,000
annual hours of police time for the reg-
istration of guns.
"How many crimes could have been
solved with 50,000 hours of police
Washtenaw County Prosecutor Brian
Mackie approached the other side of the
issue, citing instances in his district in
which children were killed by guns as
support for stricter laws governing who
can bear arms.
"Dr. Lott's book is not supported by
any academic study and never will be. If
it was as simple as 'more guns less
crime,' I would be all for it. But that's
like taking a few tablets and waking up
in the morning hoping to be thin. We
need to be critical thinkers," Mackie
He countered Lott's argument that
gun control laws only inhibit law-abid-
ing citizens from protecting themselves
by saying, "Many people who commit
horrible crimes have no criminal
Mackie also disagreed with the statis-
tic that 416 rapes a day could be pre-
vented if women carry guns.
"That's not how rape occurs, because
the vast majority of rapes are perpetrat-
ed by acquaintances," he said, adding
that women will most likely not have a
gun available to defend themselves
when they are in the presence of some-
one they know.
First-year Law student Brian Brown
said he was more persuaded by Lott's
argument because "Mackie relied more
on emotions and ad hominem attacks
Many students expressed concern
over the implications of the Con-
cealed Weapons Act passed last
December, in which the Michigan
Legislature began requiring county
gun boards to issue a license to
carry a concealed weapon to any
adult without a criminal record,
with limited exceptions.
This law, Mackie said, makes it illegal
for people to carry guns to class and in
residence halls, but does not prevent any
permit-holding gun owner from bring-
ing their gun to a fraternity party or
other such public places.
Music sophomore Katie Conrad, who
attended a college party in which a stu-
dent from another university actually
pulled a gun, said she is also disturbed
by the new law.
"I don't want to be shot on cam-
pus. It's unsafe (to carry guns) - I
don't care how many precautions
Continued from Page 1A
said. Every fall, fraternities and
sororities conduct rush, which results
in hundreds of new University
arrivals flooding the social scene in
addition to the clusters of freshman
who leave their residence halls each
weekend for house parties - often
without knowing the host.
"I've seen statements from victims
who talk about their situations in high]
school. But it's a different atmosphere
(in college)," Piersante said.
Drinks are stronger
University students have more
accessibility to hard liquor, and like-
wise, the drinks are stronger. Students
are often not knowledgeable about.
what is in their drinks, Piersante said.
"Where you may think you're hav-
ing an orange juice with vodka, it's
really Everclear," he said, referring to
the grain alcohol which is almost 100
Unlike bars, where the amount of
alcohol in drinks is metered, drinks
mixed at parties can be dangerous
because the amount of alcohol is
"If you go to a bar, the alcohol is
measured so the bar can make a prof-
it," Piersante said.
"If you go to a fraternity party
where a drink is mixed in a tub, one
drink in that setting might be five
drinks in another setting," he added.
The environment at house parties
can pose an additional threat because
of the lack of any accountable super-
Ideally you should mix and moni-
tor your own drink, Piersante said.
Non-alcoholic drinks can also be
drugged and should therefore be
'Their friends weren't there'
Piersante, who works in DPS'
criminal investigation division, said
DPS recognizes that students study-
ing in an institution deal with intense
educational pressures and need a
social outlet that may involve alcohol.
If students choose to use this method
to relax, they need to be more cau-
tious when they attend parties, he
"I've seen a pattern of some
women putting themselves in an unfa-
miliar setting and rather than leaving
a party with their support group, they
stay with strangers and they may
experience blackouts ... and their
friends weren't there to help them
piece together what happened."
Latresa Wiley, interim director of
the Sexual Assault Prevention and
Awareness Center, said the relation-
ship between the victim and the per-
petrator can be either long-term or
short-term to be classified as acquain-
"There are often issues with trust
with stranger assaults there are
more issues with safety," Wiley said.
It may be difficult to report
acquaintance rape because of trust
issues, she said.
"There is the issue of if someone
will believe you. It may be said to be
something like miscommunication.
So in some ways there are some
avenues in which people cannot move
forward (after an assault)."
Wiley said peer groups support and
sustain certain ideologies and types of
behaviors that impair safety for
"There are ways in which men are
socialized to treat women as second
to men, and ways men view and
objectify women. ... Sometimes the
conversations men have with one
another are perpetrations, but
they're not being challenged," Wiley
Wiley added that more men need to
speak against these ideas social cul-
tures have fostered.
She said when alcohol is involved,
the validity of an assault is ques-
"If we even remove alcohol from
the situation, there is still the poten-
tial for that violation to take place.:
Need for support
Piersante said although mingling
with new people is important, hav-
ing a support network in place
before a party is necessary, especial-
ly when it's time to go home.
Always give friends a safe escort to
the residence - even if force is nec-
essary, he said.
"You should leave with your sup-
port group rather than with a
stranger," Piersante said
At SAPAC, victims are provided
opportunities for counseling, receiv-
ing advocacy and medical and legal
options, based on each victim's needs.
An assault effects not only the sur-
vivor, but those that are close to her,
"We provide counseling for family
and friends of the survivor and that
can be one or two sessions," she
Piersante said although psychologi-
Continued from Page 1A
time of year, typically during the
winter when the amount of daylight
decreases, and shows full remission
or change during other seasons.
"It can occur at any age and nor-
mally affects more women," Keon-
fol said, adding that latitude and
age also play factors in the onset of
the disorder. "I know that students
have a lot of stressors going on, and
people sometimes get depressed. If
a student is unable to function and
enjoy pleasurable activities, they
need to see a clinician."
Professionals at Counseling and
Psychological Services regard the
various forms of depression,
including SAD, as one of their top
three concerns along with anxiety
and relationship conflicts.
Although CAPS clinical director.
Jim Etzkorn did not know the num-
ber of students on campus who suf-
fer from seasonal affective disorder,
he said, "My guess is that we do see
an increase in depressive symptoms
during the winter. (The weather) is
compounded by the fact that people
are in the midst of school work and
overwhelmed with the stresses of
Etzkorn added that there is a
question whether people change
their mood in the spring because of
weather and an increase in sunlight
or because it is the end of the
To help students avoid the winter
slum, Etzkorn said, "Try to find
something about winter that you
enjoy. The people who see winter
as a time that offers a change to be
outside sledding, skiing or whatev-
er are better off than people who
hate it and spend all of their time
"Sunlight is important. Arrange
your schedule to be near a window
and sunlight by not scheduling free
time during the dark. Even on a
cloudy day, being exposed to sun-
light would be better than being
buried in a classroom," he said.
For this reason, many clinicians
use light therapy to treat people
with SAD, along with an examina-
tion of stressors in the person's life
and distortion that make life unnec-
"They makq these 'special light
boxes, and the client is directed to
sit in front of the box for a certain
amount of time each day," Etzkorn
said. "We don't have one here, but
maybe they do at the hospital."
Etzkorn also said meditation,
good eating, sleep and exercise can
help people pull through their
"If you're feeling better about
yourself, it is likely that you will be
less vulnerable to the effect of the
weather," he said.
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