SThe Michigan Daily - Tuesday, Marc 6, 2001 - 7
ducation gap widens at college level for Latinos
The Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The education gap
between Latinos and non-Latino whites is nar-
wing at the high school level but growing
wider at the college level, the Census Bureau
In its annual statistical portrait of America's
diverse Latino population, the Census Bureau
said Latino adults are more than three times as
likely as non-Latino whites to be high school
dropouts. And they are also nearly three times
less likely to have college degrees.
Overall, 57 percent of Latinos 25 and older are
high school graduates, compared with 88 percent
of non-Latino whites. About 11 percent of Lati-
nos have a college degree, compared with 28
percent of non-Latino whites.
Within the Latino population, there are differ-
ences associated with their country of origin.
Those of Cuban origin have the highest levels of
income and education, while those of Mexican
origin have the lowest relative income and educa-
tion, the survey said.
The Latino high school graduation rate has
shown a steady improvement, climbing from 53
percent in 1995, when the rate for non-Latino
whites was 86 percent.
The Latino college graduation rate rose from 9
percent in 1995, when the non-Latino rate was
25 percent. Comparisons for prior years are not
applicable because survey methods and ques-
tions were changed in 1995.
The review of the fast-growing Latino popula-
tion is based on interviews and research conduct-
ed in March last year. The survey of Latinos is
separate from the 2000 census, whose results
will be released this month.
About two-thirds of America's Latino popula-
tion is of Mexican origin, the report found.
About 14 percent are of Central and South
American origin, 9 percent of Puerto Rican ori-
gin and 4 percent of Cuban origin.
The percentage of college graduates ranges
from 23 percent among those of Cuban heritage
to 7 percent for those of Mexican heritage.
Sonia Perez, deputy research director for the
National Council of La Raza, a Latino research
and advocacy organization, said she found the
educational differences between Latinos and
whites to be "quite striking."
Perez called for a major expansion of state and
federal spending for education.
"We need to close the gaps in education, with
programs we know are effective, like Head
Start," Perez said. "We need to start really early,
a need that was underlined by the Census
Bureau's finding that 36 percent of Latinos are
younger than 18, compared with 23 percent for
The Census Bureau found that nearly 23 per-
cent of Latinos live below the federal poverty
line, compared to nearly 8 percent for non-Latino
whites. (The poverty standard is about $16,000 a
year for a family of four.)
The gap was greater for those younger than
18, with 30 percent of Latinos living in poverty
compared with 9 percent of non-Latino whites.
The census reported that blacks remain the
largest minority group, with 35.5 million people,
or 12.8 percent of the population. Latinos rank
second at 32.8 million (11.8 percent).
Population experts believe Latinos will
become the largest minority group sometime this
*Music lovers find alternatives to the
slowly dying sounds of Napster.com
Up, up, damn s
4. :4 5
Tle Los Angeles Times
Controversial song-swapping ser-
vice Napster Inc. began blocking
access to thousands of copyrighted
songs this weekend, but users quick-
ly discovered that the company's fil-
tering program is full of holes and
that most songs are still available.
Just hours after the blocking pro-
gram was put into place, Napster
subscribers began saving their MP3
music files with slightly misspelled
song titles and band names to cir-
*umvent the company's attempt to
Rock act Metallica, for example,
has now become "Matalica," and the
act's popular track "Enter Sandman"
has been dubbed by thousands as
"Enter The Sandman."
Fans are also flocking to "transla-
tor" Web sites, where they can type
in the name of an artist or song title
and learn what permutations are
being used on Napster.
"Consumers will not be thwarted,"
said Bruce Forest, vice president of
the media entertainment and com-
munication practice at Sapient Corp.
"People want their free music and,
when the protection is so weak,
they're going to fight back and get
Napster announced last week that
it would begin blocking access to
copyrighted songs after a federal
appellate court ruled that the compa-
ny, based in Redwood City, Calif.,
could be held liable for copyright
infringement and that an injunction
Napster attorney David Boies told
U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall
Patel in San Francisco on Friday that
the company would launch its song-
blocking initiative over the weekend,
preventing an estimated 64 million
users from accessing certain tracks.
Now the court will decide if Nap-
ster's solution is thorough enough or
if stricter measures have to be taken,
such as shutting down the service.
"Napster's plans looked good on
paper, but results are all that matter,"
said Anthony Berman, a San Fran-
cisco-based entertainment attorney
who specializes in new-media issues.
"In court, good intentions don't
Indeed, the fight over who will
police Napster - and how it will be
done - continues to be hotly disput-
ed. The issue is expected to be
debated Friday, when Napster, the
record labels and music publishers
are scheduled to meet with a court-
Continued from Page 1
Zuckor, 14, and Randy Gordon, 15. The wounded
students were identified as Karla Leyva, Barry Gib-
son, Scott Marshal, Travis Tate-Gallegos, Trevor
dwards, Melissa McNulty, Raymond Serrato,
Heather Cruz, James Jackson, Triston Salladay and
Matthew Heier. Two adults, security guard Pete Ruiz
and student teacher Tim Estes, were also wounded.
The shooting began during a short break between
the 1,900-student campus' first and second class peri-
ods, during which many students move between
classes and others are arriving on campus.
At first the strange popping sounds coming from a
boys bathroom near a campus quad seemed too
incongruous to be gunfire. At the first shouts that
they might be gunshots, many students laughed it off.
OBut as others began to fall and blood flowed onto the
concrete quad, the shooting became too real.
"He went fire-happy basically,' Heather Noble, a
15-year-old sophomore, said of Williams. "People
were tripping over tree trunks, throwing backpacks
and screaming, running. There were a lot of 'Oh my
It was as if, Noble said, someone had sprayed water
on a line of ants. "People were running all over the
place," she said. "That is what it looked like ... ants."
It was the nation's deadliest school attack since two
Columbine High School students in Colorado killed
12 classmates and then themselves two years ago.
Expressions of regret and anger poured in from
around the country. In Washington, President Bush
called the shooting "a disgraceful act of cowardice."
California Gov. Gray Davis, whose wife once
attended the school, said the attack hit particularly
close to home. "Sharon and I are shocked and deeply
saddened by this tragedy," he said.
Authorities said they had no evidence that anyone
aided Williams in the shooting rampage. They said
that under a new state law approved by voters last
year the suspect would automatically be tried as an
adult. Because the crime involved a multiple killing,
he would be subject to the death penalty.
Like many other schools in the wake of recent
school shootings, Santana had tried to prepare itself
and be on watch for troubled students. But despite
that work on campus and seemingly ample warnings
about the troubled youth, it appeared that school offi-
cials had never been told about the threats.
Williams had spent Saturday night at the home of a
friend, Josh Stevens. Stevens' mother's boyfriend, who
was in the home that night, said yesterday that he had
heard the boy threaten to go on a shooting rampage.
But the boyfriend, Chris Reynolds, said later that he
couldn't be sure the boy was serious. Reynolds said he
warned the youth that he would call sheriff's deputies
if he got any inkling he would follow through.
"I should've stepped up even if it wasn't true and
stuff to take that precaution," said Reynolds, 29.
"That's going to be haunting me for a long time;
that's going to be with me for a long time. It just
hurts, because I could've maybe done something
Authorities would not confirm a report from anoth-
er of Williams' friends: that the young man's father
had several guns, apparently locked in a gun case. He
had told some friends that these were the guns he
would use in the shooting rampage, said Dustin Hop-
kins, 15. But then he would back down, saying he
was joking and that he didn't even have a key to get
to the weapons.
The crew for the Royal Shakespeare Company work on the stage lighting at
the Power Center yesterday in preparation for next week's performances.
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Continued from Page ±
when Cheney will return to work.
"That'll be a judgment the vice presi-
dent will make (Tuesday) with his doc-
tors," he said.
Cheney checked himself into George
Washington University Hospital, about
six blocks west of the White House,
after feeling chest pain on Saturday and
Sunday and then again, twice, yesterday,
He said the episodes were "much
milder and very brief" when compared
with the chest pains that Cheney suf-
fered in November. "The symptoms
were subtle" this time, Reiner said.
Cheney attended a birthday party for
Federal reserve Chairman Alan
Greenspan on Sunday night, capping a
weekend in which he and his wife
moved into the vice president's resi-
dence on the grounds of the U.S. Naval
Observatory. They also sold their town-
house in McLean, Va.
In Monday's angioplasty, doctors
inserted a flexible tube into the nar-
rowed artery carrying a collapsed bal-
loon. Once the balloon was in place, it
was inflated, reopening the artery.
During the procedure last November,
one of Cheney's heart arteries was 90
percent blocked, so doctors implanted a
wire scaffolding-like device called a
stent to push away the blockage and
prop open the artery walls.
Reiner said that following such stent
procedures, there always is a chance of
renarrowing - and this is apparently
what happened to Cheney. The doctor
said scar tissue within the stent caused
Aides said Cheney, who was working
at the White House yesterday, had told
Bush in the morning that he was experi-
encing discomfort in his chest and
planned to be examined by a doctor.
Cheney has had four heart attacks,
the first when he was 37. In 1988, he
had quadruple bypass surgery to clear
Reiner said Cheney probably could
fully return to his work "later in the
Reiner said the vice president had
been "exceedingly diligent" in follow-
ing both dietary and exercise recom-
mendations, including essentially
eliminating red meat from his diet.
"He has very nicely adhered to what
we wanted him to do," Reiner said.
After Cheney arrived at the hospital
yesterday, he underwent a cardiac
catheterization to determine what was
causing the chest pains.
In that procedure, doctors insert a
flexible tube into a leg vessel, and it is
run from there up to the target artery
supplying blood to the heart. At that
point, dye is injected. The dye shows up
on an X-ray or fluoroscope, enabling
doctors to see the flow of blood through
Continued from Page 1
labor organization supported the
living wage because of the benefits
it offered workers.
"Every public entity has a respon-
sibility to pay its workers and con-
tracted workers above the poverty
line," Romer-Friedman said.
"It is indefensible for the Univer-
sity of Michigan or the city of Ann
Arbor to pay less," he said.
Romer-Friedman added that many
students rely on city jobs to offset
the costs of their education.
"As students we have a duty to
stand in solidarity with all workers
and Ann Arbor to promote livable
wages," Romer-Friedman said.
The Ann Arbor City Council also'
passed a resolution requesting ther
University to study the impacts of:
the living wage.
"This is a golden opportunity to.
allow us to look at it (the living,
wage)," Johnson said.
"No one can be absolutely certain
that the benefits outweigh the
Johnson said if studies show the
living wage has an adverse effect 6n
the city, the council would revisit
the issue in a few years. -
Continued from Page 1
LSA sophomore Bill Johnson said. "I
don't know what their financial situa-
tion is, but it doesn't seem that bad off
that they need to raise prices - espe-
cially for students."
As an LSA senior, Ken Stroger
said he is not as concerned, because
he will not be purchasing tickets for,!
next year. He is more accepting, of
the possibility for an increase.
"You can't run a program if you
don't have any money," he said.
"It's not like they're that unrea-
sonably priced, even with the
increase compared to other schools."
Continued from Page 1
ceries, snow shovels and videos, strip-
ping shelves bare in some stores.
"It's like they're never going to eat
again," Mavis McLynn said as she
shopped at a supermarket in Philadel-
The heaviest snowfall from the
slow-moving storm was expected
today, but by yesterday a foot or more
had already fallen in upstate New
York and northeastern Pennsylvania.
Elsewhere, sleet and freezing rain
glazed sidewalks and highways.
Meteorologists warned that the
storm could be similar to the blizzard
kids at home. In Boston, some 62,000
youngsters got the day off. Philadel-
phia schools closed early, and hun-
dreds of thousands of students were
Airlines canceled hundreds of
flights at the New York metropolitan
area's LaGuardia, Kennedy and
Newark airports, and more than 400
flights were called off at Boston's air-
port. Swissair grounded flights that
would have carried about 1,600 pas-
sengers to and from Europe yesterday.
Despite days of warnings from fore-
casters, some travelers wound up
stranded at airports.
"I've been here so long it seems
like years," said Joshua McKinley, 21,