The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 26, 2001- 3
During the first year of Pennsyl-
vania State University's new acad-
emic integrity policy, three
students had their transcripts
marked with an XF grade.
The Office of Judicial Affairs is
now delivering such reprimands to
mark especially serious or repeat-
ed acts of cheating, plagiarizing or
other forms of academic dishon-
Since the policy was adopted in
the spring of 2000, Judicial
Affairs has registered 45 other
breaches that did not end in a stu-
dent receiving a cheating failure,
or XF, grade.
"Academic integrity ... is some-
thing that can be taught and ought
to be learned," said John Cahir,
vice provost and dean for under-
IU first in state
to offer same-
Seven years after deciding the
university would not provide bene-
fits to domestic partners of
employees and students, the Indi-
ana University Board of Trustees
has had a change of heart.
The university's governing body
voted unanimously Sept. 14 to
extend benefits to same-sex cou-
The decision followed an over-
whelming endorsement from the
faculty governments on IU's two
largest campuses in Bloomington
These benefits include access to
university health care plans and
services paid through fees, such as
campus athletic facilities.
Among Big Ten competitors IU
is the sixth university to extend
this kind of coverage, and the only
one in Indiana.
The trustees chose to drop pro-
visions for opposite-sex partners,
placing the priority instead on
remedying legal inequities for gay
couples who cannot marry in Indi-
U. Oregon averts
agree to contract
The Oregon University System
and unions representing classified
workers of Oregon's public univer-
sities agreed to a tentative contract
Friday afternoon, putting the
brakes on a threatened strike by
the workers Monday.
A strike could have forced OUS
schools to rely on management
and supervisors to perform classi-
fied-worker jobs, causing a slow-
down in student services and the
removal of non-essential services.
Classified workers at the Uni-
versity of Oregon handle food ser-
vice for the residence halls,
provide nursing care at the Univer-
sity Health Center and perform
clerical tasks for many academic
departments, among other things.
not using outside
Five weekends into the fall
semester the plan to complement
student party monitors with pro-
fessionals has not come to fruition,
and Duke University administra-
tors now say it may not happen at
Student affairs officials were
planning to hire an outside compa-
ny to provide monitoring profes-
sionals who would have worked
with students to enforce fire code
capacities, the drinking alternative
requirement and other safety mea-
Administrators since have decid-
ed, however, that the company they
had been hoping to use - Show
Pros Event Services of Chapel
Hill, N.C. - cannot provide ade-
- Compiled from U-Wire reports
by Daily Staff Reporter Lizzie Ehrle
By Tyler Boersen
For the Daily
A study of University employee salaries
has revealed that male faculty members earn
2 percent more than the average salary of
their female counterparts.
The study, commissioned by former
Provost Nancy Cantor, found an average 18
percent difference when other factors that
affect salary were omitted. The report uti-
lized models that included factors such as
education and years employed with the Uni-
versity in order to find a more accurate aver-
"The equations allow us to use factors such
as number of years at the University, rank,
time since degree and highest degree
achieved to try and explain salary levels,"
said Associate Provost Pamela Raymond, a
professor of cell and development biology.
"When you do this, you can assess the vari-
ables and compare the average salaries."
According to the report, only 29 percent of
female faculty members are professors, as
compared to 59 percent of men, accounting
for the 18 percent pay difference.
But the average number of years since a
female faculty member has received her
degree is 14 years, as compared to 20 years
"We have had men for a lot longer than
women. Few women were hired before 1975,
most since 1985. There has been less of a
time period to assess the quality of women,"
said Mary Corcoran, lead researcher on the
report and a professor of political science
and women's studies.
Of the models used for this study, one that
did not consider rank and time in rank found
a difference in salary of about 3 percent. A
second model considered rank in addition to
those factors and found a difference of
around 1 percent.
"We need to look further because this is the
first step and this is far removed from the
- Pamela Raymond
According to the report, evidence that
women are promoted more slowly than men
has led the researchers to believe the differ-
ence to be about 2 percent.
Raymond stressed that this was merely an
initial study. "We need to look further
because this is the first step and this is far
removed from actual salary," Raymond said.
Further studies are under way within each
college to utilize factors of individual perfor-
mance. "We would expect a good deal of
individual variation around the salary
because individuals who are identical are
likely to be different in terms of specific aca-
demic contributions," the report states. The
same study will be repeated on a periodic
The initial study released this month
comes during a national movement to expand
"Nationally there has been a.great. interest
in gender equity at universities," Raymond
said. "There have been a greater number of
studies done nationwide."
Strict security 1
program to expand
Last year, only 126 of the
3,006 graduating LSA students
participated in the minor program
By Jordan Schrader
For the Daily
For LSA students interested in more than
one discipline but intimidated by the work-
load of a double major, an increasingly popu-
lar solution is the academic minor.
Stephen Darwall, philosophy department
chair, said his department was concerned that
with the introduction of academic minors in
2000, students would opt to minor rather
than concentrate in philosophy.
But in reality, he said, once students have
completed the minor, they often have enjoyed
the program enough to continue.
"I think we're going to get a significantly
larger number of concentrators because of
the minors," Darwall said, calling them a
"halfway station" which can provide an
introduction to a topic that may lead to fur-
Philosophy minors are available in such
topics as Mind and Meaning and Asian and
While some minors may lead to concentra-
tions in a department, Philip Gorman, associ-
ate director of the LSA Advising Center, said
the primary purpose of minors is to develop
a secondary interest.
"Double concentrations are really overrat-
ed," Gorman said.
"They require 30 credits of work in each
of two programs, and leave very little flexi-
bility for other interests in your last two
years," Gorman said.
He added that minors, which only require
the fulfillment of 15 credit hours, allow stu-
dents to develop two areas of expertise while
leaving time for other interests.
Students can minor in programs as general
as economics or as specific as African-
However, academic minors do not neces-
sarily play a large role in admission to gradu-
ate school said Monique Washington,
director of admissions for the Horace Rack-
ham School of Graduate Studies.
"A minor may or may not give sufficient
background to apply for a graduate school,"
she said. Washington added that a minor
unrelated to a school's field would not help
"(Graduate schools) are really looking at
the entire academic curriculum a student has
taken and the relevance of it to the school,"
Employers, too, take a broad view of
minors, said Kerin Borland, senior associate
director of the University's Career Planning
and Placement Center.
"Minors are less of an issue for employers
than majors," Borland said.
She emphasized that both are less impor-
tant than the skills gained while studying a
"A lot of it has to do with how the stu-
dents present themselves and their academic
package," she explained.
In 2000, the first full year that minors
were available, only 126 LSA students of the
3,006 members of the graduating class com-
pleted"'a'minor; 547 of those students chose
to pursue a double concentration.
Security personnel check a passengers identification prior to entering a security checkpoint at the
Smith terminal at Detroit Metropolitan Airport In Romulus yesterday.
will receive little
funding from state
LANSING (AP) - Hamstrung by
the faltering economy, state senators
approved lean budgets for Michigan
schools and universities yesterday.
The school aid bill passed on a 22-
13 vote. The higher education budget
bill passed 32-3. Both cleared the
House last week and were sent to
Gov. John Engler for his signature.
Lawmakers said they would have
liked to provide more money.
"We wish we could do better, but
under the circumstances, it's as good
as we can do," said Sen. Don Koivis-
The bills' passage nearly wraps up
final action on the state budget for
the fiscal year that starts Oct. 1.
Sen. Ken DeBeaussaert (D-
Chesterfield Township) said the
Legislature had reversed itself on
key school aid programs. The Leg-
islature had promised funding for
early reading programs and summer
"It does step back from our com-
mitment of a year ago," he said.
"This proposal falls short of our
commitment to public education."
The school aid bill covers the
next two years, rising from $10.9
billion in 2001-2002 to $11.9 bil-
lion in 2002-03. The per-pupil foun-
dation grant will rise from $6,500
this school year to $6,700 in 2002-
But the bill was trimmed by $514
million from an earlier version after
Engler threatened a 5 percent cut in
education programs because of
slumping state revenues. Under the
bill, schools will receive less money
for programs than they expected in
exchange for the increases in per-
Under the bill passed yesterday,
summer school grants for third-
graders who are behind would be cut
from $38 million to $28 million for
fiscal year 2001-2002. The $50 mil-
lion originally promised for the next
school has been eliminated.
Funding for at-risk students would
be $314.2 million this school year,
$5 million less than originally
promised. In 2002-2003, it would be
$319 million, or $10 million less
The higher education bill totals
slightly more than $1.9 billion.
Under it, most of the state's pub-
lic universities will receive a 1.5
percent increase in state funding
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