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April 03, 2001 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-04-03

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2- The Michigan Daily -Tuesday, April 3, 2001
UCapNATION/WORLD
U.S., China displute cause of crash

NEWS IN BRIEF1

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WASHINGTON (AP) -- In a tense
standoff with China, President Bush
demanded the prompt return of 24 U.S.
spy plane crew members yesterday and
the release of their crippled plane
"without further damaging or tamper-
ing." China said there would be no
access until today at the earliest.
Bush, reading a sober statement at
the White House, said, "Failure of the
Chinese government to react promptly
to our request is inconsistent with stan-
dard diplomatic practice, and with the
expressed desire of both our countries
for better relations."
The emergency landing of the turbo-
prop EP-3 surveillance plane on the
Chinese island of Hainai after it collid-
ed with a Chinese fighter jet early Sun-
day brought a new chill to already
frosty U.S.-Chinese relations just as
Bush was nearing a decision on an
arms-sale package for Taiwan that Bei-
jing has opposed.
U.S. officials assumed the plane had
been boarded by the Chinese military
after its emergency landing on the
island in the South China Sea, but they
had no concrete information on the
extent to which the plane, laden with
high-tech surveillance equipment,
iight have been searched.

The United States considers the air-
craft to be sovereign U.S. territory and
not subject to search or seizure.
China blamed the collision on the
American pilot, saying the U.S. plane
veered into one of its F-8 fighters.
Navy spy planes fly routinely off
China's southeastern coast to monitor
military activity, especially any that
might threaten Taiwan, and they are
often shadowed in turn by Chinese
fighter planes.
As tensions grew yesterday, the
United States was keeping three Navy
destroyers in the vicinity of Hainan
island instead of having them continue
their journey home from the Persian
Gulf. The United States sent three
diplomats to the island in hopes of
meeting with the crew.
"Our priorities are the prompt and
safe return of the crew and the return
of the aircraft without further damag-
ing or tampering," Bush said on the
White House lawn.
Later, during a picture-taking session
in the Oval Office with Egyptian Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak, Bush sidestepped
questions on whether the crew mem-
bers were viewed as hostages or
whether he believed the accident to be
a provocation by China.

RAAH, Gaza Strip
Israel launches second airstrike in one week
In the second Israeli airstrike in less than a week, helicopter gunships homed in
on a pickup truck and fired rockets yesterday that killed an Islamic militant sus-
pected of planting roadside bombs.
In the biblical town of Bethlehem, meanwhile, Palestinian gunmen and Israeli
soldiers exchanged intense fire, wounding at least eight Palestinians. Clouds of
white smoke from tanks shells and grenade launchers rose from Bethlehem, arid
the thunderous booms could be heard in central Jerusalem, a few miles away.
In office for less than a month, Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sharon finds him-
self in a worsening battle with Palestinian militants. Sharon has promised to
restore calm, but so far he has employed military tactics similar to those used by
his predecessor Ehud Barak, who was voted out of office after failing to quell the
Palestinian uprising.
Palestinians blamed Israel for the recent increase in fighting. "All these Israeli
attacks will destroy the peace process and increase the cycle of violence in the
region," said Palestinian Information Minister Yasser Abed Rabbo.
Peace talks have broken down, and there are no prospects for their revival at
present. Secretary of State Colin Powell called Sharon yesterday, President Bush
said in Washington.
WASHINGTON
U.S. approves continued aid to Yugoslavia
Secretary of State Colin Powell certified yesterday that Yugoslavia has beet
cooperating with the U.N. war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands, thus ensuring no
interruption in U.S. aid to the Belgrade government.*
The announcement came a day after the arrest of former President Slobon
Milosevic, but officials said his detention was not a condition for continuing the
administration's $100 million aid program for Yugoslavia. About half of that aid
has not been spent and would have been subject to a cutoff if Powell had refused
to certify.
The certification also means continuation of U.S. support for Yugoslav loan
requests in the World Bank and international lending institutions. Such loans are
difficult to obtain if the United States objects.
Powell did not give Yugoslavia a blank check. He said American support for a
summer conference of donor countries that assist Yugoslavia would be linked-'o
whether that country continues to cooperate with the tribunal, based in The
Hague. The tribunal indicted Milosevic in 1999 for alleged atrocities ag' t
Kosovo Albanians, and the tribunal is seeking his extradition.

AP PHOTO
About 100 people demonstrate outside the U.S. consulate in Hong Kong yesterday,
blaming the U. S. for the collision between U.S. and Chinese military planes.
C raShplaces strain
on already tenseC
U.S. -China relationS

The Los Angeles Times

WASHINGTON - The sudden cri-
sis over an American spy plane is forc-
ing the Bush administration to make
decisions about its policies toward
China and the rest of Asia far earlier
than it had planned.
"I have to believe the administration
really wishes this (crisis) hadn't come
upon them that soon," said Jonathan
Pollack, head of strategic research at
the Naval War College in Rhode Island.
In recent weeks, senior administra-
tion officials have said privately that
the Bush team would make obligatory
short-term decisions on China, but not
focus on formulating a longer-term
policy until the fall, when President
Bush is scheduled to make his first trip
to Asia since taking office.

Administration officials also hoped
they could avoid getting the United
States embroiled in domestic Chinese
politics, rising Chinese nationalism
and the choice of a new Chinese lead-
ership at a Communist Party Congress
next year.
All those hopes are being called into
question by Sunday's midair collision
between a U.S. spy plane and a Chinese
fighter jet over the South China Sea.
The incident raises a host of questions
for U.S. China policy: To what extent
should China be considered an adver-
sary? Will the administration be able to
reach a working accommodation with
the leadership in Beijing? How does this
administration reconcile the often-con-
flicting interests of trade and investment
in China, human rights and democracy,
and military and security issues?
Finance
billcould
withstand
WASHINGTON - The Senate's
move to ban large, unlimited cash con-
tributions to political parties stands on
strong legal ground and should survive
court challenges, many legal experts
say.
However, the campaign finance
reform measure approved yesterday
also seeks to restrict the language in
"issue ads" that are broadcast within 60
days of an election, a provision that
some experts say will be struck down.
The McCain-Feingold bill began as a
move to close the so-called soft-money
loophole under which huge amounts of
money flowed freely to the political
parties. But in the Senate, it grew into a
reform movement that targeted attack
ads and other irritations for politicians.
The end product is a long, compli-
cated bill whose detail resembles the
tax code.
Of the bill's various provisions, the
soft-money ban probably has the best
chance of surviving the inevitable legal
challenges.
Despite all the talk in recent weeks
about the Constitution and freedom of
speech, Congress and the courts long
have agreed that money in politics can
be regulated, even if pure speech can-
not be.
"Money is property. It is not
speech," Justice John Paul Stevens said
last year. He was part of a 6-3 Supreme
Court majority that rejected a free-
speech challenge to a $1,000 limit on
contributions to state candidates in
Missouri.
"Speech has the power to inspire
volunteers to perform a multitude of
tasks on a campaign trail," Stevens
wrote in last year's ruling. "Money,

WASHINGTON
Census shows all
50 states growing
For the first time in a century, every
state gained in population as the nation
added a record 32.7 million people
during the 1990s, the Census Bureau
reported yesterday.
While growth was universal, the
West set the pace, expanding by 19
percent, and adding 10.4 million peo-
ple, according to a Census Bureau
review of the just-completed release of
population figures for all 50 states.
If current growth rates continue,
sometime in the next few years the 10-
state Western region will surpass the
long-settled Midwest as the second most
populous area of the United States.
Census experts used adjectives such
as "astounding" and "astonishing" to
describe the Western boom: the Phoenix
metropolitan area added I million peo-
ple, expanding by 45 percent, while the
Las Vegas metro area grew by 710,000, a
torrid 83 percent pace.
WASHINGTON
Court: Questioning
without awyer OK
The Supreme Court made it easier
yesterday for the police to question
crime suspects without their
lawyers, ruling that the lawyer who
is representing a defendant for one
crime need not be there when police
ask him about a related second
crime.
The 5-4 ruling makes clear that the
Sixth Amendment's "right to counsel"

does not mean a lawyer must always be
contacted when police want to question
his client.
Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist,
speaking for the conservative majori-
ty, said police should not be deterred
from talking to suspects and persuad-
ing the guilty to confess to tlhr
crimes.
"The Constitution does not negate
society's interest in the ability of police
to talk to witnesses and suspects," he
said.
LONDON
English elections on
hold due to disease
Prime Minister Tony Blair pe
poned local elections in Britain yes-
terday because of the
foot-and-mouth epidemic, a signal
that national elections have also been
put off until June.
Blair, who had been expected to call
national and local elections on May 3,
made no comment on the date for a
national vote. But Deputy Prime MitL-
ister John Prescott said Monday that
had wanted a national election in ?~,
and had lost the argument.
With more than 900 cases confirmed
since the outbreak was detected on Feb.
20, Britain is struggling to control the
epidemic.
Blair said there was no technical rea-
son to postpone an election, that it was
possible to vote even in the worst
affected areas. However, some farmers
have said it was insensitive to have an
election in the midst of their crisis.
- Compiled from Daily wire reports

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