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October 23, 2001 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-10-23

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 23, 2001

NATION/WORLD

0

U.S. Embassy in Paris was target

NEWS IN BRIEF
LONDON

The Washington Post
PARIS - As 19 hijackers around the United
States prepared this summer for a deadly day in
September, authorities say a related but decidedly
different Islamic network was plotting an attack on
an American symbol in the heart of Europe: the
U.S. Embassy in Paris.
The European network also allegedly took orders
from Osama bin Laden and may have had ties to
the Sept. 11 hijackers. But the apparent plot to blow
up the embassy by early next year was foiled when
police recently dismantled the group in raids in four
countries.
The story of the European network offers a
frightening look at who the terrorists are and how
they are recruited and indoctrinated. It also under-
scores the increasing focus of investigators on the

activities in Europe of bin Laden's Al-Qaida orga-
nization, especially several Sept. 11 hijackers who
lived in Germany and moved around the continent.
For the most part, the suspects in the alleged
Paris conspiracy do not resemble members of the
state-sponsored groups that waged past terror cam-
paigns in Europe. The half-dozen key suspects
didn't have to concoct fake identities or make risky
cross-border journeys; they were already home.
The central figures are upwardly mobile young men
of North African descent who seemed to fit the
European model of immigrant integration.
Europeans have worried for years about the
potent appeal of Islamic extremism to the millions
of Muslims in the continent s increasingly large and
violent slums, where youths defiantly chant bin
Laden's name and scrawl it on housing project
walls. But the alleged terrorists were strivers from

solid families. Some had university backgrounds,
and two even had jobs in municipal government'
One of them counseled troubled young immigrants.
None of the young men was particularly religious
at first, investigators say, but each followed a clan-
destine path that has attracted dozens of French
Muslims and turned th'em into terrorist "sleepers."
The recruits went to London and frequented
mosques that are allegedly academies for al-Qaida
and gateways to training camps in Afghanistan,
authorities say, where the men hardened themselves
for holy war. They allegedly returned as undercover
soldiers, plotting the attack in Paris while conceal-
ing a conversion to terror that now shocks their
families.
The portrait of the suspects emerges from inter-
views with relatives, friends, associates and law
enforcement and government officials in Europe.

Sinn Fein leader urges disarmament

Israel demands release of immigrants

JERUSALEM (AP) - Standing firm
on tough conditions, Israeli Prime Min-
ister Ariel Sharon said yesterday his
troops would not release their hold on
six West Bank towns until the Palestini-
ans turn over the militants who assassi-
nated an Israeli Cabinet minister.
The U.S. government, meanwhile,
issued its strongest denunciation of the
Israeli operation yesterday, demanding
that Israel pull out immediately and
make no further incursions.
In Jerusalem, thousands of Israeli

demonstrators demanded that Sharon
expel Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat
and bring down his Palestinian
Authority.
Israeli tanks rumbled deeper into
Palestinian towns, setting off street
battles for a fifth day. In Tulkarem, a
65-year-old Palestinian man was
killed, Palestinians said.
A leaflet issued in Bethlehem by
Arafat's Fatah faction warned that if
Israeli tanks did not withdraw from the
biblical town, "Our bullets will fall

Sparking expectations of a breakthrough, Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams urged
the Irish Republican Army yesterday to begin disarming to save Northern Ireland's
peace process.
Adams' call came within days of the likely' collapse of Northern Ireland's power-
sharing government, created as part of the Good Friday peace agreement of 1998
but hobbled repeatedly by the disarmament issue.
As in 1997, when the IRA announced a cease-fire a day after Adams publicly
recommended it, his speech raised expectations of a quick IRA gesture. British and
Irish officials welcomed the words, but skeptical Protestants demanded action.
Leaders of the Ulster Unionist Party, whose support is essential to the survival of
Northern Ireland's government, resigned their posts last week hoping to force an IRA
move. They have said they would return to the government if the IRA began to disarm.
Using the same formula as in 1997, Adams said he and his deputy Martin McGuin-
ness, the reputed former IRA commander, were urging the IRA to take the initiative.
"Martin McGuinness and I have also held discussions with the IRA, and we
have put to the IRA leadership the view that if it could make a groundbreaking
move on the arms issue that this could save the peace process from collapse and
transform the situation," Adams said.
WASHINGTON
Few election reforms likely for 2002 races
Despite a flurry of legislation, lawsuits and task force reports, the U.S. election
system remains largely as it was a year ago and is unlikely to be changed signifi-
cantly before the 2002 midterm elections, an election reform research organization
said yesterday. In its first report on the election overhaul efforts stemming from the
disputed 2000 presidential election, the Election Reform Information Project said
that when most American voters return to the polls next year "their ballots will
look the same and will likely be counted in the same manner" as in 2000.
But the report also said there are "broad points of agreement" on several
aspects of election reform that "could form the basis for eventual federal legisla-
tion now being considered on Capitol Hill."
It said the points of agreement included maintaining local control of elections,
establishment of centralized voter registration files by the states, providing for
"provisional voting" to allow voters whose names do not appear on registration
lists to cast a ballot that would be counted if their registration was later verified,
and the purchase of voting machines that give voters a chance to correct mistakes
on their ballots.

6
0

Barry M. Goldwater
Scholarships
for sophomores and juniors in
Science, Mathematics, and Engineering
Application deadline: November 15
For information, email ecrown@umich.edu
www.lsa.umich.edu/honors - click "Scholarships"

like the rain on Gilo."
Gilo is a Jewish neighborhood built
on disputed land on Jerusalem's south-
ern fringe, and gunfire there set off the
incursion early Friday.
In the Aida refugee camp outside
Bethlehem, a heavy gunbattle erupted
as tanks rolled in. In Ramallah, tanks
fired shells as they moved forward, and
were met by Palestinian fire. One
Palestinian was wounded, doctors said.
Overnight, Israeli army bulldozers
destroyed the headquarters of Force
17, one of the Palestinian security ser-
vices, in Ramallah. Israel said Force
17 members were suspected of having
killed 10 Israelis in shooting attacks.
In Nablus, one Palestinian was
killed and a second injured in a blast in
a car, Palestinians said, claiming the
dead man was a senior Hamas bomb-
maker on Israel's wanted list.
The Palestinians charged Israel was
behind the explosion. The Israeli army
refused to comment.
A 19-year-old Palestinian policeman
from Bethlehem died yesterday from
wounds suffered two days earlier, doc-
tors said.
Since the current round of violence

began in September 2000, 704 people
have been killed on the Palestinian
side and 186 on the Israeli side.
Speaking to party activists in Tel
Aviv, Sharon repeated his main demand,
already rejected by the Palestinians, that
militants who gunned down Tourism
Minister Rehavam Zeevi on Wednesday
be handed over to Israel.
"We are not willing to make any
compromises concerning ... a com-
plete halt of terrorism, the dismantling
of terror groups acting against us and
the extradition of the killers of minis-
ter Zeevi and those who sent them,"
Sharon said.
In Washington, State Department
spokesman Philip Reeker gave the
harshest criticism yet of the incursions
and the deaths of civilians. "Israel
Defense Forces should be withdrawn
immediately from all Palestinian-con-
trolled areas, and no further such incur-
sions should be made," Reeker said.
Israeli media report a deep rift
between Israel and the United States
over the incursion, reflecting U.S. con-
cern that Mideast violence could sabo-
tage efforts to bring moderate Arab
states into its anti-terrorism coalition.

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WASHINGTON
Rumsfeld condemns
leaks to news media
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld
denounced the person who revealed to
news media information about special
forces operations in Afghanistan as a law-
breaker who showed "disregard for the lives
of the people involved in that operation."
"I just think that the idea of someone in
this building providing information to the
public and to the al-Qaida and to the Tal-
iban when U.S. special forces are engaged
in an operation is not a good idea, besides
being a violation of federal criminal law,"
Rumsfeld said yesterday at a Pentagon
news conference.
News of Friday's overnight raid leaked
as 100 Army Rangers and other special
forces were inside Afghanistan. The
troops attacked an airfield near Kandahar
and a residence of Mullah Mohammed
Omar, the Taliban leader; destroyed a
cache of weapons; killed Taliban fighters;
and took documents and other evidence
to try to find terrorist leaders.
LOS ANGELES
Fan mail scrutinized
due to anthrax scares
Fan mail - that old barometer of an
entertainer's popularity - has become
off-limits for many in Hollywood since
the anthrax mail attacks in New York
City, Washington and Florida.
Studios, networks and publicists say
thousands of letters have been returned
or just set aside. Some celebrities have
signed up with services that open fan-
mail for them; others have simply

stopped opening mail.
"For the time being, we are just
not opening fan mail. Just to be care-
ful, we are putting it off for now,"
said publicist Pat Kingsley, who rep-
resents actor Tom Cruise, among
others.
Thousands of unsolicited letters
pour in to celebrities every week.
Although most are simple declarations
of admiration, precautions have long
been taken to check for suspicious let-
ters and packages.
MODESTO, Calif.
Condit has second
challenge to seat
A California lawmaker said yester-
day that he is running for Rep. Gary
Condit's seat in a public split between
longtime friends and political allies.
Assemblyman Dennis Cardoza of
Atwater becomes the second Democ-
rat to challenge the embattled con-
gressman, saying he would formally
launch his campaign today..
As Condit's protege, Cardoza had
long said he would not run unless his @
former boss retired. But with Condit on
the ropes following the Chandra Levy
scandal and little word on his future
plans, Cardoza decided to enter the race.
"I don't think he can win," Cardoza
said. "I also don't believe he can be as
effective as he was in the past:'
While Condit hasn't formally
announced his plans, he is collecting
signatures to run for re-election, indi-
cating the two could face each other in
the Democratic primary for the seat.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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