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December 12, 2001 - Image 2

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2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 12, 2001

NATION/WORLD

4

U.S. to pull out of missile treaty

WASHINGTON (AP) - President Bush, eager to
deploy a missile shield long sought by Republicans,
soon will give Russia notice that the United States is
withdrawing from a landmark 1972 arms-control
treaty, U.S. government officials said yesterday. The
pact bans missile defense systems.
Bush will invoke a clause in the Anti-Ballistic
Missile treaty that requires the United States and
Russia to give six months' notice before abandoning
the pact, the sources said. Initial White House plans
were to announce the decision tomorrow, but offi-
cials cautioned the date could change. One source
said formal notice would be issued in January. The
four government officials spoke on condition of
anonymity.
"The time is coming when we will need to move
beyond the ABM treaty," said Sean McCormack, a
White House spokesman. Last week, a group of

Russian military officials on a visit to Washington
told private American arms-control experts they
expected the Bush administration to give notice of
withdrawal over the year-end holidays.
With the decision, Bush takes a huge step toward
fulfilling a campaign pledge to develop and deploy
an anti-missile system that he says will protect the
United States and its allies, including Russia, from
missiles fired by rogue nations.
Bush has said the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks height-
ened the need for such a system.
Russia and many U.S. allies have warned Bush
that withdrawing from the pact might trigger a
nuclear arms race. Critics of the plan also question
whether an effective system can be developed with-
out enormous expense.
Conservative Republicans have urged Bush to
scuttle the ABM, rejecting proposals to amend the

pact or find loopholes allowing for tests.
The chairman of the House Armed Services Com-
mittee, Bob Stump (R-Ariz.), said he has received no
advance tip from the administration, but he backs the
plan.
"There's all these questions about Russia uphold-
ing their end of the treaty anyway, and I just don't
think we should penalize ourselves," Stump said.
"We shouldn't delay our ballistic missile defense. If
it takes withdrawing from the ABM treaty, that's
fine."
Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D-S.D.)
told CNN he was opposed to pulling out of the pact.
"It is not a good idea. It would be a real setback for
defense and foreign policy to violate the ABM
treaty." He added: "It's a slap in the face for many
people who have committed years if not decades" to
arms control.

Israeli helicopter attack kills three

INEWS IN BRIEF
HEADLINES FROM AROUND THE WORLD
CHICAGO
U.S. children drastically overweight
American children are getting fatter at an alarming rate, with the per-
centage of significantly overweight black and Hispanic youngsters more
than doubling over 12 years and climbing 50 percent among whites, a
study shows.
By 1998, nearly 22 percent of black children ages 4 to 12 were overweight, as
were 22 percent of Hispanic youngsters and 12 percent of whites, according to
researchers who analyzed data from a national survey.
In 1986, the same survey showed that about 8 percent of black children, 10
percent of Hispanic youngsters and 8 perbent of whites were significantly over-
weight.
"Prior studies show it took 30 years for the overweight prevalence to double in
American children," said Dr. Richard Strauss, a pediatrician at the University of
Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School.
This study should be "a call to action," said Strauss, who conducted the research
with Harold Pollack of the University of Michigan.
Among the reasons given for the increase: Children are spending much more
time watching television, using computers and playing video games, and busy
parents are relying more on fast food to feed their families.
TUCSON, Ariz.
Drug tunnel found under Mexican border
Federal authorities found an 85-foot tunnel under the U.S.-Mexican border
yesterday and said they believed it had been used to smuggle $21 million worth
of cocaine and marijuana into the United States.
Authorities said they had seized all the drugs - 956 pounds of cocaine and
839 pounds of marijuana - since smugglers began using the tunnel in late sum-
mer, Customs Agent Vince Iglio said. Two people were arrested last month.
The tunnel stretched from underneath a home in Nogales, 55 miles south of
Tucson, to a concrete wash on the Mexican side of the border. Iglio said the
opening on the Mexican side was covered by a steel utility plate and resealed
with cement each time it was used.
The 4-foot-high tunnel, shored up throughout with lumber like a mine, was
"one of the most complicated we've seen," Iglio said. It was strung with electrici-
ty and tracks had been laid inside.
In a bedroom of the Nogales home, authorities found a mechanic's dolly with a
long rope attached. In a corner of the room, under carpeting and wooden floor-
ing, was a 30-foot vertical.shaft leading to the tunnel.

JERUSALEM (AP) - Israeli heli-
copters hit Palestinian targets in a
Gaza refugee camp last night, killing
three and wounding 20, witnesses said.
The attack came hours after a U.S.
mediator opened a new round of
cease-fire talks.
European Union foreign policy
chief Javier Solana, meanwhile, joined
the U.S. diplomatic effort, meeting
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in
Jerusalem and Palestinian leader Yass-
er Arafat in the West Bank town of
Ramallah.
A day earlier the EU toughened its

stance on Palestinian militants, brand-
ing the radical groups Hamas and
Islamic Jihad "terrorist networks" and
demanding that Arafat dismantle
them: A series of Hamas suicide
bombings last week killed 26 people.
U.S. peace envoy Anthony Zinni
hosted the third meeting of Israeli and
Palestinian security officials since the
bombings with both sides giving
opposing views of the outcome.
A Palestinian official said there was
no real progress in the Zinni talks and
complained that Israel's continuing
attacks were sabotaging international

peace efforts. The official said Solana
promised to do all he could to stop the
reprisals.
In a statement, Sharon's office said
Israel would continue targeted killings
of suspected Palestinian militants,
while other Israeli officials described
the Zinni meeting as positive.
The Israelis also said Zinni would
remain in the region at the request of
both sides. He had threatened to end
his mission if there was not serious
progress toward a cease-fire.
The helicopter attack last night was
the second in Gaza in a day. Witnesses

said the helicopters hit twice, targeting
buildings in the Khan Younis refugee
camp. One was used by the radical
Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine. The other was a police facil-
ity.
The PFLP claimed responsibility for
the assassination of Israeli Cabinet
Minister Rehavam Zeevi in October
and said the attack was retaliation for
Israel's killing of PFLP leader Mustafa
Zibri.
The Israeli military said the attack
targeted a Palestinians who were firing
at an Israeli army base.

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VATICAN CITY
Pope speaks out,
against terrorism
Pope John Paul II declared yesterday
that nations have a moral and legal right
to defend themselves against terrorism
but must refrain from targeting the
countries, ethnic groups or religions to
which terrorists belong.
The Roman Catholic leader, in his
most extensive statement on the subject,
called terrorism "a true crime against
humanity" and said nothing can justify
the kind of "horrendous massacre" that
occurred in the United States on Sept.
11.
Vatican officials declined to interpret
the pontiff's words as either an endorse-
ment or a criticism of the U.S.-led mili-
tary campaign to capture Osama bin
Laden and destroy the Taliban regime
that harbored him in Afghanistan.
Pope John Paul made his remarks in
writing as part of his annual message
for the church's upcoming World Day of
Peace.
WASHINGTON
3 Social Security
plans recommended
President Bush's Social Security
commission recommended three plans
yesterday to let younger workers invest
some of their payroll taxes in the stock
market. All would come with a cost.
The report is being issued as policy-
makers focus on a war on terrorism
and face disappearing federal budget
surpluses. The commission tried to
soften what could be a political time

bomb in next year's elections by send-
ing the president three separate pro-
posals for private accounts rather than
a single solution. It suggested policy-
makers discuss an overhaul for at least
a year before taking action.
The proposals would require $2 tril-
lion to $3 trillion in new government
spending over the next 75 years.
And in some cases, workers retiring
in 30 to 50 years would face cuts in
annual benefits from 1 percent to near-
ly 33 percent.
WASHINGTON
Educational reform
OK'd by committee *

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University Musical Society

urnsi

Millions of students nationwide
could soon face required annual tests
in reading and math under an educa-
tion measure heading for final con-
gressional approval.
President Bush's education plan,
which passed a key committee yester-
day, would require all students in
grades three through eight to take the
tests, with scores affecting a school's
federal aid.
Bush said he was glad the com-
mittee acted. He urged the House
and Senate to approve the compro-
mise quickly so that states and local
school districts can begin imple-
menting it.
"The education of every child in
America must always be a top priori-
ty," the president said in a statement.
"The conference agreement will
ensure that no child in America is left
behind."
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

4

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Winter 2002

Se

ason

Half-Price Student
Ticket Sle
Saturday, January 12
l0am-lpm
Power Center
your chance to get cheap tickets to the world's
best performances -right here on campus!
The Chieftains Boys Choir of Harlem
A Tribute to Gospel Legend Mattie Moss Clark

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NEWS Nick Bunkley, Managing Editor
EDITORS: David Enders, Lisa Koivu, Caftlin Nish, Jeremy W. Peters
STAFF: Jeremy Berkowitz, Tyler Boersen, Ted Borden, Anna Clark, April Effort, Lizzie Ehrle, Casey Ehrlich, Margaret Engoren, Michael
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CALENDAR:LsaKovu
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SPORTS Jon Schwartz, Managing Editor
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The Tallis Scholars

Brahms' German Requiem

San Francisco Symphony
d Guthrie Theater
AS olo Evening with Laurie Anderson

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LAY SALES Micah Winter, M
MANAGER: Carrie Wozniak
Ia Barkai, Jessica Cordero, Brad Davies, Laura Frank, Ellen Gagnet, Jennifer Kaczmarek, Julie Lee, Kristin Nahhat,
ek, Glenn Powlas, Amit Kapoor, Anne Sause, Tarah Saxon, Nicole Siegel, Debbie Shapiro, David Soberman
SIFIED SALES Esther Choi, M
MANAGER: Jeffrey valuck

Manager
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Los Muhequitos de'Matanzas

Children of Uganda

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