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By Janet Adamy
Oct. 30, 1997
With the largest first-year class ever,
University enrollment reached record
levels this year, according to an official
The class of 2001 has 5,534 students
-- 207 more than the fall 1996 enter-
Associate Provost Lester Monts said
the increase was not intentional, but the
*esult of an inability to predict how
many accepted students would decide
to enroll in the University.
"We always accept more students
than we eventually enroll," Monts said.
"(This year) we had more students
send in enrollment deposits than we
While the number of minority stu-
dents remained relatively stable, the
number of students whose primary
racial identity is unknown grew sub-
*tantially, from 1,326 students in 1996
to 1,679 students, or 5.1 percent of the
Monts said the increase was not
affected by recent attention to race-
based admissions as a result of anti-
affirmative action lawsuits against the
University of Texas and the passage of
California's Proposition 209.
"I think that a lot of students resent
he whole notion of racial categories to
start with," Monts said. "A lot of stu-
dents don't feel that the racial cate-
gories designated by the state and
federal governments apply to them."
Vice President for University Rela-
tions Walter Harrison attributed the
jump to an increased attention to race
"The general discussion of race in
this country has led a lot of people to
think about how they mark these
'oxes," Harrison said. "I think more
people are reflecting on the nature of
their own race, and that's manifested in
Harrison also said he is concerned
about the increase in the size of the
incoming classes over the past eight
"I can understand that this year we
jumped up, but since this has been hap-
& ening over the last eight years, we
should have a discussion about how big
we want to be as a university," Harrison
The number of international students
grew from 3,200 in 1996 to 3,371 this
fall, or 9.1 percent of the student body.
"The reputation of the University
of Michigan as a premier, outstanding
institution is worldwide," Monts said.
"I'm sure news of the education our
alums received here is being passed
n to others in various parts of the
Enrollment statistics break down in
the following ways:
While the student body contains
about 2,000 more men than women,
the incoming first-year class was even-
ly split between between genders.
* Enrollment of black students
dipped slightly, from 2,870 in 1996 to
,842, making up 8.6 percent of the
The overall number of white stu-
dents also declined, from 22,826 in
1996 to 22,761 - or 69.5 percent - in
Enrollment of Asian students rose
from 3,642 to 3,790, or 11.6 percent of
the student body.
"You can speculate in a number of
ways what that data means," Monts
The increase in first-year students
&as made things a little tighter for the
class of 2001.
University Housing prepared for
larger incoming classes by adding 400
new spaces to residence halls during
the past five years.
Affirmative action debate heats up
By Anna Clark
and Jen Fish
Daily Staff Reporters
The national spotlight has steadily
shone on the University this year, as
the lawsuits challenging the use of
race in admissions in the College of
Literature, Science and the Arts and
the Law School saw their first two
decisions, following three years of dis-
covery, motions and postponements.
While the nation may have hoped
the University's lawsuits would clarify
the complex issue of race-conscious
admissions, the decisions in the two
cases conflicted. U.S District Judge
Patrick Duggan ruled largely in favor
of the University last December, writ-
ing in a summary judgment that race
may be used as one of many factors in
the undergraduate school's admissions
But U.S. District Judge Bernard
Friedman's 90-page opinion, follow-
ing weeks of trial, said the Law
School's use of race is "indistiguish-
able from a quota system" and uncon-
stitutional. Both cases are headed for
the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in
Cincinnati - one step away from the
In an unusual twist, both the Center
for Individual Rights, the law firm
challenging the University in both
cases, and the University are appeal-
ing Duggan's decision in the under-
graduate case. Although Duggan ruled
that the current admissions policy is
acceptable he also ruled that the "grid"
system used between 1995 and 1998
Despite the conflicting decisions, it
is possible for the two cases to be
combined at the appeals level.
The Law School has been granted a
stay by the Court of Appeals, after
being denied one by Friedman, mean-
ing that the Law School does not have
to alter it's current system while the
Although the two cases involve sep-
arate schools and separate admissions
policies, the same points are being
debated. Lead CIR attorney Kirk
Kolbo summarized his firm's case
against both schools by saying that the
University places an enormous
emphasis on race in admissions.
See LAWSUITS, Page 5C
The Rev. Jesse Jackson rallies supporters of affirmative action during a speech in the Law Quad last fall while Law School
Dean Jeffrey Lehman watches from behind. Jackson also visited campus several weeks ago after U.S. District Judge
Bernard Friedman ruled against the Law School's use of race in admissions.
that they were qu alified
By Jeffrey Kosseff
Oct. 14, 1997
The Center for Individual Rights, the law
firm that filed the precedent-setting Hopwood
affirmative action case in Texas, filed a class-
action lawsuit challenging the University's
admissions policies against the University's
College of Literature, Science and Arts. Uni-
versity President Lee Bollinger and former
President James Duderstadt are also named as
defendants in the case.
Jennifer Gratz, who was rejected from the
University in 1995, and Patrick Hamacher, an
unsuccessful 1996 applicant, are named as the
two plaintiffs in the suit, which was filed in
Detroit federal court today. The lawsuit claims
that because the two are white, they were treat-
ed "less favorably in considering their applica-
tions for admission to the LSA college.
"Race should never be a factor," Hamacher
said in an interview with The Michigan Daily.
Hamacher contacted the office of state Rep.
Deborah Whyman (R-Canton) after he read a
newspaper article about the University's affir-
mative action programs. Whyman, along with
three other state representatives, referred him
and hundreds of other students interested in fil,
ing a lawsuit to CIR.
He said he was upset that minorities with
lower qualifications gained acceptance to the
University. With a GPA slightly under 3.4 and
an ACT score of 28, Hamacher claims he was
qualified for admission to the University.
CIR lead counsel Kirk Kolbo speaks to reporters following the summary judgment hearing for the
undergraduate case last November while University Deputy General Counsel Liz Barry looks on at left.
Four years to remember
By Louie Meizlish
and Maria Sprow
Daily Staff Reporters
For most University students,
today marks the end of the semester.
But for the thousands of seniors on
campus, today marks the end of an
After witnessing the inaugurations
of new University and U.S. presi-
dents, the firing - and hiring, and
then firing and hiring again - of
Michigan's basketball coach, nation-
al championships for the football,,
ice hockey and men's gymnastics
teams as well as hundreds of other
events, students in the Class of 2001
are preparing to say goodbye.
But whether going on to the real
world or graduate school, no one
should be able to leave Ann Arbor
without a handful of fond memo-
While some can pick out a single
moment to define their time at the
University, some, like LSA senior
Ross Kirshner have trouble choosing
"It's a tough question," said Kirsh-
ner, who has been involved with the
Michigan Student Assembly and
Hillel during his University career.
"The best thing about the Univer-
sity is having the opportunity to
interact and learn from the large
group of diverse people that make
up this campus," he said. "I couldn't
really think of a specific event."
Football, friends and classes have
shaped the time many students
spent on campus.
"My memories are from the time
I've spent with my roommates over
the years - just becoming really
great friends and sort of growing up
together here," said LSA senior Car-
olyn Taulbee. "I think football
games my freshman year - I don't
really remember my freshman year
very well - have been very memo-
Taulbee said classes were also a
big part of her experience here, par-
ticularly her history class "Europe
"History 319 was absolutely the
best class I've ever taken," she said.
Taulbee isn't the only one who is
finding previous years hard to
remember. Many seniors say the
best times occurred in their last
months on campus.
"What I can probably remember
the most is working on staff in
Couzens as an RA my senior year
because everyone was really great
and the residents were really great,"
said LSA senior Sarah Wacksmuth.
"My residents are really awesome
and the people who are on staff are
the most dedicated, nice, friendly
people to work with that I've ever
met," she added.
For others, the things that they
will remember from the University
have helped to shape where they
will end up after they leave.
"The best thing was being in a
show at the Power Center, the expe-
rience on stage with all my friends,"
said LSA senior Simon Von Halle,
who acted in Shakespeare's "The
"I had the opportunity to do the
show with a lot of brilliant perform-
ers," he said.
Three months after the football team brought home a national title, the
Class of 2001 as freshmen saw the Michigan ice hockey team follow suit in
April 1998 with an NCAA championship of their own.
Bollinger inaugurated as 12th president
By Heather Kamins
and Janet Adamy
Sept. 22, 1997
With an inaugural celebration that mixed for-
mal pomp and circumstance with Frisbees, hot-
dogs and rock music, new
autonomy and the importance of having a trans-
Participants of the 300-person procession
leave the Rackham Building and walk toward
Hill Auditorium Friday morning for the inaugu-
ration ceremony of University President Lee
Bollinger. Below, Bollinger greets members of
perspective at heart and a sense of pride in
helping make things happen without anyone
having to know it happened," he said.
Bollinger said the administration should take
the attitude that everything it does should be
"transparent or invisible to our faculty and stu-
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