The Michigan Daily - Monday, October 1, 2001 -7A
Afghans continue to flee country
WASHINGTON (AP) - If the United States
attacks terrorist targets in Afghanistan, soldiers will
have to deal with not only .armed resistance but also
with cascades of starving, desperate and fearful
Military officials must plan how the armed forces
will help ease the humanitarian crisis and avoid
killing civilians. Failure on either point could turn
public opinion against the war on terrorism, not only
in the United States but throughout the region and
around the world.
That's a tall order for a country ravaged by 22
years of war, five years of the harsh Taliban regime
and two years of drought.
Afghanistan has been the world's number one
source of refugees for the past 20 years, with about
3.6 million currently in Pakistan, Iran and other
countries. Thousands more Afghans have fled their
homes since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the Unit-
ed States, fearing retaliatory strikes against suspect
Osama bin Laden and the Taliban militia that shel-
Many Afghans were on the edge of starvation
before the attacks and have fled to the countryside,
where food is even more scarce. The Taliban also
kicked out all foreign aid workers this month and
threatened Afghan relief workers with execution if
they contacted anyone outside the country. United
Nations officials left behind only a two weeks' sup-
ply of food.
"What's amazing is how much damage can be
done without even starting military action," said
Kathleen Newland of the Migration Policy Institute
U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan on Thursday
appealed for $584 million to aid 7.5 million Afghans
over the next six months. On Friday, President Bush
directed the State Department to release $25 million
to help with Afghan relief efforts.
On Saturday, a convoy carrying 200 tons of wheat
leftPakistan for Kabul, the Afghan capital - the first
food aid since the terrorist attacks.
U.S. military leaders are "very closely watching
how the humanitarian crisis is developing,' Pentagon
spokesman Lt. Col. George Rhynedance said Satur-
day. The State Department is leading U.S. govern-
ment efforts to deal with the refugees, and the
Defense Department is consulting with diplomatic
officials and humanitarian groups "to determine the
proper course if there is a defense piece to this,"
Afghan women ask for money yesterday in Mashhad, Iran, where international aid
workers have stockpiled emergency rations for possible waves of refugees.
Terrorist accounts traced,
years-old plan discovered
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The 19 terrorists suspected in the Sept.
11 attacks spent about $500,000 preparing an operation that
was planned and launched from overseas, beginning several
years ago in Germany with support in Britain, the United
Arab Emirates and Afghanistan, senior government officials
have tentatively concluded.
U.S. investigators have determined four hijackers were
trained in camps in Afghanistan run by Osama bin Laden -
whose al-Qaida network is believed responsible for the Sept.
11 assaults - and have developed tentative links to the terror-
ist mastermind for most of the others, according to prelimi-
nary conclusions reached by the Justice Department, the FBI
and the CIA.
Government investigators are becoming increasingly con-
vinced that one or two other hijackings were in the works,
officials said, and are focusing on three men in U.S. custody
who received flight training. One was detained while seeking
flight simulator training in Minnesota before the hijackings,
and two others were arrested on a train in Texas after depart-
ing a jet that was grounded after the attacks, sources said.
Government officials said other people in the United
States may have provided minor assistance or had knowl-
edge that a terrorist operation was underway. But the FBI
has found little evidence so far that the teams of hijackers
received much support here, sources said.
"There seems to be no U.S. mastermind," one official said.
The Justice Department has cast a global dragnet over the
last two weeks in a hunt for accomplices. It is narrowing its
criminal investigation to a number of individuals and is
beginning to formulate criminal charges that could be filed
against them, sources said. But a senior Justice official
declined to predict when the first indictment might be hand-
"We are past the first phase, and we are beginning to
sharpen and focus the investigation," one Justice official
said. "You don't get smoking guns in a case like this."
Continued from Page 3A
that targets not just bin Laden but the
Taliban. Although the Taliban has few
friends outside Afghanistan, some
Islamic countries have been reluctant
to support military action against the
President Bush has warned the Tal-
iban that if it does not surrender bin
Laden and other alleged terrorists in
Afghanistan, it will "share in their
fate." The Taliban has been unmoved
by the threat, though Zaeef said Sun-
day that his government would be open
to negotiations witl the United States
if it provided evidence that bin Laden
was involved in the attacks.
"The position of the two countries is
very different," he said in an earlier
meeting with reporters Sunday. "They
are thinking of direct attacks. We are
thinking of negotiation."
Zaeef said if the United States talked
to the Taliban and produced evidence,
"we will respect their negotiations and
that might change things."
U.S. officials have said they will not
negotiate for the surrender of bin
Laden, who has been indicted in con-
nection with the bombings of two U.S.
embassies in Africa in 1998 that killed
Although Zaeef, the Taliban's
senior-most official outside
Afghanistan; is believed to be close to
the Taliban leadership, it was unclear
whether his offer to negotiate repre-
sented a shift in his government's poli-
cy. Two Pakistani delegations have
traveled to Afghanistan in the past two
weeks in efforts to persuade the Tal-
iban to hand over bin Laden. Both
overtures were rejected by the supreme
Taliban leader, Mohammad Omar.
Continued from Page 1A
committee,' Spectator Editor in Chief
Mike Mirer told the Daily.
Columbia President George Rupp is
retiring at the end of the current acade-
mic year. Bollinger has been rumored
to be a candidate at Columbia since
Harvard passed him over in favor of
former U.S. Treasury Secretary
Bollinger and his wife, Jean, both
hold degrees from Columbia. His
daughter, Carey, is currently a student
there. Sources close to Bollinger were
cited in reports earlier this year, saying
Columbia was one of the few presi-
dential jobs that could lure him from
"Bollinger would be a good fit any-
where, including Columbia," said Mal-
colm McKay, of the New York
executive recruiting firm Russell
Reynolds and Associates. McKay
helped the University of Michigan
Board of Regents during its 1996 pres-
idential search that resulted in the
selection of Bollinger.
McKay also said the fact that Michi-
gan currently lacks a permanent
provost - the University's second-in-
command under the president -
would likely not affect whether
Bollinger chose to pursue a position
I Mast Shoes
Continued from Page 1A
"One of the good things that could come out of us win-
ning our lawsuit is that there will be increased political pres-
sure to do something about the really rotten education
system in a lot of the areas of the country where minority
students are concentrated," Pell said.
The next step for the CIR will be the hearing of oral argu-
ments for both University cases on Oct. 23 in the 6th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati, where affirmative
action supporters from Detroit and Cincinnati protested Fri-
Detroit activist Shanta Driver, 47, who said affirmative
action policy allowed her to be an undergraduate student at
Harvard University, said supporters want affirmative action
continued at Michigan and other schools to give minorities
the opportunity of higher education.
"We will not accept the re-segregation of American soci-
ety," said Driver, who is a member of the local chapter of the
Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action and Integration and
Fight For Equality By Any Means Necessary.
The group is also planning rallies the day the appeals
process is set to begin.
Pell, for his part, feels confident his fight against affirma-
tive action has picked up steam.
"When we started our lawsuit against the University of
Michigan in 1997 more than half of Americans told pollsters
that they supported colleges and universities taking race into
account in admissions," Pell said. "Now, almost no one
"I'm glad someone is out there fighting the issue," said
Gregory Creswell, a medical records clerk at Harper Hospi-
tal in Detroit.
The dinner and speech were held as part of the sixth annu-
al Sam Adams Dinner hosted by the Libertarian Party of
- The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Continued from Page 1A there, bu
wait is only 20 or 30 minutes. They are about it.I
just asking a few more questions now, said Engir
that's all," he said. mer.
LSA sophomore Veronica Cruz said Most s
she had concerns about the wait in the tripd
planning a trip to Windsor. drinking a
"I wasn't sure how long it was going "The m
to take or when we would get home. tomers ar
I've heard that the wait was anywhere Wilkie sai
from three to 15 hours, but I didn't "Easy a
know if they were exaggerating or not," large fact
she said. LSA fresl
Despite rumors of 15 hour long of people
lines, information published by the city reason. I
of Windsor states that traveling to and many pec
from Canada is getting back to normal. here will
According to the city of Windsor, lege."
border delays are generally minimal Howev
but may be as long as an hour and a customers
half. The city suggests traveling at off- "There
peak times and having picture identifi- that viola
cation and proof of citizenship. given," he
To some students, an extra wait is Windso
the michigan daily
wait is going to be
t there's nothing we can do
I think it's totally necessary,"
neering freshman Chris Wass-
tudents who plan on making
despite lines cite the lower
age as a main reason.
najority, if not all, of my cus-
re in the 19-22 age group,"
access to alcohol is definitely a
or,' in going to Windsor, said
hman Stan Floyd said. "A lot
I know go there just for that
think it is ridiculous that so
ople who can't legally drink
go there and abuse that privi-
er, Wilkie said most of his
's always one or two yahoos
ate our policies, but that's a
ar is also a popular destination
for University fraternity- and sorority-
sponsored events. Jason Sparks, Alpha
Delta Phi fraternity member and Inter-
fraternity Council Vice President for
Media Relations, said that holding
events in Windsor allows his fraternity
to participate in group activities with-
out violating U.S. laws.
"We like to hold our formals in the
Windsor area because it gives us more
options for us to do things together as a
fraternity. Most people want to party,
and the lower drinking age there doesn't
restrict the younger guys from hanging
out with the older ones," he said.
Legal gambling is also another
option for Windsor's visitors. Sparks
said gambling is a less popular source
"Everyone thinks they can win
because they've seen someone else do
it before. People want to think that
maybe this time it will happen to them,
but usually that's not the case. The
guys that do gamble do it for fun. It
gives us a break from things."
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