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September 18, 2001 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-09-18

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 18, 2001 - 7

WANTED
Continued from Page 1
wake of last week's attacks, was a late addition to the presi-
dent's calendar.
As investigators continued to probe the four hijackings that
resulted in the attacks on New York's World Trade Center and
on the Pentagon, New York officials revised their estimate of
the number of people missing there to 5,422, along with 201
confirmed dead. Combined with the deaths at the Pentagon
and on the hijacked airplanes, the possible death toll from
Sept. I1 is nearly 6,000.
Attorney General John D. Ashcroft called on Congress to
enact new legislation granting law enforcement officials
greater powers to combat terrorism. Ashcroft said law
enforcement officials urgently need expanded wiretapping
powers to track terrorists. He also urged the statute of limita-
tions on prosecuting crimes of terrorism be eliminated and
said the legal fight against terrorism must be a greater priority.
"If terrorism has not had a priority in the criminal justice
system previously, it's time for us to understand that it needs to
be a priority in the criminal justice system now," he said.
Ashcroft pledged that the Justice Department would have a
comprehensive package of bills ready for consideration within
a few days.
The attorney general said the administration would ask for
expanded powers "mindful of our responsibility to protect the
rights and privacy of Americans." But he said the legal system
must reflect the seriousness of crimes of terrorism.
Ashcroft also announced that law enforcement personnel
from across the government would be assigned to the Trans-
portation Department for use as armed sky marshals on some
commercial airline flights. He did not say how extensive the
program will be.
He said he had ordered the U.S. Marshals Service, whose
responsibility is to protect U.S. courthouses around the coun-
try, to assign more than 300 deputy marshals to assist FBI
field offices in the investigation of the terrorists.
Concerned about reports of violence and intimidation
aimed at Muslims and Arab Americans, Bush visited the
Islamic Center in Washington yesterday afternoon and called
on Americans to show tolerance in these tense times.
FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III said his agency has
launched 40 investigations into hate crimes aimed at Arab
Americans, including a number targeting Muslim houses of
worship and community centers. "I'll make it very clear," he
said. "Vigilante attacks and threats against Arab Americans
will not be tolerated."
Security concerns continued to ripple throughout the coun-
try. The United Nations postponed the opening of the General
Assembly scheduled for next week, and the International
Monetary Fund and the World Bank canceled their annual
meeting scheduled for late September in Washington. One
reason cited was that District of Columbia officials had
planned on assistance from law enforcement officials in New
York, who are now busy with rescue and recovery efforts
there.
Bush spent a busy day monitoring and managing the crisis,
including a morning meeting with his National Security
Council and an afternoon meeting with his economic advisers
about the time the Dow Jones industrial average was posting
its largest one-day point drop in history. Early yesterday, he
visited the cafeteria in the Eisenhower Executive Office Build-
ing next to the White House. Staff members were evacuated
last week when officials feared the White House was a target
of terrorists, and they spent a tense week amid heightened
security alerts.
Seeking to boost morale among those White House work-
ers, who include many veterans of his presidential campaign,
Bush told them, "The best way to fight terrorism is to not let

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bin Laden's fate today
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) - A grand Islamic council in istan virtually closed by halting the movement of all goods
Afghanistan should decide the fate of Osama bin Laden, the except for food and by keeping throngs of frightened Afghan
prime suspect in last week's terror attacks in the United States, refugees from entering Pakistan.
the Taliban:s supreme leader said yesterday. The neighboring nations each beefed up its military pres-
The announcement by Mullah Mohammed Omar came ence along the 1,500-mile border. And the Taliban closed their
after a Pakistani delegation met with him and delivered a blunt airspace to all international flights, forcing the 110 flights a
message to Afghanistan's radical Taliban rulers: Hand over day that normally fly over Afghanistan to take alternative
bin Laden or be hit by a punishing retaliatory strike from a paths.
U.S.-led international coalition. The likelihood of a U.S. strike is transforming the alliances
The Islamic council Omar spoke about was scheduled to that have held sway in this region since the mid-1990s, driving
convene in Kabul, the capital, today. The Pakistani delegation, a wedge between Pakistan and its Taliban allies and cementing
which came to Kabul after meeting with Omar in the southern ties between Pakistan and its erstwhile Cold War partner,
Afghan city of Kandahar, stayed last night in hopes of influ- America.
encing its ruling - and possibly heading off a U.S. strike. Pakistan has promised "full cooperation" with Washington
It wasn't clear if even a positive response from the Taliban in the event of a U.S. assault on Afghanistan - an event con-
could avert war, or if the Taliban could be persuaded to dis- sidered likely because of the safe haven the Taliban have given
mantle bin Laden's terror network even if they hand him over bin Laden since 1996.
to the United States. Bin Laden's al-Qaida group is said to There was hope Pakistan could use its clout with the Tal-
operate training camps in several Afghan provinces including iban - forged over eight years of close military, economic
eastern Nangarhai; Kunar, Paktia-and Kandahar. and diplomatic ties - to persuade them to reverse their deci-
The meeting in Kandahar took place amid growing tensions sion, stated repeatedly in the days since the terror attacks,
yesterday along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, which Pak- never to hand over bin Laden.
Relatives pay final rspects
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REWARD
AP FILE
Osama bin Laden, the exiled Saudi dissident, is seen on this
layout for an FBI poster after he was placed on the FBI's Ten
Most Wanted list In. June 1999, in connection with the
bombings of the U.S. Embassies in Tanzania and Kenya.
terrorism intimidate America."
At the Pentagon, Bush met with Defense Secretary Donald
"H. Rumsfeld and others to review the status of preparations.
Then the president used a brie4 appearance before the cameras
to escalate his rhetoric and sharpen his focus on the alleged
mastermind of the terrorist network that is at the heart of the
investigation.
"Do you want bin Laden dead?" Bush was asked.
"I want justice," the president replied. "There's an old
poster out west, as I recall, that said, 'Wanted: Dead or
Alive."'
Later, White House press secretary Ari Fleischer was
asked whether Bush's comments indicated that the quarter-
century ban on government-sponsored assassination had
been lifted.
Fleischer said, "That directive is in effect. And I also want
to add that it does not limit the United States's ability to act in
its self-defense.''
Asked repeatedly if the administration would consider the
sponsoring of bin Laden's assassination to be an act of self-
defense, Fleischer said, "I'm just going to repeat my words,
and others will figure out the exact implications of them."
Vice President Dick Cheney said on Sunday on NBC's
"Meet the Press" that he did not believe any U.S. or interna-
tional law would prevent American agents from killing bin
Laden. "Not in my estimation," Cheney said. "But I'd have to
check with the lawyers on that, obviously."
Powell later said, "It is not enough to get one individual,
although we'll start with that one individual." He said success
will come only when "we have neutralized and destroyed" the
whole network.

SHANKSVILLE, Pa. (AP) -
Weeping relatives of the victims
aboard United Flight 93 left pho-
tographs and other mementos yester-
day on a makeshift memorial of hay
bales in the Pennsylvania field where
the hijacked plane went down.
Several hundred yards from the
crash site, dozens of friends and fami-
ly members left candy, baseball caps,
a flight attendant's jacket and even
teddy bears, said two Salvation Army
officials who attended the service.
"All we could do is be there and
pray for them," Salvation Army Maj.
Ed Pritchard said.
The site includes hanging flags rep-
resenting the backgrounds of the vic-
tims. A Japanese woman bowed to the
Japanese flag several times, then ran
back to the hay bales and picked up
her son's photo.
"She was calling out his name. She
was in tears," Salvation Army Maj.
Richard Zander said.
A clergy member told the sobbing
family members to remember the
words of Winston Churchill, "Never
give up." When the service was over,
Zander said, "it was like they wanted
to linger there."
Edward Felt of Matawan, N.J., died
in the crash. His and the other deaths
represented "the loss of innocence for
a new generation of Americans," his
brother, Gordon Felt, said after the
service.

AP PHOTO1
Emergency workers look over mementos left by family members of the victims of
United Airlines Flight 93 at a makeshift memorial near the crash site yesterday.

The Boeing 757 was the last of
four hijacked jetliners to crash last
Tuesday. It was headed from Newark,
N.J., to San Francisco when it made
an abrupt turn near Cleveland and
veered back across Pennsylvania
before crashing in Shanksville, killing
all 44 aboard.
A number of passengers were able
to make phone calls from the jet,
including several who said they
planned to storm their captors.
"They banded together and fought
back against their captors. They saved
hundreds, perhaps thousands of
lives," Gov. Tom Ridge said at the

service. "Thank God for their lives,
their families and their heroism."
Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) has sug-
gested posthumously awarding the
Presidential Medal of Freedom to
passengers aboard the flight. The
medal is the nation's highest civilian
honor.
Yesterday, state police troopers
saluted a caravan of six buses carry-
ing the victims' families arrived at the
field 80 miles southeast of Pittsburgh.
As the buses left about 90 minutes
later, some inside flashed the "V"
sign to onlookers, while others waved
at Red Cross officials.

BUSINESS
Continued from Page 1
many people, including Mayor Rudolph
W Giuliani, a fleeting setback given the
events of the previous week. The mayor
brushed off the losses and, as he has for
six relentless days, pushed and prodded
New Yorkers to charge ahead.
"This is important," he said of Wall
Street's return to life. "It's important for
the American economy, and it's impor-
tant for the spirit of the city.... We have
an obligation to carry on with the rest of
our lives."
Symbols of patriotism helped. At
the stock exchange, brokers pinned
flags to their backs and stitched
"USA" patches to their sleeves. Tiny
flags adorned most computer moni-
tors. The words "God Bless America"

scrolled across the bottom of each
monitor, where market updates nor-
mally are flashed.
Vilma Hampton, who works for a
company that makes Bible verse wrap-
pers for rolls of mints, was feeling
anything but normal. "On the outside,
we're all trying to go on normally," she
said. "But on the inside, everyone is
walking around a little suspicious. You
can feel it."
There was nothing ordinary about the
opening of the stock exchange. Brokers
bowed their heads for two minutes of
silence to honor the dead and missing.
Some prayed, and some wept.
As a Marine Corps officer sang "God
Bless America," exchange chairman
Richard Grasso found himself crying.
He reached back and gripped Giuliani's
hand.

A lot of people needed extra support
yesterday. Jeff Katz, who works the for-
eign exchange desk at Gbldman Sachs,
knows dozens of people missing and
feared dead in the ruins of the trade cen-
ter.
"I can't imagine doing my job with
all this stuff going on around me," he
said. "It seems kind of pointless."
People were feeling wounded and
raw, and barely inclined to think much
about jobs or offices or paperwork.
Even with daily routines slowly com-
ing into focus, yesterday was another
heartbreaking day for the families of the
missing. For the first time, the number
of people reported missing climbed past
5,000, to 5,422.
Officials did not explain the increase.
The number of confirmed dead rose to
201, with 135 identified.

MARKETS
Continued from Page 1.
ed to rebound."
University finance Prof. M.P. Narayanan said the fate of the
economy ultimately rests with the consumers.
"Confidence is the bottom line,' he said. "The last several
months, the economy lagged, but consumer confidence did
not, keeping the markets going. What will happen to confi-
dence? No one really knows," Narayanan said.
One of the leading indicators of consumer confidence, the
University's Consumer Sentiment Index, will be released the
last Friday of September and provide economists with a pic-
ture of how Americans view the present state of the economy.
Schmitz pointed out that most analysts and investors are
now being influenced by President Bush, rather than Federal
Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan.
"The market is definitely more sensitive to how things turn
out politically," Schmitz said.

Students for the most part seem reluctant to put any money
into stocks, bonds or mutual funds.
"By no means am I going into the market anytime soon,"
said first-year Business student Joe McMullin. "I've been cau-
tious the past 12 months as it is, and last week's events only
add to that."
LSA junior Amy Bakst shared that sentiment.
"There's no way I would put money into anything on the
market right now," Bakst said. "However, down the road, if
really strong companies are being undervalued, who knows?
What goes up must go down and vice versa."
Around the globe, markets were mixed. Tokyo's Nikkei
index reached a new 18-year low, and Hong Kong's Hang
Seng index dropped noticeably, while European markets
slightly rebounded on news of interest rate cuts by European
banks.
Last week's trading halt on the NYSE was the longest peri-
od of closure since a Great Depression bank holiday in 1933.
- The Associated Press contributed to this report.

1

HEALING
Continued from Page 1
the names of loved ones they had
lost to the recent tragedy.
Many of those attending the ser-
vice do not practice Humanistic
Judaism, and some were not Jewish
at all.

Lana Shikhman, an LSA junior,
said she was not familiar with the
religion but nonetheless enjoyed the
experience.
"It's great to be a part of some-
thing like this. I had a great time,"
she said.
Both Epstein and Williams urged
those attending the service to go

out and make a difference.
Williams added that this is one of
the most important aspects of the
religion.
"The deepest appeal (of Human-
istic Judaism) is that it represents a
call to responsibility, with reference
to what we would think to be the
human good," Williams said.

RELIEF
Continued from Page 1
sponsored by Student Financial Services at the University of
{'Pennsylvania that started Friday.
The fundraiser - set up by the university as a means to
have one designated spot where students, faculty and staff
could donate money and needed goods - collected thousands
of dollars during previous disasters, including the Gulf War
and the 1993 floods throughout the Midwest.
Yvonne Giorgio, executive secretary to Penn's associate

offers a collaboration of information by pulling updated data
from other Internet sites.
Students at UC-Berkeley are also reaching out to each
other. A campuswide memorial service for the victims was
held yesterday, and classes were canceled for two hours so
everyone could attend.
"This event will be one way for us to come together as a
community to support one another and grieve the pain and
loss that we feel," Berkeley Chancellor Robert Burdell wrote
in an e-mail to the campus' students.
Every college and university has felt the consequences of

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