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October 30, 2001 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 30, 2001

NATION/WORLD

4 more anthrax Cases in Washington

The Washington Post '
WASHINGTON - Tests revealed the presence of
anthrax spores in four more government buildings in
downtown Washington yesterday, and officials said a
' New Jersey woman who does not work in a mail-
room has contracted the skin form of the disease.
In another sign of the contamination spreading from
the District of Columbia's central postal processing
plant to other mail facilities, tests found traces of
anthrax spores in mailrooms at the Supreme Court
building, the State Department and at a federal build-
ing in Southwest where the Department of Health and
Human Services and Voice of America have offices.
Similar traces were found at a nearby building
used by the Food and Drug Administration, which
joins a list of more than 20 sites in Washington
where the bacteria have been detected. Officials also
announced that anthrax spores were found in a mail
pouch at the U.S. Embassy in Lima, Peru, which

receives correspondence through the contaminated
State Department mail center in Sterling, Va.
But for federal health investigators, the new
anthrax case in New Jersey seemed to be the day's
most important development. Although the skin
form of anthrax is not life-threatening and the
unidentified woman is recovering, she may be the
first person to be infected by ordinary mail delivered
to a home or business.
The woman, a 51-year-old bookkeeper who had a
lesion on her forehead, works in Hamilton Township,
N.J., near the mail processing building that handled the
bacteria-filled letters mailed to Senate Majority Leader
Tom Daschle (D-S.D.), NBC News anchor Tom
Brokaw and the New York Post. Until now, anthrax
infections had occurred only among people working in
the mail-delivery system or those who opened the
tainted letters, and health authorities had said the
chance of a postal customer getting the disease from
cross-contaminated mail was very unlikely.

Officials have launched environmental tests at the
woman's office and home.
"There's no operating theory right now for how
she got infected," said George DiFerdinando, New
Jersey's health commissioner. "The people who work
near her will obviously be concerned, and environ-
mental testing will tell us a whole lot more."
The announcement came two hours after officials
with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Pre-
vention told District health officials that they are
reconsidering whether it is necessary to conduct
envirorunental testing of mailrooms in as many as
4,000 private organizations in the Washington area
that receive unsorted mail from the central District
processing plant on Brentwood Road NE.
CDC officials also said they were rethinking their
recommendation that employees in those work-
places start taking antibiotics, explaining that infor-
mation available yesterday would help them reach a
decision.

NEWS IN BRIEF
HEADLINES FROM AROUND THE WORLD
WASH IN(TON
Written bomb threat forces plane land ing
An American Airlines plane made an unscheduled landing at Washington
Dulles International Airport yesterday night after a written bomb threat was
found aboard, airport and government officials said. Passengers used emergency
slides to leave the aircraft.
The Boeing 757 plane, American Flight 785 en route to Dallas-Fort Worth
International Airport from New York's La Guardia Airport, landed just after 7
p.m., according to officials at the airport in suburban Virginia 25 miles west of
Washington.
"There was a threat and it is being investigated," said Paul Malandrino, an
operations manager at Dulles. "Everyone is safe. The passengers are off the air-
plane." No bomb was found.
A recorded statement by American Airlines spokesman Gus Whitcomb said
the plane was diverted because of a suspicious note, but gave few other details.
A government official speaking on condition of anonymity said the note was a
bomb threat.
The FBI is investigating the threat, but bureau spokesmen Chris Murray
would not comment on whether it was genuine or if the plane was ever in
danger.
NEW YORK
Dow has worst day since reopening Sept 17
The stock markets monthlong recovery stalled yesterday as investors cashed in
their winnings ahead of three key economic reports due out this week. The
unsurprising pullback sent the Dow Jones industrials down more than 270 points.
Analysts weren't alarmed, noting that stock prices have moved considerably
higher 'during October and that a good portion of the Dow's decline was related
to bad news specific toBoeing rather than a blanket selloff.
"Considering the type of strong move we've had in stock prices since Oct.
1, this is really no surprise," said Brian Belski, fundamental market strategist
at US Bancorp Piper Jaffray. "A part of this is locking in some gains, the end
of month is also approaching and the end of fiscal year for many mutual
funds is approaching.
"But I don't see anything different here this week in terms of the negative variables
facing the market, whether it's the economic uncertainty or fear about anthrax."
Tie Dow closed down 275.67 at 9,269.50, cutting short a three-day winning
streak. It was the index's biggest decline since the precipitous 684-point drop on
Sept. 17, when trading resumed following the terrorist attacks.

Opposition planning major offensive

BAGRAM, Afghanistan (AP) - With the front
lines in Afghanistan largely unchanged despite
U.S. airstrikes, opposition commanders insisted
yesterday they plan a major offensive - but said it
could not succeed without stepped up American
attacks to break down Taliban defenses.
There were signs the United States was willing to
increase attacks on Taliban forces. Strikes on the north-
ern front entered their second week yesterday with
thunderous explosions and blinding streaks of light in
the skies over this battle zone north of the capital.
The opposition northern alliance has barely
advanced here or at the key northern city of Mazar-
e-Sharif to the northwest. Opposition commanders
have welcomed stepped-up bombing over the past
week, but say more is needed.
In Washington, Pentagon spokeswoman Victoria
Clark said Monday the U.S. military extended its
bombing toward the Afghan border with Tajikistan,
where- Taliban troops are preventing opposition
forces from reaching Mazar-e-Sharif.
And Defense Secretary Donald H1. Rumsfeld
rejected criticism the United States wasn't doing

enough to help the alliance, saying Washington
was eager for an opposition advance.
"We are anxious to have all the forces on the
ground move forward and take whatever they can
take away from the. Taliban and the al-Qaida," he
said at the Pentagon. "Our hope is that they will
work their way into the major cities and the major
airports."
Rumsfeld said airdrops of ammunition to oppo-
sition fighters have begun and coordination of tar-
gets has become more effective. "We're dropping
thousands of pieces of ordnance to assist them in
addressing the Taliban forces that are arrayed
against them," he told CNN.
In other developments:
American airstrikes on Afghanistan have killed
some leaders of the Taliban military and the al-Qaida
network, but not the top ones, Rumsfeld said.
Gen. Tommy Franks - head of American
forces in the Afghanistan campaign -- arrived in
Islamabad to discuss the operation with Pakistani
President Pervez Musharraf, a key U.S. ally in the
campaign.

AP PHOTO
A Northern Alliance fighter refuels his tank yesterday in the
town of Dasht-i-Qala, which they control.

Israeli army withdraws from Bethlehem

The Washington Post
BETILEHEM, West Bank -Palestinians here and
in neighboring Beit Jala awakened yesterday to find the
Israeli army gone from their streets, but their joy at the
predawn pullout was tempered by the devastation
inflicted by 11 days of street fighting.
From refugee camps to affluent neighborhoods, resi-
dents started the painful task of digging out and
rebuilding. Merchants swept up piles of glass and bul-
let casings and put their wares back on display. Ilouse-
wives salvaged what they could from homes that had
been shelled or burned. Childreni went back to school
and parents back to work for the first time since troops
thrust deep into the towns afier Palestinians assassinat-
edan.Israli Cabinet nminister Oct, 1, --
Israeli Defense Minister Binyamin Ben-I:liezer said
that Israel withdrew from the towns after the Palestin-
ian Authority agreed to block militias from firing on
the nearby Jewish neighborhood of Gilo, which Israel
considers part of Jerusalem. "If it succeeds, we'll con-

tinue,' Ben-Eliezer told reporters.
Israel launched its widest military operation in years
in Palestinian-controlled territory after Tourism Minis-
ter Rehavam Zeevi was assassinated in a Jerusalem
hotel by gunmen from the Popular Front for the Liber-
ation of Palestine, a faction of the Palestine Liberation
Organization.
Israeli troops entered six major West Bank cities
after the government demanded that the Palestinian
Authority arrest Zeevi's killers and hand them over to,
Israel. More than 40 Palestinians, including many
civilians, died in the fighting that erupted after the
incursion bgai The army has called tli h raton a
success because it was able to arrest, kill or wound
dozens of wanted militants and thwart planned attacks
e ris ut-th-Palestinian Authority still has not
complied with the demand to arrest Zeevi's killers and
extradite them.
The Bush administration has pushed Israel to with-
draw immediately from all the occupied areas, but
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has said that he will pull

troops out one city at a time, leaving each community
only after fighting there stops and the Palestinian
Authority agrees to impose order. Israeli troops and
tanks remain in the West Bank towns of Jenin, Kalk-
ilya, Tulkarm and Ramallah.
Palestinian officials praised fighters in Bethlehem on
Sunday for resisting the Israeli troops. But the town
where Christians believe Jesus was born paid a high
price for the street warfare that raged there. Palestini-
ans say that 23 people, most of them civilians, died in
the fighting in Bethlehem and Beit Jala. Dozens more
were wounded. The two communities suffered tens of
miillions of dollars in property losses, according to
Palestinian estimates.
There was more rubble than honor evident in Beth-
lehem yesterday. Streets that just two years ago
received thorough face lifts in anticipation of millenni-
um celebrations now are littered with cars and lamp-
posts crushed by tanks and armored personnel carriers.
Several blocks of Manger Street, the main shopping
boulevard, suffered heavy damage.

DETROIT
EchoStar to buy
DirecTV from GM
The company that runs the Dish
Network is poised to become the
nation's leading provider of home
satellite TV service after reaching a
deal to acquire rival DirecTV from
General Motors Corp.
EchoStar Communications Corp. is
buying Hughes Electronics and its
DirecTV subsidiary from GM for
approximately $25.8 billion. The deal,
which was struck Sunday during an
unusual weekend session of GM's
board, came after News Corp. chairman
Rupert Murdoch abruptly pulled a long-
standing offer for Hughes off the table.
With 10 million subscribers, DirecTV
is the largest provider of home satellite
television service in the U.S.
EchoStar's Dish Network is a distant
No. 2 to DirecTV, with 6.7 million
subscribers. The combined company
would serve more than 90 percent of
all homes with satellite.
WASHINGTON
Pentagon unveils
new 'smart' IDs
The nation's increasingly high-tech
soldiers are getting another computer in
their arsenal -this one wallet-sized.
The Pentagon began arming four
million troops and civilians yesterday
with "smart" ID cards that will allow
them to open secure doors, get cash,
buy food - and soon check out
weapons and other military hardware.
The cards, about the size of a credit

card, will replace the standard green
ID cards now used by Defense
employees.
They include a bar code, circuit chip
and magnetic stripe to store personal
information about its holder. With it,
soldiers can access secure Defense
Web sites, log into their computers and
digitally encrypt and sign their e-mail.
"It is their passport to the elec-
tronic world," Defense personnel
chief David S.C. Chu said after
receiving his card.
UEA DY, Mass.
Suspected Boston
Strangler exhumed
The remains of the man believed
to be the Boston Strangler were
reburied yesterday after an exhuma-
tion for testing that could clear his
name and solve the mystery sur-
rounding his murder.
Albert DeSalvo confessed to killing
11 Boston women between 1962 and
1964, but recanted before being
stabbed to death in prison while serv-
ing a sentence for rape. He was never
charged in the killings.
During a weekend autopsy at York
College in Pennsylvania, a team of
forensic scientists collected samples
for DNA testing and examined the
16 stab wounds DeSalvo suffered
when he was killed in prison in
1973.
A few investigators and the DeSalvo
family, which requested the tests, are
convinced that DeSalvo was not the
Boston Strangler.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

Rumsfeld denies bombings
target, civilians in Afghanistan

The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Seeking to rebut the grow-
ing perception in the Islamic world that U.S.
bombs are targeting Afghan civilians, U.S. Secre-
tary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld yesterday
offered his most aggressive defense yet of what
he called the painstaking care the Pentagon is
taking to avoid nonmilitary casualties.
"Let there ,be no doubt: Responsibility for
every single casualty in this war, be they innocent
Afghans or innocent Americans, rests at the feet
of Taliban and al-Qaida," Rumsfeld said.
"Their leaderships are the ones that are hiding
in mosques and using Afghan civilians as
'human shields' by placing their armor and
artillery in close proximity to civilians, schools,
hospitals and the like: When the Taliban issue

41

accusations of civilian casualties, they indict
themselves."
Rumsfeld's emotional words at a Pentagon
briefing were a clear indication that images of
stray U.S. bombs striking civilians are jeopardiz-
ing Washington, D.C.'s efforts to win support in
some Islamic countries for its war on terrorism.
But U.S. efforts to fight the propaganda war have
been severely limited, constrained by squabbling
over the best way to project the right message.
"What have we done so far? Drop leaflets with
food packets? That's a pretty darn poor effort on
the part of a country like the United States; they
are capable of a far more sophisticated effort than
they've shown to date," said Jay Farrar, a former
congressional liaison for the Joint Chiefs of Staff
and the National Security Council.

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Iin * * STAFFr ".""""" t "

AP PHOTO
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld tells reporters yesterday
that U.S. airstrikes have weakened the Taliban.

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- - -
The Department of Philosophy
The University of Michigan
-9 arm)Unces
ON HUMAN VALUES 2001-02
Michael Fried
I Herbert Borne Professor of Humanities and
I Director, Huninties Center
1 The Johns Hopkins University
~ .~ "Roger Fry's Formalism"
Friday, November 2, 4:00 p.m.
Angell Hall Auditorium A, 435 South State Street
SYMPSIUM ON
4 THE TANNER LECTURE
MICHAEL FRIED
THOMAS CROW

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