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September 20, 2001 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-09-20

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 20, 2001 - 7A

Bush and Congres

The Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The White House and
Congress, seeking to repair economic damage
from last week's terrorist attacks and head off
recession, are preparing an emergency package
of more than $100 billion worth of tax cuts and
spending increases that could match those of
the early Vietnam War buildup, according to
key congressional staffers and independent

budget analysts.
Although key proposals could be scaled
backed during the usual political infighting of
the legislative process, senior congressional
budget staffers estimate that new tax cuts and
spending programs could end up totaling from
$115 billion to more than S180 billion next fis-
cal year alone, and amount to almost 2 percent
of the nation's gross domestic product.
If lawmakers and the Bush administration

prepare
ultimately embrace the most expensive propos-
als under discussion, the result would be to
wipe out all of the $170 billion to $180 billion
surplus Washington expected to collect in the
fiscal year that begins Oct. 1, including
amounts for Social Security and Medicare.
While details of the rescue plans are still
being formulated, the sudden emergence of
new tax and spending plans this large reflects
the view of many lawmakers - and econo-

emergency aid bill
mists - that Washington must do almost any- G. William Hoagland, Republican staff director
thing it can to keep the economy from sinking. of the Senate Budget Committee and a respect-
President Bush seemed to agree. "Our econ- ed budget veteran.
omy has slowed way down, and this is an emer- "The objective is to restore economic growth
gency'" he told reporters yesterday. "I'm going by restoring Americans' confidence, their
to work with Congress to send a clear message sense of security," Hoagland said. "It's going to
to America.... This government will respond to take a lot of money to do that."
this emergency." Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan
The estimates of the scope of the spending sought to pour cold water on Congress' most
and tax-cut package taking shape came from ambitious plans yesterday.

Takeoff delay
allowed news
to reach flight
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - A flight delay in Newark, N.J., may
have helped save lives on the ground - and landmarks in the
nation's capital - during last week's terrorist attacks.
One of four planes hijacked by knife-wielding men - the
one that crashed in the Pennsylvania countryside - took off
about 40 minutes late, airline officials and aviation sources
confirm.
This delay is now believed to have helped passengers on
United Air Lines Flight 93 to San Francisco learn - via calls
from cell and air phones - of planes being crashed into the
World Trade Center.
Passengers, according to relatives who talked to them by
phone, then rose up to prevent their jet from being flown into a
target in Washington, as the hiiackers apparently had olanned
Instead, the Boeing 757 went down in a desolate spot in West-
AP PHOTO em Pennsylvania. No one on the ground was killed, but all 44
y. aboard perished.
n. "The delay probably had a crucial effect on the outcome of
that flight," said Alice Hoglan, whose son, Mark Bingham,
) n called her in Northern California from aboard the plane. Other
family members have confirmed that passengers got word of
the disaster at the World Trade Center.
Bingham, a rugby player, is believed to have been among
f the passengers who tried to take Flight 93 back from the
hijackers. According to several accounts from family mem-
bers, the passengers apparently rushed a hijacker who claimed
etary of to have a bomb.
said his According to the OAG FlightGuide, the scheduling bible
effort to for the industry, Flight 93 was supposed to leave at 8 a.m.
ree for- from Newark for its six-hour, 14-minute flight to San Francis-
istan, a co. A chronology released by the Pentagon last Friday night
shows that it took off at 8:42 a.m..
pen the "It probably made all the difference in the world to be able
one or to have 42 (extra) minutes to get the news," added Hoglan,
i States who lives in Saratoga, Calif.
den and Joseph Tabacco, a San Francisco lawyer whose partner
uspects Alan Beaven was killed on the plane, agreed. But he said there
and at was something else, even more significant. The passengers
aboard were daring enough to risk all by acting on the infor-
a state- mation received. "You had an unusual collection of passengers
Ivanov with leadership personalities on that plane," he said.
for even Flight 93 was the last of the four hijacked planes'to take
military flight. Four minutes after United Flight 93 took off, American
Airlines Flight I1 hit the World Trade Center.

PROBE
Continued from Page 1A
tors as they race to hunt down suspect-
ed conspirators in the Sept. 11 attack
on the World Trade Center and Penta-
gon, which are believed to have killed
nearly 6,000 people,
In other developments yesterday:
Investigators now believe accom-
plices of the hijackers may have
attempted to confuse air traffic con-
trollers by making a series of false
bomb threats against airliners on the
morning of Sept. 11, sources close to
the case said.
New information from law
enforcement officials indicates that at
least 44 of the people the FBI has
sought for questioning in the probe are
trained pilots. One of them, a man iden-

tified as Ayub Ali Khan, was arrested as
a material witness in the case after being
detained in Texas. He was carrying box-
cutter knives like those believed used in
some of the four hijackings.
Other suspects include a native of
Yemen who investigators believe may
also have been involved in the bombing
of the USS Cole, and two men - both
in Jordanian custody - who were
arrested in connection with the millen-
nium bombings plot. Both events have
been linked by U.S. intelligence officials
to Saudi militant Osama bin Laden.
Sen. Bob Graham (D-Fla.), chair
of the Senate Select Committee on
Intelligence, again warned that "there is
evidence that the Sept. I1 attack was the
first phase of a multiphase series of ter-
rorist assaults against the United States,
all under one umbrella plan."

Secretary of State Colin Powell after meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov yesterday
Ivanov said Russia would not object to including former Soviet republics in any military campaign
Russia suggests conventic
to combat acts of terr-orisi

WASHINGTON (AP) - Russian Foreign
Minister Igor Ivanov suggested yesterday an
international convention to counter terrorism.;
"The problem of world terrorism cannot be
solved by one-time actions," Ivanov said in a
speech. "It cannot be solved with five warplanes,
with 10 warplanes."
He said terrorism is an international problem
that arises in the Balkans, the Middle East,
Afghanistan, Chechnya. It must be addressed on
a global scale, probably through the United1
Nations, he said.i
But Ivanov clearly supported the United States in1
its determination to strike back for last week's
attacks in New York and Washington. "The evil will
be punished. All Russia is with you," he said at a+
dinner sponsored by the Nixon Center and the1
Moscow International Petroleum Club.1
HILL
Continued from Page IA P al
est in the musical society and music at
Michigan," Dobson said. aid
"What Elizabeth Kennedy is essen-
tially saying," said Fischer, "is 'I grew
up in this town, I love this town, and as The Washing
I'm in the twilight of my life, I want
people to be able to enjoy that place ISLAM
more."' nation who
For the School of Music, the new suspected1
lobby will mean a place to have spe- television,
cial events related to its concerts, as sition to hi
well as to provide a green room for failing to c
performers, said Karen Wolff, dean of "Pakist
the School of Music. Musharraf
"In addition, we hope we will be back a U.S
able to place items from the Stearns alleged ma
Collection of musical instruments in and Wash
cases in the lobby," Wolff said. Musharraf
Hill Auditorium is one of the only Mushar
performance halls of its kind where space to 1
patrons cannot even get a cup of cof- about Afg
fee, Fischer said. logistics t
"She's adding some patron ameni- operations
ties that'have been grossly inadequate all goodso
at Hill for years," said Fisher. Afghanista
"The University is just deeply grate- Thosed
ful because this is a project that we nuclear-art
didn't know if it would happen and
this gift truly make the space possi-
ble," said Mathwon Howard, associate
regional director of major and planned Continued
gifts and the development officer Thatcher
working with the Kennedy Fund. "It's addressed+
just going to be an awesome experi- facing the
ence for the patrons." Congre
ing proce
issues and
TUITION wrsa
were am
Continued from Page 1A brought t
back their tuition increases, he is not ways stud
opposed to making the rebates avail- bers can to
able solely to in-state students. comment
"If that's what it takes to get it patience a
through, quite frankly, I would sup- "We h
port that" he said. out to Ar
Glenn Stevens, executive director of and say thI
the Presidents Council of the State not the p
Universities of Michigan, which gath- for relie
ered the executives and student body preach pa
presidents of Michigan's 15 public Axelrod s
universities to sign a letter asking for He add
a repeal, said it is important to note sentatives
that the bill permanently repeals the stituent c
tax cut, meaning that colleges and and comm
.sr..nri~nc .in a -oliilflna r. A m / l oanar(-e i

In a meeting earlier yesterday with Secr
State Cohin Powell, the Russian minister
government would not object to any U.S.c
seek anti-terrorism cooperation from the th
mer Soviet republics that border Afghan
senior State Department official said.
The commitment potentially could o
way for U.S. military cooperation with
more of the three countries as the Unite
seeks ways to,track down Osama bin La(
his allies in Afghanistan. They are prime s
in last week's terror attacks in New York
the Pentagon.
Ivanov's reported comments followed
ment by Russian Defense Minister Sergei
on Sunday that he did not see "any basis f
the hypothetical possibility" of a NATOr
presence in Central Asia.

kistan divided over decision to
lin attacks against Afghanistan

gton Post
ABAD, Pakistan - The president of Pakistan, a
ose support is critical to any U.S. effort to strike at.
terrorist targets in Afghanistan, went on national
last night to quell increasingly vocal domestic oppo-
is decision to assist the United States, saying that
cooperate would turn this country into a pariah state.
an is facing a very critical time," Gen. Pervez
f said in a somber address. If the country does not
S.-led campaign to go after Osama bin Laden, the
istermind of last week's terror attacks in New York
ington, Pakistan risked "very grave consequences,"
f said.
raf has agreed to U.S. requests to open Pakistani air-
U.S. military aircraft, share military intelligence
hanistan and provide access to military facilities for
eams and special-forces units involved in possible
in Afghanistan. He also has agreed to try to prevent
other than food from being shipped into landlocked
an, which shares a 1,500-mile border with Pakistan.
decisions have been highly controversial in this
*med nation of 140 million people. Many devout

Muslims in Pakistan contend that their country has an obliga-
tion to defend Afghanistan, whose leaders have been harboring
bin Laden, because they are fellow Muslims. Islamic groups in
Pakistan have staged protests during the past few days, threat-
ening to wage a holy war against Musharraf's government and
the United States if targets in Afghanistan be attacked.
Hours before Musharraf made his case to Pakistanis, a
council of senior Islamic clerics took up the question of
whether Afghanistan's ruling Taliban militia should surrender
bin Laden in the hope of avoiding a U.S. attack. Taliban leader
Mohammed Omar called on the council to decide bin Laden's
fate after he held talks with Pakistani officials on Monday, but
the 1,000 clerics took two days to gather in Kandahar and, and
after a day of deliberations, said no decision will be handed
down until today.
In his speech tonight, Musharraf insisted that his backing
for anti-terrorism efforts do not violate tenets of Islam, noting
that most Islamic nations already have endorsed a U.N. resolu-
tion calling for bin Laden to be apprehended. Faced with
choosing between possible domestic upheaval and internation-
al isolation, the Pakistani leader argued that opposing efforts
to target bin Laden and Afghanistan's ruling Taliban militia
could "endanger our very existence."

EL
d from Page1A
discussed U.S. policy and
different angles of the issues
United States.
ss' role in the decision-mak-
ess, international security
d racial and ethnic profiling
nong some of the topics
o the forefront, as was the
dents and community mem-
ake action. The panelists also
ed on the need to encourage
and to avoid hatred.
ere in Ann Arbor can reach
ab-Americans and Muslims
hat we understand that they're
roblem, we can raise money
f, and we can continue to
atience and stay informed,"
aid.
led that senators and repre-
s will be listening for con-
omments and that students
munity members should write
to snet their ideas ass.

going to be paying a lot of attention to
what you say. That really does matter
and I think that it stands a chance of
affecting what we do," Axelrod said.
He and others said it will also be
important to watch civil liberties as the
situation continues, because in the
rush of general panic and fear that is
sweeping the nation people sometimes
seek control by limiting the rights of a
specific group of people.
"Talk with an Arab-American who
has flown this week and imagine how
much worse it could get if we continue
ethnic profiling," Thatcher said,
addressing the fact that Arab-Ameri-
cans are under careful watch. "There is
an alternative to heightened scrutiny of
Arab-Americans - it's heightened
scrutiny across the board"
Anmar Mufleh drove up from Tole-
do today to see what type of dialogue
the University was engaging in.
"I'm an Arab-American and I was
interested to see what the University
community was dealing with and what
tves of solutions they were consider-

flict against Arab-Americans," he said.
"There have been attacks in Ohio
and in Michigan on people that fit the
racial profiles of Arab Americans, and
people are in fear of their safety;' he
said. "In the media and the academy I
feel like they still have yet to reach the
root cause of the problem. We have to
look at what would make people go
against the will to live."
Kinesiology sophomore Mark
Majewski attended the discussion as
part of his sociology class and to hear
the different perspectives the profes-
sors had to offer. "I wanted to learn
what I could to understand more of
what's gong on and what's going to
become of this," Majewski said.
Lieberthal said that from now on how
the U.S. governs itself will be a more
central issue as some of what the nation
has taken for granted will be challenged.
"Terrorism took this image of an
invulnerable U.S. and burst it in one
day in a way that any army couldn't do
in six months,' he said. "This burst a
myth and in that sense we have a long-

un

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