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February 22, 2001 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 2001-02-22

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 22, 2001

NATION/WORLD

Princeton to turn loans into grants

PRINCETON, N.J. (AP) - Princeton graduates in
the near future will be able to get their Ivy League
degrees without piling up thousands of dollars in stu-
dent loans that they will be paying off for years.
Beginning this fall, Princeton students on financial
aid will receive outright grants from the university
instead of loans - a move that is believed to be unpar-
alleled among the nati3n's most selective schools.
The idea is aimed at making Princeton more afford-
able to low- and middle-income students.
"I thought their financial aid package was great
already, and this makes it better," said Shaka Smith of

Miami, a sophomore majoring in molecular biology.
The approach is unlikely to spread far, given the
millions of dollars in costs. And so far, not even Har-
vard and Yale, two of the richest schools in the nation,
are following Princeton's lead.
Princeton is able to offer the grants because of alum-
ni contributions, scholarship programs and its bur-
geoning $8 billion endowment, which has grown from
$2.7 billion in 1990.
At Princeton, about 40 percent of the 4,600 under-
graduate students receive financial aid. Tuition, room
and board total $33,613 per year, or more than

$134,000 over four years.
The average U.S. student has to pay back $15,000
after school.
Don Betterton, Princeton director of financial aid,
said the push to make the school more affordable
began in 1998, when the university decided to replace
loans with grants for families earning below $40,000.
"Our president wanted to concentrate on low-
income students," Betterton said. "He had the feeling if
our financial aid program was generous enough, we
could attract really good students who would have
gone to public institutions."

FBI en
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The damage
from Robert P Hanssen's alleged KGB
spy career could be particularly severe
because he possessed both access to
intelligence information across the gov-
ernment and computer skills that made
him among the most technologically
sophisticated officials at the FBI, three
of his former colleagues said yesterday.
Two years after he allegedly began
spying in 1985, Hanssen served as
deputy director of the FBI Intelligence
Division's Soviet section, giving him
full access to information about coun-
terspy activities against the Soviet
Union.
David Major, who was Hanssen's
boss and worked with him for 20 years,;
described Hanssen's access as: "Every-

assessin
thing - all sources, all methods, all
techniques, all targets. There's only a
few people in counterintelligence that
have to know everything. And he was
one of them."
Major, who served as a counterintel-
ligence liaison in the Reagan White
House, said the accused spy also had
virtually unlimited access to intelli-
gence documents from the CIA, the
National Security Agency and other
U.S. intelligence agencies, giving him
"astonishing" capabilities to compro-
mise their operations and analytical
assessments.
With Hanssen in custody at a deten-
tion facility in Virginia, FBI agents yes-
terday stepped up questioning of State
Department employees to learn more
about Hanssen's activities there. For the
last five years, Hanssen had been an

damagec done by spy
FBI liaison at State, with access to sen- and Pascal - and created a system for
sitive information and many parts of the automating the teletype at the FBI's
building. Washington Field Office for receiving
Other FBI personnel searched his cables from agents in the field. That
home and yard in suburban Vienna yes- system was so successful that it quickly
terday, emptying a family shed and gained use at FBI headquarters, Moore
even raking through leaves in the yard. said.

NEWS IN BRIEF
HONOLULU
Crewman: 16 civilians were distraction
A crewman in the control room of the USS Greeneville, the submarine that
collided vith a Japanese fishing vessel Feb. 9, told investigators from the Nation-
al Transportation Safety Board that he did not complete his job of tracking &r-
by ships'I'ecause he was distracted by some of the 16 civilians aboard. 'e
crewman Was responsible for taking observations from sonar operators on the
submarin and plotting the positions of nearby vessels on a paper chart.
John ammerschmidt, lead investigator for the NTSB, said yesterday the
crewman maintained that "he was not able to continue" his plotting "because of
the civilians" in the crowded control room.
President Bush has called for a review throughout the military of the practice
of bringing civilians aboard ships, planes, tanks and bases to observe maneuvers.
But that practice is so widespread and valuable to the services' public relations
effort that Pentagon officials say they assume it will continue, though perhaps
with greater restrictions.
As a result of the local examination, for example, the Navy could dgkre
some types of ships or risky maneuvers off-limits, and a cap may be p d
on the number of visitors allowed to come aboard a crowded submarine at
one time.
WAS NGTON
Clinton relative returns money from pardon
Bill Clinton's brother-in-law received nearly $400,000 for lobbying for ,apar-
don and a prison commutation that the former president granted on his last day in
office, legal sources told The Associated Press. The money was returned yesrer-
day at the Clintons' request.
Clinton and his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, said they were unaware of the
arrangements with Hugh Rodham and were "deeply disturbed" by what had hap-
pene. Rodham contacted the White House at least once in connection with one
of tl cases, legal sources said.
Rdham, brother of Mrs. Clinton, "today acceded to his.family's request that
he return legal fees earned in connection with pardon requests," said Rodham's
attoihey, Nancy Luque. "Their request, presumably made because of the appear-
ance f impropriety, is one he cannot ignore. There was, however, no impropriety in
thes atters," Luque said.
L al sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, told the AlP that Rodham, a
lawypr, was paid for months of work on the commutation request of Cat os \.ili
and eived a "success fee" for helping win the pardon of Almon Glenn BrasW
TOWNSEND, Tana. a blue sky, took a Latin oath of I4yal-
Bush seeks fundin ty and knelt one by one before the
81-year-old pontiff to receive his
increase for schools blessing. In a homily, John Paul

But the key task now facing the FBI,
present and former officials say, is to try
to determine exactly what information
Hanssen may have given away to the
Russians.
"It's going to be horrible," said Paul
Moore, a former colleague who said he
considers Hanssen a close friend. "You
develop a capability into the other side
that puts information into your hands-
and somebody comes along and blows
that up."
Moore noted that Hanssen could pro-
gram computers in two languages - C

Hansen, 56, has been charged with
betraying numerous U.S. intelligence
operations and at least three of the
FBI's Russian agents over the past 15
years in return for more than $1.4 mil-
lion in cash, diamonds and deposits in a
Russian bank.
He was arrested Sunday at a Fairfax
County, Va., park not far from his home
after he was caught attempting to deliv-
er a garbage bag full of classified docu-
ments to Russian intelligence agents in
exchange for $50,000 in cash left at
another park in Arlington.

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President Bush raised the curtain on
hi budget yesterday, promising that he
will seek an increase for the Depart-
ment of Education that will top that of
any other federal department.
Bush's proposed 11.5 percent boost in
education spending - including a 9
percent increase in spending for elemen-
taryand secondary schools - repre-
sents a dramatic change within the GOP
establishment. For the last two decades,
the party has led efforts to eliminate the
Department of Education, created dur-
ing the Carter administration. And con-
servatives are still concerned about
federal intrusion into what they see as
'tssentially a state and local issue.
But Bush campaigned on a platform
:of education reform - including stan-
dards, testing and a program that
would give parents of students in fail-
ing schools up to $1,500 a year to use
for tutors or private schools.
VATICAN CITY
Pope elevates 44 to
rank of cardinal
Pope John Paul II elevated 44
Roman Catholic prelates from five
continents to cardinal rank yesterday,
to the delight of a multinational crowd
that turned a solemn, ancient ritual
into a joyous celebration of the
church's global reach.
With the pageantry of ages, the
new "princes of the church" climbed
the steps of St. Peter's Basilica under

admonished them to be "strenuous
defenders of the truth" and "sure
guides" of the faithful.
The promotions swelled the College
of Cardinals to a record 184 mers
and stamped John Paul's doctrinal con-
servatism more firmly on the body that
helps him run the church and will one
day pick his successor.
TAMPA, Fla.
Firefighters struggle
with swamp blaze
The long fire season ahead wei ed
heavily on the minds of firefight s-
terday as they tried to control a1000-
acre swamp blaze that has shut down
part of a central Florida interstate.
"We're looking at a few months of these
kind of conditions, said Wayne James,
the incident commander for the fire,
The blaze is 70 percent contained by
fire line, but days away from beiig out.
Elsewhere, a 400-acre blaze near Fort
Myers was contained yesterdayer
destroying four homes.
The state is coming off its driest
year in over a century, according to
National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration records. Recent freezes
also have helped make the state a vir-
tual tinder box.
Fire conditions are worse than in
1998, when blazes burned 500,000
acres statewide. Since Jan. 1 more
than 83,000 acres have burned.,
- Compiled from Daily wire reports.

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CONSUiLTANTS. Tovin Aknmusurua Mie Bbk. Satadru Prarnanik
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