The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 28, 2001 - 7A
Taliban to increase security measures
KALAI BALLA, Afghanistan (AP) - In the vil-
lage of Taqob, outside Kabul, two teen-age girls at a
Taliban checkpoint lift the shrouds of every woman
who flees the city and every woman who arrives, peer-
ing into their faces. They search for insurgents, for-
Of all the signs of panic among the radical Islamic
Taliban, this new step to search women is perhaps the
most ironic: They are now afraid of chadri - the
head-to-toe shrouds all Afghan women are compelled
to wear on the streets.
For the people of Kabul, the most surprising thing
now is that the Taliban is suddenly scared. It is afraid
of U.S. bomb strikes, afraid of an attack on Kabul by
opposition Northern Alliance forces and afraid of a
popular uprising in support of its enemies.
Kabul is a city on the brink, according to accounts
from those who fled in recent days, from traders who
travel between the capital and the north, and from local
staff at humanitarian aid agencies.
The Taliban has set up checkpoints on the main
roads, strengthened its military positions north of the
city and deployed anti-aircraft guns in the mountains
The dreaded Ministry for the Enforcement of Virtue
and Suppression of Vice, Afghanistan's religious
police, has unleashed a terror campaign in recent
weeks, witnesses say, targeting young men seen as pos-
sible sources of insurgency or unrest. They are being
beaten, locked into cargo containers used as cells or
taken away to Policharki prison, the city's most notori-
Those who have escaped describe a medieval
world where intellectuals are reviled; where religious
police hit women and girls in the streets with large
sticks, like stray cattle; and where young men are
being ordered to fight a jihad to prove their Muslim
The Virtue and Vice police are arresting young men
for wearing their beards too short and for "Titanic"
haircuts - worn long in the front in the style of
Leonardo Di Caprio.
People have been arrested over their hair choices
long before the Taliban was singled out for condemna-
tion in the Bush administration's war on terror, said
Shuraj, 18, whose name means "brave," but the scale
of the present terror campaign is unlike anything he
"It all started after the Americans said they would
bomb," he said, casting the arrests as a crackdown by
the predominately Pushtun Taliban against other ethnic
Shuraj is an ethnic Tajik who fled Kabul a week ago
with about 100 members of his extended family. He
says he has been beaten twice in recent weeks by Vice
and Virtue police who burst into the school where he
"They said, 'Why are you teaching now? It's time to
pray,' " he recalled.
Five years of Taliban rule has stripped the country of
educated people, he says. "There is no one left to be
English teachers," said Shuraj, who works as a phar-
macist because he is not allowed to study at a universi-
ty. The reason, he says, is discrimination against ethnic
Those from the Hazara minority, Tajiks, Uzbeks and
others face the most systematic persecution by the Tal-
iban, but even fellow Pushtuns feel beleaguered, said
Mohammad Anif, 67.
"It's a lie that the Taliban is good for Pushtun people
only. There are about 100 Pushtun families here. The
Taliban is against all the people of Afghanistan," said
Anif, who lives in a refugee camp at Anaka village in
the Panjshir Valley. He fled to the opposition-con-
trolled area of northern Afghanistan three years ago.
For men of Shuraj's age, the darkest terror is Kabul's
Policharki prison. "Everyone is afraid of Policharki
jail, even a child," said Shuraj. "When people hear the
name, they tremble."
Anyone who can afford the journey is getting out of
Kabul, but the poorest cannot escape.
Photos of hijacking
Justice Department identifies the hijackers
The FBI released the photos of 19 men accused of commandeering the passenger planes that crashed
into the World Trade Center in New-York, the Pentagon, and rural Pennsylvania on Sept. 11.
Investigators hope that by releasing the photos, some Americans may recognize the suspects and
contact authorities. Listed is the date of birth used for identification, possible nationality and last known
address or addresses. Many of the hijackers had multiple aliases.
Cbelieved to be a pilot
American Airlines Flight 11: Boston to Los Angeles
Crashed into north tower of the World Trade Center
An Afghan refugee collects wheat donated by USAID yesterday in Jalozal refugee
camp in Pakistan. More than two million Afghan refugees currently live in Pakistan.
The Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON (AP) - The FBI
released photos yesterday of the 19 sus-
pected suicide hijackers with a plea for
citizens to help with identities of some
that are still in doubt. Director Robert
Mueller said some attackers had been
linked to Osama bin Laden's network.
Separately, more arrests were made
of Middle Eastern men who obtained
bogus licenses to haul hazardous mate-
rials. The FBI said those men were not
connected to the hijackers, who
crashed planes into the World Trade
Center and the Pentagon.
For the first time since the Sept. 11
attacks that left nearly 7,000 dead, the
FBI said there were links between the
hijackers and accused terrorist Osama
bin Laden, called the primary suspect
in the plot.
The FBI isn't certain about the iden-
tities of all the hijackers.
"It is our hope that the release of
these photos will prompt others who
may have seen the hijackers to contact
the FBI with any information they may
have that would be helpful to the investi-
gation," said Attorney General John
The release of the photos, which
come- from passports, driver's licenses
and other documents identified with
the hijackers, marked a change for
authorities, who until now have kept
them under wraps so that potential wit-
nesses and others shown the photos get
a fresh look at the men.
FBI Director Mueller said the FBI
believes the names and photographs
match those on the manifests of the
hijacked planes. But questions remain
about whether those are the true names
of the hijackers.
"What we are currently doing is
determining whether, when these indi-
viduals came to the United States,
these were their real names or they
changed their names for use with false
identification in the United States,"
He said there was evidence that one
or more of the hiiackers had had con-
tacts with al-Qaida, the network associ-
ated bin Laden. He declined to be more
Some of the names have slightly dif-
ferent spellings and others have addi-
tional names added, compared with the
list released by the FBI on Sept. 14.
At least four of the identities released ,
Sept. 14 have been challenged by peo-
ple with the same or similar names.
Saudi Arabia Embassy officials, for
example, have said that a Saudi electri-
cal engineer named Abdulaziz Alomari
_ the same name as one of the alleged
hijackers on the plane that crashed into
the Pentagon _ had his passport and
other papers stolen in 1996 in Denver
when he was a student, and reported
the theft to police there at the time.
The FBI director said there was
some evidence that "one or more" of
the hijackers was related.
Amid fears that terrorists could
strike with chemical or biological
weapons, investigators continued to
scour the country for individuals who
unlawfully obtained licenses to drive
trucks hauling hazardous materials.
Twenty Middle Eastern men have
been charged with obtaining bogus
licenses; 18 were arrested Wednesday
and Thursday and two were still at
large, officials said.
Mueller said the 20, charged in a
license scam uncovered in Pennsylva-
nia, have not been linked to the Sept.
11 attacks but investigators are looking
for people who have obtained licenses
"under suspicious circumstances."
"We're under a heightened state of
alert," said Mueller.
Meanwhile, in Detroit, a federal
grand jury indicted three men, includ-
ing two arrested at a Detroit house and
a third whose alias appeared on docu-
ments found in a raid as agents
searched for a man on the FBI's watch
Waleed M. Wail M.
Daytona Beach, Orlando
and Hollywood, Fla.
and Newton, Mass.
Coral Springs and
United Arab Emir.
United Airlines Flight 175: Boston to Los Angeles
Crashed into south tower of the World Trade Center
- -- :>, :
JAKARTA, Indonesia - Con-
cerned by mounting threats against
Americans in Indonesia, the U.S.
Embassy here said yesterday that it
will begin withdrawing "nonemer-
gency" employees and family mem-
bers who wish to leave the country.
In a strongly worded warning, the
embassy urged other Americans to
consider leaving and advised those
who remain in Indonesia to "exercise
Outside the U.S. Embassy, more
than 1,000 demonstrators burned
American and Israeli flags and an
effigy of President Bush yesterday
to protest the expected U.S. military
action in Afghanistan. Some chant-
ed, "Go to hell, America."
In recent days, several Islamic fun-
damentalist groups have threatened to
kill Americans if the United States
retaliates against Afghanistan for the
Sept. I I attacks on New York and near
One radical newspaper published a
death threat this week against U.S.
Ambassador Robert Gelbard. On
Thursday, the ambassador criticized
Indonesian authorities for not taking
action against extremists .
"They have not been prepared to
act, to warn or to arrest people who
break the law when there are threats
against the lives of Americans,"
Gelbard told reporters.
Indonesian President Megawati
Sukarnoputri condemned the Sept. 11
attacks last week when she visited
Washington and met with Bush. But
Indonesia, which has the world's
largest Muslim population, is divided
in its loyalties.
Marwan Fayez Rashid
AI-Shehhi* Ahmed Hassan Al
Deray Beach, Fta. Delray Beach, Fla
Delray Beach, Fta.
American Airlines Flight 77: Washington Dulles Airport to Los Angeles
Crashed into the Pentagon
I -w- - I
C.P. Cavafy Professorship
San Diego and
Fort Lee and Wayne,
N.J.; San Diego
Fort Lee and
United Airlines Flight 93: Newark, N.J., to San Francisco
Crashed in rural southwest Pennsylvania
Fri, Sept 28 * 5:00 p.m.
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
91i North University
(LocArED IN THE MICHIGAN LEAGUE)
C.. Cavafy Professor of Modern Greek Studies
Professor of Classical Studies
and Comparative Literature
Ahmad Ibrahim Ahmed
A. Al Haznawi Ainami
Delray Beach. Fla.
DelrayBeach, FEta NA
Delray Beach, Eta.
Bin Laden shown in terrorist training tape
The Washington Post
NEW YORK - A masked man in a loose-fitting
black robe rolls once in the red dirt and leaps upright.
Feet apart, he aims a pistol and fires once, twice, three
times - into a life-size moving video image of former
president Bill Clinton.
"Victory is from God, conquest is near," says the
The mock assassination of an American president
occurs halfway through the recruitment tape for al-
Qaida, the terrorist organization. Shot at training bases
in Afghanistan, and drawing on powerful and horrific
news images of soldiers beating and killing Muslim
women and children, the two-hour video offers a win-
dow into the worldview of the man who has led his fol-
lowers into a war with the United States.
That man, Osama bin Laden, appears throughout
young Arabic men in the manner of a well-done army
recruitment tape. The film uses freeze frames of dying
Arab children, zoom shots of the USS Cole before and
after the explosion, and grainy footage of Americans
lying dead in the wreckage of the U.S. embassies in
Kenya and Tanzania.
A plaintive voice narrates much of the video, backed
by snatches of poetry and ecstatic religious singing.
The tape was apparently made in June or July and
circulated throughout Arabic-speaking countries and
Central Asia. The tape, which has been obtained by a
number of news organizations around the world,
includes footage of the ongoing intifada in Israel, the
war in Chechnya, and the destruction of the two colos-
sal Buddha statues in Bamian, Afghanistan, this year;
all are portrayed as heroic Muslim struggles against
Jews and "crusaders.:"
"It's very professional, with terrific production val-
ues,"said Richard Bulliet, a professor of Islamic social
history at Columbia University, who obtained the tape
from CNN and analyzed it for The Washington Post.
The film opens with a Holocaust-like montage of
horrors perpetrated on Muslims.
Dead boys, eyes vacant, stare up. Children scream,
dirt is tossed on a coffin, a woman's face is soaked with
blood. And, repeatedly, footage shows Israeli soldiers
hitting children and shooting at civilians. An Israeli
soldier is shown putting a dead baby into a garbage
bag after a wartime attack on a Lebanese village.
The film refers to Jews as "dogs" and "pigs." The
faces of Clinton and members of the Saudi royal fami-
ly are often superimposed.
The message, Bulliet notes, is simple: The Jews are
killing your men, women and children, backed by
complicit Arab rulers and the United States.
The film moves methodically to a call for a higra, or
Muslim migration, to Afghanistan. There's much
footage of training camps in the arid and mountainous
reaches of Afghanistan, with scenes of men shooting
guns, throwing grenades and rolling in the dust.
announce the new security mea-
sures, but to underscore his mes-
sage that Americans have a
patriotic duty to return to their rou-
o disclose tines, even while they remain vigi-
who would lant about safety.
would-be When the terrorists struck on
t asenior Sept. I1, "they wanted to create an
said the atmosphere of fear," Bush said.
wn steadi- "And one of the great goals of this
ing, "that nation's war is to restore public
he day." confidence in the airline industry.
o calls for "It's to tell the traveling public:
lp airlines Get on board! Do your business
intruders around the country. Fly and enjoy
Free concert by
world renowned singer
UN VIYE111 1
( O 0MICHIGAN
the video, as teacher and warrior.
The film is a powerful bit of work,
Continued from Page 1A
1 encourages religious equality, she
should support Muslims herself.
Second-year Social Work student
Lisa Leven helped organize the event.
"My concern was that America
would backlash against anybody that
might be considered Muslim after what
happened on Tuesday the I I th," Leven
said. "If many, many women got togeth-
er and put on the hijab, it would help
diffuse the misplaced anger that's being
forced on anybody that might be consid-
Ghaliv said she has been wearing
a hijab since she was 14-years-old.
She said donning the scarves has
become more meaningful to her
since the terrorist attack because
she can dispel the misconceptions
"When I wear hijab it becomes a
source of strength for me," she said.
"At the same time, it's been a lot
more difficult because it's a symbol
of our religion, and unfortunately
right now the consensus is that the
people who perpetrated that attack
were of that faith."
Continued from Page1A
Authorities declined t(
the number of marshals v
be deployed, to keep
hijackers guessing. But
marshals' ranks have gro
ly since the attacks, add
number is increasing by tt
The president's plan als
a $500-million fund to he
fortify cockpits against
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