The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 16, 2000 - 3A
Study looks at
impact of 2nd
hild on parents
A new study at the University has
found that the birth of a second child
to dual-career, middle-class couples.
may have an even greater impact than
the first child.
The results, presented yesterday at
the annual meeting in Ann Arbor of
the American Anthropological Asso-
ciation, found that women were more
likely to quit work after the second
hild, gender roles became more
apparent in the couple's relationship
anid a stronger feeling of fatherhood
developed in the male parents.
Rebecca Upton, an anthropologist
at the University's Center for the
Ethnography of Everyday Life, con-
ducted in-depth fieldwork among
middle-class Midwestern families.
She conducted preliminary inter-
views with about 40 couples who either
ecently had a second child or were
planning on having one and then fol-
lowed up by accompanying the couples
in their daily lives, taking into account
the pressures and pleasures that they
had with having a second child.
She also found that some of the fam-
flies were ambivalent about having a
second child but felt pressed to have
another child when the first child
reached the age of two. Upton present-
ed her paper "The Next One Changes
verything: Having A Second Child in
the American Middle-Class Family" at
t the meeting yesterday.
occurring in auto
As more automotive makers move
ward using lightweight aluminum,
plastics and structural composites in
vehicles, the cost will still weigh sig-
nificantly in the selection of materials,
according to a study at the University.
The research, presented last week at
the 10th biennial University Delphi
Forecast and Analysis of the North
American Automotive Industry, also
found that weight, formability, design
and styling requirements, safety con-
iderations, warranty costs and field
xperiences also will be important
Brett Smith of the Office for the
Study of Automotive Transportation
conducted a survey of more than 200
"auto industry experts.
The results show that total vehicle
-weight is supposed to decrease by 10
percent by 2009 but steel will contin-
ue to be the dominant material in
ame construction, body panels and
chassis components. Aluminum use is
expected to increase 15 percent in
frame material, 20 percent in space
frame material, 22.5 percent in car.
hoods, 17.5 percent in decklids and
47.5 percent in rear hatches.
risks to women
A new study presented at a Univer-
*ty of Maryland Medical School
symposium last week found women
smokers were at a higher health risk
--han nonsmokers and male smokers.
'Women are more susceptible to
;'cervical cancer, lung cancer, cardio-
,ascular disease, mouth diseases
and infertility than women non-
smokers, according to the study.
They are also more susceptible to
Dome of these diseases than male
mokers.Women smokers also have
increased risk of facial wrinkles,
tum inflammation and cancer of the
lips and mouth.
The study also found that women
smokers were 50 percent to 500 per-
cent more likely to pass on harmful
health conditions to their children,
such as attention deficit disorder, fetal
_'nd prenatal deaths and Sudden Infant
Tobacco use was also found to be
1resent in 25 percent of pregnancies
_despite the publicity of the negative
effects of smoking while pregnant.
- Compiled bv Daili Staff Reporter
Graduate students elect representatives
® Nine new representatives
beat out 19 other candidates in
fall RSG election
By Johanna Wetmore
Daily Staff Reporter
After the week long online voting effort to fill
seats in one of the more competitive elections in
Rackham Student Government's recent history,
the results still caught some candidates off
"People sent me e-mails and congratulations
all day and I haven't even seen the results yet,"
said Engineering and Physical Sciences repre-
sentative seat winner'lara Javidi.
Javidi shares her victory with Hisham Sati.
Together they will fill the two seats in the Engi-
neering and Physical sciences division.
The nine new representatives beat out 19
other candidates in what RSG president Damon
Fairfield considers very high candidate partici-
Selected to fill the three empty seats for the
health and biological sciences division are Joce-
lyn Ziemian, Siobhan Maty and Clarise Rivera.
The lone seat in the Art and Humanities divi-
sion will go to Lingling Zhao, who won over
Remy Debes with 59 percent of the vote.
Melissa Mercer will claim the open seat in
the Education division with 42 percent of the
vote over Kam Siu and Angelique Warren.
Social Science division candidates Paxton
Williams and Sam Carroll won the two available
seats by an almost equal margin. "People who
know us and like us know we take the initiative
and work well together," said Carroll of why he
and fellow Public Policy student Williams won
Carroll, who said he does not think cam-
paigning fueled his victory, said his strategy was
simple. "I just sent out an e-mail to my depart-
ment announcing my candidacy."
Javidi admitted that she did not need to cam-
paign for this election either thanks to endorse-
ments by. students groups including the
Palestine Committee and the Student Greens.
"It was very nice of them," Javidi said. "I hope
now I can do useful things."
Nearly I lpercent of the 6,302 eligible gradu-
ate student voters logged on last week to cast
their ballots, a turnout which to Fairfield signals
progress for the RSG. "It's a sign that we're
doing things that students are interested in," lie
Students to soon access
information sharing site
By Robert Gold
Daily Staff Reporter
Anyone with Internet access may
soon be able to explore University-
owned photographs, diaries, facul-
ty lectures and other items free of
charge. The University announced
yesterday it joined Fathon.com, a
Website that provides Internet
users with academic resources for
"As one of the nation's great public
universities, we are excited to have the
University come on board," Fathom
vice president of business development
Ryan Craig said.
Fathom members include Colum-
bia University, The British Library,
The University of Chicago and the
American Film Institute. The online
company formed at Columbia Uni-
versity before branch ing off in
University President Lee Bollinger
sent an e-mail to faculty Tuesday,
explaining the reason for joining
"Increasingly, institutions around the
country and indeed, the globe, are
forming partnerships in the e-education
area. My sense has been that we would
benefit by joining with those institu-
tions we admire and respect," Bollinger
said in the e-mail.
"We ouglht to be concerned that
opportunities to form partnerships
may narrow over ti me and that
institutions that are early partici-
pants will more likely succeed in
the long term."
Faculty members can submit lec-
tures, research, seminars, videos and
other information on the Website.
Bollinger said in his e-mail that no one
is required to submit material and that
the Website attributes the source of all
Craig said the company gives faculty
and other scholars the chance to dis-
tribute their work internationally. Con-
tributors are compensated for their
"Faculty won't need to go work for
whatever dot.com (company recruits)
them that week," Craig said.
.lames Hilton, special assistant to the
provost for media rights, said the Uni-
versity will be able to explore what
happens when traditional and online
Craig said the company now plans
on recruiting members in Asia and
"For now, Michigan is probably one
of the last institutions we'll add" in the
United States and United Kingdom,
While much on Iathomn.com is free
of charge, users can sometimes sign up
for online courses and buy software
and books related to specific posted
articles. Hilton said the Website might
eventually offer text books and online
courses in the future.
"Right now, our focus is not oi
delivering courses to Fathom,' Hiltoi
3P U " "D"a ly
School of Natural Resources graduate student Heather Plumridge is planning
to leave today for the climate change conference in the Netherlands.
Student to attend
conference in Hague
Coach testifies in Martin case
By Kristen Beaumont
SNRE graduate student Heather
Plumridge leaves today for the
Hague, Netherlands, where mcm-
hers of the United Nations are gath-
ered for the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change.
"This is a unique opportunity for
me to bring knowledge on global
warming to the people of Ann
Arbor," Plumridge said.
The delegates, gathered since
Monday, are discussing the points
of the Kyoto Protocol, w hich calls
for industrialized nations to reduce
emissions of carbon dioxide and
other greenhouse gases.
Plumridge will attend the con-
vention as a student observer for
the U.S. Student Climate Summit, a
program sponsored by Greenpeace.
Alongside 200 other students,
Plumridge will remain at the con-
ference until its completion Nov.
25, observing the negotiations and
furthering her education about
global warming. .
"In addition to observing the
talks, the students will be working
with the United States' negotiating
teams on the Clean Development
Mechanism, a program that encour-
ages developing countries to use
environmentally friendly technolo-
gy," Plumridge said.
If the treaty is enacted, industri-
alized nations would be required to
reduce their emissions 5 percent
below their 1990 levels over the
next 8 to 12 years.
About 50 countries must ratify
the treaty before it can take effect,
and so far, no industrialized nation
has ratified the treaty. More than
100 representative from industrial
nations have approved of the treaty.
The United States has committee
to reducing their greenhouse emis-
fhe US. is the
in the world."
- Heather Plumridge
SNRE graduate student
sions to 7 percent below the 1990
levels, but the treaty has not even
been presented to Congress for rati-
Plumridge believes the outcome
of the Kyoto Protocol may be
affected by the negotiations.
"The U.S. is the leading global
warming polluter in the world." she
said. "But without the U.S. on
board, other nations won't be likely
to agree to the treatv."
The treaty does not address the
issue of the emissions in develop-
ing countries. These countries
would not be legally bound to fol-
low the same emission protocol as
the industrialized nations.
Even though she will be missing
Thanksgiving at home, Plumridge
was very excited about attending
"Really, the reason why I am
going is to bring more public atten-
tion to the discussion of global
warming," she said, adding that the
American delegates at the confer-
ence would all be sharing Thanks-
Plumridge will be updating fel-
low SNRE students via email
throughout the duration of the con-
"I am extremely lucky to have
this opportunity at the United
Nations to see the world delegates
interact and discuss environmental
issues," she said.
DETROIT (AP) - Former Michigan head basketball
coach Steve Fisher testified yesterday before a grand
jury in the case against former University booster Ed
Brian Dutcher and Perry Watson, assistants at the
school under Fisher, also testified in federal court.
Fisher was coach at Michigan from 1989 to 1997. 1 i
was fired in October 1997, two days after a Kansas law
firm hired by the University to investigate the basketball
program issued a report calling into question Fisher's
role in arranging complimentary tickets for Martin.
Martin, a retired Ford Motor Co. electrician, was
banned in March 1997 from associating with Michigan
athletics after the university and the NCAA began.inves-
tigating whether he had violated NCAA rules.
He is suspected of giving or loaning large amounts of
money to former players while they were enrolled at
Michigan, and of receiving special treatment from
coaches and athletic department staff members.
OEarlier this summer, the lawyer for Locis Bullock
and former Milwaukee Bucks forward Robert Traylor,
who both played under Fisher, said they received loans
from Martin while they were at Michigan. Traylor and
former Michigan player Chris Webber also have
appeared before the federal jury investigating Martin.
Fisher is now head coach at San Diego State, and
Dutcher is one of his assistants. Watson is now head
coach at Detroit Mercy.
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