The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 4, 2001- 3A
U' fundraising affected by Sept.
shows strength of
cues in addictions
Objects which remind recovering
addicts of their old habits, like ice
cubes, ashtrays, straws and needles,
play a major role in triggering relapse,
according to University of Michigan
Psychologists believe cues like ice
cubes clinking in a glass cause sensi-
tivities in the brain that pose a more
permanent problem for people recov-
ering from an addiction to alcohol.
Supported by the National Science
Foundation and the National Institute
on Drug Abuse, researchers trained rats
to react to certain signals before inject-
ing the test group with amphetamines.
Following the injections,
researchers found that rats who
received the injections were 200 per-
cent more likely to respond to their
signal than the control group, which
received saline solution.
Withdrawal symptoms, learned
habits and the pleasure of certain drugs
are all possible explanations for the
increase in relapses when addicts are
presented with cues, researchers said.
Oral Health gets
University of Michigan School of
r Dentistry researchers will use funding
from the National Institute of Dental
and Craniofacial Research to try and
answer questions concerning the
social, economic, environmental and
biological effects on oral health.
The project, which is the first and
largest evaluation of oral' health
among low-income blacks, unites
University researchers with other Uni-
versity schools and colleges, the Voic-
es of Detroit Initiative and the Detroit
Department of Health.
The group, known as the Detroit
Center for Research on Oral Health
Disparities, hopes to answer questions
concerning why low-income black
families receive better oral healthcare
than other people in the same area. In
an attempt to promote dental care in
Detroit, the center will use the
approved $6.5 million to train for clin-
ical research and research on reducing
disparities in care.
Crash rates drop
for teen drivers
A 25 percent cut in crashes
amongst 16-year old drivers provides
support for the state's new driver
l'icensing program, according to
researchers led by Jean Shope, a
researcher at the Transportation
The newy program, which began in
1997, operates on a three-stage gradu-
ated system. Since its installation, the
overall crash rate for this age group
decreased from 154 to 111 annually.
Though unintentional injury from
motor vehicle crashes is the number
one cause of death among U.S. teens,
many states still do not operate on a
graduated licensing system.
in Indian women
A growing number of overweight
and obese Indian women is causing a
shift in research concerns in India,
which used to focus on food short-
ages, poverty and high infection rates
linked to malnutrition.
R esearchers at the University of
North Carolina at Chapel Hill concen-
trated their studies on 4,032 women in
urban and rural parts of Andhra
Pradesh, a state in southern India that
houses 80 million people.
Though under-nutrition continues
to pose problems to Indian citizens,
12 percent of Indian women are clas-
sified as overweight and two percent
obese. These numbers increase in
larger cities, where researchers dis-
covered that 37 percent of women
were overweight or obese.
Religion and economic status both
played major roles in the women's
weight. Those who held higher places
in society tended to weigh more, and
those who watched television also
showed an increase in weight.
Researchers found that Muslim women
were more likely to have weight prob-
lems than any other religious group in
India, which is primarily Hindu.
1 - Compiled by Daily Staff Reporter
By Lizzie Ehrle
Daily Staff Reporter
While the Federal Reserve cut interest
rates Tuesday for the ninth time this year and
the second time since Sept. 11, many econo-
mists are predicting a recession, leaving
fundraising officials questioning how dona-
tions to the University will be affected.
"We're- not sure what affect the economy
will have on our year," said Katherine Kurtz,
associate vice president for development.
"We're really listening to our alumni.
Many alumni are saying 'proceed cautious-
"Like anyone, we're watching the econo-
my and seeing how people will be affected,"
said Judy Malcolm, director of development
communications and donor relations.
In general, the donation level has been
about the same as last year. "If there has
been a decrease in giving, we're not going to
see it for a while."
Telefund, the telemarketing branch of the
central fundraising office that calls Universi-
ty alumni for donations, suspended calling
for a week after the terrorist attacks.
When the department resumed calling, they
filtered names of alumni who live in and
around New York City and Washington,
including areas like New Jersey, Maryland
"We pulled out some 1,500 names," said
Telefund Director Leah Hoover.
Hoover said that alums were happy to hear
from the University once they started calls
again, and that feedback was positive.
"They wanted to hear how students were
feeling and how the campus was dealing with
it," Hoover said.
"People were very eager to talk," Malcolm
said, "They liked that connection to the Universi-
Telefund took steps so that both the gradu-
ates and the callers felt comfortable, Hoover
said. President Lee Bollinger and other Uni-
versity officials suggested specific scripting
for callers when speaking to alumni.
"Pledge rates didn't suffer at all," Hoover
said. "We're hoping we won't fall off pace
with last year too much."
Kurtz also said the state of the economy will
impact the launch date of the Capital Campaign,
a University-wide fundraising effort. The cam-
paign's plans are still being' developed, and it is
scheduled to start sometime in 2002 or 2003.
Down, down, down
Travelers weary of airlines,
hurting local travel agencies
By Ted Borden
Daily Staff Reporter
In a sign that travel and tourism may
finally be returning to normal, Wash-
ington's Reagan National Airport will
be reopening today, It has been closed
since last month's terrorist attacks, due
in part to its close proximity to the
Pentagon and other Washington land-
marks. Yet locally, travel agencies are
still seeing the fallout from those
attacks, which crippled the airline
"It's picking up, but it's not what it
should be;' said Rashmi Popat, manager
of Boersma Travel in Nickels Arcade.
"After everything happened, it was
pretty noticeable. No one came in for
several days afterwards. Many flights
have been canceled and rescheduled.
Especially with going abroad and
international travel, it's slowed down,"
"People are unsure right now. Only
those who have to go are traveling,"
STA Travel, which caters mainly to
University students, says that for the
most part, it is business as usual. .
"We haven't had a whole lot of
drop," said Dave Nelson, a travel agent
at STA. "It's been down a little, but we
mainly deal with students who have
specific reasons for traveling."
Nelson also noted that airfares have
not fallen, something many would-be
travelers had hoped would be the case.
"In general, we haven't seen much
of a difference in the fares,''
he said. "The airlines are cutting the
supply to increase the demand."
National reports state that for the
month of September, U.S. air travel
declined by 40 percent to 45 percent.
This precipitous drop led numerous
airlines to issue layoffs and lower year-
end earnings forecasts.
Northwest Airlines, the world's
fourth largest carrier, which has a
major hub at Detroit Metropolitan Air-
port, recently cut 10,000 jobs, or
roughly 20 percent of its staff. In the
past month, its stock price declined by
more than half before slightly,
Yesterday, British Airways, Europe's
No. 1 airline, announced its passenger
traffic fell by 22 percent.
Students seem unfazed about flying.
"I think if there ever was a safe time
to fly it is now, when security is so
tight," said LSA sophomore Christina
Rukstele. "I've actually been searching
for a flight home within the next cou-
ple of weeks and I haven't been able to
"If I had to do it, I would do it," said
LSA sophomore Lindsey Simon.
"With the recent events, I understand
why people would be afraid to fly, but
I think we need to overcome this fear."
Chris Wood from Feishers, Ind. searched for his car in the Huron Street parking
State partyt cairs
dis.cuIIss battle over
QUALITY DRY CLEANING
& SHIRT SERVICE
(Across from Nickels Arcade)
for a Research Study to examine Sleep and Growth
Hormone Physiology: Healthy men and women ages
20-30 years old, non-obese, non-smokers taking no
sleep aids or prescription medications who are on
a regular sleep schedule.
2 admissions to the Clinical Research Center at
the University of Michigan for 2 consecutive nights
each (week day nights are a must but a pass will be
given to leave the CRC for 4-6 hours on the second
day of each admission)
If interested, please email Dr. Stacy Kashman
(Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism),
By Louie Meizlish
Daily Staff Reporter
Rusty Hills says his job is to make
Michigan a better state.
"That's why I'm a Republican," said
the state GOP chairman.
Hills' Democratic counterpart,
Mark Brewer, later blasted the Repub-
licans for redrawing legislative and
congressional districts to their advan-
But when asked if the Democrats
would do the same thing if they were
in control, Brewer said, "Sure."
"And we'd probably sue," Hills
Hills and Brewer bantered back-
and-forth about their roles in state
politics for nearly two hours yester-
day during a candid and light-heart-
ed discussion in University General
Counsel Marvin Krislov's political
science course on law and public
The two explained the process of
reapportionment, which occurs every
10 years after census data reveals
changes in population.
Democrats are currently challenging
in federal court the Republican-con-
trolled Legislature's reapportionment
plan of Michigan's congressional
seats, which is believed to give the
GOP a 9-6 advantage in the state's
Brewer summarized his job as one
of coordination, such as coordinat-
ing meetings between national
Democrats from the Democratic
Congressional Campaign Commit-
tee and prospective congressional
candidates in Michigan.
But overall, Brewer and Hills said,
both of their jobs come down to one
goal: winning elections.
Hills emphasized that even in
important elections, the parties often
focus only on a few areas. For exam-
ple, he said, his party writes off many
state Senate races and puts all their
effort in winning the ones that are
"There's a focus of a few seats that
will control a majority of the seats in
- the Senate," he said.
The two discussed how during last
year's presidential election, both
parties determined whether a state
was competitive enough to warrant
significant spending and focused all
efforts on only a handful of toss-up
states such as Pennsylvania, Wis-
consin and Michigan, with national
party officials and the candidates
themselves running television ads
and making frequent appearances in
"You saw these folks a lot more than
Idaho and a lot more than Utah," Hills
The two also discussed a bill passed
by the Legislature last year that
requires Michiganders to register to
vote at the address that appears on
their driver's license. Brewer vowed to
fight for its repeal, saying it often
keeps college students and other peo-
ple who move around a lot from vot-
Hills, on the other hand, said he sup-
ports the law because it protects
Michigan from confusion over
whether people are allowed to vote in a
particular precinct, as was experienced
in Florida last year.
make the decision
that will make a
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